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£"Gavi 75-35^. 4^0 




Darvarb College Xibrar^ 




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OF 1870] IN MEICORY OP HIS FATHER 
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KANSAS SHORTHORNS 

A HISTORY OF THE BREED IN 
THE STATE FROM 1857 TO 1920 



By G. A. LAUDE 

Secretary Kansas Shorthorn 
Breeders Association 



COMPILED AND PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION 
OF THE COMMITTEE ON PUBLICATION OF THE 
KANSAS SHORTHORN BREEDERS ASSOCIATION 



Committee Personnel 

PARK E. SALTER, Wichita, Pres. Kansas Shorthorn Breeders Assn. 
JOHN R. TOMSON, Dover, Pres. American Shorthorn Breeders Assn. 
W. A. COCHEL, Manhattan, Field Rep. Am. Shorthorn Breeders Assn. 
H. M. HILL, Lafontaine, Leading Breeder in Southeastern Kansas. 
SEN. FREMONT LEIDY, Leon, Extensive Breeder of Shorthorns. 



THE LAUDB PRINTING COMPANY 

I OLA, KANSAS 

1920 



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/^harvardN 
(university 
i library 

r JUL 9 1941 i 



>^-4^^.«rvs:W^ 



Published by authority and under the 
direction of the Kansas Shorthorn 
Breeders Association and based on in- 
formation received during 1919 and 
1920. 



Copyright 1921 
BY G. A. LAUDE 



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1 



PART L 
INTRODUCING SHORTHORNS 

It is not in human nature to anticipate 
emergencies. The average man — and we are 
nearly all average men — goes along in the regular 
way until he realizes that he is at *Hhe parting 
of the ways/' when he rises to the occasion or 
goes down in defeat. 

The Kansas farmer has come to the parting 
of the ways. Over the greater portion of the 
state, in the region of the farm home, he has, 
with few exceptions been taking from the soil 
bountiful crops until for natural and well found- 
ed reasons the old farm is not so kindly in culti- 
vation, nor so responsive to his efforts as it once 
was. He has been drawing on his bank account 
stored in the soil in the shape of fertility, and 
having made few if any deposits, his account has 
run low. He sees the warning signals — ^harder 
soil, less resistance to excessively wet or dry sea- 
sons and a lighter growth of vegetation that tell 
of less humus and less available fertility — and he 
is heeding the call now as never before. 

There is an insistent demand for live stock 
on the farm. Why is it that only when brought 
face to face with necessity the farmer, both 
large and small, is planning to make his holding 
a stock farm? A cattle farm — for it is recog- 



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6 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KA.NSAS 

nized that cattle alone h&ve the capacity to turn 
the big crops of roughage into cash, yet leave 
the farm enriched in so doing. The answer is 
easy. He has told ns time after time that it was 
easier and more profitable not to keep cattle and 
who will say that in many cases he was not right ? 
But this was not altogether a true answer for 
some have made a financial success of the work. 
What is the trouble? The man who has failed 
to make cattle pay has kept the wrong kind of 
cattle or he has kept them in a way that outraged 
the laws of live stock husbandry. Keeping the 
right kind of cattle in the right way always pays 
and that is the problem of the Kansas farmer of 
the present and of the future, for only in doing 
that will he be able to profitably maintain a bal- 
ance of soil fertility in his favor. 

When a farmer begins to investigate the dif- 
ferent breeds of cattle with a view of finding 
the one best suited to his requirements he will 
remember first of all that he wants an animal 
that can get almost everything needed for thrift 
and development from the roughage grown on 
the farm requiring only a small amount of grain 
to land it on a good market. He will remember 
that he needs not a cow that will fill either the 
requirements for beef or for dairy products 
alone, but one that will produce calves equal to 
any breed as beef animals and at the same time 
give milk and butter for his family and, in the 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KA.NSAS 7 

case of the small farmer, for market also. In 
no other breed is found so well this happy com- 
bination as in the Shorthorn. 

Shorthorn cattle are pre-eminently the great 
machine which turns roughage into cash. No 
other breed can approach them in availability 
for this purpose. It is not so much of a contest 
as to what breed of cattle will thrive best on corn, 
for as a grain consuming machine the hog will 
produce almost double the number of pounds for 
each bushel of corn consumed as will the steer— 
and for this purpose the American hog is the un- 
crowned king of the universe ! Shorthorn cattle 
with their big, thick, deep bodies and capacious 
digestive organs can consume more roughage 
and as a result get more pounds of gain daily 
from grass and rough feeds than cattle of any 
other breed. This means that they can put on the 
final pounds of finish for which grain is required 
more cheaply than can those of other breeds, for 
they do more with the cheap feeds of the farm. 
Shorthorn cattle are the great farm cattle for 
they have no rivals in utilizing the farm feeds 
whether it be for production of beef or for beef 
and milk. 

The record price for range grass fat steers 
is held by grade Shorthorns marketed in Chicago 
at $18.00 per cwt. The record price for feeder 
cattle is held by Shorthorn steers sold in Denver 
at $20.25 per cwt. The greatest net return for a 



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8 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

carload of steers at the Intematioiial (except 
the grand champion herd the value of which was 
enhanced by winning of the ribbon) was secured 
from a load of Shorthorns. The International 
grand champions carried a large percentage of 
Shorthorn blood. The highest prices paid for 
steers at the Missouri River markets have gone 
to cattle tracing to a Shorthorn foundation. The 
additional weight of approximately 200 pounds 
on two-year-old steers which carry a large per- 
centage of Shorthorn blood is a very important 
consideration when cattle sell at prevailing 
prices. The heavy loins, broad backs, deep hind- 
quarters and natural flesh of the Shorthorn 
make them the ideal farm cattle. 
In the herd of Shorthorns at the Kansas State 
Agricultural College Farm, Manhattan, there 
are seven thick-fleshed, broad-backed, low-set 
Scotch cows having milk records averaging con- 
siderably in excess of 7,000 pounds of milk per 
year. Their calves are of the same individual 
conformation and several of them have won 
prizes in the beef shows. But this is not all — 
these cows were not put to milking until after 
they had raised one or more calves. One of them 
had nursed her third calf before she was tried as 
a milker. Individually they will compare with 
the best cows in the leading herds of the country 
and no two are bred along the same line. One is 
a daughter of Matchless Dale, that sired the win- 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 9 

ning steer herd which the college had out two 
years. There is something in this double-pur- 
pose achievement. The Shorthorn is the farm- 
er's cow. 




MATCHLESS QUEEN 100083 
Milk record 8733.1 pounds. Owned by the Kansas Agricultural College. 

At the Breeders Sale at Coff eyville, April 4, 
1919, twenty Shorthorns from ten months to 
four years old, none of them ever in a large crowd 
before and many of them hardly halter broke, 
were led into Exposition Hall. When surround- 
ed by an immense crowd they stood for fifteen 
minutes without showing any symptoms of ner- 
vousness, and in the sale of nearly 100 head not 



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10 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

a single animal behaved in an unbecoming man- 
ner nor was the emergency post provided for 
nervous cattle used once. No untrained and un- 
handled cattle of any other breed ever acted so 
well. Shorthorn cattle, by reason of their quiet, 
gentle disposition are the ideal farm cattle. 

More than a century has now passed since 
the Shorthorn found its way from the rich val- 
leys of England to the United States. During 
all this time they have been the popular cattle 
for the American farmer. Not only do they 
provide more beef than any other breed of cattle 
but they also furnish the family with all the milk 
and butter needed. After one hundred years 
they are firmly established, the great breed for 
every section of our country. Other breeds 
may be prime favorites in certain localities, 
but the Shorthorns are all right everywhere. 
Other breeds come and go, but the Shorthorn 
goes on forever. They have established them- 
selves in the eastern part of our country where 
they are unrivaled producers of milk and butter. 
From Ohio to Kansas and from Canada to the 
Gulf they are firmly established and it is only in 
sections where they find any active competition. 
They have gone to the ranges of the central West 
and Southwest where they becanxe the maternal 
ancestry of the range cattle that made Hereford 
popularity possible. They are now the popular 
beef cattle of the Pacific coast country and have 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



11 



no established rivals in that section. What is 
it that made all this possible ? For answer, look 
the Shorthorn over. It is not a breed of extremes 
but one which combines the good qualities which 




PRIDE'S BESSIE 206445 

The first Scotch cow to be admitted to the advanced registry for 

milking Shorthorns. Milk record 9210.5 poun^ls. O^vned 

by the Kansas Agricultural College. 

are demanded by the farmer, not by the special- 
ist; they are not the cows that do one thing only 
but they combine size, beef, milk, butter. They 
are the one and' only great machine that turns 
the rough feeds of the farm into ready cash to 
the very best advantage. 

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12 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Shorthorns on The Beef Market. — It is some- 
times stated that Shorthorns do not command the 
highest market price. This is a mistake. Good, 
well finished Shorthorns sell at the highest price 
paid. They have topped the Kansas City market 
for 1920 as will be seen from the following letter : 

Stockyards Station, Kansas City, Mo. 

7|15|20. 
Mr. G. A. Laude, Secretary, 
Humboldt, Kansas. 

Dear Sir: 

Replying to yours of the 13th beg to say the cattle we 
sold for Sni-A-Bar Farms at $17 were the top for their 
weight for the year. Some yearlings brought $17.25. 

The Sni-A-Bar cattle have always killed very satisfac- 
torily and are particularly liked by the Harvey people. 

Yours truly, 

SWIFT & HENRY, 
by J. C. Swift. 

A Record. — H. M. Hill, the well known breeder 
of Montgomery county, has during the past few 
years bought many Shorthorn cows of varying 
quality. A few years ago he castrated twenty 
bull calves. These calves were the poorer ones 
and the of f -colored ones from all the cows on the 
farm only a few having been of Mr. HilPs breed- 
ing. They were wintered so as to maintain thrift 
and a good growth, and during the next siunmer 
were fed only a little grain on pasture. Toward 
fall the grain was increased and for the last sixty 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 13 

days they were on full feed. They were sold at 
an average age of but little over twenty months 
and brought on the Kansas City market $224.60 
each. 

Another Shorthorn Achievement. — In the fall 
and early winter of 1918 H. O. Peck & Son, of 
Wellington castrated five out of twelve bull 
calves, these like Mr. HilPs having been the ones 
undesirable for bulls. They were calved from 
September to December. They were given a 
little grain while sucking the cows during the 
winter, were weaned in the spring and ran on 
pasture the next summer. They had access to a 
shed and alfalfa hay and received a very small 
grain ration. They were on full feed a little 
more than sixty days and were sold at an average 
of sixteen months at the Peck farm for $119.70. 
This sale was made on the low market last March. 
These cases show the value of pure bred Short- 
horn cows as producers of beef cattle. Only little 
grain is required for this class of cattle. 

Shorthorns Feed Well for Baby Beef.— W. J. 
Sayre of Cedar Point, Chase cou;ity, now a well 
known breeder of Shorthorns, was until recently 
a breeder of Shorthorn calves for beef. These 
calves were nearly all of his own breeding from 
high grade and pure bred cows. During a period 
of ten years Mr. Sayre fed annually a carload 
of these calves and nine years out of the ten he 
topped the Kansas City market on baby beeves 



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14 



A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



for the year. An account of the one time he 
failed to sell at the highest price for the year is 
given in a letter as follows : 




MR. AND MRS. W. J. SAYRE 

Cedar Point, Kansas. 
July 25, 1920. 

Dear Mr. Laude: 

I think I have told you why I failed to receive the 
top price one year. It was because mine were too heavy. 
The buyers were Wanting them very small that spring and 
some 500 pound S. M. S. heifers sold a little higher than 
my Shorthorns, but the Shorthorns brought many more 
dollars. Several times I have bought the very best Here- 
fords I could buy and fed them with my own and at no 
time did any of them gain as much as the Shorthorns and 
only on one occasion were they good enough to sell with 
them. 

Sincerely, 

W. J. SAYRE. 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 15 

Shorthorn Show Steers. — ^Aside from an oc- 
casional steer and a few carloads shown by indi- 
viduals it has remained for the Kansas State 
Agricultural College to carry on the production 
of show steers. The great success which has at- 
tended their efforts has attracted international 
attention to Kansas as one of the leading states 
to be reckoned Avith at the big American shows. 
The steers shown by the college in recent years 
were nearly all sired by the now thirteen-year-old 
Matchless Dale, a bull that has proved himself 
one of the great sires of the breed. In ordinary 
pasture flesh Matchless Dale weighed 2400 
pounds and no one ever handled a mellower hide. 
His splendid disposition, wonderful quality and 
character have won the admiration of every 
breeder that has seen him. The record made by 
steers sired by him is remarkable. The college 
has shown eighteen steers sired by Matchless 
Dale that have been placed not lower than third 
at the American Royal or International Live 
Stock Shows. At the American Royal they won 
two championships, nine firsts, seven seconds 
and six thirds. At the International they won 
one championship, two reserve championships, 
six firsts, four seconds and three thirds. 

A Notable Carlot From Kansas. — It was in 
about 1910 that a car load of all red yearling 
steers found their way to the American Royal. 
They came from near Lancaster in Atchison 



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16 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

county and proved little less than a national sen- 
sation. Their uniformity and general excellence 
were remarkable and before the final contest it 
was admitted by all interested parties that they 
were the best load of steers on the ground. These 
calves were bred and developed by K. G. Gigstad 
and were the product of his Shorthorn herd, now 
one among the best in Kansas. As predicted im- 
mediately after their arrival, they won every- 
thing in sight including the grand championship 
over all breeds and they sold at the high price of 
the sale. 

The McGregor Exhibits. — ^E. A. McGregor of 
Washington county, an extensive feeder of good 
cattle, sent two loads of Shorthorn steers to the 
1919 International, that on the face of the re- 
turns as interpreted by most breeders and feed- 
ers would be pronounced the most profitably pro- 
duced cattle sold in the sales. The cattle in one 
load were bred by Symns Bros, of Troy, Kansas, 
the other load by Fred L. Weiss of Elizabeth, 
Colorado. The Kansas load was bought in Jan- 
uary 1919 at the average weight of 752 pounds. 
They sold ten and a half months later weighing 
1438 pounds, a gain of 686 pounds. These cattle 
were first in the Shorthorn Special and sold for 
$24.50, dressing 63.9 per cent. The Colorado bred 
Shorthorns won second place in heavy competi- 
tion and sold for $26.50. They dressed 64.5 per 
cent. 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 17 

MV. McGregor, while looking these cattle over, 
told me he had always fed Herefords and had 
considered them the best feeders to be had but 
these cattle made him feel that there were none 
better than good Shorthorns, as they had outdone 
all of his choice Angus and Herefords. 



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SHORTHORN REVIEW 1810—1857 

Forty-seven years before this story begins, the 
first great auction sale of Shorthorns was held 
at Ketton, England, by Charles Colling, justly 
called one of the improvers of the breed. The 
original Duchess cow, ancestress of that tribe 
bought in 1783 on the Darlington Market for $65, 
was dead. Thomas Bates, destined to become 
the leading breeder of Great Britain, bought one 
of her descendants. She was a little shabby in 
appearance but he called her the most valuable 
cow in the world and it is reported that he de- 
clared he would not take $5000 for his bargain. 

Here began the boom that made sane men lose 
their heads in the greatest era of folly known in 
live stock history. Bates heralded his claim for 
the Duchess cow and her descendants. Thomas 
Booth developed a class of Shorthorns that vied 
with those bred by Bates and for several decades 
the fight for supremacy was waged. The nobility 
lined up on the Bates side and threw victory to 
Bates' cattle with the Duchess tribe in the lead. 

The excellent importation made by Col. Lewis 
Sanders in 1817 which included the Teeswater 
Cow, the Durham Cow and Mrs. Motte, filled 
parts of Kentucky and Ohio with splendid cattle. 
Later importations, notably the descendants of 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 19 

the one made by the Ohio Company in 1836, were 
used to discredit the descendants of the import- 
ation of 1817. Though not able to claim and sub- 
stantiate superiority in fact, appeal was made 
to fads and the older importation lost popularity. 

In 1840 George Vail of New York imported 
from Mr. Bates' herd a bull calf combining two 
of his most precious families. Later he bought 
some heifers, also. Mr. Bates died in 1849 and at 
the dispersion of his herd in 1850 three head 
were bought by Morris and Becar of New York. 
In 1853 Samuel Thorne bought at the sale of Earl 
Ducie, the man upon whom Mr. Bates' mantle 
seems to have fallen, three Duchess cows, and a 
year or two later he bought the Morris and Becar 
herd. He now had a monopoly of the Bates' 
Duchess and Oxford blood in America. Numer- 
ous importations of excellent cattle had been 
made prior to this time, most of them by Ken- 
tucky and Ohio breeders, and there had been 
little discrimination in favor of any family. 

R. A. Alexander of Kentucky made his notable 
importation of thirty-six cows and five bulls in 
1853 and in 1855 he imported Duke of Airdrie, 
the bull that was to revolutionize public senti- 
ment in America by turning it toward the Bates 
standard. Imported Duke of Airdrie began 
making his influence felt at the time this story 
opens and when Shorthorns had become well 
established from the Atlantic to the Mississippi. 



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SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 1857— 1880 

Kansas developed its early Shorthorn interests 
slowly. This fact is not surprising when con- 
ditions existing at the time are considered. A 
few herds had been established west of the Miss- 
issippi, principally in Cooper county, Missouri, 
before the Civil War, but interest in the breed 
had assumed no proportions west of the river. 
It was hundreds of miles from the Shorthorn 
country to the Kansas border and transportation 
facilities were limited to the slow stoaniboats 
plying on the rivers. 

The Civil War, preceded by the border strug- 
gle, which in turn gave way to the raids of the 
bushwhackers, discouraged any attempt to de- 
velop the new industry; yet it was under these 
trying conditions that the first Shorthorn herd 
was brought to the country known as ^^The Great 
American Desert." 

The First Herd — The American herd book, 
vol. 6, contains the pedigrees of fifteen cows and 
three bulls owned in Kansas and they are cred- 
ited to S. S. Tipton, Mineral Point, Anderson 
county. Ten of the fifteen females were bred 
by the Shakers of Union Village, Ohio, two by H. 
C. Alkire of Sterling, Ohio, and the other three 
by Mr. Tipton himself. The bulls were all bred 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 21 

by Mr. Tipton. The oldest of the three cows of 
Mr. Tipton's breeding is recorded as Bertha 
Belle, vol. 6, p. 197. She was a white, calved 
March 1859, and accoixling to the herd book was 
the first Shorthorn bred in Kansas. 

The herd proved prolific and the records show 
that Mr. Tipton sold many bulls and females in 
Anderson and adjoining counties. The first re- 
corded bull sold was a roan, calved June 10, 1862, 
that went to Morgan Russell & Co. of Lawrence. 
His name and number were Opothoholo 5044^. 

Mr. Tipton continued his operations mth suc- 
cess for more than thirty years. In all this time 
he made no effort to follow the lead of fashion 
but kept on breeding the families he had orig- 
inally brought to the state. He did, however, 
buy some good bulls. Among them was Procur- 
ator 30710, a son of Starlight out of a dam by 
General Grant. Mr. Tipton ^s cattle furnished 
the foundation for numerous herds in his local- 
ity, though it is doubtful whether many could be 
found at this time that are descended from the 
first Shorthorn herd in Kansas. 

Interesting facts concerning Mr. Tipton were 
furnished by his son-in-law, S. S. Patton, now 
ninety-four years old and his grandson, Charles 
Patton who was born on the farm in 1858 and as 
a boy herded his grandfather's cattle. 

Mr. Tipton left Stillwater, Ohio in 1855, going 
to Fairfield, Iowa where he lived two years, com- 

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22 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

ing from there to Anderson county in June, 1857. 
He brought with him about fifty head of cattle, 
most of which were pure bred Shorthorns. Tlie 
place where he located is four and one-half miles 
southwest of Harris and the stone house that he 
built still stands on a hill overlooking a tract of 
bottom land where at times as many as 300 
head of pure bred Shorthorns grazed. The 
farm is now in the hands of grandsons. Mr. 
Tipton bred Shorthorns until the day of his 
death and he always went to Kentucky or Ohio 
for his herd bulls. Mr. Charles Patton recalls 
one bull, a big white fellow that cost $700 
when cattle were cheap. With few ex- 
ceptions, surplus cattle were sold privately, 
but on one occasion, seventy-five head of young 
bulls were shipped to Colorado to be sold and con- 
signments were later made to sales in Kansas 
City. The elder Mr. Patton remembers that 
nearly all the pure bred cattle Mr. Tipton 
brought with Mm from Ohio were of light colors 
and many were whites. Later he began to breed 
for roans and finally for reds. 

At the time of Mr. Tipton's death in 1889 the 
farm on which he had settled had increased to 
720 acres, valued under the low prices then pre- 
vailing at $25,000, a large amount for those days. 
The extent and value of the farm proved conclu- 
sively that his Shorthorns had been a good source 
of income. 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 23 

The Pioneer of Northern Kansas. — J. M. 
Huber came from Pleasant Plains, Illinois in 
1860 to the farm near Meriden, now owned by 
H. E. Huber, his son, bringing with him some 
Shorthorns. He was not married and made his 
home for a time with the Leidy family living on 
the farm. It was here that Fremont Leidy, one 
of the leading breeders of Butler county, was 
born and H. E. Huber was born in the same cabin 
later. J. M. Huberts name first appears in vol. 
9 A. H. B. as the owner of Bismarck, a roan bull 
bred in Illinois and calved in 1868. The first 
animal bred and recorded by him was calved Dec- 
ember 2, 1870. Volume 11 contains the pedigrees 
of two Illinois bred cows calved in 1858 and 1860, 
both owned by him, from which it appears he did 
not record his earlier calves. 

Mr. Huber later became one of the leading 
breeders of his section. In 1880 he won first 
prize of $100 on best herd under two years at 
Bismarck Grove and the thirteen-year-old son, 
H. E., helped care for the cattle and show them. 
Shortly after this Mr. Huber bought a good bull 
and heifer of Albert Crane and some of the choice 
cattle found on the farm today descend from that 
heifer. A few years later he bought of Col. 
Harris the bull Golden Belt by Baron Victor out 
of Linwood Golden Drop. About 1890 Mr. Huber 
retired from business, turning over the farm and 
the cattle to his boys. In 1902 he passed out of an 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 25 

eminently useful life. Several of Ms sons retain 
Shorthorn interests. 
From Anderson County to Woodson. — ^Volume 

6 of the American herd book in which the Tip- 
ton cattle were recorded was published in 1863 
and up to that time no other Shorthorns were 
recorded from Kansas, but in vol. 7, published 
three years later, the name of Joel Moody of 
Belmont, Woodson county, appears as the breed- 
er of the white bull. King of Kansas. He was by 
Pascova 5059^^, a Tipton bred bull and out of 
Queen of Kansas, a cow bred by the Shakers and 
purchased from Mr. Tipton, probably in 1864. 
Mr. Moody recorded the produce of this cow for 
four years and after that neither he nor his cattle 
appear on record. 

Shorthorns Enter Shawnee County. — Volume 

7 also contains the pedigrees of two bulls and 
nine cows owned by Alkire & Wardell of And- 
erson county. Several of these were bred by 
them and calved in 1864 and 1865 from purchases 
made in Ohio and Kentucky probably early in 
1863. The difficulties attending the transport- 
ing of cattle to Kansas in those critical days must 
have been almost insurmountable. It is not cer- 
tain that these cattle were brought to Kansas be- 
fore the Civil War ended in 1865, and though 
bred by Alkire & Wardell and credited to An- 
derson county, it is quite possible that they were 
bred in Ohio and not recorded until after the 



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26 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

change of residence to Anderson county. This 
herd was kept up for several years but as early 
as 1865 a number of the cows found their way to 
Shawnee county into the herd of M. J. Alkire. 
Indications are that the Shawnee county herd 
absorbed the Anderson county herd before 1868. 
M. J. Alkire remained in the business for many 
years, consistently breeding a desirable class of 
cattle. His name still appears occasionally in 
pedigrees of Kansas and Oklahoma herds. 

The First Touch of Fashion. — ^Up to this time 
the cattle brought to Kansas had been of the kind 
termed ** plainly bred'' by leaders in the business. 
The first attempt to conform more closely to pop- 
ular blood lines of the day must be credited to 
John Inlo'w of Johnson county. It was probably 
in 1865 that Mr. Inlow brought in the excellent 
red and white bull calf, 1st Grand Duke of Kan- 
sas by the Bates bull 3d Grand Duke of Oxford, 
and several good cows. One of the cows was by 
the famous bull Gen. Grant 4825 and out of a 
daughter of imp. Easter Day. He also owned 
and used the 3d Grand Duke of Oxford and while 
his herd did not assume large proportions, yet 
he produced desirable cattle and their descend- 
ants are still found in good herds. The red and 
white Miss Watson of his breeding was the an- 
cestress of many of the valuable cattle sent out 
from the Glick herd some years later. Among 
Mr. Inlow 's sales were the bull 1st Grand Duke 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 27 

of Kansas and several cows to N. L. Chaffee of 
Maniiattan, a few cows to Andrew Wilson and 
some choice animals to George W. Greever, men- 
tion of which will be made later. 

Better Cattle from Better Herds.— At the close 
of the sixties Andrew Wilson of Shawnee county- 
was probably the most discriminating buyer of 
foundation stock in the new state. Cattle of his 
breeding calved as early as 1870 are on record 
and it was in that year, that in addition to the 
purchases made from John Inlow, Mr. Wilson 
made other memorable purchases which attract- 
ed the attention of the whole country. Prom the 
herd of James N. Brown & Sons of Illinois, then 
one of the leading Shorthorn establishments in 
the United States, he secured a number of high 
class cows. Grace Young 4th and Grace Young 
5th, two cows of national reputation as prize win- 
ners, sired by Tycoon, one of the greatest bulls 
of his day, were added to the herd. Minister, for 
several years the leading show bull of the West, 
was bought at W. R. Duncan's sale for $1760. 
Mr. Wilson now had cattle from which a fortune 
could have been made, but for some reason he 
soon gave up the business. On August 20, 1873 
Grace Young 4th and Grace Young 5th, the 
plums of the herd, were sold in a public sale at 
Silver Lake, to the Kansas State Agricultural 
College for $800 and $1080, and later at the col- 
lege they produced a family of excellent cattle, 



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28 A HISTORY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 

the descendants of which can still be found in 
Kansas herds. Although Mr. Wilson's period of 
active operation was short, he had brought a class 
of stock to the new state, not seen prior to that 
date and it would be unfair to measure the value 
of his service by the brief time he was engaged in 
breeding. 

George W. Greever. — At the time John Inlow 
was selling his cattle, George W. Greever of 
Wyandotte county bought the cow Prairie Flow- 
er by 1st Grand Duke of Kansas. From this cow 
he raised three heifers, two by the fine sire Basil 
Duke and one by Master of Ravenswood. The 
small but choice herd was sold to C. B. Norris qf 
Geneva in 1878. The bull Basil Duke 4th by 
Basil Duke was included in the sale. 

John F. Piper.— In 1860 John F. Piper, then 
a resident of Kentucky, bought the imported cow 
Hasty, bred by Mr. Burnett and imported by 
The Mason & Bracken Company. From her he 
raised three heifers calved in 1861, 1862 and 1864, 
named Spot, Humpback and Violet. Mr. Piper 
came to Labette county, Kansas late in the sixties 
bringing with him numerous descendants of imp. 
Hasty, none of which were recorded, and it was 
not until 1879 that the pedigree of the imported 
cow and eleven of her daughters and grand- 
daughters were placed on record. How many 
cattle from this herd were sold in these years at 
less than their value if recorded, can only be 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 29 

guessed. Members of the Piper family and sev- 
eral other persons living in Labette county pro- 
duced small herds of Shorthorns during the 
eighties from this lot of cattle, and a number of 
herds in that section are descended from the Pip- 
er heifers. 

Wabaunsee County's First Herd. — ^L. A. 
Knapp came from La Salle county, Illinois, set- 
tling on a farm in Wabaunsee county a few miles 
northwest of Dover, in 1870. He brought with 
him a good knowledge of Shorthorns, plenty of 
enthusiasm, a good bull and two cows. One of 
these cows. Bluebird 2d, has descendants in sev- 
eral Kansas herds. A little more than a year 
later he formed a partnership with George W. 
Grlick and transferred his energies to Shannon 
Hill where he remained until 1876 or 1877 when 
he returned to his Wabaunsee county farm with 
quite a number of good cattle from the Glick 
herd which came to him through the partner- 
ship. As L. A. Knapp of Dover, he became one 
of the well known breeders of the state, produc- 
ing many creditable specimens of the breed. Some 
of these in other hands went to build good herds. 
The farm upon which Mr. Knapp settled is now 
owned and occupied by his son, E. L. Knapp, who 
is raising Shorthorns, some of which are descend- 
ed in the female line from the cows brought from 
Illinois in 1870. 

James O'Neal & Son. — ^Mr. O'Neal had been 



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30 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KA.NSAS 

breeding Shorthorns in Canada and moved to 
Jefferson county, Kansas about 1870 bringing 
with him some of his cattle. The early produce 
of the herd was sold as far west as Manhattan- 
He later made purchases from Albert Crane in- 
cluding the Alexander bred Gwynne Duke of 
Woodburn by 26th Duke of Airdrie, and Loudon 
Duke 13th by 5th Duke of Geneva, indicating 
his appreciation of quality in bulls. Only a few 
females were bought. His work was continued 
in the eighties but was practically local in char- 
acter. 

Shorthorns Reach Greenwood County. — ^Hart 

Bros, were breeders of Shorthorns in Waukesha 
county, Wisconsin, in the sixties. In 1870 or 
1871 they came to Greenwood county bringing 
with them the bull Imperial Hendon and the cows 
Roan Duchess 5th, Delphena, and Royal Duchess 
5th, all from the her& of John P. Roe of Wau- 
kesha. These cows proved prolific and a large 
herd was built from them in ten years. The herd 
of C. L. Hart of Eureka was descended from 
these cows. 

A Brown County Pioneer. — G. Y. Johnson of 
Brown county, soldier of the Civil War, big in 
stature and character, began breeding Short- 
horns in 1870. His start was made with the so- 
called Bates crossed standard families of that 
time and he was more regular and systematic in 
recording the produce than any other early Kan- 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



31 



sas breeder. When the Cruickshank cattle came 
in, he bought an imported Scotch bull but soon 
sold him and bought another named Lavender 




RESIDENCE OF T. J. SANDS, ROBINSON 

Mr. Sands laid the foundation for prosperity at Mr. Johnson's 

dispersion sale. 

Lad. Later he bought imp. Nonpareil 35th by 
Kintore Hero. From this cow he raised a bull, 
Nonpareil Lad, used in the herd until the time of 
his sale about 1900. Mr. Johnson sold many good 
bulls in his part of the state and he always sold 
to the man who wanted one on credit. * * I always 
thought,'' he said, **that a man who was ambi- 
tious enough to own a good bull couldn't be far 
wrong.'' 
A Period of Expansion. — The year 1870 saw 



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32 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Shorthorns well established, but not numerous in 
the state. This date may be safely fixed, how- 
ever, as the beginning of a period of expansion. 
A number of herds destined to more than local 
prominence were founded, but probably no other 
was so widely known and carried on under more 
broad-minded management than the one owned 
by Albert Crane of Chicago, on his immense 
tract of land in Marion county and called by that 
generation and later generations, The Durham 
Park Herd. 

The Durham Park Herd. — The first purchases 
for this herd, about fifty females, were what is 
generally known a^ nicely bred stock, so popular 
in Kentucky and Illinois at that time. Mr. Crane 
showed but little inclination to indulge in the 
pure Bates speculation, having bought only one 
cow, Oxford Myrtle, of that strain. Included 
among his early purchases was the bull Loudon 
Dul?:e 13th by 5th Duke of Geneva. This was one 
of E. G. Bedford's famous Loudon Duchess fam- 
ily. Of J. M. Woodruff of Indiana, he bought 
2d Duke of Jubilee. Both these bulls were 
strongly bred along Bates lines. 

Although these purchases had been made from 
some of the best herds in the country, most of 
them were not from the herds that had the great- 
est prestige. Mr. Crane was not satisfied. He 
began operations on a scale attracting general 
attention. The 23d Duke of Airdrie and the 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 33 

imported Booth cow Joan of Arc, were bought at 
long prices. Of M. H. Cochrane he bought the 
imported Booth bull Lord Abraham by the 
great Breastplate; and of Chas. E. Coffin, the 
bull Lord Abraham 2d by Lord Abraham and 
out of imp. Maiden. In 1875 he bought the 
Bates bull, Lord Bates 2d by the exported 24th 
Duke of Airdrie, of A. J. Alexander. From F. 
W. Beldon he secured the Cochran bred Lord of 
the Lake. Mr. Crane was now well supplied 
with herd bulls of both Bates and Booth blood 
lines. 

In this time nearly fifty females from some of 
the best herds in Great Britain and the United 
State had been bought. Mr. Crane 's own import- 
ation which left Liverpool October 14, 1875, con- 
sisted of six Bates cows and the Torr bred 
Telluaria Wassail, illustrated in vol. 16. Of this 
importation, the cow Lady Mary 6th gave birth 
to the white bull Panic, and Telluaria Wassail 
to the roan, Knight of the Crescent, thus adding 
to Mr. Crane's long list of excellent bulls, an 
imported Bates and an imported Booth bull. 

Shortly after this Mr. Crane bought two more 
buUs, the imported Booth bull Royal Deerham 
from Simon Beattie and imp. Royal Lancaster, 
illustrated in vol. 16, from John Hope. Import- 
ed Royal Lancaster was of the Cambridge Rose 
tribe, of the same origin as the Rose of Sharons. 
Among the cows purchased were imp. Regal Star 

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34 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

(Booth) and the Bates cows, imp. Earklevington 
15th illustrated in vol. 16, and the Canada bred 
Duchess of York 9th. Airdrie Duchess 2d and 
Airdrie Duchess 3d were bought of Mr. Alexand- 
er for $21,000 and $23,600 and a long price was 
paid for 28th Duke of Airdrie. In 1878 Mr. 
Crane exported a lot of Shorthorns to England. 
Among them was the 27th Duke of Airdrie. The 
Durham Park herd comprised a wonderful col- 
lection of Shorthorns, carrying as values then 
rated, the highest priced blood lines in the world. 
No such toleration as Mr. Crane's had been 
shown for the several rival strains of blood since 
R. A. Alexander had founded the great herd at 
Woodburn. 

The Shannon Hill Herd.— While Albert Crane 
was busy collecting some of the breed's choicest 
specimens for the great Durham Park herd he 
had established in the comparatively new part of 
the state, a quiet, conservative man of Atchison 
county was carrying on operations in the older 
settled portion. George W. Glick began his 
work well, not by following the dictates of fash- 
ion, but by buying a few good cows and a good 
bull. It was in about 1870 that the original pur- 
chases were made and like Mr. Crane's first 
selections, they did not indicate partiality for 
any particular strain. They were, however, of 
what was then considered good standard breed- 
ing. In 1872 Mr. Glick added by purchase in 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 35 

Kentucky, a bull and two heifers and maintained 
the conservative course of selling the bulls at 
fair prices and retaining the females. It was in 
about 1872 that a partnership was formed with 
L. A. Knapp, a breeder of Wabaunsee county 
and Mr. Knapp moved to Atchison county to 
take charge of the herd. The firm name was 
Glick & Knapp. When Mr. Knapp returned to 
his own farm, Mr. Glick became associated with 
a Mr. Carmichael for a short time. He always 
had the assistance of his son, Fred, who owned 
an interest in the herd and had quite a number 
of the cattle recorded in his name. 

It will be recalled that during the seventies 
the Bates Shorthorns were the popular ones and 
the big prices paid for even inferior individuals 
descended in the female line from cattle bred by 
Thos. Bates were used by the entire speculative 
element of the Shorthorn fraternity to boom 
their own interests. In vain it was pointed out 
that practically all the Shorthorns of the country 
were so full of Bates blood that they were vir- 
tually Bates cattle. Hitherto no Kansas breeder 
had heeded the call of the ** purist'', but about 
1879, Mr. Glick changed his course. He owned 
through an exchange, the Princess (Bates) bull, 
Claud Weatherby and he decided to purchase 
some females whose breeding would be within 
clearly recognized pure Bates lines. In May of 
that year he bought of W. S. Slater of Massachu- 

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36 A HISTOBY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

setts the bull calf that won considerable fame as 
Duke of Shannon Hill and a heifer calf, Lady 
Sale of Atchison. He also bought 10th Lady 
Sale of Brattleboro, 15th Lady Sale of Brattle- 
boro, Queen of the East by 22d Duke of Airdrie 
and Zora by 15th Duke of Airdrie. To his credit 
it must be said that he did not condemn all Short- 
horns of mixed breeding as unworthy and he re- 
tained many of his older cattle, but he neverthe- 
less became a leader of Bates forces in the West 
at the inopportune time that the ** plain bred'' 
Cruickshank cattle from Scotland were making 
the fight for supremacy and winning. 

Elected governor in 1882, Gt. W. Glick's name 
became a household word in Kansas and else- 
where. His love for his favorite Bates cattle 
was so firmly rooted that, unlike most other lead- 
ing breeders, he did not fall in with the trend of 
the times, but kept on breeding from his fe- 
males and put the 53d Duke of Airdrie, an ex- 
cellent Bates bull, in service. That Mr. Glick 
built up a good herd is admitted, but that he could 
have done much better had he fallen in line with 
other leading breeders, using the Cruickshank 
bulls even if not the females, is also quite evident. 
Had he used his wonderful personality in co- 
operation with such a man as Col. Harris, his 
achievements would have been far greater. All 
Gov. Glick 's effort to stem the tide was wasted. 
The hour had come when merit, though stigma- 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



37 



tized as plainly bred, won, and the aristocracy 
of the breed went down to defeat. On November 
17, 1889 Mr. Glick sold the entire herd including 
the much advertised Shannon Hill farm to Baw- 
dy & Company of Illinois, who sold the ninety- 
one Bates cattle at auction at the old horse bam 
in Kansas City, April 11 and 12, 1890. The aver- 
age price was $225. W. R. Nelson, owner and 
editor of The Kansas City Star and founder of 
the Sni-A-Bar farm, bought fifteen of these cat- 
tle including 53d Duke of Airdrie. 





MB. AND MRS.A.A.TENNYSON 
Lamar 



MILTON POLAND & SON 
Sabetha 



An Early Herd in Nemaha County. — The herd 
of W. S. White of Sabetha was established in 
1872 by the purchase of females from Kentucky, 



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38 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Illinois and Missouri breeders, and of two bulls 
from J. H. Spears & Son of Illinois. Occasional 
purchases were made later and the heifers were 
nearly all retained for several years. Measured 
by numbers this grew to be one of the state's 
leading herds but the proprietor made little ef- 
fort to keep up with the procession until the 
hard times of the eighties rendered all efforts 
of no avail. 

Late in 1883 or early in 1884 Mr. White bought 
three cows of Mr. Spears. He also bought a 
daughter of imp. Duke of Hazelcote 19th from 
S. C. Duncan, and a daughter of Loudon Duke 
6th from J. G. Cowan & Son. The same year fe- 
males were added to the herd from the Illinois 
herds of Wm. Stevenson & Sons and E. M. Gof f . 
Liberal use had been made of the bull Cherub 2d 
16470, a son of the $6000 imp. Cherub and imp. 
Lady Highthorne. Cato 25866, a Kentucky bred 
bull of only ordinary descent, was also used 
freely. Mr. White next began using Mazurka 
Duke 52758, a fashionably bred Bates bull from 
Bow Park by the celebrated 4th Duke of Clar- 
ence ; Royal Duke of Oayand, a bull of his own 
breeding, by Cherub 2d; and Emperor 62667, a 
Kentucky bred son of 2d Duke of Xalapa. In 
1887 he secured from the Luther Adams import- 
ation the Duthie bred Lord Haddow and began 
using him at once. At the time Lord Haddov 
was bought, good cows weighing from 1000 to 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 39 

1200 pounds could hardly be sold for as much 
as $15 a head. Many changed hands at less. 
Had it not been for this condition Mr. White 
might have been able to overcome the losses he 
had sustained by sticking to the lost hope of 
Bates supremacy, and to retrieve his fortune. 
As it was, like many others, he failed to realize 
on his investments. The last cattle of his breed- 
ing were calved in 1890. * 

Mr. White was a man of pleasing personality. 
He was president of the short-lived Kansas State 
Shorthorn Breeders Association, an organization 
that like many of its members, suspended oper- 
ations in about 1888. 

Leavenworth's First Importation. — ^In 1872 
Crespigny & Seiver imported from England the 
roan bull Duke of Hazelcote 19th bred by CoL 
Kingscote, the roan cow Listless and the red cow 
Likely, both bred by Thomas Morris of Maus- 
amore Court. Both cows were carrying calves 
at the time of their importation. Listless pro- 
duced a red bull calf Lord Lytton 17575 and 
Likely, a roan heifer named Lovely, vol. 13-743. 
These calves were sold to Matthew Ryan of Lea- 
venworth. Duke of Hazelcote 19th and the two 
cows went to S. C. Duncan, the well known breed- 
er in Clay county, Missouri. Mr. Ryan recorded 
no produce from his purchase until 1881 when a 
large nimiber of calves and yearlings went on 
record as bred by him. They were nearly all 



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40 



A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



sired by Lord Lytton, but only one, a daughter 
of inip. Lovely, was descended on the maternal 
side from this importation. 




I. N. CHAPMAN OTTO H. WULFEKUHLEB 

County Agent, Leavenworth Banker, Leavenworth 

These men have started more than 40 new Shorthorn breeders in 
Leavenworth county since January 1919. 

Victoria Colony Shorthorns. — George Grant, 
of poor Scotch parentage, found his way to Lon- 
don where he worked in a store, later engaging 
in merchandizing on his own account. He was 
a born promoter and organizer. He is reputed to 
have run a corner on crepe when the prince con- 
sort died and on silk during the Paris Exposition. 
He was considered a plunger with a shrewd head. 
When he came to Kansas he saw his opportimity. 
He agreed with the Kansas Pacific Railroad 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 41 

company to sell a lot of land and settle it. The 
result of this project was the far-famed Victoria 
Colony, established in Ellis county on the border 
line of civilization in 1872 and settled by the ar- 
istocracy of Great Britain. According to best 
information, members of the colony were high 
livers. Most of them were on remittances from 
home sent by parents who hardly knew what else 
to do with their sons. Grant himself is said to 
liave been fond of women and whiskey and to 
have been a poor sort of guardian for wealthy 
gentry. However that may be, no one can ques- 
tion his nerve, for he brought to this then desolate 
country a lot of high priced Shorthorns and 
planted them among the most unfavorable con- 
ditions. 

In November 1871 Mr. Grant imported from 
England the roan six-month-old bull calf Lord 
of the Manor ; the white seven-month-old heifer 
Fairy Verulam, and the red yearling heifer 
Niobe 8th. In 1872 he imported the bull Goggles 
17193 and later the roan cow Dimples, purchased 
from Queen Victoria 's herd. In 1876 he resumed 
importation having purchased from the Queen's 
herd seven heifers and the bull Royal George 
27797. The lot consisted of Cold Cream 10th and 
Countess 2d, two years old, that produced bull 
calves shortly after importation, named Royal 
Windsor and Manrico 2d; Rosa and Minette, 
two years old; and Roseleaf, Matilda and Peer- 



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42 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

less, yearlings. The importation also included 
a bull, Royal Duke, bred by Dr. Armstrong. Mr. 
Grant sold the bull calf Manrico 2d to Thomas R. 
Clark who was living in New York City and was 
associated with the Victoria Colony. Within a 
year or two after the importation, Mr. Clark had 
secured most of the cattle. Prom the service of 
imp. Goggles, imp. Niobe 8th had produced a 
heifer called Ida that was sold at four years old 
with calf at foot to Archibald Kerr of Eureka. 
It should be mentioned that the first importation 
was kept for a time in Clay county. 

Mr. Grant died in April 1878 and lies buried 
near a little Episcopalian church which he him- 
self had built with funds he had collected. His 
will, which it is said provided for the disposal of 
millions, was a farce, as but little money or other 
property was left when he died. 

Thos. R. Clark who was a member of the firm 
of Piske, Clark & Flagg, Gents' Furnishing 
Goods, New York City, subscribed to Grant's 
Victoria Colony and is said to have been the one 
man who came out ahead. He bought most of 
the cattle of the Grant importation and also a 
lot of fashionably bred Bates cows of the B. B. 
Groom assignees at the time when Bates was 
giving way to Scotch. The ranch was kept 
stocked, but whether with descendants of the 
Grant importation, is uncertain. After Clark's 
death some ten or fifteen years ago, the land and 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 43 

cattle were sold to the late Conrad Kreuger who 
for years had been, one of his employees. 

In 1877 John Bowman of the Victoria Colony 
imported from the herd of R. Jefferson, Eng- 
land, the red and white cow Proud Butterfly, in 
calf to British Boy (30597) . The produce was a 
heifer recorded as Pearl Butterfly. Bred again 
to the Crane bull, Lord of the Lake (see Crane 
sketch) she produced the bull Royal Moresby. 
Mr. Bowman had also bought of Albert Crane 
Cinderella 17th, that with her daughter Second 
Cinderella of Moresby, was sold to T. J. McClel- 
land of Haynesville, Missouri. 

A Good Foundation. — ^Archibald Kerr laid the 
foundation for his Greenwood county herd in 
about 1876. Mr. Kerr was an Englishman who 
maintained a large establishment and spent mon- 
ey extravagantly. Though not a member of the 
Victoria Colony his business and social relations 
brought him in close contact with its members. 
Among other Shorthorns purchased from George 
Grant of the colony were imp. Mobe 8th and her 
heifer calf by imp. Goggles. He also purchased 
from Albert Crane a bull. Lord Hamlet 33072, a 
combination of Bates and Booth blood he having 
been by Lord Bates 30th and out of Miss Wiley 
2d by Star of the Eealm. Prom W. T. Benson 
of Canada he secured the cow Daisy Eyebright 
vol. 12 and her heifer calf Josephine by imp. 
Tambour came from John Snell's Sons of On- 



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44 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

tario. Mr. Kerr also purchased the entire herd 
of G. Van Horn who had been breeding Short- 
horns in Montgomery county, later locating on 
a section of land lying fifteen miles northwest 
of Yates Center which to this time is known as 
the Van Horn Ranch. 




A SHORTHORN BOY AND A SHORTHORN CALF 

A foundation for good citizenship and prosperity. — Courtesy of 
R. C. Watson & Sons, Altoona. 

Shorthorns Go With Berkshires— A. W. Rol- 
lins of Riley county was better known as a breed- 
er of prize winning Berkshire hogs than as a 
breeder of Shorthorns. His herd of cattle, while 
not large, was carefully selected and represented 
the more popular blood lines of the day. His sur- 
plus found ready sale among farmers and local 
breeders and he occasionally added choice ani- 



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A HISTOBT OF SHOBTHOSNS IN KANSAS 45 

mals to the herd which he owned from about 1874 
until late in the eighties. 

First Shorthorns for Barton County. — In a- 
bout 1875 or 1876 Matthew Toews settled near 
EUinwood coming from Omro, Wisconsin. He 
had been breeding in that state and brought a 
small herd to his new home. 

T. M. Marcy. — ^Mr. Marcy had been breeding 
Shorthorns in Ohio, from which state he came to 
Kansas in about 1877 locating in Shawnee 
county. He secured three bulls from R. S. 
Streater of Cleveland, Ohio. They were Bread- 
albane 2d 31887, a roan by the Torr bred Booth 
bull, imp. Breadalbane and out of imp. Golden 
Symp, vol. 15; Henry 3d, a roan also by imp. 
Breadalbane out of Calm 15th, vol. 8 ; and imp. 
St. Albans, a calf out of imp. Golden Symp by the 
Booth bull, Athelstane. These bulls were all 
used to some extent, though St. Albans was used 
more heavily than the others in the early period 
of the herd's existence. Breadalbane 2d was 
used most on the heifers sired by St. Albans. 
While other bulls saw service in the herd, only 
one, Commodore 59188, was the sire of many of 
the young cattle produced in the middle and 
latter eighties. 

Commodore was bred by Col. Harris and was 
calved at the very time that Baron Victor 
reached Linwood. He represented the Kentucky 
line of breeding made popular in the West by the 

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46 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Hamiltons. The M. H. Lyons herd, one of the 
first, if not the very first established in Okla- 
homa, was founded by the purchase of ten young 
cows and heifers from Marcy & Son in 1891. 
These cows were nearly all by Commodore and 
were among the last of the larger lots bred and 
sold from the farm. The surplus produce of the 
fifteen or more years found a ready sale locally 
and a number of sales were made in Iowa and 
Nebraska. The herd was a creditable one and 
had Mr. Marcy taken advantage of conditions 
by buying a top bull at Linwood in 1883 or 1884, 
he would doubtless have profited largely from 
the cross with his good strong females. 

A Student of Type and Pedigrees. — ^A herd 
that was founded in the seventies and main- 
tained for nearly forty years was that of Andrew 
Pringle of Wabaunsee county. Mr. Pringle's 
strongest point was that he was a stickler for 
good bulls. His early purchases of females were 
made from local breeders and later when the 
Scotch cattle came in he bought Scotch, and 
Scotch topped cows of merit from such herds as 
those of Col. Harris and B. O. Cowan. Collegian, 
a son of the great cow, Grace Young 5th by Ty- 
coon, Jas. N. Brown ^s noted show bull and sire, 
was one of the first bulls used. When Col. Har- 
ris made his start with Cruickshank cattle Mr. 
Pringle recognized their value and as long as the 
Linwood herd existed he made annual or semi- 



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A HISTOBT OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 47 

ammal visits of a day or two days, studying and 
learning* In this way he acquired not only a 
correct idea of modem Shorthorn type and char- 
acter, but also a broad knowledge of pedigrees. 
He obtained his herd bulls from the Linwood 
herd as long as he could and later bought from 
J. G. Bobbins & Son, John Dryden of Canada, 
F. W. Ayers of Illinois and Carpenter & Ross. 
Few herds in Kansas were owned by men who 
more consistently than Mr. Pringle bought high 
class sires. The bulls produced in the herd near- 
ly all went to the western trade and other bulls 
from the locality adjacent to Mr. Pringle 's farm 
went with them. Most of the females were re- 
tained until the herd, at its best, numbered more 
than one hundred head. After this they were 
sold to breeders or used in founding new herds. 
Six or seven years ago the entire herd including 
the Avondale herd bull, Maxwalton Rosedale, 
was sold to Tomson Bros, who retained some of 
the most desirable specimens. 

G. W. K. Bailey & Sons. — Late in the seven- 
ties these men came from Pike county, Missouri 
to Kansas, locating on a splendid tract of land at 
the head of Fall River, fifteen miles northwest 
of Eureka. During the eighties they bred a 
large herd of good, useful cattle which were an 
important factor in local live stock improvement. 

W. E. W. Bailey, the oldest son of the family, 
also owned a good herd. Both herds went the 

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48 



A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



way of so many other Shorthorns during the 
trying times of 1884 to 1897 ; but as this is being 
written I am in receipt of a letter from Mr. 
Bailey stating that he wants to buy a few good 
Shorthorns. This goes to show that good cattle 
of the breed have a lasting influence over a man 
and that when he has once formed the habit, he 
will revert to his old love after many years. Mr. 
Bailey is probably past sixty and lives at Utopia 
in Greenwood coimty. He will be successful 
with his cattle when he buys them. 

C. B. Norris.— In about 1877 C. B. Norris of 
Allen county purchased a few females closely de- 
scended from John Inlow's Prairie Flower by 
1st Duke of Kansas. He also secured the bull 



-'W 




GOOD FOUNDATION STOCK USED BY E. S, DALE, PROTECTION 



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▲ HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 49 

Basil Duke 4th, a son of Basil Duke 6434, a bull 
of wide reputation in Henry Laramore's Callo- 
way county, Missouri, herd. Two of the cows 
were by Basil Duke. In 1880 these cows were 
sold to W. B. Woodside of Rose and at Mr. 
Woodside's dispersion sale in 1893 a four-year- 
old daughter of one of the cows was sold to Sam- 
uel Kahl of Buffalo, at the high price of $50. 
Mr. Kahl bred some excellent cattle from this 
cow and the good herd of P. A. Dumond of Yates 
Center comes from the Kahl cows. 

Towne & Boomer. — This Brown county firm 
began breeding Shorthorns about 1877. They 
owned, among others, the imported cow Charlotte 
4th by Duke of Knowlmere and a lot of cows 
sired by the Princess bull, Claud Wetherby, pur- 
chased about 1878 by G. W. Click. (See Click 
sketch) . It is quite likely that Claud Wetherby 
was received by Mr. Click in exchange for the 
bull Gustavus 17276, which bull Towne & Boom- 
er began using at the same time that Mr. Click 
began using Claud Wetherby. The herd did not 
assume more than local proportions and while 
consisting of splendid cattle, was like so many 
others lost in the change from Bates to Scotch in 
the desperately trying times of the middle and 
latter eighties. 

A Wide Range of Purchase. — ^Late in 1875 H. 
A. Stratton of Lyon county bought the bull 
Prince 27484 bred by A. C. Funk of lUinois. 



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50 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Within twelve months from that time he secured 
a number of cows from Albert Crane, W. W. 
Tipton of Coffey county, Childs & Sweet of Ill- 
inois, H. H. Hankins of Ohio and T. H, Brettel 
of Canada. The herd was maintained for a good 
many years and was prolific. Mr. Stratton lived 
in that part of Kansas where farmers early 
learned the value of improved stock and his sur- 
plus was readily disposed of locally. 

An Early Rice County Herd. — ^Avery Bros, 
and R. H. Avery of Rice county worked together, 
Avery Bros, later having possession of the R. H. 
Avery herd. R. H. Avery had been a Shorthorn 
breeder at Galesburg, Illinois and came to Kan- 
sas late in 1877 or early in 1878 bringing some 
Shorthorns with him. In addition to the pur- 
chase of the R. H. Avery herd, Avery Bros. 
bought stock from Albert Crane and from other 
Kansas breeders, some of which represented pop- 
ular blood lines. In 1882 quite a number of the 
cattle went to George Avery Jr., of Sterling. 

Joseph E. Guild. — Joseph E. Guild of Silver 
Lake, Shawnee county, a prominent farmer of 
his section, purchased in 1879 the red buU Baron 
Adelaide 34427, the red cows, Lady Leonard 2d 
and Lady Leonard 3d, both by the famous sire 
and show bull, Oakland Favorite, and the red. 
Lady Cundiff , of Dr. W. H. Cundiff , Pleasant 
Hill, Missouri. These cattle represented the 
Leonard Flora family, then one of the best in the 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



51 



West. The Guild herd while not large was quite 
favorably known for a good many years, but 
probably few if any Shorthorns descended from 
Mr. Guild's breeding could now be found. 

First Shorthorns in Northwest Kansas. — 
Simpson Flinn's were the first Shorthorns for 
the extreme northwest part of Kansas. The herd 
consisted of two bulls and three heifers recorded 
as calved in 1880. He also recorded a cow bred 
by D. M. Plinn of Iowa, from which it is inferred 
that Simpson Flinn of Rawlins county was of the 
well known Iowa family of that name. 




GWENDOLINE 79th 217427 

With a record of 5796.1 pounds of milk as a two-year-old. Owned by 

the Kansas Agricultural College. 



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52 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Breeding for Milk Production. — Swain Bros. 
& Bates of Lawrence bought a choicely bred lot 
of cattle, including the bulls Earl of Athol 32485 
and Grand Juror 32769. This was about 1878. 
Earl of Athol was out of Maid of Athol, a cow 
that gave 12875 pounds of milk, making 513 
pounds of butter in a year. Her greatest ten day 
yield was 581 pounds of milk and 21^ pounds 
of butter. Grand Juror, bred by Albert Crane, 
was by Lord Bates 2d. The cows were from the 
herds of John Inlow, Avery & Murphy and the 
well known William Miller herd in Canada. 

Col. Harris and a Mr. Swain, probably the 
same person mentioned above, were associated 
and a few animals were recorded as owned joint- 
ly by them. Several of Col. Harris' early pur- 
chases came from R. D. Swain. 

A Breeder in the Making. — Col. W. A. Harris 
of Linwood did not differ from other breeders 
except in two respects. He held positive con- 
victions and he had the courage to assert and up- 
hold the correctness of his views against the 
whole world if necessary. His first Shorthorn 
purchase is recorded in vol. 18, published in 
April 1879, where it is stated that on February 
20th of that year he bought of Dr. Cundiff e, 
Prince Leonard 5th, the unfashionably colored 
red and white bull. It was probably about the 
same time that he showed his disregard of fash- 
ion by buying a roan cow for roan was a color 

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A HISTOBY OF SHOBTHORNS IN KANSAS 53 

which then had no place in most Shorthorn herds. 
There was nothing in the record of W. A. Harris 
prior to 1880 which would lead one to suspect that 
America's greatest breeder was making his start. 

Minor Shorthorn Operations. — The herds men- 
tioned thus far all assumed considerable promi- 
nence and were a strong factor in building up 
Shorthorn interests in Kansas. There were many 
small breeders scattered over the state prior to 
1880 of whom it is possible to give only limited 
information. Most of these men did not handle 
Shorthorns a great length of time nor did their 
work have any influence on present day herds. 

In 1872 Robert Cook of Allen county bought 
four females from Ohio breeders. He continued 
his work for nine years producing cattle of fair • 
quality which were sold locally. 

S. L. Shotwell of ElDorado bought a bull and 
seven cows of M. B. Robertson, Sonora, Ohio in 
1879. Three of the cows produced heifer calves 
shortly after reaching Kansas and by 1880 Mr. 
Shotwell had a good little herd. No record of 
later operations appears. 

Two herds of national reputation, those of J. 
P. Sanborn of Michigan and William Miller of 
Canada, furnished the foundation for a herd in 
Dickinson county. The cattle were owned a few 
years by G. E. Hunton and included the imported 
cow Yoimg Bracelet from which he raised three 
heifers that were retained. 



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54 A HISTORY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 

In about 1877 W. S. Burkham of Douglas 
county bought from Pickrell & Eassinger and 
from the Bow Park herd in Canada a few cows of 
very choice ancestry. But little record of his 
work appears later and this splendid foundation 
which might have been crossed with Cruickshank 
bulls and made one of the outstanding herds of 
the state seems to have been lost to the breed. 

In March 1877 J. E. Woodford of Burlington 
bought of the estate of W. W. Tipton of Coffey 
county the red roan heifer, Belle, then just one 
month old. It is probable that he also secured 
her dam, Belle of Bristle, vol. 10. At the time 
of this purchase or very shortly thereafter, Mr. 
Woodford bought several other females and he 
•retained Shorthorns for twenty years. At no 
time, however, did the herd assume more than 
local importance. It might be of interest to 
know that the heifer calf mentioned above was 
a descendant in the maternal line from the first 
Shorthorns brought to Kansas by S. S. Tipton 
in 1857. 

Reynolds & Pritchard, whose main establish- 
ment was located near Madison in Greenwood 
county, bred and handled Shorthorns extensively 
from 1870 to 1886. In addition to the Greenwood 
county ranch they also operated a large estab- 
lishment near Augusta and one in Sedgwick 
county. This firm should probably be classed 
as dealers rather than as breeders. 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 55 

Harvey coimty became the home of a lot of 
cows from the historic Dumi herd in Ohio. In 
1875 Armenia Casterline started a herd which he 
cared for under good conditions. The bull 
calves were all sold locally and the heifers kept. 
The early history of the establishment indicated 
permanency but for some cause which the records 
do not disclose, Mr. Casterline ceased operations. 

W. G. Anderson began business in Johnson 
county about 1875 by purchases made in Ohio and 
Kentucky and for a number of years the heifers 
produced were retained. The bulls found ready 
sale in the surrounding territory. 

Burtiss Bros, and C. L. Burtiss of Jefferson 
county, whose operations were closely connected, 
owned a small herd in the middle seventies which 
they sold to Frank Leach of Waterville. In 1875 
or 1876 Mr. Leach bought from N. L. Chaffee 
of Manhattan a number of cows and probably 
also the well known bull, Oxford Wiley. Some 
females were secured from O. W. Bill of Man- 
hattan. Mr. Leach continued to breed until the 
early eighties. 

G. T. Watkins came to Jackson county about 
1870 from Pike county, Illinois, where he had 
been breeding Shorthorns. He made few pur- 
chases and recorded but little produce the first 
ten years, but during the eighties he carried on 
more extensive breeding operations and stock 
from his herd was widely scattered. 



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56 A HISTOBT OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 

It was toward the close of the seventies that 
M. V. Davis and J. W. Martin, both of Labette 
county, each bought a number of cows from the 
Piper herd Their breeding operations contin- 
ued in a limited way for several years. 

R. Williams & Son of Lincoln county were 
breeders from 1872 until early in the eighties. 
The herd was not large and was little known 
outside the immediate vicinity. 

Levi Dumbauld was a prominent breeder from 
1874 to 1885. During these years he maintained 
a good Shorthorn herd on his Lyon county farm. 
The territory around his home furnished a 
market for his young bulls and a female now and 
then. He used extensively and probably for too 
long, a bull, King of the Prairie, bought of A. C. 
Punk of Illinois. 

Although P. McHardy of Emporia bred a few 
Shorthorns he can not be properly classed as a 
breeder. He was rather a dealer who bought and 
sold cattle in large numbers and of varying 
quality to suit the purchaser. Later he trans- 
ferred his activities to the Galloways and became 
a leading promoter of that breed in the early and 
middle eighties. 

Two Marion county herds which existed from 
]873 to 1888, producing a good many Shorthorns 
from which a few cattle now living are descended, 
were those of A. H. and H. H. Lackey. There 
is nothing to indicate that they produced any- 

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58 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

thing better than medium cattle. The Lackeys 
were quite good advertisers and enjoyed a liberal 
patronage. Another Marion county herd of the 
same time was that of John KJraf t who bought in 
Canada the bull, Lord Barrington 36022 and the 
cow, Lady Aileen 2d. The records show only 
one heifer produced from this cow. 

W. C Bancroft of Solomon Rapids was one of 
the first breeders, if not the first, in Mitchell 
county. In 1877 he bought of N. L. Chaffee of 
Manhattan, a lot of cows that were sired by the 
excellent bulls, Oxford Wiley, imp. Clarendon, 
1st Grand Duke of Kansas and Red Wiley, a son 
of Oxford Wiley. The general opinion is that 
the Chaffee cattle were a very desirable lot. 

At one of the numerous sales held by J. C. & 
George Hamilton in Kansas City, T. J. Peters 
of Osage county bought three cows. Two were 
by Duke of Noxubee and one by Earl of Barring- 
ton, both well known and very popular sires. 
This purchase was made in 1879 and Mr. Peters 
continued his operations for a few years. 

E. R. Brown of Pottawatomie county bred 
Shorthorns from about 1872 to 1880. A peculiar 
feature of his work was that he recorded no 
cattle earlier than vol. 20. 

In 1879 Geo. T. Poison of Riley county bought 
four cows from the well known and then pop- 
ular herds of A. M. Winslow & Sons and Wil- 
liam Stevenson & Sons. Before the end of 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 59 

the year the cows produced one heifer and two 
bull calves. Another Riley county herd that was 
established about this time or a little earlier was 
that of John J. Lovett. Some of his cattle were 
very good and some were of quite medium qual- 
ity. He kept his herd only a short time, selling 
some to local breeders and some to the Hamiltons 
of Kentucky, who put them in their Kansas City 
sales. 

Late in the seventies Lanson Eaton bought a 
number of good cattle from James O'Neal & Son 
and other local breeders which were kept for a 
few years on his Shawnee county farm. 



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SHOETHOENS IN KANSAS 1880-1920 

A quarter of a century had passed since E. A. 
Alexander imported Duke of Airdrie and set him 
to work in the great herd at Woodbum. Duke 
of Airdiie proved a sire of extraordinary bulls 
that fairly made the reputation of the Bates 
cattle throughout the western Shorthorn country. 
Abram Eenick bred one of his Eose of Sharon 
cows to him and secured Airdrie 2478, the bull 
that made the Eose of Sharons famous on both 
sides of the water. 

Leading breeders all over the country wanted 
Bates bulls and those of secondary importance 
wanted the Eose of Sharons. They indulged in 
speculation in pedigrees so that cattle with little 
to recommend them except that they were of 
fashionable blood, sold for several times more 
than far better ones descended from better ances- 
try. Thousands of dollars were paid for ped- 
igrees called pure or straight, or on the strength 
of an ancestor of whose blood nothing remained 
but the name. Thousands of dollars were de- 
ducted for the insertion, ever so far back, of a so- 
called unfashionable cross. This situation cul- 
minated in the great New York Mills sale with 
its $40,600 for 8th Duchess of Geneva, a cow 
normally near the end of her usefulness. 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 61 

Many leading American breeders had refused 
to be stampeded or to worship at the shrine of 
ancient ancestry. Among these were William 
Warf ield who through sane and sensible methods 
produced real cattle; J. H. Pickrell, later sec- 
retary of The American Shorthorn Breeders 
Association; James N. Brown & Sons; J. H. 
Potts & Son of Duke of Richmond fame ; J. H. 
Kissenger, associate of Mr. Pickrell ; and C. E. 
Leonard who made the name of Ravenswood fa- 
miliar. Tliese level-headed men failed to stem the 
tide, but they saved the breed for America. 

The Hamiltons of Kentucky virtually invaded 
Kansas at the close of the seventies and with the 
cry of ^^Flat Creek Marys" created a demand for. 
Young Mary bulls. Plat Creek Mary was de- 
scended from imp. Young Mary, a cow probably 
without a peer among imported Shorthorns. The 
year 1880 found good Shorthorn herds here and 
there and also herds of badly battered and in- 
jured cattle whose owners were trying to main- 
tain the prestige of the breed against Heref ords 
and Angus, then being brought into the West in 
large numbers. Although Kansas had to some ex- 
tent been made the diunping ground for inferior 
specimens yet there were many good Shorthorns 
in the state, a considerable proportion of which 
would be called good even now. 

The time was ripe for a change from the old 
system of selection by pedigree to the sensible 

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62 



A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



one of selection for individual merit and quality 
of immediate ancestry. It required only a com- 
mander-in-chief to rally the people of America 
to the standard of right thinking and it fell to 
Kansas to furnish the man, W. A. Harris of Lin- 
wood. 



^^^^g^t^ -^ ^SSHI 







THIS IS WHAT 
THE SCOTCH 
CEOSS DID TO 
AMERICAN 
SHOBTHOENS 



W. A. Harris. — Col. W. A. Harris, soldier, 
statesman and leading American breeder of 
Shorthorns, was a shining example of a man who 
could have accumulated great wealth but who un- 
selfishly gave himself to others. As a breeder he 
stands alone in that he dared to stem the tide and 
dared to do what seemed Best at the risk of in- 
curring the disapproval of his fellow breeders. 
A born leader, Col. Harris succeeded in accom- 
plishing on his Leavenworth county farm, what 
no other breeder in America since his day has 
accomplished. What Amos Cruickshank was to 
Scotland, Col. Harris was to the coimtry west of 
the Mississippi and especially to Kansas. It is 



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A HISTORY OF SH0RTH0BN8 IN KANSAS 63 

fitting that the account of the period from 1880 
to the present be begun with the story of the 
achievements of W. A. Harris. 

It was in the fall of 1880 or a little later, that 
J. C. Stone, Jr. of Leavenworth had bought a lot 
of bull calves of W. E. Simmes of Kentucky. 
They were all the popular Bates, crossed or 
straight Bates breeding, except one, a red, calved 
December 3, 1879, called Golden Drop of Hill- 
hurst. He was by the fashionably bred 4th Duke 
of Hillhurst and his dam was by the equally pop- 
ular 7th Earl of Oxford, but his grandam was 
a plainly bred cow, WastelPs Golden Drop 4th 
bred in Scotland by one Sylvester Campbell. This 
calf was not considered especially desirable and 
Mr. Stone may have taken him in order to close 
the deal. In any event it is not likely that he 
took him from choice. 

Col. Harris saw this young bull and, asserting 
that independence which led him to buy a red and 
white bull while everything except dark red was 
being tabooed, and a roan cow when roans were 
not wanted in good herds, he bought this bull, 
Golden Drop of Hillhurst. Mr. Sanders says 
it was through this bull that Mr. Harris became 
favorably inclined toward Scotch cattle. At any 
rate, after a year's ownership of this fellow, 75 
per cent Bates and 25 per cent Scotch, he decided 
to look for a Scotch bull and at the sale held by 
J. H. Blissenger of Missouri on May 3, 1882, he 

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64 A HISTOBT OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

bought imp. Baron Victor of Mr. Cruickshank's 
breeding. He also bought three cows, Victoria 
63d, Victoria 69th and Violet Bud. The bull, 
cost $1100 and the cows, $530, $390 and $450. 
Baron Victor was at once freely used, not only on 
the cows bought with him, but also on the Bates 
crossed cows in the herd. Results were next to 
marvelous. In the section tributary to Kansas 
City nothing like the Baron Victor calves had 
been seen, more especially nothing equal to the 
calves that were not from Cruickshank cows. 
Two of these calves were offered at the Breeders 
Sale in Kansas City and the battle was won for 
the Cruickshank kind. 

Col. Harris decided to buy more cows of Mr. 
Cruickshank 's breeding and within a year he 
added Barmpton Violet, Gladiolus, Gardenia, 
Lavender 32d, Marsh Violet and Soxrel, all bred 
by Mr. Cruickshank. He also bought Butterfly 
2d, Harmony 2d and Ury 11th of Scotch extrac- 
tion but somewhat Bates crossed. 

It is said that Col. Harris was a good sales- 
man but he was also a liberal buyer of the import- 
ed Cruickshank cows and other good cattle wher- 
ever he found them. The Warf ield bred heifer. 
Primrose, by 2d Duke of Grasmere was bought 
and bred to Baron Victor. She produced Dr. 
Primrose that became a noted show bull in the 
Williams & Householder herd. Col. Harris fur- 
ther violated the conventionalities by buying 

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A HI8T0BY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



65 



Norton's Golden Drop by the Bates bull, imp. 
TTnderley Wild Eyes, and from her he bred Gol- 
den Knight, a bull used with marked success in 
the herd. From this half Bates cow, Norton's 





^"^ ' 

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,1 

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PH0TOGRAt>H FROM THE BUST OF COL. W. A. HARRIS. 

— Courtesy Breeder's Gazette. 



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66 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS' 

Golden Drop, he bred the Golden Drop family 
and the verdict of those familiar with the oper- 
ations of Col. Harris is that the Golden Drops 
were the crowning triiunph of his work as a 
breeder. It is of interest to know that Golden 
Lord, the last bull used in the herd, was out of 
Norton's Golden Drop and by Lord Mayor, a 
bull of his own breeding. Lord Mayor was one 
of the best bulls of the breed and was used in 
Kansas for fifteen years. 

Shortly after the purchases of the Cruiek- 
shank cows mentioned above. Col. Harris added 
Golden Thistle and Lavender 36th by Eoan 
Gauntlet and Lavender 33d and Sapphire by 
Barmpton. Among later purchases were Lady 
of the Meadow, the dam of Lord Mayor ; Barmp- 
ton Crocus; Lavender 38th; the Duchess of 
Gloster trio, the 26th, 27th and 28th Duchesses 
of Gloster ; Wood Violet ; Lovely 41st ; Victoria 
76th; Stephanotis whose descendants became 
famous in the herds of S. C. Hanna and H. M. 
Hill ; Lady of Shallott ; Vera ; March Violet, and 
the greatest of all, imp. Princess Alice by Field 
Marshal. 

At about the time Col. Harris had reached the 
point where financial returns would have been 
heavy under normal conditions, the country was 
suffering from an era of low prices and the cat- 
tle market was such as to discourage production. 
Many good herds were sold and the demand for 

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A HISTORY OF BHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 67 

the product of this herd fell to the lowest level. 
The output was, however, taken as rapidly as 
produced. It should be borne in mind that the 
foundation for the Linwood herd had been laid 
from the best Shorthorns then in the world and 
from a herd which had admittedly reached its 
highest possible stage of perfection. 

The problem Col. Harris had to solve was one 
which has alwavs been hard for the breeder. So 
good an authority as Mr. Sanders tells us the 
resort to inbreeding as .practiced by Thomas 
Bates, Abram Renick and Amos Cruickshank 
has given the world its greatest triumphs but it 
has been found exceedingly difficult to maintain 
the standard of excellence in cattle so produced. 
It is stated on the best of authority that Col. 
Harris had serious trouble along this line. An 
old Shorthorn breeder of sound judgment who 
was a frequent visitor at Linwood has told me 
that had it been at all advisable to use such a bull 
as the best of Mr. Vaile's production crossed with 
a Cruickshank cow, or the reverse, the result 
would have been a splendid thing for the Lin- 
wood herd. This, of course, is a theory, sub- 
stantially supported by practice, but with the dis- 
crimination shown in favor of Cruickshank cat- 
tle at that period, little more could have been 
done than was being done by using Norton's 
Gk)lden Drop. That the bull question was a ser- 
ious one is well told by Mr. Sanders who was 

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A HISTOBT OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 69 

closely associated with the work done at Linwood 
and Mr. Sanders also states that in this respect 
breeders of Great Britain are being shown more 
consideration than is shown in America. 

It was to the credit of the people of Kansas 
that the political wheel of fortune caught the 
proprietor of the magnificent Linwood herd 
and made him first congressman-at-large, then 
United States senator. Old breeders will not 
admit that Shorthorn interests were served in 
these honors bestowed on Col. Harris. It was im- 
possible to maintain a goodly degree of success 
with a herd already up to such a point of ex- 
cellence, in the absence of the owner, especially 
under the unfavorable conditions prevailing at 
that time. Col. Harris had no choice but to offer 
Ms herd at public sale. Accordingly a dispersion 
sale was held May 6, 1896, when sixty-three head 
sold at an average of $205. After serving six 
years in the senate, Col. Harris entered the em- 
ploy of the American Shorthorn Breeders Asso- 
ciation in which position he served Shorthorn 
interests until the time of his death. Breeders 
of Kansas and of the whole nation have honored 
the memory of Col. Harris by placing a statue 
on the grounds of the Kansas State Agricultural 
CoUege at Manhattan. 

Kansas State Agricultural College. — The his- 
tory of the Shorthorn cattle at the Kansas State 
Agricultural CoUege begins with the year 1873 

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70 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

when Fred E. Miller, farm foreman, and Regent 
Hudson purchased from Andrew Wilson of 
Shawnee county, the bull Zena King 151801 
($400), and the heifers Grace Young 4th ($800), 
Grace Young 5th ($1080), and Kate Kee ($400). 
Grace Young 5th proved to be a remarkable 
breeder and left on the college farm a family of 
high class cattle. The best cow now owned by the 
college and one the equal of any cow in any herd 
is a descendant of the cow Grace Young 5th. 

On April 1, 1874 Professor E. M. Shelton 
assumed the duties of Professor of Agriculture. 
He was much interested in live stock and built 
up a very high class herd of Shorthorns at the 
college. The splendid herd bulls used is a good 
index to the kind of cattle produced by the college 
and reflects great credit upon the farsightedness 
and the splendid interest in live stock shown by 
the men in charge of the Department of Agricul- 
ture. 

In 1876 the bull Second Duke of Jubilee 19498 
bred by J. M. Woodruff was purchased from 
Durham Park. The herd being comparatively 
small it was necessary to secure another bull as 
soon as the heifers by Second Duke of Jubilee 
reached breeding age. A. W. Eollins of Manhat- 
tan very generously loaned the use of the bull 
Delight Duke 32132 during the fall of 1878. 

In 1879 Prince Constance 36546, bred by A. M. 
Winslow & Sons, was purchased. The bull Earl 

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A HISTORY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 71 

of Sharon 43647 bred by A. Renick was used in 
1881 and on May 12, 1882 Paymaster 46722 bred 
by J. W. Burgess was purchased from Durham 
Park. In 1884 he was succeeded by Grand 
Gwynne 56310 bred by Wm. Warfield from 
whom he was purchased. 

Professor Shelton early saw the advantage and 
value of Scotch Shorthorns and purchased the 
Cruickshank bred Thistle Top 83876 from Jas. 
Davidson of Canada in 1886. This bull cost the 
coUege $600. The same year June 8, Professor 
Shelton consigned eight heifers and seven year- 
ling bulls to the Bill & Burnham sale. The col- 
lege bred cattle outsold the other cattle by a nice 
margin. In 1888 Scottish Chief 89317 by imp. 
Julius 56643, bred by I. Barr & Son, was added to 
the herd. 

In 1890 C. C. Georgeson succeeded Prof- 
fessor Shelton as Professor of Agriculture. 
Professor Georgeson was keenly interested in 
live stock and through his untiring efforts a great 
deal was done toward solving many perplexing 
problems confronting the live stock producers of 
Kansas. In looking back over the work done by 
Professor Georgeson and taking into consider- 
ation the trying conditions under which he 
worked, one can not help but realize that when 
Professor Georgeson left the college, Kansas 
lost one of the biggest and best men that was ever 
connected with this institution. 



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72 A HISTOBY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Soon after taking charge Professor Georgeson 
traded Scottish Chief to Col. W. A. Harris for 
imp. Royal Pirate 100640 bred by A. Cruick- 
shank. On June 3, 1891 imp. Royal Pirate was 
traded back to Col. Harris for imp. Craven 
Knight 96923 by Cumberland 50626 and on Jan- 
uary 24, 1894 Professor Georgeson traded 
Craven Knight to Col. Harris for Golden Knight 
108086, a son of imp. Craven Knight out of a 
Golden Drop cow. Excellent results were se- 
cured by breeding Craven Knight heifers to 
Golden Knight. The college was exceedingly 
fortunate in having been able to secure such a 
worthy sire as Craven Knight at the head of its 
herd. 

In 1897 a great calamity befell the live stock 
interests of the Kansas State Agricultural Col- 
lege. It had been suspicioned for some time that 
tuberculosis was present in the college herd. 
Professor Georgeson received permission to 
have the entire herd tested with tuberculin. 
Thirty-four per cent of the cattle tested reacted. 
Of aU those reacting only two showed any phys- 
ical symptoms of the disease. These two were 
destroyed and showed typical lesions. The other 
cattle were placed in quarantine for observation 
and further testing. Professor Georgeson 
recommended that the cattle be isolated and stud- 
ied with the hope that some method other than 
ruthless slaughter might be discovered whereby 

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A HISTOBT OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 73 

this disease could be controlled and eradicated. 
It might be worth mentioning that not a single 
one of the inbred Craven Knight heifers re- 
acted to the tuberculin test. 

About this time Professor Georgeson resigned 
and was succeeded by Professor H. M. Cottrell, 
and he recommended that all diseased cattle be 
killed. The herd was retested by Dr. Fisher. 
Dr. Jas. Law of Cornell and Dr. T. A. Geddes 
of the TJ. S. Department of Agriculture were 
called to counsel with Dr. Fisher in regard to the 
result of the test. After careful deliberation it 
was decided to kill all reacting cattle. On Oc- 
tober 20-21 these cattle were killed and a public 
post-mortem was held by Doctors Law, Geddes, 
and Fisher before a large number of veterinar- 
ians, stockmen and others. Every reacting ani- 
mal was f oimd to be tubercular. 

An influential Kansas agricultural paper had 
for years been bitterly opposed to the idea of the 
college owning any pure bred live stock. This 
opposition, aided by the political situation at that 
time, lead to an order from the Board of Regents 
that all pure bred live stock remaining on the col- 
lege farm be disposed of at once. In compliance 
with this order a public sale was held at the col- 
lege in November 1897. Golden Knight, the bull 
that had proved himself such an excellent sire, 
went to the herd of J. H. Taylor of Dickinson 
county for $190. 



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74 A HISTORY OF SHOBTHQBNS IN KANSAS 

It soon became evident that the Board of 
Regents had made a serious mistake when it 
issued the order that no pure bred live stock 
should be kept on the college farm, and Professor 
Cottrell was finally permitted in 1901 to pur- 
chase pure bred representatives of several breeds 
of live stock. In this purchase were three Short- 
horns. The same year a Shorthorn heifer 
was donated to the college by T. K. Tomson & 
Sons of Dover. 

Professor Cottrell resigned early in 1902 and 
the live stock work was placed in charge of a 
dairy husbandman. This arrangement continued 
until September 1905 when a separate depart- 
ment of Animal Husbandry was created and R. 
J. Kinzer placed in charge as Professor of 
Animal Husbandry. The growth of the depart- 
ment under Professor Kinzer was little short of 
marvelous. The Shorthorn herd he built up 
from 1905 to 1911 without any appropriation 
from the legislature was one of which any breed- 
er would have been proud. 

The first Shorthorn bull used was Ravenswood 
Admiration, a son of Lavender Viscount out of 
a granddaughter of Cumberland 50626. He was 
followed by Lavender Viceroy 223936, another 
son of Lavender Viscount out of a daughter of 
Baron Lavender 2d 72610. One of his sons, 
Orange Lavender 295670, dropped on the college 
farm in 1906, was the next bull used. St. Clair 



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A HISTORY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 75 

306509, a Marr bred ^^ Clara'' imported in dam, 
was loaned the college by Tomson Bros, during 
the winter of 1909-1910. He proved himself to 
be a wonderfully good sire but he got away before 
his first crop of calves made their appearance. 
The bull Sentinel 317021 purchased from Tomson 
Bros, was used for two seasons and then Match- 
less Dale 291609 calved December 12, 1906 by 
Avondale 245144 out of Matchless Mist, came 
upon the scene having been purchased in the 
International Shorthorn sale at Chicago in Dec- 
ember 1911 for the sum of $400. 

T. O. Ford, Montgomery County. — ^Mr. Ford's 
first purchases were made at the big Hamilton 
sale at Kansas City in 1878, and consisted of one 
bull and five cows from the noted herd of T. 
Corwin Anderson of Kentucky. While his herd 
assumed only local importance, the close times 
of the eighties found him with more than 
100 Shorthorns on hand. In about 1887 
Mr. Ford needed a good bull. Bulls were cheap 
but money was scarce. Through the writer he 
arranged a deal for Grand Airdrie, a Hamilton 
bred son of the $10,000 imp. Grand Duke of Gen- 
eva, giving the choice of his cow herd in ex- 
change. Grand Airdrie, measured by Bates 
standard, was a good buU, yet the deal proved 
to be a mistake which Mr. Ford soon afterward 
corrected by the purchase of Scottish Em- 
peror. Only those who went through this period 

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76 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

with a large herd can realize how great were Mr. 
Ford's trials. In 1893 he sold a number of cows 
to H. M. Hill and a little later Mr. Hill bought 
the entire herd including Scottish Emperor. This 
was Mr. Hill's initiation in the Shorthorn busi- 
ness and while prices were so low that little 
profit accrued, yet he did well on the Ford cattle. 

C. M. Gifford & Sons, Clay County.— This 
was one of the most favorably known firms of 
breeders in the northeast section of the state. 
Operations were begim by Gifford & Sons late 
in the seventies and by 1882 they had a good 
sized herd. In the fall of that year they bought 
the red and white, Cordelia's Duke, a popular 
Renick Rose of Sharon bull that had been a good 
winner at the leading western shows. He was 
used with other bulls of similiar breeding. The 
herd occupied a prominent position and was 
later kept up by F. M. Gifford, the junior part- 
ner. Mr. Gifford made no effort to breed his 
cattle along any straight line but the general 
opinion is that he raised good cattle. Some years 
ago he sold the entire lot to S. B. Amcoats and it 
was from these cattle that many of the good 
things on the Amcoats farm have been bred. The 
herd until recently owned by Warren Watts of 
Clay Center is also descended from Gifford bred 
cattle and the output of the herd has been used 
by numerous others as a foundation. 

John McCoy, Brown County. — John McCoy, a 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 77 

native of Ireland, came to Kansas in 1872. In 
1878 he bought his first Shorthorn cow at W. S. 
White's sale for $100. In 1881 he bought a red 




JOHN McCOY 
A pioneer breeder 



J. W. HYDE 
A breeder since 1870 



and white bull, Craig, by Loudon Duke 6th of 
Cowan's and shortly thereafter he secured four 
cows from the Cowan herd. ^^They were good 
ones and they would be good ones now'', Mr. 
McCoy told me. A succession of high class bulls 
was used. With judicious care and feeding, Mr. 
McCoy, unhampered by fads, with only real 
Shorthorn quality in mind, developed his herd 
into one of great excellence. A further accoimt 
of the work of John McCoy & Son is given later 
in this volume. Mr. McCoy must be considered 



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78 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

one of the constructive breeders of the state. 
Now at seventy-nine years of age he enjoys 
showing the results of his efforts and telling of 
the bulls that did the work. Among these Pride 
of CoUynie by imp. Collynie out of imp. Mistle- 
toe 15th, is given first place* 

Wm. P. Higinbotham, Riley County. — ^Mr. 
Higinbotham was a banker in Manhattan who 
engaged in raising Shorthorns on a large tract 
of land northwest of that city. Beginning in 
about 1880 with stock bought locally, at the Ham- 
ilton sales, and at Durham Park, his herd grew 
to be a large one. Being a good advertiser, Mr. 
Higinbotham kept his work prominently before 
the people of the state for several years. In 1884 
he bought Double Gloster, a red bull of Mr. 
Cruickshank's breeding. He believed there was 
something in a name and nearly all the Double 
Gloster heifers were given names which would 
arouse the interest of any devotee of the Cruick- 
shanks. Duchess of Gloster with numerous pre- 
fixes having been commonly used. The Blue 
Valley herd was quite a good one and, had con- 
ditions been more favorable, Mr. Higinbotham 
might have done well but he lived in a day when 
the best of cattlemen went broke. A financial 
failure and a dispersion of the herd ended a 
bright prospect for success. 

Hanna & Co. - S. C. Hanna, Elk County. — In 
1882 S. C. Hanna, associated with his cousin 

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A HISTORY OP SHOETHOBNS IN KANSAS 79 

Geo. S. Hanna of Illinois under the firm name of 
Hanna & Co., bought a lot of Shorthorn cows 
from John D. GiUett, of Elkhart, Illinois. Mr. 
Hanna describes these as wonderful cattle but 
they took no pedigrees, simply using them for 
beef producing purposes. 

About 1886 they bought of Elbert & FaU of 
Albia, Iowa, a lot of Bates Shorthorns and at 
Col. Harris' Kansas City sale the same year a 
yearling heifer named Spirea was bought for 
$65. At F. Bellows & Sons' dispersion they 
bought Red Queen, Silver Maid and Georgia 
by imp. Scotchman. In about 1894 at the Potts 
dispersion they secured Lavender of Oakland 
4th and Sempstress of Oakland 5th, 7th and 8th ; 
also two Fannie Airdries. These were the tops 
of the sale. Sempstress 5th was in calf to imp. 
King of Aberdeen and produced a bull calf that 
under the name of Oakland was used in the herd. 
The Lavender cow was sold to Col. Casey before 
leaving produce in the herd. Most of the Elbert 
£ Fall cattle were sold to E. K. Thomas of 
Kentucky, a few years after their purchase. In 
1897 they bought the show cow, Gay Lady, a 
daughter of Gay Monarch. This wonderful cow 
weighed 2000 pounds when weaning a calf but 
show ring requirements had ruined her as a 
breeder and at eight years old she was sent to 
market, a barren cow. Up to this time the pur- 
chases had been made from several sources brin^- 



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80 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

ing in Scotch as well as Bates blood and a blend- 
ing of the two. 

In 1898 the firm wanted more good Scotch 
cows and found the demand had so increased 
the price in the United States as to make it al- 
most prohibitive. They met for consultation and 
ascertained that a number of breeders were soon 
going to Scotland for cattle. They decided to 
head off the crowd and in less than a week S. C. 
Hanna was on the road to Liverpool and to Mr. 
Duthie 's and Mr. Marr 's. He made purchases of 
ten heifers and several bulls that have been 
makers of history for the entire Southwest. *^Mr. 
Duthie offered me all his heifer calves except 
seven at $150 each 'V Mr. Hanna told me, **and 
I failed to land the chance of a lifetime''. The 
ten females bought, as well as the bulls, were the 
choice of the best herds in Scotland and cost 
$250 a head, a price which, viewed from a later 
period, seems almost incredible. At Dean Willis ' 
Mr. Hanna saw Bapton Pearl, just returned 
from the shows. He could probably have bought 
her for much less than the price for which she 
later sold, but of course, he could not forecast 
the story of Whitehall Sultan. At Mr. Marr's 
the two heifers selected were Princess Royal 62d 
and Emma 33d and it took considerable per- 
suasion to pry them loose. 

On his return journey Mr. Hanna met Mr. 
Forbes on his way to Mr. Duthie 's, where he 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



81 



paid double the price Mr. Hanna had been asked 
to pay. The consignment as finally shipped 
from Scotland included the Hanna purchase, a 
lot for F. W. Harding and the bull Merry Hamp- 
ton for Mr. Dustin. 




S. C. HANNA 



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82 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Mr. Duthie had promised Mr. Hanna that he 
would find a thoroughly competent man to care 
for the cattle until landed in their new homes. 
How well he kept his word the reader will see 
in the fact that Peter Ross was the man he 
selected. In telling of this incident, Mr. Hanna 
remarked, "And Peter may have been the most 
valuable part of the importation. I could have 
secured his services but allowed Mr. Harding to 
outbid me. Of course, I did not know this at the 
time.'' 

The heifers that reached Palo Duro farm at 
Howard were Roseleaf and Primrose 4th by 
Scottish Archer, Mistletoe 15th, Golden Queen 
and Lavender Lass from Mr. Duthie ; Circe 3d 
bred by John Wilson ; Dalmena Mina 5th bred by 
S. Campbell ; and Lady Spicy bred by Mr. Bruce. 
These were all purchased from Mr. Duthie. 
Princess Royal 62d and Emma 33d were bought 
from Mr. Marr. The bulls bought were Mariner 
bred by Mr. Marr and Scottish Pride and Colly- 
nie bred by Mr. Duthie. With the exception of 
Lady Spicy that died of milk fever and Lavender 
Lass that died in calving the heifers all proved 
valuable breeders. Emma 33d became the dam of 
Inglewood, the highest priced bull sold until 
recent years at an American Royal sale. Mistle- 
toe 15th produced Captain Archer, Mr. Stodder 's 
famous sire and Sweet Mistletoe, the dam of the 
$4100 Lnperial Mistletoe and the 1919 Inter- 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



83 



national champion, Lespedeza CoUynie. Prin- 
cess Royal 62d was the dam of Prince Royal, 
used for years by Mr. Hanna. Roseleaf was the 




IMPORTED MISTLETOE 15th AND IMPORTED PRINCESS 
ROYAL 62d 

dam of Rosewood, the excellent sire in the Brook- 
over herd and later in Mr. Hill's herd. Dalmena 
Mina 5th was the dam of Kinnellar, used by Mr. 
Hill. Circe 3d was the dam of Tomson's great 
bull, Archer. Primrose 4th produced a lot of 
excellent heifers that developed into some of the 
best cows in the herd. Golden Queen was a great 
producer and left many valuable descendants. 
Mariner, the oldest of the bulls, was used by Mr. 
Hanna and later sold to Mr. Hill where he sired 
a lot of large, beefy cattle. He was the sire of 
Golden Day used one season in the T. P. Babst 



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84 A HISTOBY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

herd where he got a wonderful lot of cows. Scot- 
tish Pride was sold in Illinois instead of being 
brought to Kansas. 

It is around the calf CoUynie, the baby of the 
importation, that the history of the Hanna herd 
must center; but before taking up this subject, 
I shall go back to tell of some deals made in Kan- 
sas that left an impress on the herd and on 
southwestern cattle, equal to anything that came 
from the importation. The reader will have 
noted that Mr. Hanna bought the heifer Spiraea 
at the Harris sale for $65. She was by imp. 
Royal Pirate and her dam was imp. Stephanotis, 
the dam of Scarlet Knight and one of the best 
cows in the Linwood herd. He had also bought 
of Col. Harris a buU named Robin, a son of imp. 
Spartan Hero and out of a Bates bred cow. Not- 
withstanding his Bates dam, Mr. Hanna had the 
courage of his convictions and he bred the 
daughter of the great cow Stephanotis to the bull 
Robin. A white heifer. Lilac, a good cow and 
a great breeder, was the result. She was bred to 
Royal Knight, a son of Col. Harris' magnificent 
daughter of Field Marshal, imp. Princess Alice, 
and produced Syringia, one of the best cows of 
the breed. Royal Knight had been used freely 
by Mr. Hanna for two years when his accidental 
death by drowning occurred, and had left many 
good females, so that in the early nineties 
the herd comprised the imported cows and 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 85 

an equally valuable lot of cows bred on the 
farm. 

CoUynie really began Ms life's work in the 
Tebo Lawn herd, Mr. Hanna having leased him 
to Col. Casey for $1000 for twelve months use. 
After his return to Palo Duro, he was used to 
the limit, siring a class of cattle that as feeders 
had few equals. A little plainness, especially in 
the hind quarters was frequently observed, but 
the CoUynie cows were great breeders and suck- 
lers and the bulls, as a whole, were great sires. 
The improvement made through the CoUynie 
blood and the good cows in the herd, extended 
from the Missouri river to the Gulf. The 
occasional adverse criticism on account of the 
plainness mentioned could not disprove the fact 
that these cattle made more pounds of high 
priced beef from the coarse feeds of the farm 
than almost any other Shorthorns in the terri- 
tory. 

Besides CoUynie, there was used the exceUent 
young buU Inglewood, a son of imp. Emma 33d. 
He was the sire of Inglemaid, the dam of Mr. 
Hiirs Ingle Lad. When Mr. Hanna was at Mr. 
Duthie's he was greatly impressed with CowsUp 
26th, a cow of mixed English breeding. She had 
been the leading show cow in Great Britain and 
Mr. Duthie had bought her with a view of getting 
a buU to use on his Cruickshank cattle. He 
promised Mr. Hanna a bull from her as soon as 

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86 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

he could spare one and following this arrange- 
ment, Lord Cowslip by the show bull, Lord of 
Fame, came to the farm. His disposition was 
not the best and his calves may have been scarcely 
up to the desired standard, but he was freely 
used and the fresh blood infused became very 
valuable. His daughters bred to Collynie 
as well as to Hampton Spray produced splen- 
didly. 

A most fortunate purchase made as a successor 
to Collynie was the white Dustin bred bull Ham- 
pton Spray, a strongly line bred Merry Hamp- 
ton, He was bought as a calf from N. H. Gentry 
and was the subject of much criticism by men 
who thought they knew ; but he matured into a 
great individual and as a breeder, especially a 
getter of heifers, it is doubtful if he had a 
superior in the state. 

Toward the end of 1915 Mr. Hanna, who was 
not very rugged, felt it would be best to close up 
his business. He decided to sell the herd and here 
is the story as he told it. ^^Col. Supies of Tulsa 
and W. S. Fears of Broken Arrow came over 
and I sold them a few head. Then John Kramer, 
representing Mr. Gillispie, came, and having no 
children to whom to leave things and not wanting 
Mrs. Hanna to be burdened in case of my death, I 
sold the rest of the cattle to him in less than 
thirty minutes. He took the whole lot at my own 
price, which was not half their value, but I did 

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88 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KAJ^SAS 

not know it at the time. When I sold them, they 
were the greatest herd I ever saw. " 

This is the story of a great herd of Shorthorn 
cattle, told without any attempt to boast. The 
monmnent of their greatness is found all over the 
country. I cannot finish the story without telling 
something of the owner. Mr. Hanna was born in 
Attica, Indiana in 1850. When 31 years old he 
came to Kansas and the story of his herd is the 
story of his. life until four years ago. Mr. and 
Mrs. Hanna were childless, but they raised two 
children, who after being grown and educated, 
died. Mrs. Hanna passed away two years ago 
and Mr. Hanna is living in his old home in How- 
ard. Eecently two nieces, his nearest relatives, 
came to make their home with him. When I 
visited him he was happy in anticipating their 
arrival. No man ever identified with Shorthorn 
interests in Kansas is more highly respected than 
is Mr. Hanna. Modest, unassuming, and thor- 
oughly honest, he has a knowledge of affairs in 
general and especially of Shorthorn affairs that 
has given him a keen insight and unusual judg- 
ment which he has used not only to his own ad- 
vantage, but also for the benefit of the entire 
country. 

T. K. Tomson & Sons, Shawnee County. — It 
was at a farm sale near Dover, in the fall of 1886 
that T. K. Tomson, father of Tomson Bros., made 
the first investment in a registered Shorthorn 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



89 



female. The sale included a rather large offer- 
ing of grade Shorthorns and one registered cow, 
Betsy, a descendant of imp. Young Mary. Mr. 
Tomson made the high bid, $80, on her and later 
in the sale purchased her yearling bull, Wabaun- 
see, for $100. Betsy was in calf and the following 




T. K. TOMSON 
A man who builded better than he knew. 



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90 A HISTORY OP SHORTHOBNS IN KANSAS 

spring dropped a level, deep-bodied, red heifer 
which was named Betsy Dailey, Dailey being the 
name of the former owner of Betsy. 

It was the attractive outline and the thrift- 
iness of this heifer calf, Betsy Dailey, that ioaade 
such an impression on the Tomson boys that they 
urged their father to acquire a few more regis- 
tered females. This was done to a limited extent 
and by the summer of 1888 there was a herd of 
a dozen females of miscellaneous breeding on the 
farm. Another bull was obtained at a mortgage 
sale in which a bank was winding up the affairs 
of some unfortunate. The bull, Phyllis Duke, 
was included in the offering and sold in this 
forced sale for the fabulous price of $25 
less five per cent discount, net $23.75. 

Gradually the pure bred cattle increased and 
the herd was kept to the desired number by dis- 
posing of the surplus grades, a very simple plan 
in the building of a valuable herd at a small out- 
lay. In the early nineties an incident occurred 
that proved of great value to the Tomson breed- 
ing operations. The weU known breeder of that 
time, T. P. Babst, also of Dover, maintained a 
large herd and had in use the imported buU, This- 
tle Top, selected originally by Amos Cruick- 
shank, his breeder, for Colonel W. A. Harris 
for use in the celebrated Linwood herd, where he 
was kept in service for two or three years. He 
was then acquired by Mr. Babst and as his heifers 



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A HISTORY OT SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 91 

accumulated in the herd he exchanged him with 
the Thompsons of Amity, Missouri for Scottish 
Chief, also an aged bull and sire of many worthy 
animals, among them the great breeding cow, 
Rosedale Violet 9th. It happened as is often the 
case that neither bull proved sure during the 
few months following their change of location 
and the owners decided to change back again. 
Upon a query from the Tomsons as to what Mr. 
Babst intended to do with Thistle Top they were 
advised that they could have him at a very nom- 
inal cost. He was then eight years old and there, 
of course, existed some uncertainty as to his use- 
fulness. He was purchased and for four years 
proved a sure breeder. 

Thistle Top was a red possessing more than 
usual scale, weighing approximately 2400 
pounds with great depth and unusual flesh cover- 
ing. He was a wonderful feeder. His form was 
compact, his quarters well rounded and he had 
a thick coat of curly hair, characteristics which 
he transmitted generally to his get. He was one of 
the most richly bred of Cruickshank's pro- 
ductions. His daughters were given preference 
in the Tomson herd and soon it was largely com- 
posed of growthy, thick-meated, roomy cows by 
him. 

From the time the first bull calves were 
offered for sale there was a gradual increase in 
the values but at best they held to a low level for 



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92 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KAN&AS 

the worth of a pure bred bull as compared with 
a grade was not generally understood at that 
time by farmers and cattle growers. Naturally 
the neighboring farmers contended there was 
little value to the pure bred feature and that 
those engaged in fancy stock breeding were vei-j'^ 
apt to lose out financially. One of tiiese neigh- 
bors who was something of a steer feeder 
happened along one evening as the Tomsons were 
loading a ten-month bull calf into the wagon of a 
man who had driven over from another neighbor- 
hood. After the calf was safely loaded the man 
wrote a check for the amount agreed upon and 
drove away. When he had departed the neighbor 
said, ''I'm curious to know what you got for 
that calf." The check which called for $45 was 
handed him. He read the amount and returning 
it said, ''By George, it does beat the steer busi- 
ness, don't it." The amount, smaU as it seems 
now, looked large at the time. Still the prices 
kept advancing and in the course of a few months 
thereafter the Thistle Top calves were leaving 
the farm at prices ranging from $75 to $125 each. 
When another bull was needed the elder Tom- 
son and the youngest son, James, then a boy, 
visited the Liiiwood farm in quest of the desired 
herd-header. Leaving the train they walked to 
the farm which was near the station and when 
within one or two hundred yards of the buildings, 
several calves came playfully around the corner 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



93 



of the bam. James iminediately pointed to a 
very compact, short-legged, red calf remarking, 
"There's the one we want." His father replied. 




GALLANT KNIGHT 

'*He looks like a good one but we won't do any 
picking until we have looked them all over care- 
fully. ' ' James said, ^ ^ That may be but that 's the 
calf we want." And later this calf was pur- 
chased. This was Gallant Knight, one of the best 
productions of the Linwood herd during its long 
years of existence. He was of the famous Gold- 
endrop strain regarded as the most valuable of all 
the worthy tribes that composed that noted herd. 



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94 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Gallant Knight combined the blood of imp. Bar- 
on Victor, chief of all the sires ever used at Lin- 
wood, and Craven Elnight, rated as one of the 
most beautiful of all the Cruickshank bulls im- 
ported to this country. Gallant Knight attained 
a weight somewhat in excess of 2200 pounds. He 
was a marvel for compactness and smoothness 
of form. Rarely has a bull been seen with such 
wonderful quarters and such impressive, clean- 
cut masculinity about the head and horn. For 
nearly thirteen years he did service in the Tom- 
son herd and for a dozen years his sons and 
daughters, the latter particularly, were prom- 
inent winners in the middle western fairs and 
shows. The characteristics which always attract- 
ed attention were their uniformity of type, 
smoothness and compactness of form, depth, and 
fleshing quality. 

The first time that Gallant Knight appeared 
in a show ring was at the American Royal at 
Kansas City. He was then a three-year-old. The 
judge was the late W. S. Van Natta of Indiana, 
famed as a Hereford breeder. He placed Gal- 
lant Knight second in class, awarding the first 
to Lavender Viscount that at the time was carry- 
ing a heavier flesh covering. When the ratings 
were made and the animals left the ring Mr. Van 
Natta followed Gallant Knight to his stall, the 
cattle at that time being quartered on the second 
floor of a building nearly a block away. Arriv- 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 95 

ing at the stall he said, **Boys, I don't know who 
you are but I've come to urge you never to sell 
this bull. I placed him second here only because 
the other bull which won first is now in better 
show form but this in my judgment is certain to 
be a great sire, so I urge you not to sell him/' 
This manifest interest on the part of so exper- 
ienced a breeder proved a decided encourage- 
ment and confirmed the judgment of the 
owners. 

The story of the Tomson herd after Gallant 
Knight had made it well known in the West, 
will be given in Part II. 

T. P. Babst & Sons, Wabaunsee County. — Just 
across the line from Shawnee county, a few miles 
southwest of T. K. Tomson 's was kept for years 
a Shorthorn herd that grew up with the country, 
improving and developing, until it became one 
of the best in Kansas. There was nothing sen- 
sational about its growth. Plain common sense, 
combined witJi plenty of energy on the part of 
the family in properly caring for the cattle, was 
the whole secret of success. 

The original cattle came from local breeders 
but later some first class additions were made to 
the herd. On a day memorable in the history of 
the herd, Lord Mayor, a red two-year-old bull 
that had been used by Col. Harris, was bought. 
Three hundred dollars, the price paid, must have 
seemed exceedingly high. It was at about this 



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96 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

time that I remember having lain awake nearly 
all of one night wondering how I could manage to 
get more than one cent a pound for an elegant 
1000 pound grass fat heifer. It was a time that 
tried cattle men's nerve if not their souls. Short- 
horn breeders shared in the general stress and the 
$300 paid by Mr. Babst for what would now be a 
$15000 bull may have made him feel guilty of 
reckless extravagance. 

Lord Mayor was a success and he made the 
Babst herd as a really good bull will always 
make a herd if given a chance. For years the 
Lord Mayor cows were among the best individ- 
uals and the best breeders of all cows in the West. 
One of them, Emily by name, was held in the 
highest estimation at the Kansas State Agricul- 
tural College for the prize winning steers she 
produced. 

After Lord Mayor had demonstrated his value, 
females worthy of a place in any herd were added 
and many of the best cattle in the state are 
descended from stock bred at Valley Grove, for 
that was the name of the farm and the herd. One 
of the notable purchases of cows was that of 
three full sisters, Forest Daisy, Forest Daisy 
2d and Forest Daisy 3d, all bred by B. O. Cowan 
and sired by his excellent bull Norfolk, out of a 
granddaughter of imp. Severn Daisy. Two of 
these cows were later sold to T. K. Tomson & 
Sons and Forest Daisy 2d bred to Barmpton 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 97 

Knight, produced the sensational New Year's 
DeUght. 

In about 1909 the Babst herd was sold to 
Tomson & Sons who kept the choicest of the cat- 




T. p. BABST 

tie. Mr. T. P. Babst moved to Topeka and early 
in 1920 he passed out of life, a shining example 
of success in Shorthorn production. The sons 
are again engaged in producing reds, whites and 
roans on the same farm made famous by old 
Lord Mayor, one of the breed's great bulls. 

D. K. Kellerman & Son, Linn County. — This 
herd was established in Ohio in 1876 by the pur- 
chase of four heifers of the then popular Rose of 
Sharon and Matilda families. In 1884 the junior 

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98 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

partner, Geo. F. Kellerman, located near 
Hiunboldt, bringing a few females and a bull 
with him and in 1888 a farm was purchased near 
Mound City to which the cattle on hand and a 
car load of the best from the Ohio farm were sent. 
Along with the cows came a Renick Rose of 
Sharon bull, the family at that time not having 
recognized the great value of the Scotch cross. 

Shortly after this a Scotch crossed bull was 
bought of Col. Harris and he was followed by the 
buH that made the herd. Armour Bearer by F. 
Bellows & Sons' Valley Champion, taken reluc- 
tantly because he was a roan instead of the fash- 
ionable red, got calves from these Ohio bred cows 
that were in all respects equal to the best Scotch 
cattle of the day and the show yard record made 
by this roan bulPs calves at the leading fairs, 
including the American Royal, was not only an 
enviable one but it was a tribute to the influence 
of a good bull when crossed with practically un- 
related cows. Armour Bearer lived only eighteen 
months but during this period he had worked a 
great change in the red herd. His calves were 
nearly all roans and, while considered less val- 
pable on this account, they sold at good prices on 
their merits. 

The first Cruickshank cow, 14th Linwood Lav- 
ender by Baron Lavender 2d, was bought at Col. 
Harris' dispersion sale in 1896 and she produced 
Lavender Dorrit, a bull later used with success 



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IL HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



99 



in the herd. After the loss of Armour Bearer 
Lavender King 4th by imp. King of Aberdeen 
was bought of J. H. Potts & Son. As a calf he 
had been at the head of the Potts young herd at 




G. F. KELLERMAN 
Mound City 



R. H. LISTER 
Ottawa 



the World's Fair and was rated one among the 
best prospects of his day. While he developed 
into an excellent bull and did very satisfactory 
service in the herd, his calves were not the equals 
of those sired by Armour Bearer, a fact which, 
however, was not to his discredit, the former 
having probably been one of the greatest sires of 
his day in America. Lavender King 4th was 
followed by Orange Lad, an American Royal 
prize winner. 
The produce of this herd was well received by 



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100 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

the buying public, a yearling heifer having sold 
at the Royal sale for $400 in 1901. The herd was 
dispersed in 1903, leading breeders in Kansas 
and Missouri having been among the purchasers. 
The famous Scotch Josephines shown by C. S. 
Nevius were out of Kellerman bred cows. Des- 
cendants of cows bred by D. K. Kellerman & Son 
may be found in numerous herds in Kansas, Mis- 
souri and Oklahoma. 

C. F. Wolf & Son, Franklin County.— This 
firm was very prominent in Shorthorn circles 
from 1895 to 1910. The first Shorthorn cow was 
bought in 1885 and a year later twenty-eight head 
were added to the herd. In 1894 the Wolfs de- 
cided to devote their entire attention to Short- 
horns. They secured a car load of Ohio bred cows 
from D. K. Kellerman & Son of Linn county and 
a little later they bought several Scotch cows in- 
cluding imp. Constance and imp. Pavonia, the 
latter proving a very valuable producer. 

The real effort for production dates from 1894 
after which time only good bulls were used. Glen- 
don, later sold to H. C. Duncan; Scotland's 
Charm by imp. Lavender Lad ; imp. Prince Love- 
ly, personally selected from Mr. Duthie's herd by 
the junior member in 1900; Tillycairn by imp. 
CoUynie ; Royal Wanderer, a son of imp. Pav- 
onia and Blythe Conqueror by imp. Conqueror 
were the principal bulls in service. Unfortunate- 
ly Prince Lovely did not live long but the few 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 101 

calves he got proved the wisdom of his selection. 
Scotland's Charm was perhaps the most popular 
of the bulls and, though not a show bull, he was 
an excellent sire. 

The firm did a big business not only in cattle 
of their breeding but they bought from small 
breeders and sold to them and during the entire 
active period of their work they ranked with 
the leading breeders of the state. The herd was 
dispersed in 1910, the last sale having been that 
of forty females to H. C. Lookabaugh, and a 
number of these became foundation stock for the 
Oklahoma herd. 

Williams Bros., Greenwood County. — ^Will- 
iams Bros, were breeders in Illinois and in about 
1886 they moved a herd of twenty cows to a farm 
six miles south of Eureka. They bought of Col. 
Harris the extraordinary twelve-month-old show 
bull, Dr. Primrose, and at once began a success- 
ful show yard career. In about 1888 they com- 
bined show herds with M. A. Householder of Col- 
umbus, and as Williams & Householder they ex- 
hibited at the large fairs of the United States, 
Dr, Primrose being the leading winner. In 1891 
Dr. Primrose was sold and in 1892 the entire 
herd was sold to C. V. and J. P. Lodge of Mont- 
icello, Illinois, E. M. Williams retaining an 
interest in the partnership. In 1892 Lodge Bros. 
became convinced that tuberculosis prevailed in 
the herd and the cattle were shipped to market. 

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102 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

After Williams Bros, had disposed of the herd, 
J. F. Williams went to the Fort Worth stock- 
yards and in 1895 E. M. Williams entered the 
employ of Col. Casey, being in charge of the Tebo 
Lawn show herd until his death in 1898 or 1899. 

Mr. Householder for at least one season owned 
imp. Cupbearer, the grand champion bull of 
America. Details as to the connection of Will- 
iams Bros, with the exhibition of this bull are 
meager. Householder, himself, bred little stock 
that ever found its way to record. 

Henry Stunkel, Sumner County. — ^Mr. Stun- 
kePs first Shorthorns were purchased from Nov- 
ingcr & Cain of Missouri in 1890. The lot con- 
sisted of fifteen head of nicely bred cows with 
some infusion of Scotch blood; Two cows were 
secured soon afterward from Joseph and H. C. 
Duncan. What was probably for some years the 
largest herd in Kansas was built up from these 
seventeen cows. 

Mr. StunkePs methods were to buy the. best 
bulls he could get, to raise the heifers cheaply, 
and to keep them, and to feed the young bulls 
heavily and sell them at profitable prices. The 
result was having a cow herd not so attractive 
as their breeding would warrant and as one 
would naturally expect to see ; but the use of high 
class bulls made them good producers. This 
system was kept up for fifteen years and Mr. 
Stunkel at his death was a wealthy man with 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 103 

large land holdings near his home and else- 
where. 

The leading bulls in use were Victor Orange 
and Star Goods, in fact the herd was founded 
during almost its entire existence on these two 
bulls. Victor Orange was an unusual breeding 
bull, and had he been given a chance to show well 
developed daughters he would have taken rank as 
one of the best bulls used in Kansas for years. 
It is only now since his daughters are scattered 
in many herds that he is being appreciated. Mr. 
Hill, in his private herd catalog, devotes a full 
page to Victor Orange. He was by the Bates 
crossed Scotch Victor Butterfly out of a dam 
by Scarlet Knight. Star Goods was a full 
brother to Bellows Bros.' champion. Diamond 
Goods, and was used on the Victor Orange cows. 
Most breeders rated him hardly so good a sire 
as Victor Orange. 

Mr. Stunkel was taken sick at the Denver 
Show and died shortly after reaching home in 
March 1916. The entire herd of about 250 head, 
including calves at foot, was sold in August at 
administrator's sale. The cattle were in poor 
condition and brought an average of about $150. 

D. P. Norton, Morris County. — D. P. Norton 
was an enthusiast with a hobby that may not have 
been devoid of common sense. His hobby was 
opposition to Bates cattle and methods and a 
fixed determination to use bulls of Booth blood 



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104 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KAIJ^SAS 

or at least as nearly without Bates blood as pos- 
sible. He had a large herd southeast of Council 
Grove near Dunlap and he sold cattle at fair 
prices all over his section of Kansas. Taken as 
a whole his cattle were good ones and I find 
frequent instances of good herds descended from 
Norton bred cows. Mr. Norton was an effective 
advertiser and was one of the first to recognize 
the value of the magic tenn ** imported.'' Follow- 
ing his custom of buying bulls in Canada, Mr. 
Norton bought British Lion. He went out to the 
world as imp. British Lion. Technically this 
title may have been correct yet its use violated 
the Shorthorn custom. The Norton herd weath- 
ered the worst of the hard times but ceased to 
exist a number of years ago. 

J. B. McAfee, Shawnee County. — ^Although 
quite a preacher and considerable of a politician, 
Mr. McAfee was also a good breeder of Short- 
horns. He did not give his herd the publicity 
some breeders gave their cattle, yet it is con- 
ceded that he produced a class of big, smooth, 
beefy Shorthorns. Some of the best things in 
T. P. Babst's herd were bred from McAfee cows 
and oiae of the cows so bred went to the Kansas 
State Agricultural College where she produced 
several outstanding show steers. H. W. McAfee, 
a son, bred Shorthorns on the farm a number of 
years after his father retired from the business. 
The location of the farm made a change in busi- 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 105 

ness advantageous and a dairy herd is now sup- 
plying milk from the old establishment. There 
is still a Shorthorn breeder, and a good one, in 
the family, Harry T. Forbes, a grandson. 

C. W. Taylor, Dickinson County, — John Tay- 
lor, father of C. W. Taylor, was a Cincinnati 
merchant. He traveled horseback over Kansas 
in 1872 and bought a large tract of land in Dick- 
inson county. He made up his mind that any 
dry land on which prairie grass would grow as 
high as his head when he was seated on a horse 
would grow anything and he let that be the test. 

Mr. Taylor gave each of his children a section 
of the land with the injunction to hustle for a 
living. Besides the land C. W. Taylor received 
eight Shorthorn cows purchased from the Lin- 
wood herd and the bull Vandal used by Col. 
Harris. From this start the Taylor herd grew 
until it became one of the largest in Kansas, 
frequently numbering 300 head and its own- 
er became comparatively wealthy. The herd 
received good farm care, no effort being 
made to produce the outstanding. Good bulls 
were bought and a heavy western and local 
trade followed. 

D, L. Dawdy & Co., Atchison County. — ^A firm 
consisting of D. L. Dawdy, J. W. Dawdy, and 
Walter Lattimer, all of Abbingdon, Illinois, 
bought the Shannon Hill Farm and Shorthorns 
of Governor Glick, November 1, 1891. D. L. 



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106 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Dawdy and Walter Lattimer came to Kansas 
and took charge. There were about ninety head 
of Bates cattle on the farm, headed by 53d Duke 
of Airdrie, which were sold at public sale in 
Kansas City the next spring at an average of 
more than $200 with a top price of $800. They 
bought and sold a number of herds, using the 
Glick farm as a base for operations until 1901 
when they removed to Arrington in Atchison 
county. Walter Lattimer died in 1902 and after 
his death D. L. Dawdy handled the business 
individually. 

H. M. Hill, Montgomery County. — It was not 
intended by Mr.' Hill's parents that he should 
develop into a Shorthorn breeder. Some of his 
boyhood friends have told me of his early edu- 
cation and training for the legal profession and 
that the influence of an old Frenchman who kept 
some good grade Shorthorns weighed more heav- 
ily than did the ambitions of fond parents. How- 
ever that may be, the young man, after having 
been a short time in charge of the family bank- 
ing interests at Laf ontaine, transferred his scene 
of action to a big tract of land, now known as 
Sycamore Springs Stock Farm, and in 1893 he 
bought a lot of Shorthorns from T. O. Ford of 
Liberty. In the same year he bought eight heif- 
ers of Senator Benedict. They were by the Wil- 
liams Bros.' show bull, Dr. Primrose and by 
Banker 4th, Mr. Benedict's well known sire. 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



107 



Scottisli Emperor, a splendid Cruiekshank 
bull, was the sire in use. In 1900 Mr. Hill joined 
with C. E. Wolf & Son, B. W. Gowdy, and J. F. 
Stodder in a public sale at Kansas City. Just 





MR. AND MRS. H. M. HILL 

prior to this time he had purchased from Hanna 
& Co. a few females, some of which were bred to 
imp. Mariner. Later he purchased imp. Mariner 
as well as Kinnellar, a son of imp. Dalmena Mina 
5th. During a period of about ten years he used 
Mr. Hanna 's importation more largely than did 
anyone else, breeding cows annually to imp. 
Collynie and making numerous purchases of 
Collynie cows. Some of the best Shorthorns in 
Kansas found their way into Mr. HilPs pasture. 



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108 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Among them were Syringia by Eoyal Knight and 
her great son, Prince of CoUynie ; Inglemaid by 
imp, Inglewood the dam of Ingle Lad; Sweet 
Mistletoe and Sycamore Secret by Collynie. 
Sweet Mistletoe was later sold to Lespedeza 
where she gave birth to Imperial Mistletoe and 
Lespedeza Collynie. Imperial Mistletoe was a 
leading show buU at two years old and sold for 
$4100 and Lespedeza Collynie was grand cham- 
pion at the International in 1919. I saw Syca- 
more Secret as a three-year-old heifer suckling a 
600 pound calf and weighing 1700 pounds on 
grass alone, in August. 

Two pastures full of such cows with Prince of 
Collynie in one and Ingle Lad in the other, wad- 
ing in limestone blue stem nearly knee-deep — ^this 
is what I saw on my first visit to Mr. Hill's and I 
wondered how many western breeders could dup- 
licate such a scene. It was on the same occasion 
some twelve years ago that for two days I was 
the guest of Mr. and Mrs. Hill. I want to add 
my testimony to that of the hundreds of visitors 
who have enjoyed Mrs. HilPs charming hospital- 
ity — generally credited with having been a great 
factor in the success of the business. 

Both Prince of Collynie and Ingle Lad were 
freely used for a number of years and sired a lot 
of calves. Like other breeders, Mr. Hill failed to 
realize in advance the real value of the heifers. 
The few Ingle Lad cows now on the farm are 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



109 



great breeders and heavy milkers, wMle the only 
Prince of Collynie cow on the place is a veritable 
gold mine, figuratively speaking. Had Mr. Hill 
been able to foresee the future and save a lot of 




ROAN OLGA 

the Prince of Collynie heifers rather than to 
send the bull to market while still useful, he could 
have scored one of the greatest hits in Shorthorn 
history. About five years ago Mr. Hill bought 
of Forbes & Son, Master of the Dales by Avon- 
dale and the work of breeding Shorthorns has 
gone steadily forward, a fact which will be ap- 
parent to the reader of Part II of this book. 

J. F. Stodder, Cowley County. — ^Mr. Stodder 
was one of the prominent breeders of southeast- 
ern Kansas. He was a good business man and it 
seemed every investment he made yielded a 



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110 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

profit. He began his work by buying well bred 
stock from good herds but he was not a buyer of 
high priced females. Many of his cattle were pur- 
chased at a level of values that today would 
seem impossible. His first bull, Aylesbury Duke, 
was widely advertised. It was in the purchase 
of Captain Archer, however, that he made the 
hit so much desired by breeders. 

This red dehorned son of imp. Collynie and 
imp. Mistletoe 15th, sired from the Scotch 
crossed Bates cows a class of stock that, as a 
whole, discounted the produce from the Scotch 
cows in the herd. The Stodder bred cattle were 
soon on the big show circuits winning more than 
their share of the honors. The cows that raised 
the show stock from the service of Captain Arch- 
er came largely from Fred Cowley's herd and 
were by Secret Archer, also a son of imp. Col- 
lynie and out of a daughter of Royal Knight, 
a son of imp. Princess Alice. It is not surprising 
that this mingling of good blood, practically un- 
related to begin with, should produce unusual re- 
sults. 

After a few seasons use of Captain Archer, 
he was found dead in the pasture and the white 
bull Silvermine was bought and used in the herd. 
Silvermine sired an exceptionally attractive lot 
of roan heifers. Mr. Stodder 's health failed in 
1912 and he sold the herd at public Auction in the 
fair grounds at Burden at an average of about 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 111 

$160. Silvermine went to Marshall Bros, and 
for a number of years was one of the good sires 
in their large herd. 

Thomas, Jameison & Mitchell, Wabaunsee 
County. — ^E. K. Thomas, one of Kentucky's 
prominent breeders, Mr. Jameison, also of that 
state and their nephew, S. D. Mitchell, shipped 
200 good Shorthorns from Paris, Ken- 
tucky to a large ranch near Allen, twenty-five 
miles north of Emporia. Mr. Thomas had been 
particularly successful with a family that came 
to be known as the Thomas Young Marys. 

Under Mr. MitchelPs efficient management 
the herd rapidly took rank with the best in the 
state. The noted bull Barrister, winner of 247 
first prizes, was chief herd bull. In addition to 
these Young Marys, Mr. Mitchell bought Scotch 
cows, one of the most notable purchases being 
the white cow, imj). Bessie 51st. This cow was 
in calf to the champion. Choice Goods, then at the 
height of his popularity. She produced a white 
bull, later well known as White Goods. It is 
speaking conservatively to say that White Goods 
was one of the very best of the champion's get. 
Mr. Mitchell used this bull without hesitancy and 
also showed him successfully. He proved a 
breeder of wonderful merit. Another bull used 
was Orange Viscount. 

Mr. Mitchell began showing west of the Miss- 
issippi in 1905 and the herd won its full share 



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112 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

of prizes. Mr. Jameison died in 1908 and the 
herd was dispersed at public sale in Kansas City, 
the high average being nearly $300. White Goods, 
the main attraction of the sale, went to Idaho 
at $1150 and became the leading show bull of the 
Pacific coast. Imported Bessie 51st went into 
Brown county and became the dam of several 
good bulls. Harriman Bros, bought 46th Duch- 
ess of Gloster with her bull calf. The calf was 
sold as a yearling to C. S. Nevius where, under 
the name of Searchlight, he did his share toward 
building up Shorthorn interests in Kansas and 
Oklahoma. Mr. Mitchell had a herd of his own 
when the partnership herd was dispersed and 
he continued to breed successfully on a smaller 
scale. An account of his work will be given later. 
E. H. Rutledge, Rice County. — ^In about 1905 
Mr. Rutledge established a herd of wonderful 
promise. The cows had been carefully selected 
and the outstanding bull, Double Champion, was 
bought from Tebo Lawn. This bull was by Choice 
Goods and out of Russella, the dam of the unde- 
feated heifer and cow, Ruberta. Not long after 
the purchase of Double Champion Mr. Rutledge 
bought Liberty Boy, a splendid son of the grand 
champion, Viscount of Anoka. Both of these bulls 
proved excellent breeders and the herd bade fair 
to become of state-wide importance. Unfortun- 
ately for Shorthorn interests in central Kansas, 
Mr. Rutledge died suddenly and the entire herd 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 113 

was dispersed. Most of the cattle sold locally at 
a low price to people who did not realize their 
value. Several good herds in central Kansas, 
however, descend from the Rutledge herd. 

Herds of Minor Importance. — ^During the 
years covered by the preceding sketches many 
herds were founded over the state that were of 
considerable importance locally. Only a few 
of these herds left any impress on the cattle of 
this time yet they are well worthy of mention. It 
has been possible to obtain data on many of these 
breeding establishments while probably many 
others equally worthy of recognition are omitted. 
These herds are grouped largely by counties and 
localities rather than according to the period of 
time in which they existed. 

J. Clarence Norton of Allen county was one 
of the earlier breeders. Mr. Norton was a bril- 
liant man who was very much given to accepting 
statements as positive facts and coming to con- 
clusions without thorough investigation. One of 
his hobbies to which he gave much publicity 
was that cattle would thrive as well or better 
without salt as with it. He was a frequent 
contributor to the farm press and a very willing 
speaker at farmers' institutes. His Shorthorn 
herd, which was maintained for a good many 
years, was of medium quality and of local im- 
portance only. 

Of somewhat more recent origin than the 

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114 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KA.NSAS 

Norton herd was that of R. O. Purneaux near 
Moran. From a modest beginning with medium 
cattle his herd developed into one of the good 
herds of the county. 

Another Allen county herd was that of Jewell 
Bros., which for a number of years was prob- 
ably the best in the county. Both the proprietors 
are still engaged in the business owning individ- 
ual herds. 

B. W. Gowdy of Anderson county bred quite 
a number of Shorthorns but was better known as 
a dealer than as a breeder. He was prominent 
in the trade from 1897 to 1905. His commercial 
instincts were highly developed, too highly, per- 
haps, for best results as a breeder. 

Walter Lattimer, son of the well known Ill- 
inois family of breeders, who was associated with 
D. L. Dawdy in the ownership and management 
of the Glick herd also maintained a herd near 
Garnett. The cattle were largely of the Glick 
stock and the earlier bulls in service were of 
Bates extraction. Later Mr. Lattimer changed 
his course by buying the great Bellows bull, 
Valley Champion. J. B. Fergus, a well known 
resident of Allen county, was herdsman for Mr. 
Lattimer during the time he operated near 
Garnett. 

A. M. Ashcraf t of Atchison county was in busi- 
ness from 1894 to 1904. He bought a few females 
and built up quite a large herd. He did not at 

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A HISTORY GP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 115 

first use bulls strong in Scotch blood but later 
he bought of T. P. Babst the excellent bull, Har- 
mony 's Knight, and followed with Scottish Min- 
strel secured from Thomas, Jameison & Mitchell. 
Mr. Ashcraft was a good advertiser and people 
generally found out that he raised Shorthorn 
cattle. Two of his sons, Ashcraft Bros., suc- 
ceeded to the business. 

Another early Atchison county herd was that 
of J. L. Miller of Arrington. Several of the 
family are living in the neighborhood in which 
this herd was kept and are breeding Shorthorns. 
John Q. A. Miller, living on the old home farm, 
has quite a herd. 

J. B. Stockstill of Barber county built up a 
large herd from a small start made in the nine- 
ties. The cattle produced were of good size and 
of fairly good quality. Double Ury from Thos. H. 
Mastin's herd, Joe's Lord by Lord Mayor and 
Red Oak by imp. CoUynie, all good bulls of ex- 
cellent ancestry, did most of the service. This 
herd was sold to J. E. Thompson of Predonia 
about 1910 and after breeding from them for a 
few years Mr. Thompson dispersed them at 
public sale. 

Frank Rockefeller of Kaowa county, a near 
relative of the oil king, was something of a cattle 
king in his community. His operations at one 
time extended to several counties and he bred 
Shorthorns quite extensively. While his cattle 

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116 



A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



were kept in the way peculiar to the ranches of 
the Southwest he succeeded in producing some 
quite creditable specimens of the breed. The 
pure bred herd has recently been dispersed. 




THE FIRST CALF EVER FITTED FOR SHOW BY 
TOMSON BROS. 



Everett Hayes was one of the well known 
breeders of Brown county. He owned some good 
cows of very popular breeding and he bought at 
one of the Chicago sales the white bull, Snow- 
flake, later destined to fame as the sire of Ring- 
master, the only bull that has ever been three 
times International grand champion. The best 
of the Snowflake calves were in demand to go 
into good herds and had Mr. Hayes continued 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 117 

Ms operations for a longer time he would doubt- 
less have been classed as a very successful Short- 
horn breeder. The herd was dispersed at public 
sale in 1911. 

Another Brown county herd was that of D. E. 
Reber. Mr. Reber began buying a few Short- 
horns soon after 1900 some of which were se- 
cured locally but he also patronized the herds of 
F. O. Lowden and M. E. Jones of Illinois, the 
Tebo Lawn herd and that of Bellows Bros. 
From the latter he secured Diamond Emblem, 
the highest priced bull of his year in the Bellows 
Bros, sale and a son of the noted cow, Emily by 
Collynie. The herd was dispersed about 1915, 
Diamond Emblem going to T. J. Dawe & Son 
of Doniphan county who exhibited him at lead- 
ing western state fairs winning numerous first 
prizes and championships. 

E. D. Ludwig of Sabetha, either accidently or 
from previous knowledge, purchased a bull that 
later became nationally famous as the sire of 
numerous state fair, American Royal and Inter- 
national champions. Barmpton Knight, one of 
the great bulls of the breed, sired a lot of calves 
in Mr. Ludwig 's herd that made such a favorable 
impression on Tomson Bros, that they decided to 
buy and did buy the old bull at the Ludwig dis- 
persion. There is little else to say about this herd 
for Barmpton Knight was virtually the whole 
herd, as a bull of his quality always is, and Mr. 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



Ludwig's fame as a breeder rests wholly upon the 
achievement of this great bull. 

T. J. Dawe began breeding Shorthorns in Don- 
iphan county in 1882, buying his foundation of 




T. J. DAWE 
Hiawatha 



GEO. S. MARSHALL 
Basehor 



local breeders and he has been in the work con- 
tinuously since that time. In 1910 associated 
with his son ** Jim'' under the firm name of T. J. 
Dawe & Son, the firm changed its methods of 
operation by making purchases of choice cattle 
from the leading herds of America. In 1911 
they began showing at the St. Joseph fair and 
at Topeka and Hutchinson winning their share 
of the ribbons. They owned and exhibited Dia- 
mond Emblem, one of the best known show and 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 119 

breeding bulls in the state, until his death from 
forage poisoning in 1919. Mrs. E. A. Myer, a 
daughter of T. J. Dawe, is living on the old f ann 
near Troy and with her husband is engaged in 
breeding Shorthorns. 

W. J. Snodgrass was an old time Butler coimty 
breeder of fairly good cattle who happened to 
buy a bull that made his reputation in south 
central Kansas. This bull was Scott Jr. by imp. 
Scottish Emperor. He was bred by H. M. Hill 
and shown at the Wichita fair where, after hav- 
ing won first prize, he was sold to Mr. Snodgrass. 
He was liberally used in the Snodgrass herd 
where he sired an exceptionally good class of 
calves. In the show ring he seldom, is ever, met 
defeat and he was exhibited against the entries of 
such showmen as J. F. Stodder. Several of Mr. 
Snodgrass' sons took up Shorthorn breeding but 
they are now all out of the business. Well ad- 
vanced in years and looking hack on an unusually 
active life, Mr. Snodgrass is living quietly in 
Wichita. 

L. B. Hull is another Butler county breeder 
who for ten years was well known in local Short- 
horn circles. He made no effort to produce any- 
thing better than a medium class of cattle. 

H. C, Stephenson of Chase county bred Short- 
horns for fifteen years, producing a nice, 
smooth, attractive lot of cattle of excellent feed- 
ers' type which furnished the foundation for 



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120 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

numerous pure bred herds. On account of Mr. 
Stephenson's poor health the herd was dispersed 
privately early in 1919. As will be seen in Part 
II of this book the Stephenson cattle became a 
prime factor in building up several herds in the 
eastern half of the state. Among those who took 
advantage of this dispersion were W. J. SajTre, 
H. M. Schoepflin, C. E. McFerrin, F. N. Funk 
and others. 

Master of the Grove, American Eoyal and 
International grand champion bull, was devel- 
oped by J. W. Baker of Chase county and sold 
by him to Bellows Bros, who exhibited him. It 
is said that Mr. Baker gave this bull more than 
usual care which, in view of the fact that he had 
no family upon which to lavish his affections, is 
not surprising. Mr. Baker's herd was small 
and aside from his connection with Master of the 
Grove he was known only locally. 

In founding his herd Fred Cowley of Cherokee 
county made judicious selections, principally of 
Scotch crossed Bates cattle. In buying these 
cattle he had the assistance of that excellent 
judge of Shorthorns, John McDermaid. He 
used the Harris bred bull, Eodney by imp. Pirate 
and the BeUows bred Albion by Valley Cham- 
pion. His greatest breeding bull was doubtless 
Secret Archer by imp. CoUynie. Secret Archer 
was the sire of numerous cows sold to Fred 
Stodder that bred to Captain Archer produced 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 121 

a large nmnber of the Stodder show cattle. Mr. 
Cowley was associated with S. C. Hanna and H. 
M. Hill in promoting the Fredonia sales held 
amiuaUy from 1906 to 1914. 

Another Cherokee county breeder was S. L. 
Cheney who owned quite a large herd in the 
eighties and nineties. The first good bull bought 
by Mr. Cheney was the well known Goldendrop 
of Bmihurst, by the way, the first good bull 
owned by Col. W. A. Harris and recognized as 
the predecessor of imp. Baron Victor. He was 
followed by the Potts bred Orange Blossom of 
Oakland, a son of imp. Antiquary. Later Mr. 
Cheney bought what became his best known bull, 
the Davidson bred Orange Blossom Perfection. 
While most of the cows were of the commoner 
kind he owned some good ones and the descend- 
ants of these, nearly all of the Cruickshank 
Orange Blossom family, figured in the pedigrees 
of several good herds. 

One of the greatest show bulls ever seen in 
America was for one season owned and exhibited 
by a resident of Cherokee county. M. A. House- 
holder of Columbus, associated for a time with 
Williams Bros, under the name of Williams & 
Householder, is credited as having been the ex- 
hibitor of imp. Cupbearer. Mr. Householder 
bred a few Shorthorns but little stock is recorded 
as bred by him. 

Beginning in 1898 Adam Andrew of Craw- 

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122 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

ford county gradually built up Ms herd to about 
fifty females. Local trade took the surplus and 
in 1914 Mr. Andrew held a public sale disposing 
of all but a few of the best females and the herd 
bull, Orange Major. He has continued his breed- 
ing operations and his herd which is better than 
ever is dealt with in Part II. 

From about 1900 to 1917 Marshall Bros, of 
Cowley county bred Shorthorns, supplying the 
local and western trade, and producing a desir- 
able class of cattle with plenty of size. The 
herd grew to be one of the large ones of the 
state. Among the best known sires in use was 
Scottish Prince, a Hanna bred son of imp. Lord 
Cowslip. At the Stodder dispersion sale Marshall 
Bros, bought the senior herd bull, the white, 
Silvermine, the sire of the attractive lot of 
roan heifers sold by Mr. Stodder. The herd en- 
joyed an unusually good patronage from Okla- 
homa breeders until its dispersion in 1917. Lee 
Marshall who was the active manager of the 
establishment is now living in Wichita and has 
transferred his activities from Shorthorns to 
the manufacture of paint. 

Clay Harrington and H. M. Harrington es- 
tablished herds in Sedgwick county near Clear- 
water in about 1900. Although these herds did 
not become prominent yet they were numbered 
among the large ones of the state. The surplus 
was sold principally in Oklahoma. 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 123 

David Ballantyne, a shrewd Scotchman, who 
came to Dickinson county forty-five years ago, 
was connected with the Shorthorn industry until 
the business was turned over to his son, T. A. 
Ballantyne, in about 1917. The herd frequently 
numbered as many as 100 head and Mr. 
Ballantyne, who had the regulation Scotch idea 
of selecting stock with only merit and adapt- 
ability in view, refused to be sidetracked by fads. 
There were few more practically useful herds in 
the state than this one. Among the best bulls 
were Marshall Abbotsburn 3d, bred in Can- 
ada; CoUynie's Pride by imp. Collynie and 
Wooddale Chieftain by The Choice of All. Mr. 
and Mrs. Ballantyne have made frequent trips to 
Scotland within the past forty-five years and 
every member of the Ballantyne family has 
accompanied them on one or more of these trips. 
Since 1917 Mr. and Mrs. Ballantyne are living in 
Herington. 

H. R. Little of Dickinson county had a large 
herd from which numerous small herds in the 
state were founded. His activities began in 
about 1895 and continued for about ten years. 
Mr. Little was inclined to favor bulls with only a 
hght infusion of Scotch blood and for this reason 
he did not secure best results. In some cases, 
however, the cows from his herd have produced 
wonderful calves when crossed with good Scotch 
bulls. 



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124 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Geo. Channon was another of the early breed- 
ers in Dickinson county who raised the founda- 
tion stock for a number of smaller herds in cen- 
tral Kansas. His cattle were not given as good 
development as they should have received but 
they did well for their purchasers. 

C. M. Garver was for a number of years rated 
one of the best breeders in Dickinson county. 
He owned the show bull, Eoyal Gloster by imp. 
Daydream's Pride. Mr. Garver closed out his 
herd in 1908 selling Royal Gloster to O. L. This- 
ler also of Dickinson county. 

Mr. Thisler began breeding in 1890 and was 
quite well known over the state. It was in 1910 
that he decided to change his line of business 
and engage in the production of Percherons. 
With this object in view he sold his Shorthorns, 
about fifty head, including the bull. Royal Glos- 
ter to John W. Tredway, receiving in exchange 
a lot of Percheron mares. Mr. Tredway sold 
these cattle in the fall sale held by the Woodson 
County Breeders Association at Yates Center in 
1910 and several of the best cows were bought by 
Lauber Bros, of Yates Center. Royal Gloster 
was sold to E. S. Myers of Chanute. 

J. H. Taylor & Sons of Chapman began breed- 
ing during the eighties and one of their first bulls 
was the famous old sire. Golden Knight, pur- 
chased from the Kansas State Agricultural Col- 
lege at the time the college herd was dispersed 

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A HISTORY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 125 

as a result of the political fight which involved 
the Board of Regents. The Taylors have been in 
the breeding business ever since and will prob- 
ably continue indefinitely, at least as long as 
the boys of the present family live. 

Bill & Bumham of Manhattan began business 
by buying some of the choicest cattle at Durham 
Park in 1878 and for the next few years they 
added to their herd by purchase. They owned 
the bull Viscount, by the Crane bull Knight of 
the Purple and out of a daughter of imp. Dor- 
othy. They also bought of Col. Harris the im- 
ported Cruickshank bull. Double Gloster. From 
the Dryden bred Cruickshank cow. Golden Queen 
by Royal Barmpton, they raised a bull by 
imp. Earl of Aberdeen that was named 2d Earl 
of Aberdeen and used freely in the herd. Bill 
& Bumham continued breeding until near the 
close of the eighties. 

B. F. Lorimer of Great Bend was an active 
breeder in the nineties and members of the Lori- 
mer family have been producing Shorthorns in 
Barton county until recently. 

Ewing Bros, and others of the Ewing family 
bred Shorthorns in Barton county and adjacent 
territory for a number of years, producing 
a good class of cattle which have found their 
way into other herds. 

Geo. B. Ross of Sterling at one time owned a 
large herd in Rice county and, while it was never 



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126 



A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



an important factor in Shorthorn trade, it fur- 
nished the foundation for a good many herds in 
central Kansas and a few in Oklahoma. Occa- 
sionally a herd is found in which nearly all the 





E. S. DALE 
Protection 



FEED ABILDGAARD 
Winfield 



cattle are descended from Ross stock. Mr. Ross 
is best known the state over as a leading Dem- 
ocratic politician. He is a man of great ability 
and it is probable that had he devoted his entire 
time to the production of Shorthorns instead of 
dividing his interests between Shorthorns, Per- 
cherons, Poland China hogs and politics he 
would have produced a herd that would grade 
with the best in Kansas. As it was he produced 
some really good stock. The period of his active 
operations extended from 1897 to 1907. 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 127 

Dr. R. A. Stewart of Hutchinson is remem- 
bered as having owned one of the leading herds 
in central Kansas. Under his own name as well 
as nnder the name of Stewart & Downs he ex- 
hibited at leading shows and for several years 
cattle of his breeding won many prizes. The best 
known sire in use was Victor Archer, a Tomson 
bred son of Archer out of a Gallant Knight dam. 
This bull later did good service in several other 
herds and left many worthy descendants in cen- 
tral and south central Kansas. To use on the 
Victor Archer heifers Forest Knight by Gallant 
Knight out of a B. O. Cowan bred dam by Nor- 
folk was purchased of Tomson Bros. The herd 
was dispersed by private sale about 1914. 

J. C. Hyde bred Shorthorns for many years in 
Harvey county and his name appears frequently 
in the pedigrees from other herds. His work was 
of local and western interest and extended until 
about 1902. One of his sons, J. W. Hyde, is the 
oldest established breeder in Wilson county and 
another son, Fred, is also breeding in that county. 
Several grandsons of J. C. Hyde are engaged in 
breeding Shorthorns. 

J. F. True was one of the best known breeders 
of Jefferson county during the eighties and 
nineties. Volume 29 of the American Herd 
Book contains the pedigrees of five cows and 
heifers bred by Mr. True and cattle of his breed- 
ing are recorded in nearly every volume up to 



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128 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

60, also in 64, 65, 70, and 71, He believed in 
advertising and made liberal use of the press in 
keeping his herd before the public. The cattle 
were sold about 1900 or shortly thereafter when 
Mr, True moved to Topeka. It was he who was 
given the work of collecting funds in Kansas 
for the erection of a monument to CoL W. A. 
Harris on the grounds of the Kansas State Ag- 
ricultural College. 

V. R. Ellis of Franklin county established a 
herd in about 1884 which furnished the basis 
for success in numerous* other herds. The big 
beefy bull Godwin, son of imp. Spartan Hero 
and imp. Golden Thistle, two of the best animals 
of their day, was used and proved a sire of val- 
uable breeding cows. Sir Charming 4th, a Nor- 
ton bred bull of his Sweet Charity line was also 
used. This herd was not appreciated at its full 
worth until after its sale to T. K. Tomson & Sons 
when the Godwin cows added prestige to the 
Tomson herd in producing show stock. 

Records do not show that J. C. Stone, Jr. of 
Leavenworth county bred any considerable num- 
ber of Shorthorns. He did, however, do a big 
business in bringing the so-called Bates bulls 
and some females from Kentucky during the 
late seventies and early eighties. He continued 
handling Shorthorns and breeding a few until 
1898 when the last, or one of the last, of his breed- 
ing was recorded. Mr. Stone is known in Short- 
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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 129 

horn history as the man who brought Golden 
Drop of Hillhurst to Kansas and sold him to 
Col. Harris. 

H. E. Hayes of Johnson county for a number 
of years kept a choice collection of the breed 
which was dispersed at public sale in 1908. Lord 
Banff 2d, a son of imp. Lord Banff, was in ser- 
vice practically all the time the herd was main- 
tained and near the close of its existence Baron 
Marr, an excellent son of Cumberland's Last out 
of imp. Lady Marr, was purchased. The calves of 
this bull were of outstalading quality. The best 
of the females went into good herds and Baron 
Marr went to the Deming Ranch at Oswego 
where, after a year's use, he was killed by light- 
ning. The cow sold in the State Association 
sale, June 1920, at Manhattan for $3900 was out 
of a daughter of Baron Marr purchased in dam 
by Prof. R. J. Kinzer while head of the Depart- 
ment of Animal Husbandry of Kansas State 
Agricultural College. 

O. E. Morse & Sons were among the early 
breeders in Linn county and both the sons, T. W. 
Morse and S. T. Morse, still sometimes talk like 
Shorthorns breeders. Their herd, though never 
large, was a credit to the breed and was dis- 
persed because the junior members of the firm 
decided not to follow farming. It was a real 
factor for good while in existence and was closed 
out at public sale about 1910, local breeders 

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130 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

taking most of the cattle. The herd bull went to 
A. M. Markley & Son where he continued the 
good work for which he had been noted in the 
Morse herd. 

The work of W. B. & M. Hawk of Marshall 
county covered a period of ten years from 1887 
to 1897. They used first-class bulls, two of which 
were Sandoval and the well known Galahad, 
both of Col. Harris' breeding. Galahad was 
later bought back by Col. Harris and used at 
Linwood where he sired much good stock includ- 
ing the noted show and breeding bull, Gallant 
Knight. Cattle descended from the Hawk herd 
are frequently found. 

D. Tennyson also of Marshall county had a 
herd of more than ordinary merit. He owned 
at different times excellent bulls, one having 
been the imported Cruickshank bull, Prime Min- 
ister. Cattle of Mr. Tennyson's breeding were 
widely distributed and were generally of high 
quality. One of his sons, A. A. Tennyson of 
Lamar, is the owner of a splendid herd, a large 
proportion of which is descended from cattle 
bred on his father's farm. 

Though little known away from home, the 
name of James Gregg of Seneca carries much 
prestige in Nemaha county. For a number of 
years Mr. Gregg owned one of the large herds 
of the state, recording as high as sixty head in 
a single volume of the herd book. His operations 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 131 

extended from 1895 to 1905. Like many others 
who have established large Shorthorn herds Mr. 
Gregg did not fully appreciate the great value of 
an extraordinary bull and for that reason, more 
than for any other, his herd did not assume state- 
wide importance. Probably the best bull he 
used was the Harris bred Rodney, a Scotch 
crossed bull by imp. Royal Pirate. The use of 
this bull was attended with considerable success. 
C. W. Merriam of Topeka owned and exten- 
sively advertised Aylesdale Farm. Mr. Merriam, 
who was a land loan arid mortgage broker, han- 
dled the farm as a side issue and operated it 
by proxy. He owned at one time a lot of 
cows bred by T. P. Babst among which the 
daughters of Lord Mayor were especially attract- 
ive. Although he produced some good cattle 
he did not attain the success that would have been . 
possible had he been a professional cattle man 
and in a position to give his herd his entire per- 
sonal attention. Good breeders who knew the 
establishment well have stated that Mr. Mer- 
riam failed to use a bull of sufficient merit to 
produce best results from such high-class cows 
as he owned. The herd was dispersed a few years 
ago at private sale and the farm was sold to 
H. H. Holmes then of Great Bend and is now 
one of the well known Shorthorn establishments 
of the state. 
M. A. Lowe of Topeka who began breeding in 

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132 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

the latter nineties owned a class of cattle that 
were well appreciated and many of them found 
their way into good herds. Golden Lad bred by 
0. B. Dustin and sired by the show bull, Golden 
Rule out of the noted cow imp. Germanica 2d, 
was doubtless Mr. Lowe's best bull. A nimiber 
of the cows from this herd and the bull, Golden 
Lad, were sold to W. C. Edwards of Wichita for 
his Pawnee county establishment. This bull 
was used with much success by Mr. Edwards. 

Another Shawnee county herd that won con- 
siderable fame during the early part of this 
century was that of D. C. VanMce of Richland. 
This herd of Polled Shorthorns was exhibited 
successfully at some of the large fairs and his 
big red bull Belvedere was for several years the 
best known Polled Shorthorn bull in the state. 
At the 1910 Topeka state fair Mr. VanMce 
showed a roan cow that, judged for the produc- 
ion of both beef and milk, had few equals any- 
where. The herd was closed out a few years ago, 

Hoadley & Sigmund and George H. Hoadley 
& Son established a herd in Sheridan county 
shortly after 1900. From the beginning they 
used bulls of better ancestry than were found in 
most herds, one of the first having been Baronet 
of Maine Valley, bred by Chandler Jordan. Some 
of their cows were bred along prevailing fashion- 
able lines. This was one of the herds earliest 
established in the northwest section of Kansas. 



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A HISTORY OP SHOBTHORNS IN KANSAS 



133 



S. S. Benedict of Wilson county, extensive 
fanner and successful politician, was also a suc- 




NEW YEAR ^S DELIGHT 
Grand champion for Tomson Bros, everywhere in the West. 

cessful Shorthorn breeder. The herd was best 
known in southeast Kansas. He used a suc- 
cession of desirable bulls among which were 
20th Earl of Valley Grove by Lord Mayor; 
Banker 4th, bred by Powell Bros, of Missouri 
and Williams Bros. ' noted show bull, Dr. Prim- 
rose. 20th Earl of Valley Grove had been used 
by F. C. Kingsley of Shawnee county where he 
proved a great sire of good breeding cows and in 
Senator Benedict's herd he fully sustained the 



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134 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

reputation he had established. Many of the 
cattle used by H. M. Hill in his early operations 
were of Senator Benedict's breeding. 

C. H. Clark and Clark Bros, came from Iowa 
to Kansas in about May 1895. They had been 
extensive breeders in that state and brought with 
them large herds one of which was located ill 
Wilson county and the other near Colony in An- 
derson county. The Clarks made the common 
mistake of using herd bulls of only medium qual- 
ity and for this reason they produced little high- 
class stock. Cows and heifers from their herds 
have been scattered widely over southeast 
Kansas and, though not of the highest quality, 
have generally proved good breeders and when 
crossed with high-class Scotch bulls they have 
given satisfactory results. 

C. H. Kimble was one of the old breeders of 
Wilson county. He did not at any time conform 
to fashion in pedigrees but he produced good 
cattle. One of the best heifers sold by H. M. 
Hill in a notable offering at the Fredonia sale 
was bred from Kimble stock and traced to the 
so-called American woods. 

J. H. Bayer of Woodson county bought a cow 
in 1883 for $100. He sold all the bull calves from 
this cow and he saved the heifers. In 1897 he 
bought four heifers at $25 to $40 each and by 
1905 he had sold many Shorthorns at a big profit. 
Mr. Bayer's experience shows that frequently 



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A HISTOBT OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 135 

from a small outlay can be established a herd 
that even in a few years will make a man com- 
paratively wealthy. In 1905 he closed out his 
farm business after starting both his sons and 
a son-in-law with Shorthorns from his herd. 
A grandson, Henry B. Bayer, a graduate of the 
Kansas State Agricultural College, living three 
miles southwest of Manhattan, is a promising 
young breeder and several other grandsons are 
now students at the college. 

H. Gr. Slavens, also of Woodson county, pro- 
duced Shorthorns from 1895 to 1912 when he 
was forced to discontinue because of failing 
health. Dr. Slavens was fortunate in the selec- 
tion of his foundation stock having bought from 
a good Iowa herd at a time when fifty dollars 
would buy a very choice cow. He also made a hit 
in the purchase of the bull Red Gauntlet by 
Godoy. Dr. Slavens was a Shorthorn enthus- 
iast, a good feeder, and a close student and had 
he retained his health he would have made a great 
success of the breeding business. The herd was 
disi)ersed in 1912, five excellent heifers going 
to Hall Bros, of Allen county. 

F. H. Conger of Yates Center was another 
Woodson county man who developed a large 
herd. His foundation stock was bred by H. J. 
Masters of Nebraska and the cows purchased 
were sired by St. Valentine 12th, an excellent 
son of St. Valentine. Mr. Conger made a 



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136 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

fortunate purchase of Lavender's Best from D. 
K. Kellerman & Son and a very unfortunate in- 
vestment in the purchase of a successor to Laven- 
der 's Best at a low price. The Lavender's Best 
cows were an unusually good lot. Nine of them 
were at one time owned by J. T. Bayer and were 
the admiration of local breeders. Mr. Conger 
closed out the herd in 1907, having been in the 
business for ten years. 

Another Woodson county owner of a large 
Shorthorn establishment which he operated dur- 
ing the same period in which J. H. Bayer, Dr. 
Slavens and P. H. Conger were actively engaged 
in breeding, was John A. Seaton. Mr. Seaton 
and several sons came from Iowa in 1900 bring- 
ing with them cattle purchased from several of 
the well known herds in the vicinity of Newton. 
They owned 1000 acres of land near Vernon 
and the cattle had not only plenty of good 
feed and good care but the herd had the use of a 
strictly high-class bull in Prince Imperial 2d, 
an Albert Harrah bred son of Canute. Mr. 
Seaton died in 1906 and the herd was dispersed 
by public sale. Prince Imperial 2d that had de- 
veloped into a first-class show bull and an out- 
standing sire, only six years old when sold, was 
allowed by the breeders present to be purchased 
by a shipper for $85 with 4 per cent off for cash 
to be sent to Kansas City two days later where he 
brought $125 for beef. 



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THE PINAL TEST 

It has always been claimed by Shorthorn sup- 
porters that this breed alone, among all im- 
proved breeds, furnishes the kind of cows needed 
on the small farms where the production of cattle 
for the beef market must necessarily be from 
cows that also furnish a reasonable amount of 
milk. The contention is that the Shorthorn cow 
will produce as good a beef animal as any cow of 
any other breed and at the same time will give 
milk enough to properly raise her calf as well as 
to furnish dairy products for the family and for 
market. It is pointed out that no cow of any 
other breed will do this or that if any cow be 
found among the other breeds with such an ac- 
complishment to her credit she is a rare excep- 
tion. In order that some definite figures might 
be obtained which would show to just what extent 
beefy Shorthorn cows that would produce good 
beef calves would also produce dairy products in 
paying quantity, an experiment was begun at the 
Kansas Station in 1915. 

The Department of Animal Husbandry of the 
College, then in charge of W. A. Cochel, in co- 
operation with the Bureau of Animal Industry, 
U. S. Department of Agriculture, started a 
breeding experiment that is developing, in fact 



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138 



A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



it has already developed, into one of great im- 
portance to Shorthorn breeders and to the farm- 
ers of Kansas in general. Twenty head of Shori>- 




C. W. McCAMPBELL 

Head of Department of Animal Husbandry, Kansas State 

Agricultural College. 

horn cows of good breed type and every one at 
least good as a beef animal were chosen for the 
experiment which is to last twenty years. The 
chief object of this experiment as stated in the 
13lan originally adopted was: 

1. To what extent does the milk-giving func- 
tion of the dam influence the beef character of 
progeny? 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 139 

2. By mating thickly-fleshed beef bulls whose 
dams were heavy milkers and beef cows which 
transmit beef character to their progeny is it 
possible to establish a heavy milking strain of 
beef cattle within a breed, the female progeny of 
which will be double purpose beef and milk ani- 
mals and the males strictly of the beef type ? In 
other words, is it possible to retain the typical 
beef form in the male animals and increase the 
milking tendency of the females? 

Dr. C. W. McCampbell who was placed in 
charge of the Department of Animal Husbandry 
July 1, 1920, did not feel that the object had been 
well stated or that it was practical and changed 
the plan to one of attempting to show that both 
male and female can and should be of the same 
type — ^broad, deep and thick and that such fe- 
males can and should be able to produce strictly 
beef type calves and 6,000 to 10,000 pounds of 
milk annually. It is quite apparent that it will re- 
quire several years to develop such a test yet re- 
sults to date show that the new plan is both prac- 
tical and feasible for practically all the cows now 
in the test are the broad, deep, thick kind and 
they are producing broad, deep, low-set, thick 
calves and a heavy flow of milk. Only a few 
need be mentioned. 

1. College Emma 106095, a big, thick, smooth 
Scotch ** Butterfly" is the dam of the first prize 
junior yearling steer at the International Live 

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140 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Stock Show at Chicago. She has a milk record 
of 7061.5 pounds of milk in a year. 

2. Gwendoline 79th 217427, an exceptionally 
sweet, broad-backed, deep, thick, beautifully bred 
Scotch cow sired by Leader of Fashion ; first dam 
by a son of Whitehall Sultan, second dam by 
Knight of the Thistle, third dam by Imp. Cup- 
bearer is producing very .sweet, compactly-made, 
thick-fleshed calves of unusual merit. She also 
made the Shorthorn registry of merit as a two- 
year-old with a record of 5796.1 pounds of milk. 

3. Pride ^s Bessie 206445 is a splendidly bred 
Marr ^^ Bessie" and a beautiful type of beef cow 
with a milk record of 9210.5. Her calves since 
coming into the herd have all been bulls. They 
are very much in demand as herd headers for 
good pure bred herds. Pride's Bessie was the 
first Scotch cow to be accepted in the advanced 
milk registry for Milking Shorthorns. Her 
record is 9210.5 pounds of milk. 

4. Red Rose 190448 a Scotch *^ Queen of 
Beauty'' is a broad, deep, square-ended, thick- 
fleshed cow that is producing splendid calves. 
She has a milk record of 7027.1 pounds of milk. 

5. Lavender T 180790, a beautifuUy bred 
Scotch ** Lavender", is a very broad, deep, low- 
set cow that produces the same kind of calves. 
She has a record of 7209.1 pounds of milk. 

6. Cream Toast 87609 by Ingle Lad, a son of 
Lnp. CoUynie, dam by another son of Collynie 

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A HISTOEY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



141 



and second dam by Golden Lad, is producing ex- 
ceptionally thick-fleshed, strictly beef type 
calves. She has the high record of 10203.2 pounds 
of milk. 




CEEAM TOAST 

Milk record 10,203.2 pounds. Owned by The Kansas 

Agricultural College. 

7. Matchless Queen 180093 by Matchless Dale 
a son of Avondale ; dam by a son of Collynie, sec- 
ond dam by Lord Thistle, third dam by Imp. 
Bapton Arrow, is a cow of unusual width, depth 
and compactness. With this she has a world of 
quality and character. Her calves are of exactly 
tiie same type. She is a full sister to the reserve 



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142 A HISTORY OP SHOBTHORNS IN KA.NSAS 

champion steer at the International in 1916 and 
has a record of 8733.1 pounds of milk. 

8. Sultan's Rose 489202 has developed into a 
cow of outstanding beef type with a lot of char- 
acter, quality and size. She is sired by a grand- 
son of Whitehall Sultan; her dam by a son of 
Whitehall Sultan and her second dam by the 
Marr ^^Missie^' bull imp. Golden Banner. Sul- 
tan's Rose made the registry of merit for milk 
production with a record of 5639.8 pounds of 
milk as a two-year-old. 

An interesting feature relating to these milk 
records is the fact that none of these cows except 
Gwendoline 79th and Sultan's Rose were miUved 
until they were mature cows, Cream Toast for 
instance being seven years of age before entering 
the experiment. Neither have these cows been 
forced for milk production. They have been 
maintained simply as beef rather than dairy 
cows. 

All heifers will be developed and whenever a 
heifer develops into a better beef type cow, pro- 
duces a better beef type calf and at the same time 
produces more milk than a cow in the experi- 
ment then such heifers will be substituted for 
the less desirable cows in the experiment. 



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TWO NOTABLE EVENTS 

The largest importation of Shorthorn cattle 
ever brought west of the Mississippi was made in 
1920 hy J. C. Robison of Towanda. For years 
Mr. Robison had been breeding Percherons, first 
with his father and later on his own account, and 
as something of a side line had raised a good 
many Shorthorns. 

Mr. Robison left home July 18, 1919, landing 
in Southhampton August 2. It had been planned 
to visit the herds of Great Britain in general but 
on the day he landed he learned that foot and 
mouth disease had broken out in England and 
that trade in cattle would have to be limited to 
the herds of Scotland. While spending almost 
three months with Scotch breeders he secured 
thirty-five females and ten bulls. After many 
complications the cattle were shipped January 
19, and after a very rough voyage of twenty-six 
days, nearly twice the usual time required on the 
trip, they landed at Baltimore with no loss ex- 
cept that of two small calves. The cattle came 
from Perthshire and Aberdeenshire and in- 
cluded representatives from such noted herds 
as that of Robert Bruce, James Rennie, 
James Durno, Sylvester Campbell, Alex 
Sutherland, and the most noted herd of 



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144 



A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KA.NSAS 



all, William Duthie. Of this importation 
Mr. Robison sold twelve females and three 
bulls in the Salter-Robison sale at Wichita, 
May 15, 1920 and one heifer on May 26 at the 




E. A. CORY 
Talmo 



J. C. ROBISON 
Towanda 



State Association sale at Manhattan. In Sep- 
tember 1920 he also sold several females to that 
veteran breeder, J. W. Hyde, of Wilson county. 
The rest of the females, which included some of 
the best ones, and two of the bulls were kept for 
the foundation of a herd at Whitewater Stock 
Farm four miles west of Towanda in Butler 
county. 

The Salter-Robison Sale.— The Daily Drovers' 
Telegram gives the following account of the sale 



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A HISTOBY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 145 

held May 15, 1920, by Park E. Salter of Wichita 
and J. C. Robison of Towanda. This sale was 
held under unfavorable financial conditions but 
the prices received proved conclusively that first- 
class Shorthorns will sell for top prices under 
almost any conditions. The account follows : 

Park E. Salter of Wichita and J. C. Robison of Towanda, 
Kansas held a partnership sale of Shorthorns in the Forum 
at Wichita Saturday, selling 48 cattle for $64,775 or an 
average of $1,339.37. The Salter offering of 20 head 
averaged $1,901 around, the Robison cattle sold for an av- 
erage of $916 per head. In the cattle consigned by Park 
E. Salter, there were a number of show animals, including 
the grand champion. Lady Supreme, which sold to Frank 
Scofield of Hillsboro, Texas for $4,800. Miss Snowbird 
Sultan by Snowbird's Sultan with a white heifer calf at 
foot by Pair Acres Sultan Jr., sold to Carpenter & Ross of 
Mansfield, Ohio, for $5,000, was the top of the females. 
This is one of the highest, if not the highest price ever paid 
for a female at auction in the state of Kansas. Pleasant 
Gloster 2d, another member of Mr. Salter's last year's show 
herd sold to H. C. Lookabaugh for $3,000. H. C. Looka- 
baugh also purchased Missie's Last, at $6,100, which was 
the top of the auction. Of the cattle consigned by J. C. 
Robison, over half were imported and had been in the 
country only a short time. They were not in the best of 
condition, as they had been in transit for several months, 
and Mr. Robison had not been able to get them in very 
good shape. As it was, nine head sold for over $1,000 a 
head. The top price paid for a Robison consignment was 
$2,400, this amount being given by Albert Hultine of Saron- 
ville, Nebraska, for imp. Sweet Fragrance bred by William 
Duthie. The Shorthorn fraternity was well represented, 
breeders being present from Nebraska, Iowa, Mississippi, 



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A HISTOBY OP SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 147 

Ohio, Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas. One of the most en- 
couraging features of the entire sale was the fact that over 
half the offering stayed in the Sunflower state, which is 
pretty good evidence that they appreciate good cattle in 
Kansas. A detailed report follows : 

Bulls. — ^Missie's Last, September 1913, H. C. Looka- 
baugh, Watonga, Okla., $6,100 ; Emblem Jr., December 10, 

1918, E. S. Dale, Protection, Kans., $4,000; Imp. Roan 
Marhall, March 9, 1919, Gulick & Son, Ness City, Kans., 
$425 ; Imp. Kinochtry Ensign, June 25, 1919, Frank Kelly, 
Gardner, Kans., $725 ; Imp. Prince Prudent, April 18, 1919, 
F. S. Kirk, Wichita, Kansas, $475. 

Females. — ^Rose Strathallan, June 10, 1913, H. L. Bur- 
gess, Chelsea, Okla., $975; Narcissus Gem 4th, July 10, 
1914, K. G. Gigstad, Lancaster, Kans., $1,350; Miss Snow- 
bird Sultan and cow calf, October 20, 1916, Carpenter & 
Ross, Mansfield, Ohio, $5,000 ; Lady. Supreme, November 2, 

1917, Frank Scofield, Hillsboro, Tex., $4,800; Fair Acres 
Blossom, March 6, 1918, B. J. Haury, Halstead, Kans., $1,- 
800; Calla 4th and bull calf, October 6, 1913, E. S. Dale, 
$1,000; Pleasant Gloster 2d, September 10, 1918, H. C. 
Lookabaugh $3,000. Gwendoline 3d, July 15, 1915, Tom- 
son Bros., Wakarusa, Kans., $1,000; Grandview Beauty 
and bull calf. May 27, 1909, H. L. Burgess, $1,150 ; Syca- 
more Emma 4th, October 26, 1911, H. L. Burgess, $1,150; 
Grolden Autumn and cow calf, October 15, 1915, D. S. 
Smithhisler, Enid, Okla., $750 ; Village Maid 2d, December 
2, 1918, Frank Kelly, $525 ; Mayflower 11th, January 27, 

1919, E. S. Dale, $1,150 ; Miss Butterfly 2d, November 26, 

1918, E. S. Dale, $1,125 ; Emma Searchlight, July 7, 1919, 
H. B. Gaeddert, Buhler, Kans.,$l,150 ; Bapton Emma, April 
20, 1919, H. L. Burgess, $1,375 ; Narcissus Gem 5th, May 27, 

1919, K. 6. Gigstad, $700 ; Mysie Baron, July 3, 1919, Cal 
Scott, Hydro, Okla., $650; Fragrant 's Last, March 23, 
1919, H. B. Gaeddert, $1,500; Imp. Village Diamond, 

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148 A HISTOBY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

December 5, 1910, H. T. Blake, Duncan, Okla., $825; 
Imp. Sweet Fragrance, May 24, 1916, Albert Hultine, Sar- 
onville. Neb., $2,400; Imp. Strathearn Rose and cow calf, 
April 10, 1916, Henry Adams, Pond Creek, Okla., $1,200 ; 
Gladiolus 7tli, May 15, 1916, B. S. Dale, $1,025 ; Imp. Snow- 
drop, March 2, 1917, Albert Hultine, $2,000 ; Imp. Snow- 
flake and cow calf, March 15, 1917, Donald Gunn, Com- 
anche, Okla., $1,400; Wilda Mysie, May 15, 1917, C. M. 
Howard, Hammond, Kans., $775 ; Roan Alexandrina, Nov- 
ember 7, 1917, E. J. Haury, $825 ; Imp. Strowan Countess, 
March 24, 1918, H. T. Blake, $1,025 ; Clara 83d, October 4, 
1918, Heberline & Scofield, Ponca City, Okla., $900; Clara 
85th, October 15, 1918, Carl Scott $1,025 ; Clara 81st, Aug- 
ust 22, 1918, E. S. Dale, $1,025; Empress 2d, April 18, 

1918, C. M. Howard, $600; Dottie Mysie, June 22, 1918, C. 
M. Howard, $650; Imp. Juliet, September 12, 1918, D. B. 
Thieman, Higginsville, Mo., $800; Quality Lady 2d, May 
27, 1918, D. Wolfschlegel, Harper, Kans., $600; Flossie 2d, 
May 28, 1918, E. S. Dale, $525 ; Lovely Wane Duchess, July 
20, 1918, D. Wolf schlegel, $600 ; Imp. Vilette, January 10, 

1919, D. Wolfschlegel, $775 ; Imp. Strowan Sunstar, March 
15, 1919, D. Wolfschlegel, $775 ; Imp. Marjory 2d, January 
18, 1919, D. Wolfschlegel, $775; Clara 82d, September 12, 

1918, D. Wolfschlegel, $725 ; Imp. Snowdrift, February 6, 

1919, Albert Hultine, $1,100; Imp. Strathearn Rose 3d, 
May 21, 1919, D. Wolfschlegel, $775. 



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SHOETHORN PEDIGEEES 

There is no subject connected with Shorthorns 
upon which I have been asked so many questions, 
as the one of pedigrees. In this chapter I shall 
attempt to answer some of the questions asked 
me from time to time and to convey an idea of 
what a pedigree really is. Primarily a pedigree 
is a list of names of the ancestors of an animal. 
This list may be long or short. What we mean by 
a Shorthorn pedigree is a document giving such 
information concerning an animal of the breed 
as will cause its acceptance for record in the 
American herd book. This is what you obligate 
yourself to furnish when you sell a pure bred 
Shorthorn and this is what you receive when you 
buy one. 

It is a matter of custom from which no devia- 
tion should be tolerated, that the seller place on 
record the pedigree of every Shorthorn he sells 
except when he sells a cow with a calf at foot in 
which case he is to furnish the purchaser an ap- 
plication for the registry of the calf and a guar- 
antee that such application will be recorded on 
payment of the registration fee. He is further 
obligated to make out and have recorded a cer- 
tificate of transfer for any animal sold which 
was on record prior to the time of sale. 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 151 

In case he sells a cow or heifer carrying a calf 
at the time of sale he must, if he owned such fe- 
male at the time she was bred, furnish the man 
to whom he sells her, a registry application for 
such calf after its birth. If he bought her after 
she was bred, it is his duty to get such application 
and furnish it to the man to whom he sold the cow 
after she has a calf. This application must also 
be signed by the person owning the cow at the 
time the calf was born. It is then sent along with 
the customary fee to the American Shorthorn 
Breeders Association for record and in due time 
the pedigree in regular Association form is sent 
the owner of the calf. 

Early Pedigrees. — ^Volume 1 of the American 
herd book was published in 1846 and it records 
the pedigrees of 190 bulls and 346 females. Un- 
like the later volumes, these earlier volumes give 
all the known crosses of bulls either under the 
animaPs name or by reference to ^ome other 
animal recorded, usually in the same volume. 
Some of the pedigrees are very short on an- 
cestry. For instance Fanny, page 145 is given 
as follows: *'Roan; bred in England by Mr. 
Trim of Lancashire; imported in 1904 and the 
property of Dr. John A. Pool, Brunswick, 
New Jersey; calved in October 1836; got by 

Charley (1817) out of .'' This 

is one of the briefer ones and was recorded on 
a certificate furnished by J. C. Etches, a well 



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152 A HISTORY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 

known English buyer, stating that she was pure 
bred. 

Going to vol. 3 published the same year Mr. 
Tipton brought the first Shorthorn to Kansas, 
(1857), we find the bull, York recorded as fol- 
lows : ''York 2396, bred in Rensselear Co., N. Y. ; 
got by Regent 899. Interbred from the Golden, 
Cox and Bullock importations.'' The editor of 
the herd book evidently had no positive infor- 
mation beyond the locality of this bull's birth and 
the name of his sire and it may be well ques- 
tioned whether the evidence was positive even as 
to the sire. 

This is one extreme. Here is another. In the 
same volume is recorded the pedigree of Young 
Belvedere 2409. His pedigree covers one-third 
of a page and gives the ancestry in regulation 
Shorthorn form for seventeen generations. A 
few pedigrees were also recorded later that did 
not trace to any cow imported from Great Brit- 
ain. These were what we would now call grades 
and Mr. Allen justified his course by stating that 
evidence of their descent from pure bred stock 
had been furnished him. The recording of these 
cattle raised such a storm of protest, however, 
that this practice was not repeated and the des- 
cendants of these cows so recorded were popular- 
ly referred to as tracing to the * ^American 
Woods." For years, until 1907, ending with 
vol. 69, the words *' Tracing to Imp." were given 



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154 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

after the ancestry in each pedigree and, as it was 
impossible to so designate the pedigrees of these 
so-called American Woods Shorthorns, the pedi- 
gree, immediately after the name of the last an- 
cestor, ended in *^etc.'' This designated that 
they did not trace to an imported cow and they 
were discriminated against until about 1890 and 
long after all possible non-Shorthorn blood had 
been bred out. The champions of these cattle 
bred from a possible American grade foundation 
call attention to the fact that the English herd 
book placed on record animals with only five 
recorded crosses to which the American purist 
promptly responded that such Shorthorns, even 
if bred in England, traced to the *^ English 
Woods/' Thus it came about that in my youth- 
ful days we heard as much about English Woods 
and American Woods as we do now about equally 
foolish or more foolish, though modern discrim- 
inations. 

All Shorthorns originally came from the so- 
called Shorthorn country in England. From 
this cradle of the breed they found their way to 
America, most of them being imported between 
1817 and 1850. They were also taken to Scotland 
and to Ireland. All kinds and lengths of pedi- 
grees went with them ranging from nothing to 
some almost as long as the moral law. The rank- 
est kind of pedigree discrimination prevailed, 
based on technicalities which would now seem 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



155 



ludicrous. Sane men lost their heads over the 
possibility of a concealed cross of unfashionable 
blood. I recall the well known breeder Chas. E. 
Leonardos telling me in 1883 that he would be 




ME. AND MES. FEEMONT LEIDY 

afraid to buy any Shorthorns without first hav- 
ing a man like Col. Muir pass on the pedigrees. 
Somewhere in my attic I have a book entitled 
^^A Record of Unfashionable Crosses in Short- 
horn Pedigrees" copies of which many leading 
breeders used as a safeguard against the possible 
contamination of their herds. This condition 
obtained with more or less force, owing to local- 
ity, until the time was ripe and the American 
Shorthorn was regenerated by the then unfash- 
ionable cattle from Scotland. 



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156 A HISTORY OP SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 

It would be the height of folly to discriminate 
at this time between the descendants of these 
cattle of the seventies, but lest any man be 
tempted to throw a stone at his neighbor I might 
mention that some of the very best of Mr. 
Cruickshank's productions were closely de- 
scended from unregistered cows without any 
sign of a pedigree, long after the early days of 
the breed. The rise and the passing of the pedi- 
gree discriminations proves conclusively that 
real merit is the only safe and permanent foun- 
dation upon which to build. 

As stated before, the English herd book re- 
cords cattle as Shorthorns if they have five 
crosses of recorded Shorthorn blood. As long as 
we buy imported Shorthorns at big prices we ad- 
mit that the breeders are at least the equals if 
not the peers of those in America and that this 
rule which has been in force since British breed- 
ers began recording Shorthorns has done them 
no harm. If we care to be consistent we can not 
well stop to quibble about what went into a pedi- 
gree long years ago. It is not my intention to 
say anything that might be construed as in favor 
of any particular line of breeding or against it, 
and if any one is inclined to so construe what 
I say I shall be sorry. My object is to furnish 
information, leaving all to draw their own con- 
clusions. 

^^Scotch^\ — While this is a word of only one 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 157 

syllable and six letters yet, in Shorthorn circles, 
it is one of the most usfed and abused of words in 
the English language. It is given the widest 
possible meaning and at the same time restricted 
to the narrowest construction of any word I have 
ever heard used. It has become a synonym for 
the type of cattle without regard to the pedigree 
on the one hand and for a form of pedigree with- 
out regard to type of cattle on the other hand. 
It has been rolled out of the mouths of many as a 
choice morsel when they knew little of its signifi- 
cance. Like unto the famous ^* Bates'' of the 
seventies it has been used by speculators to un- 
load unworthy specimens of a great breed of 
cattle on dupes and the victims of its unworthy 
use walk up and down the highways and byways 
of the Shorthorn kingdom fondly hugging to 
their bosoms the delusion that because of this 
magic word their cattle must be good. 

Origin of the Term. — When the rest of the 
Shorthorn world had gone pedigree crazy, there- 
by ruining their cattle, there were left a few 
breeders in the bleak country around Aberdeen- 
shire in Scotland that had bred cattle with only 
one object in view, namely, practical utility. 
These men had perhaps not associated quite so 
closely with the outside world as had the leaders 
of the trade in England and America and possi- 
bly for that reason had not succumbed to pedi- 
gree specidation in order to build up a high 



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158 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

selling value on their product. It had doubtless 
come to their ears that their cattle were ^* plain 
bred'' and that it would be an outrage to cross 
bulls from their herds with cows bred up by the 
use of the unf ashionably bred Bates bulls. Un- 
dismayed by taunts and threats of failure, these 
old Scotchmen and their few disciples in 
America pursued the even tenor of their ways. 
At the critical time when the masses of the 
fashionably bred Shorthorns lacked everything 
worth while except a pedigree of ancient but 
fallen greatness and were in danger of being 
cast aside by the Angus and Heref ords as un- 
worthy of being perpetuated, these plain bred 
bulls from Scotland, thrown together indiscrim- 
inately, according to the devotees of fashion, and 
coming from the edge of the jumping-off place 
of the universe, appeared to rescue the breed. 
Possessing every essential for the work except a 
popular pedigree, they wrought a regeneration 
in American and English Shorthorns such as 
had not been dreamed of before. First under the 
name of Cruickshank, the acknowledged leader 
of the clan, and later as Scotch cows and Scotch 
bulls they did the work so rapidly and effectual- 
ly that within less than ten years they became 
the aristocracy of the Shorthorn world. And so 
the term *^ Scotch'' became one to conjure with, 
for it represented a type of cattle superior to 
anything yet seen. How the names of these old 

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A HISTORY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 



159 



breeders thrill us now I Cruiekshank and Camp- 
bell and Marr and Bruce in Scotland and David- 
son and Potts and Pickrell and Kissinger in 
America; and the more youthful members led 



Hjr 1 




^ 



H. O. PECK 
Wellington 



H. B. GAEDDERT 
Buhler 



by the immortal trio, Duthie in Scotland, Dean 
Willis in England and W. A. Harris of Kansas 
and the American nation. How we like to see 
these names in a pedigree, for we know that 
it means real merit, not ancient ancestry and 
paper glory. To these men of immortal renown 
the world owes a debt of gratitude which it can 
repay only by caring well for the heritage left by 
them. 
The fame of these cattle coming from Scotch 



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160 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

breeders gradually extended to all the herds of 
Scotland and later to those of entire Great Brit- 
ain. There are scarcely any Shorthorns that 
have not felt the benefits of this good blood and 
by far the greater number of all Shorthorns are 
in blood lines practically Scotch. Cattle coming 
from Great Britain are being generally accepted 
as Scotch and justly so. While the greater num- 
ber of British Shorthorns do not descend in the 
maternal line from cows bred in these Scotch 
herds, yet it is a fact that in many cases both in 
Europe and in America the Shorthorns produced 
by crossing these good Scotch bulls on the Eng- 
lish and American cows have become so filled 
with this Scotch blood that ia essentials as well 
as in non-essentials they are of one type, one fam- 
ily and one breed with the cattle that crossed the 
ocean since the early eighties. 

Scotch Stands for a Type. — Assuming that 
Scotch in Shorthorns stands for a type, and no 
one even fairly familiar with the facts in the case 
will attempt to deny this, it becomes immaterial 
whether our Shorthorns that are being imported 
come from England or Ireland or Scotland. So 
long as they are well loaded with the blood of the 
cattle that saved the breed, and are good repre- 
sentatives of their race we can accept them. Imr 
porters and the buying public recognize the cor- 
rectness of this principle and at present practic- 
ally all imported animals are sold on their merits 



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A HISTOBT OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 161 

as individuals, there being little discrimination 
on account of the point of origin. 

A Contrast — ^For years the two great political 
parties of the United States made ugly faces at 
each other over what was then known as ^* pro- 
tection to American industry/' The substance 
of this was that both parties wanted legal enact- 
ments to give the American producer sufficient 
advantage in trade over foreign producers to vir- 
tually allow the American production suprem- 
acy. The only question was how much and 
for want of other ** burning issues'' the parties 
divided on the amount. 

American Shorthorn breeders do not seem to 
be of this same calibre for they very generously 
accept an animal at a big price, if it comes across 
the water, while an equally good American bred 
one with equally good or better pedigree and per- 
haps more individual merit and more real Scotch 
blood is not even considered worthy to do service 
in a pure bred herd. This, of course, is pedigree 
discrimination of the rankest sort and leads to a 
limitation of choice which should not exist but 
which suits the speculative element perfectly. 

Scotch or Scotch Topped. — ^Almost daily I 
am asked ^^How can I tell whether an animal is 
Scotch or not?" From the preceding state- 
ments it may be correctly inferred that the very 
great majority of Shorthorns belong in the 
Scotch class as far as blood lines are concerned 



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162 



A HISTOBY OP SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 



for they are all well filled with the blood that 
made Scotch cattle famous. On the other hand 
the minority, only, belong in the Scotch class 




COLLEGE EMMA 
A * * Butterfly ' ' with a milk record of more than 7000 pounds. She is 
the dam of the first prize junior yearling steer at the Inter- 
national Live Stock Show 1919. Owned by the 
Kansas State Agricultural College. 

as far as type and merit go for only the fewer 
members would be acceptable to the old Scotch- 
men who gave the world these cattle. But that is 
not the answer my questioner desires. He wants 
to know how to distinguish so-called Scotch 
Shorthorns from so-called Scotch topped ones. 
The term, Scotch pedigree, as applied in 



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A HISTOEY OP SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 163 

America some years ago meant an animal de- 
scended in the maternal as well as the paternal 
line from a cow bred in Scotland. As interpreted 
now it seems to me it means one descended in the 
maternal line from a Scotch bred cow or from a 
cow imported from Great Britain, provided the 
imported cow appears within five or six crosses 
from the top. It is also a provision of the accept- 
ance of such pedigrees as Scotch that the bulls 
used in the crosses above the imported cow come 
within this Scotch classification or that any de- 
viation from such classification be not easUy dis- 
covered. 

A Scotch topped Shorthorn exists only in the 
United States and possibly in Canada. Its pedi- 
gree shows an animal whose maternal ancestors 
were bred in America and that generally has 
from two to eight crosses of Scotch bulls at the 
top of the pedigree. The imported cow came 
from England to the United States in most cases 
prior to 1880 instead of going first to Scotland 
and then to the United States or coming from 
England in the last ten or twenty years. It is 
hard to lay down a rule which will aUow the 
average man to tell with any certainty in which 
classification the pedigree belongs, even if he 
had a list of all the imported cows so that he 
could tell at a glance whether the imported cow 
came from Great Britain and when she came 
over. There still remains the uncertainty as to 



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164 A HISTOBY OF SHORTHOBNS IN KANSAS 

the top crosses of bulls. Barring this Tincertain- 
ty, in most cases all Shorthorns that trace to an 
imported cow whose name is one of the first 
eight mentioned in the present association form, 
may generally be accepted as passing for Scotch, 
but this rule is not absolute. To determine the 
accepted classification a positive knowledge of 
the imported cow and the bulls above her or a 
resort to the herd books for investigation is nec- 
essary. 

Straight Scotch. — Often I am asked whether 
an animal is straight Scotch or as some say 
'^pure Scotch.'' I do not believe those who ask 
this question mean what they say. What they 
really mean is this, **Is the pedigree one that will 
be generally accepted as Scotch?'' The answer 
to this question is found in the preceding. 
As a matter of fact, taking the accepted 
Scotch blood introduced from the Cruickshank 
herd and other good herds and which is the basis 
for our present Scotch cattle, practically all have 
been outcrossed to their great advantage. 

Col. Harris did this with his herd, the greatest 
Scotch herd in America. Mr. Duthie, Scotland's 
greatest breeder, used outcrosses. So did Dean 
Willis in England with the original herd coming 
from Mr. Cruickshank 's. An example of the 
work of Col. Harris with his Scotch cattle is 
found in his Golden Drops, all of which came 
from Norton's Golden Drop, a cow by the Bates 

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A HISTOBT OF SHOBTUOBNS IN KANSAS 



165 



buU, imp. Underley Wild Eyes. The buU, Gold- 
en Knight, extensively used in the Linwood herd, 
was out of Norton's Golden Drop and Golden 




A FIRST-CLASS SHORTHORN COW THAT AS A TWO-YEAR- 
OLD HAD A MILK RECORD OF ALMOST 
6,000 POUNDS. 

Lord, the last bull Col. Harris used, was one of 
the outcrossed Golden Drops. Mr. Harding tells 
us that Whitehall Sultan had a Bates cross near 
the top of his pedigree and we know the same is 
true of Choice Goods. In view of the fact that 
the leading Shorthorn herds in America are full 
of the blood of one or the other or both of these 
two noted bulls and that neither of them was of 



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166 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

purely Scotch lineage it would seem foolish to 
harp on straight or pure Scotch. In fact there 
is nothing gained by figuring on a proposition 
so devoid of common sense and so barren of good 
results. 

Fads. — ^We have always had fads in pedigrees 
and we shall always have them, in some cases to 
the detriment of the breed. The American people 
are by nature and inclination somewhat given to 
fads and the Shorthorn breeders are not immune 
to the national evil. Shorthorn fads began in the 
days of the CoUings and continued faithfully 
through the days of Bates and Booth and came to 
America with the importations beginning in 
1836. On their trail were found pedigree dis- 
criminations of the rankest sort. Seventeens, 
Red Rose by Ernesty and a hundred and one 
equally nonsensical terms were heralded as 
abominations. The Duchess blood alone offered 
all saving grace, followed by the other Bates 
tribes and the man who did not possess funds 
or sufficient credit, sometimes much strained, to 
buy one of these precious specimens could still be 
near the extreme outer edge of the circle if he 
conjured with the Renick Rose of Sharons. 

And so the bubble grew and gathered volume 
until with the arrival of Scotch Shorthorns and 
the Heref ords and the Angus it burst altogether 
and the elegant Duchesses and Oxfords and Rose 
of Sharons took their places along with the Mrs. 

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A HISTOBY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 167 

Mottes and the Brittanias and the despised sorts 
from the ^* American Woods.'' Those who now 
deplore the fact that there are fads and discrim- 
inations should have been in touch with Short- 
horns from 1870 to 1883 and they would have 
seen the faddist abroad in the land to such an ex- 
tent that by comparison the Shorthorn breeders 
of this day seem quite conservative. 

I believe the breed is more nearly free from 
fads and rank discriminations than it has been 
for fifty years. It is true, pedigree propositions 
are made in the United; States that on their face 
are extremely ridiculous, but these ridiculous 
discriminations will always be made not only in 
Shorthorn pedigrees but also in every other line 
of human endeavor as is daily evidenced in the 
clothing and shoe market. 

True Worth Only in Merit. — ^It is a homely 
but a true proverb that every dog has his day and 
this is annually exemplified in our changing 
styles of dress. In the architecture of our homes 
the change is more gradual as also is the case in 
Shorthorn pedigrees. Let no man so far delude 
himself or attempt to deceive his neighbor as to 
preach the permanency of anything in Short- 
horns except real individual merit for that is the 
only thing that can stand the test of time. I have 
no quarrel with the man who, to gratify his 
fancy, pays several times as much for an animal 
because of certain blood lines as he would pay if 



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168 



A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



the pedigree were somewhat differently written. 
That is his privilege and if the animal is a worthy 
representative of the breed no possible harm can 
come from such action. The statement oceasion- 



^ k^^H H^ 



OWEN ONEILL 
Windom 



A, W. JACOB 
Valley Center 



ally made that it is a discrimination against 
Shorthorns otherwise bred seems to me absurd. 
If there is any observable effect from the paying 
of high prices, which is largely the game of the 
rich men or of the breeders who are in a position 
to secure their trade or of the speculator whose 
game is to unload on the rich, it is that general 
Shorthorn values are at least stimulated thereby. 
A wide range of observation at numerous public 
sales has convinced me that every animal sold for 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 169 

an unusually high price in such sale helped the 
selling price of the entire offering. 

Where the Danger Lies, — There is a danger 
point in the purchase of Shorthorns of fashion- 
able pedigrees which can not help being an in- 
jury to the breed and which should be a discredit 
to any breeder who encourages it. It lies in the 
selling of these fashionables for breeding pur- 
poses at high prices, when they are not good indi- 
viduals. We have all seen this done both at pub- 
lic sale and at private treaty. Cattle of approved 
Scotch pedigrees without merit enough to be 
classed as even fairly good have sold for possibly 
double the amount required to buy an excellent 
Scotch topped animal, frequently having a 
stronger infusion of good Scotch blood than the 
fashionably bred one. In this case the purchaser 
is either a victim of a false idea of the value of 
pedigrees or he is a speculator who intends to 
unload on an unsuspecting buyer. The usual re- 
sidt of such purchase is that the man who makes 
it has a poor herd, when for less money he might 
have had a good one. Then there is another con- 
sideration which should discourage such pur- 
chases. Not every one is in a position to sell at a 
price above that justified by the real merit of the 
individual and the real merit of its immediate 
ancestry. 

What is a Good Pedigree. — There can be only 
one answer to this. Good is the opposite of bad. 



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170 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

The pedigree being merely the names of the an- 
cesters of the animal pedigreed, it follows that 
the pedigree will be good if the animals that go 
to make up the pedigree were good. If they were 
not good it is folly to call the pedigree good no 
matter how fashionable or high priced it is. Re- 
versing this proposition, if a good Shorthorn in- 
dividual is from good Shorthorn ancestry up to 
ninety per cent or more of its blood lines, no pos- 
sible argument could be produced that would 
make any sane man really believe that such pedi- 
gree was not a good one. To call it bad would be 
to cast aside the common use of the English lan- 
guage and to call the pedigree good if the imme- 
diate ancestry consisting of thirty animals were 
good, bad and indifferent would be equally 
inconsistent, even though the animal sold for 
thousands. 

The Value of the Pedigree. — The commercial 
value of all pure bred and registered stock above 
the price such animals would bring as grades lies 
in the pedigree. This being the case it behooves 
every one breeding Shorthorns to make the pedi- 
gree good and that means first of all select a good 
cow descended from good ancestry, then use only 
an extra good bull from extra good ancestry. A 
few hundred dollars more or less paid for a bull 
is not so much of a factor in the case as is the ' 
merit and ancestry of the bull himself. One can 
buy a cow with a good pedigree but unless the 

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172 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

bull is right in all essentials he is putting bad in- 
to the pedigree of the calf. If the pedigree of the 
cow is not just what it should be it can soon be 
made so by the use of good bulls but a mistake in 
the bull is very serious and affects every calf he 
sires. Do not use a bull of the wrong type or 
from the wrong kind of ancestry no matter how 
cheaply he can be bought or how good he looks, 
for the wrong kind of a bull will spoil the whole 
herd. The bull is the secret of making and keep- 
ing the pedigree and the individual good or bad. 

The Term ^^Plain Bred". — I can not close this 
chapter without calling attention to the misuse of 
the term *' plain bred'' as applied to Shorthorns. 
I am quite sure many cattle of this breed and of 
all other breeds are ** plain bred'' but to classify 
those descended from Scotch or later day British 
importations as well bred and those descended 
from earlier importations as plain bred is a tra- 
vesty on common sense, and an insult to the in- 
telligence of any self-respecting American citi- 
zen. 

As before stated, the pedigree of a Shorthorn 
is only a list of names of the ancestry of an ani- 
mal. What the individual merit of the ancestors 
of this animal were as beef producers makes the 
pedigree. If the immediate ancestry of the ani- 
mal pedigreed was of the plain, common sort 
of individuals it is a plain pedigree even if it 
descends through fashionable crosses to a 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



173 



Cmickshank Duchess of Gloster, for a plain or 
medium Shorthorn can not be called anything 
else than plain even in a pedigree. If, however, 
the immediate ancestry of the animal were excel- 




MISS FLORENCE LAUDE 
Daughter of the author, who as- 
sisted in arrangement and re- 
vision of copy for A History of 
Shorthorns in Kansas. 



MISS MARGUERITE STANLEY 
Who .determined Harper county 
should have a Shorthorn Breeders 
Association though she must con- 
stitute the entire membership. 



lent individuals it cannot be called anything but 
a good pedigree and any attempt to discredit an 
animal so bred by calling it plain bred and by 
dwelling on the excellent pedigree of the first 
mentioned class shows either woeful ignorance 
or an attempt to deceive. Let us call things what 
they are and remember that real merit is the only 
true standard of worth or excellence even in 
Shorthorn pedigrees. 



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KANSAS SHORTHORN ORGANIZATIONS 

The first Kansas State Shorthorn' Breeders 
Association was organized in about 1884. W. S. 
White of Sabetha was one of the first presidents 
if not the first and E. M. Shelton, then Professor 
of Agriculture in the Kansas State Agricultural 
College, was secretary. Col. W. A. Harris was 
the leading jjromoter of the organization which 
for a few years had a large membership. The 
hard times and low prices of the late eighties 
overcame the enthusiasm of the members and the 
association held its last meeting at Topeka in 
December 1887. A notable event of this last 
meeting was the advocacy by Col. Harris of some 
form of registration which would indicate the 
quality of the animal recorded if it were 
of extraordinary merit. The suggestion he 
made was to adopt a standard for size, 
general conformation and regard for true 
Shorthorn type with apparent practical util- 
ity and to indicate with a star placed before 
the name in the American herd book such ani- 
mals as had successfully passed this inspection, 
A very lively discussion followed and in this 
meeting originated the remark that Col. Harris 
was leader of the progressive element among 
Shorthorn breeders. Although a strong sentiment 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



175 



developed for the plan it was not strong enough 
to carry through a resolution asking that 
something be done along this line. The first 
state association left no record of achievement, 




W. A. COCHEL 
Bepresenting the American 
Shorthorn Breeders Ass 'n. 



G. A. LAUDE 
Secretary Kansas Shorthorn 
Breeders Association. 



its meetings having been purely social and edu- 
cational. Few of the members of the organiza- 
tion are now living. 

The present state Shorthorn breeders associ- 
ation was organized at Wichita more than thirty- 
one years after the death of its predecessor. It 
was at the time of the Kansas National Show in 
1919 that about thirty breeders met at Park E. 
Salter's ofl&ce on the night following the 
Shorthorn sale and, after electing Mr. Salter 



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176 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

temporary chairman and G. A. Laude temporary 
secretary, effected an organization by the elec- 
tion of the following-named ofl&cers : President, 
Park E. Salter, Wichita ; Secretary-treasurer, Q-. 
A. Laude, Humboldt; Executive Committee, 
Park E. Salter, Chairman; John R. Tomson, 
Dover; W. A. Cochel, Manhattan; H. M. Hill, 
Laf ontaine and Fremont Leidy, Leon. 

Unlike the first association, the new organiza- 
tion went to work and at this initial meeting two 
hours were taken up in making arrangements 
for the publication of this history. The work 
proper was left with the secretary under the 
direction of the executive committee. It was de- 
cided to meet at the Agricultural College on Com- 
mencement day, after which the meeting ad- 
journed. The meeting at Manhattan was held 
June 5, 1919 and it was here that the low price of 
two dollars for membership fee was fixed. 
Thirty members were enrolled putting the first 
cash, $60, into the treasury. The matter of hold- 
ing an association sale was discussed and it was 
decided that about fifty high-class cattle be sold 
at the college some time in May or June 1920 
under the management of Dr. C. W. McCamp- 
bell, head of the Department of Animal Hus- 
bandry. Mr. F. S. Kirk, manager of the Kansas 
National Show, offered a silver loving cup to the 
county haviug the largest number of paid mem- 
bers reported by evening of Shorthorn day at the 

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A HISTOBY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 177 

Wichita Show in 1920. The next day Park E. 
Salter offered twenty-five copies of the future 
Kansas Shorthorn history to the county having 
second largest membership and, on behalf of the 
association, the secretary offered $10 in cash for 
the county third in line. The membership con- 
test was started December 15, and resulted in 
first prize going to Allen county, second prize to 
Montgomery county and third prize to Osage 
county. 

The association sale was held in the pavilion at 
the college, consignments having been made by 
twenty-six leading breeders of the state, all of 
whose herds are given space in this book. A top 
price of $3900 was secured for College Duchess 
2d, a six-year-old roan cow by Matchless Dale 
that sold with a white bull calf by Magruder at 
foot. The pair was consigned by the Kansas 
State Agricultural College and went to Sni-A- 
Bar Farm, Grain Valley, Missouri. Tomson 
Bros, sold the highest priced bull at $1025 to 
Meall Bros., Cawker City and Jacob Nelson of 
Clay county was a close second with a white year- 
ling that went to a Leavenworth county neigh- 
borhood Shorthorn breeders association. 

Immediately after the sale the annual meeting 
of the association was held, when officers were 
elected as follows: President, John R. Tomson, 
Dover ; Vice-president, Park E. Salter, Wichita ; 
Secretary-treasurer, G. A. Laude, Humboldt. 



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178 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

No change was made in the executive conmrittee. 
The do-something spirit was again manifest at 
this meeting. The president was instructed to 
file copy of constitution with Secretary Mohler 
which step completed the affiliation of the 
association with the Kansas State Board of Agri- 
culture. He was also instructed to confer with 
the other state pure bred organizations with a 
view toward presenting to the state tax commis- 
sion a plea for a uniform and equitable assess- 
ment of pure bred stock in Kansas. The execu- 
tive committee was instructed to investigate the 
feasibility of employing a competent man to de- 
vote his whole time to developing Shorthorn in- 
terests in Kansas. The committee was also to de- 
vise means for meeting the expense of such plan 
and to take steps toward putting it into effect as 
soon as practicable. It was decided to hold an- 
other sale at the Kansas State Agricultural Col- 
lege in 1921. 

The association now has 375 paid members and 
it is one of the most active organizations of its 
kind in the United States. 

District Associations 

(As reported to October 1, 1920.) 

Eastern Kansas.^ — ^A. L. Johnston, Ottawa, 
president; F. Joe Robbins, Ottawa, secretary- 
treasurer ; place of business, Ottawa. 

Southeast Kansas. — ^Wesley Jewell, Hiun- 
boldt, president; F. B. Campbell, Altamont, 

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8ILVER CUP AWARDED ALLEN COUNTY FOR THE LABGEST 

MEMBEEfeHiP IN THE KANSAS SHORTHORN 

BREEDERS ASSOCIATION. 



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180 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

secretary-treasurer; place of business, Inde- 
pendence. 

Northwest Kansas. — T. M. Willson, Lebanon, 
president; Forrest Booker, Beloit, secretary- 
treasurer ; place of business, Concordia. 

Inter-state. — ^L. D. Hayes, Bronson, Kansas, 
president ; E. H. Westf all, Richards, Mo., secre- 
tary ; serves territory around Fort Scott ; places 
of business. Fort Scott, Kans. and Nevada, Mo. 

Northeast Kansas. — T. J. Sands, Robinson, 
president ; C. O. Dimmock, Hiawatha, secretary ; 
place of business, Hiawatha. 

Peabody District. — O. A. Homan, Peabody, 
secretary; serves territory around Peabody; 
places of business, Newton and Peabody. 

Cherokee-Crawford. — Ervin Evans, Colum- 
bus, president; B. F. Barnes, Columbus, secre- 
tary; serves Cherokee and Crawford counties; 
place of business, Columbus. 

Blue Valley. — John O'Kane, Blue Rapids, 
president; J. M. Nielson, Marysville, secretary; 
serves Big and Little Blue Valleys and into 
Nebraska ; place of business, Marysville. 

County Associations 

Allen. — J. H. Holcomb, Humboldt, president; 
S. M. Knox, Humboldt, secretary. 

Chase. — ^W. J. Sayre, Cedar Point, president ; 
Frank H. Yeager, Bazaar, secretary. 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 181 

Coffey. — C. H. White, Burlington, president ; 
J. H. McAdams, Burlington, secretary. 

Comanche. — H. W. Estes, Sitka, president ; E. 
S. Dale, Protection, secretary. 

Greenwood. — ^H. G. Brookover, Eureka, presi- 
dent ; Claude Lovett, Neal, secretary. 

Harper. — John B. Potter, Harper, president : 
Miss Marguerite V. Stanley, Anthony, secretary. 

Leavenworth. — Geo. S. Marshall, Basehor, 
president; C. A. Spencer, Leavenworth, secre- 
tary. 

Linn. — E. C. Smith, Pleasanton, secretary. 

Lyon. — E. H. Abraham, Emporia, president; 
I. T. Richardson, Emporia, secretary. 

Osage. — James G. Tomson, Wakarusa, presi- 
dent ; V. A. Jasperson, Scranton, secretary. 



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AUCTIONEERS WHO SELL KANSAS 
SHORTHORNS 

H. L. Burgess, Chelsea, Oklahoma. — Col. Bur- 
gess is not only an auctioneer but for years he has 
been operating a fine farm and keeping some 
elegant Shorthorns. He is well known as the 
man who owned and advertised the $10000 2d 
Pair Acres Sultan, one of the best bulls of the 
breed and the highest priced bull ever sold at 
public sale in Kansas. Col. Burgess is 100 per 
cent efficiency and his services are in demand in 
Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, 
Texas and Colorado. He is one of the most suc- 
cessful men of his profession in the territory and 
is booked for many Shorthorn sales in Kansas. 

P. M. Gross, Kansas City. — Col. Gross is a 
Missourian who for many years was a leading 
authority on horse and mule sales, and has tranj^- 
f erred his activities to Shorthorns. He is the 
acknowledged orator in the profession and dur- 
ing the recent Red Cross campaigns he caused 
men to weep, who perhaps had never wept be- 
fore. Gross is so likable that when he looks at 
you and smiles, asking you for a ten dollar raise 
you hate to refuse him. He is getting all tho 
work he can handle and is always booked well 
ahead. 



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184 A HISTORY OF SHORTHOBNS IN KANSAS 

E. H. Herriff, Oklahoma City.— WMle Col. 
Herriff is in big demand in his own state he oc- 
casionally breaks over into Kansas. Ed is fre- 
quently alluded to as a whirlwind and sales do 
not lag with him. He throws every bit of his en- 
ergy into his work and is very popular with his 
employers. 

A. J. James, Lenexa, Kansas. — Col. Andy, as 
he is frequently called, lives on the borderland 
between Kansas and Missouri and he practices 
in both states. He is one of the state's wealthy 
farmers and one of the most agreeable hosts I 
have ever met. A visit with Col. and Mrs. James 
after a few days of hotel is like reaching an oasis 
in a desert. Col. James is one of the successful 
auctioneers of eastern Kansas. 

H. M. Justice, Paola. — The big sales held at 
Paola, Col. Justice's home town, are a tribute to 
his success as an auctioneer. He is immensely 
popular with those who know him and strangers 
warm up to him on sight. He is in the prime of 
life, has plenty of ability and energy and stands 
well with the breeders in his section. 

Jas. T. McCuUoch, Clay Center.— Col. McCul- 
loch has a monopoly on a job in north Kansas 
sales. He has been officially adopted by the 
Northwest Kansas Shorthorn Association and 
handles the sales for this, the biggest district 
association in Kansas. The fact that he keeps on 
selling for the same people year after year is 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



185 



tribute enough to Jiimnie, as his friends north of 
the river call him. 

Boyd Newcom, Wichita. — Col. Newcom is 
quite portly, considered handsome and is very 




H. M. COE 

County Agent, Independence 

The man responsible for the building of the pavilion. 

popular in southern Kansas and Oklahoma. He 
is well liked because he gets results and no one 
better than he knows how to handle a crowd. He 
is a hustler in the ring and is in demand at many 
good sales where he always gives satisfaction. 

H. T. Rule, Ottawa. — Col. Rule is compar- 
atively a young man. He is strictly business 
from start to finish and does not fool away any 
time. '^Give me your attention, gentlemen, and 



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186 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

we will proceed with the sale/' seems to be his 
motto. I have never known any one to employ 
Rule and not be pleased with him. He is one of 
the coming auctioneers and his progress is rapid. 
John D. Snyder, Winf ield. — Col. Snyder grew 
up in south central Kansas. He is an old timer 
in the pure bred game and now breeds Short- 
horns and Poland Chinas. John is serious, 
earnest and a hard worker. He knows more 
about Shorthorn cattle and pedigrees and values 
than most breeders do and in this line is one of 
the West's best posted auctioneers. He enjoys 
an extensive patronage in central and south cen- 
tral Kansas and is very popular with those who 
know him. 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 187 



THE BREEDER'S GAZETTE 

It took forty years of highly constructive service to earn 
for the Breeder's Gazette such affectionate pseudonyms as 
"the Stockman's Bible" and **the farmer's greatest 
paper." It is doubtful whether any other agricultural 
journal is so deeply esteemed by those who read it. Cer- 
tainly no other farm paper reaches a higher type of rural 
citizenry. In fact it has been said that merely by riding 
through the country one could invariably pick out the mem- 
bership of the Gazette family. 

Why! Well, because The Breeder's Gazette presents the 
ideals, the inspiration and the common sense that enables 
men to build such farms as stand for what is best in Ameri- 
can agriculture. 

The Breeder's Gazette is devoted to the science and art 
of farming the stock farm. Its editor is Alvin H. Sanders, 
gratefully known to every Shorthorn breeder as the 
author of '* Shorthorn Cattle," the history of the breed in 
America, and one of the classics of agricultural literature. 
This book is, within itself, the text for a Shorthorn educa- 
tion such as could not, otherwise, be obtained. 

I have been a reader of the Gazette since April 1882, re- 
ceiving it regularly except when too negligent to renew. 
Now after nearly forty years, I am willing to ascribe what 
Shorthorn enthusiasm I possess, more largely to The 
Breeder's Gazette than to all other influences combined. 
The stand for common-sense principles and right methods 
which the Gazette has always taken, invariably appeals to 
the judgment of the reader. All over this country are 
found successful Shorthorn breeders who are children of 
the Gazette family. Its influence is as potent as ever and 
the breeders who do not read and profit from its teachings 
are few. 

If you are one of those who do not read this valuable 
paper, send a postal card for sample copy to the Sanders 
Publishing Co., 542 South Dearborn St., Chicago, 

G. A. LAUDE. 



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188 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



YOUR BREED MAGAZINE 

If you are one of the very few who do not receive the 
visit at your home, twice a month, of THE SHORTHORN 
WORLD, here are a few of the reasons why you should. 

1. It is the breed's fearless and independent champion. 

2. It is the real friend of the young breeder and the 
beginner. 

3. It has encouraged and developed county, district, and 
state organizations. 

4. It develops markets for your surplus in America, 
South America and South Africa. 

5. It uses the highest grade of paper. 

6. Its editorials are printed in large, readable type. 

7. It is profusely illustrated and colors are used where 
needed. 

8. It is conceded to have one of the greatest field organ- 
izations ever brought together. 

9. Finally it is ^ * YOUR MAGAZINE. ' ' 

Subscription rates are $2.00 by the year or $5.00 for 
five years. 

If you don 't know the publication, send for a free sample 
copy, otherwise, send your subscription in. 

''Once you take THE SHORTHORN WORLD, you never 
will be without it" 

^^^^ Shorthorn World 

Home Office 
1840-50 North American Building 
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 
Ashleigh C. Halliwell, Editor. David C. Patton, Gen. Mgr. 



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A HISTOBT OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 189 

THE MOST 

LIVESTOCK ADVERTISING SERVICE 

FOR YOUR MONEY 

Draw a circle of 60 mile radius (the width of two counties) any- 
where in Kansas east of Lamed, Hays or Phillipsburg, and you will 
find that the Kansas Farmer — Mail & Breeze is read on more farms 
within that circle than the average circulation for the entire state, of 
all other farm and livestock papers that solicit advertising from 
Kansas breeders. 

Doesn 't that justify the judgment of Kansas breeders in making the 
Kansas Farmer — Mail & Breeze their chief reliance, and in paying 
more for its space than for any other! 

Yet the business within that circle is a mere fraction (about one- 
sixth) of the total you are put in touch with thru this great pre- 
dominating medium of farm and livestock influence. In the whole 
state the Kansas Farmer — Mail & Breeze is first on 100,000 farms 
and ranches, and in adjoining sections (chiefly Colorado) there are 
25,000 more on which it is paid for and read as a regular part of the 
pleasure and business of the family. 

MOST OF THE 125,000 FARMS AND RANCHES YOU REACH IN 

THIS WAY ARE POTENTIAL MARKETS FOR THE GOOD 

SURPLUS FROM YOUR HERD. 

This is the Way It Works 
"Enclosed find check for Shorthorn ad in Kansas Farmer 
and Mail & Breeze. We have had ads in different papers, 
but have had more results from six months in the Kansas 
Farmer and Mail & Breeze than all others combined. — Meuser 
& Co., Anson, Kansas." 

For further facts concerning our service (which includes also the 
Oklahoma Farmer, Missouri Ruralist, Nebraska Farm Journal and 
Capper's Farmer), address 

THE LIVESTOCK SERVICE 

Capper Farm Press Topeka, Kansas 



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190 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



THE LAUDE PRINTING COMPANY 

The Laude Printing Company of lola is a concern which 
is directly interested in the pure bred live stock industry 
of this state. Martin L. Laude, who manages the busi- 
ness, was graduated from the Kansas State Agricul- 
tural College in 1911. While in school there he took work 
in the printing department and also had some special work 
under Dr. C. W. McCampbell covering live stock pedigrees. 
Early in 1915, associated with his father, G. A. Laude, he 
purchased a newspaper in Lyons, Kansas, and while pub- 
lishing this paper began printing live stock sale catalogs. 
This branch of the business grew until they were unable to 
handle it properly in connection with the newspaper, so in 
1918 he sold the newspaper and moving to lola established 
an exclusive live stock printing house. 

The business has grown rapidly since that time and is 
now serving a territory covering Kansas and the surround- 
ing states. The main idea at all times has been to give 
prompt service and accurate work. Nothing has been 
spared to make it possible to meet the demands that the 
business required and the live stock men of this section 
have at their command one of the best equipped printing 
plants in the state. The service offered by this concern in- 
cludes not only printing but also compiling pedigrees and 
£ttfiiislujag«d;^t&^xuiinfarmation that may add to the value 
of sale catalogs, private herd catalogs, and other work 
handled. The number of customers who depend on the 
Laude Printing Company for their work indicates the 
general satisfaction the service is giving. 



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PART II. 

KAl^SAS HERDS OF TODAY 

Part I of this book has traced the growth of 
the Shorthorn industry in Kansas np to 1920 in 
a general way, but little or no attention has been 
paid to the herds now owned in the state. The 
purpose of Part II is to place before the reader 
the herds of those breeders who by their co- 
operation and financial assistance have made 
possible the publication and distribution of this 
volume. 

In the year 1919 and in a limited way in 1920, 
I had the pleasure of visiting most of the herds 
of which mention is made and of becoming ac- 
quainted with the proprietors The sketches are 
in no way overdrawn but represent correctly the 
impression received from the cattle, their ances- 
try, the owner and the way in which the herd 
was handled. The herds not visited have been 
considered from accurate information other- 
wise obtained. Matters of pedigree and achieve- 
ment are based on standard Shorthorn history 
and the American herd book. There has been no 
attempt made to create a favorable impression 
not fully justified by the facts in the case and 
any deviation from this standard must be classed 
as an error in judgment on my part. 

The reader will find nearly all the leading 

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194 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

herds of the state and of most localities listed on 
the pages following. At the State Association 
meeting held last June twenty-five members 
from a wide territory consigned representatives 
of their herds to the association sale and every 
one of the twenty-five is a supporter of this work 
and a sketch of the herd of each appears in this 
book. 

The Shorthorn industry over the greater part 
of the state is based on actual necessity and for 
that reason it must remain a permanent industry 
as long as the conditions necessary for its exist- 
ence continue. If you ask how long this will be, 
I answer by asking how long will Kansas be the 
home of the man who tills the soil ? The farmer 
can not afford to keep two sets of cows, one set 
to produce calves for food and for the market 
and another set to furnish the dairy products for 
his family, and the Shorthorn cow is the only cow 
that will produce a calf capable of being grown 
into a profitably produced beef animal yet give 
a reasonable amount of milk. There is, of course, 
room for special dairy herds of dairy breeds and 
for the herds of beef bred cows to be kept with no 
dairy production, but by far the greater part ol 
the butter and milk consumed in the state and 
the greater part of the beef consimied at home 
and sent to market now is, and always will be, 
produced on the thousands of smaller farms and 
in a small way, without consideration for tlie 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 195 

specialty cow. This is why the Shorthorn cow is 
with us to stay for all time and why the state as 
a whole must be a Shorthorn country. For this 
reason, also, the demand for Shorthorns is broad- 
er than is the demand for cattle of any other 
breed. 

One thing I observed in my numerous visits 
with breeders was that by far the greater nimi- 
ber of men most successful in the business, who 
are now leading breeders, began in a small way, 
keeping the pure bred Shorthorn cows along 
with the grades and gradually closing out from 
the grade end. Young men have told me they 
would be glad to breed Shorthorns if they only 
had the capital. This statement arises from an 
erroneous view for it requires no capital to begin 
breeding Shorthorns. Any man, young or old, 
worthy of confidence, who wishes to do so can 
buy on time at a reasonable rate of interest a 
good cow with a good heifer calf at foot and bred 
again or he can borrow the money to pay for 
such purchase without any difficulty. A cow, a 
big heifer calf and a prospect for another is a 
start good enough for any one. Abram Renick 
raised his wonderful Rose of Sharon herd that 
astonished the world from one heifer and hun- 
dreds of men have raised large and valuable 
herds from the purchase of a single female. The 
young man of today needs more than anything 
else to be educated to the fact that it is far better 

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196 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

to grow a Shorthorn herd from a good, though 
small, beginning and in doing so to gain the nec- 
essary knowledge and skill required for success, 
than to be placed in possession of means to buy 
a Shorthorn herd that he is scarcely qualified to 
handle properly. 

To the breeders whose names appear in the 
pages following I desire to express my gratitude 
for favors rendered. When the present period 
of reconstruction following the great war has 
passed, we should, with speculation largely elim- 
inated, enter upon a period of real Shorthorn 
improvement such as the people of Kansas have 
never before known. 



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LIST OF SHORTHORN BREEDERS 



The cost of publishing and circulating A His- 
tory of Shorthorns in Kansas has been met by 
breeders, live stock auctioneers and live stock 
publications. Breeders who have given financial 
assistance but who are not mentioned in connec- 
tion with a sketch of their operations, are listed 
below by counties : 



ALLEN COUNTY— 
C. C. Baker, Humboldt 
L. T. Cannon, Attorney at 

Law, Humboldt 
R. M. Porter, Banker and 

Sale aerk, S. E. Kans. 

Ass'n, Humboldt 
W. F. Fussman, Humboldt 

B. L. Works, Humboldt 
Wright & Miller, Humboldt 

ATCHISON COUNTY— 
J. T. Shortridge, Effingham 
F. J. Hunn, Arrington 
BARBEE COUNTY— 
Miss ' Mary Best, Medicine 

Lodge 
J. A. Wise, Medicine Lodge 
BOURBON COUNTY— 
CaldweU Davis, Bronson 
J. M. Davis, Bronson; tele- 
phone and station. Blue 
Mound 
Harper Fulton, Ft. Scott, B. 
B. 5 
BBOWN COUNTY— 

John McGuire Jr., Bobinson 
CHASE COUNTY— 

C. D. Yeager, Bazaar 

L. E. Macy & Sons, Safford- 
ville 
CHEROKEE COUNTY— 
H. L. Long, McCune 



CLOUD COUNTY- 

G. A. Sulanka, Concordia; 

station, Aurora 
Dale Trundblade, Jamestown 

COFFEY COUNTY— 

F. D. Brazil, Lebo; telephone 

and station. Halls Sum- 
mit 

R. B. Daily, Waverly 

Chester Smith & Son, Wav- 
erly 
DICKINSON COUNTY— 

Marvin Gf eller. Chapman 
DOUGLAS COUNTY— 

S. O. Gentry, Lawrence, R. R. 
5; station, Lakeview 

E. H. Purvis, Baldwin 

EDWARDS COUNTY— 
E. H. Tallman, Lewis 

ELK COUNTY— 

S. L. Harvey, Grenola 

G. B. Payne, Auctioneer, 
Grenola 

GREENWOOD COUNTY— 
John Burke, Severy; tele- 
phone. Eureka; station. 
Climax. 
HARPER COUNTY— 

L. R. Andrews & Son, Harper 
Barrett & Pedrick, Anthony 
R. H. Watt, Anthony 



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A HISTORY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 



JEFFERSON COUNTY— 
C. H. Thompson, Perry 
Albert Gramse, Oskaloosa 

JEWELL COUNTY— 

F. H. Hull & Son, Mankato; 
telephone, Ionia 

KINGMAN COUNTY— 
Mcllrath Bros., Varner 

LABETTE COUNTY— 

S. M. Oakleaf , Mound Valley 

LANE COUNTY— 

Bobert Edmundson, Dighkon 

B. D. King, Dighton 
LEAVENWORTH COUNTY— 

John Murphy, Bonner {Springs 
LINN COUNTY— 

Davis Bros., Prescott 
LYON COUNTY— 

Austin Shown, Americus 

C. R. Russell, Emporia 
MARION COUNTY— 

1. N. Smith, Burns 
Peter H. Friesen, Lehigh 
MONTGOMERY COUNTY— 
J. G. Tharpe, Jefferson 
A. L. Bird, Chenyvale 
NORTON COUNTY— 
H. F. Riemann, Densmore 
Samuel Teaford, Norton; sta- 
tion, Calvert 
OSAGE COUNTY— 

A. A. Adams, Osage City 
C. C. Calkins, Burlingame; 
telephone and station, 
Harveyville 
H. J. Franklin, Melvem 
M. C. Hamaker & Son, Scran- 
ton 
A. J. Hanna, Burlingame 
Earl C. Hepworth, Burlin- 
game 
Herb Pieman, Quenemo 
OTTAWA COUNTY— 
J. S. Reed, Oak Hill 
POTTAWATOMIE COUNTY— 

C. A. Crumbacker, Onaga 

W. A. S. Bird, Belvue; resi- 
dence, Topeka 
RAWLINS COUNTY— 

D. E. Frisbie, McDonald 



RENO COUNTY— 

Harry Leclerc, Burrton 
Harry Sullivan, Haven 
D. J. Shuler & Son, Hutchin- 
son, R. R. 3; telephone 
and station, Nickerson 

REPUBLIC COUNTY— 
M. M. Fate, Concordia; sta- 
tion, Talmo 
Frank C. Graustedt, Scandia 

RILEY COUNTY— 
L. S. Estes, Manhattan 
Gus J. Klocke, Winkler 
W. D. Williams, Bala 

ROOKS COUNTY— 
A. D. Hull, Woodston 

SALINE COUNTY— 
G. H. Shier, Gypsum 

SEDGWICK COUNTY— 
John B. Wetta, Andale 

SHAWNEE COUNTY— 
J. A. Ostrand, Elmont 
J. H. Foltz, Wakarusa 

SHEEIDAN COUNTY— 
A. B. Shoemaker, Lucerne; 

station, Jennings 
L. A. Teel, Lucerne; station, 
Lenora 

SMITH COUNTY— 

S. A. HUl, Smith Center 
W. A. Bloomer, Bellaire 

STAFFORD COUNTY— 
Edward Hitz, Hudson 
Herman Dohrmann, Hudson 

SUMNER COUNTY— 

W. G. Buffington, Geuda 

Springs 
W. C. McMiUan, BeUe Plaine 
Worden & Co., Wellington 

WABAUNSEE COUNTY— 
Gerloch Bros., Alma; station, 
Halifax 

WASHINGTON COUNTY— 
Wm. Brown, Mahaska 
W. A. WeUs, Mahaska 

WILSON COUNTY— 
L. D. Conn ell, Altoona 

WOODSON COUNTY— 
F. A. Dumond, Yates Center 



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ALLEN COUNTY 

S. M. Knox, Humboldt*— This herd of thirty 
females was established in 1914 and two years 
later the grades kept on the farm were all sold. 
Mr Knox began showing at county fairs in 1917 
and has been showing since that time in Allen, 
Wilson, Neosho and Bourbon counties. His win- 
nings have been good. The young stock is quite 
well grown, and while not fitted, is shown in 
splendid farm condition. He has contributed to 
the Southeast Kansas sales at both Coffeyville 
and Independence and at the fall show at Inde- 
pendence in 1919 his entries were good winners. 

The first bull used in the herd and one that 
proved an unusual breeder of good sized, smooth 
stock was Roan Lord. He was by Lord Mayor 
3d, a first-class show bull, that was a son of old 
Lord Mayor out of Forest Daisy, own sister to 
Tomson Bros. ' Forest Daisy 2d, the dam of the 
International and Royal champion. New Year's 
Delight. The next buU was Knox Knoll Dale, a 
son of the grand champion Whitehall Rosedale 
out of Village Maid 42d by imp. Bapton Coronet. 
This bull was large and bred large, and from the 
straight-lined cows in the herd attractive, good 



* Ship on Mo. Pac, Santa Fe or U. K. & T. Telephone, Humboldt, 
LaHarpe or Tola. 



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200 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

sized, smooth, beefy young things were secured. 

Mr. Knox has recently bought the tried sire, 
Scotch Cumberland. He is by Cumberland's 
Type, the most sensational American show bull 
of the times, thirty-seven first premiums being- 
claimed for him in thirty-seven showings at the 
biggest shows. Scotch Cumberland had been used 
by John Regier for three years and sired there a 
very attractive line of calves that are growing 
into big cows with a promising future. Valuable 
additions to the female end of the herd were 
made by purchasing at Independence in 1919 
several of the choicest cows from J. H. Hol- 
comb's excellent consigiunent, and at the spring 
sale the highest priced cow sold fell to his bid- 
ding. Mr. Knox is in a position to carry out 
plans that will make his herd one among the best 
in southern Kansas. 

J. H. Holcomb, Humboldt.^ — ^Working his way 
up from agent's assistant in a small Iowa town 
to division freight agent of a trans-continental 
railroad, then at fifty years of age investing his 
savLDgs in a choice Allen county farm, tells part 
of Mr. Holcomb's life story. The rest has been 
written by his work on the farm and with the 
Shorthorns since 1900. Mr. Holcomb 's first pur- 
chases were fourteen high-grade cows from J. H. 
Bayer followed by four pure bred heifers and a 
bull. Within a few years he discovered hedid 
not have the quality he needed so he sold theiu 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 201 

and bought better ones. This process was re- 
peated once more when we find him in 1919 with 
a splendid small herd. In the fall of that year 
he sold his farm and not knowing what else to do 
with the cattle he consigned them to the South- 
east Kansas sale at Independence where they 
won the big end of the prizes in the show held in 
eoimection with the sale and made an average of 
almost $450. 

In Mr. Holcomb's mind his connection with 
Shorthorns was ended. This was not correct, 
however, for he could not get along happily with- 
out them. He now has a small herd but it is the 
best he has ever owned. It includes the second 
prize cow in the State Association show at Man- 
hattan in May 1920 and several others equally as 
good. The breeding of these cows is of the best 
that could be obtained and their calves are by 
bulls of national and statewide reputation. 

The bull that will be used is Victor Swinton by 
imj). Swinton Liberty, one of the very best of the 
Scotch bred bulls in Kansas. Victor Swinton is 
out of a magnificent big cow that is a heavy milk- 
er and has been a good prize winner against 
strong competition. Both sire and dam of this 
bull are of the choicest breeding and he should 
develop into a valuable animal. 

Warren W. Works, Humboldt. — For a young 
man just beginning with Shorthorns Mr. Works 
has a most favorable outlook. The Works farms 



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202 A HISTOBT OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 

are among the best in this part of Kansas with 
the choicest pastures and unlimited acreage of 
alfalfa land and all needed buildings that will en- 
able a man to get the best resulte in handling 
cattle. The stock on hand is exceptionally good. 
It includes the red, Jacintha 2d, an Amcoats bred 
daughter of Whirlwind by Captain Archer and 
her yearling heifer by Victor Gloster, the grand 
champion bull at the 1919 fall Southeast Short- 
horn show at Independence. This pair was in the 
excellent consignment made by J. H. Holcomb 
to the Southeast Kansas sale and Jacintha 2d 
was the best producing cow in the Holcomb herd. 
Passing by a munber of good ones I want to 
notice Lady Cumberland, a roan by the Owen 
Kane bred Spicy Pride, a son of Spicy Cumber- 
land by Cumberland's Last. Spicy Pride's dam 
was Maxwalton Rosewood by Avondale out of 
imp. Rosewood 86th. The dam of Lady Cumber- 
land is out of a Rapp bred daughter of Gladstone, 
recognized as one among the better sires by 
Whitehall Sultan and a bull whose get won many 
prizes at the big shows. Lady Ciunberland her- 
self is one of the best specimens of the breed in 
this part of Kansas and would make a strong 
entry in a good show. The bull selected by Mr. 
Works is a white of outstanding merit. He was 
bred by John Regier and was considered by Mr. 
Regier one of the best bulls he ever bred, if not 
the best. He is unusually deep and thick with as 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IX KANSAS 203 

good a back, loin, and quarters as could be de- 
sired. His head, neck and general appearance 
are excellent and his ancestry is of the choicest, 
from whatever viewpoint it may be considered. 
Bulls of his class are not easily found and Mr. 
Works should be congratulated on his possession. 

R. O, Furneaux & Son, Moran. — These men 
are old residents on one of the best kept farms in 
Allen county. It has been a stock farm for years 
and Shoirthorns have been grown all the time. 
The first high-class bull used was Golden Sharon 
by Scott, Jr., a great show and breeding bull by 
imp. Scottish Emperor. He was followed by the 
Hanna bred Reflector by imp. Collynie and later 
by Fashioner 4th, a son of the splendid show bull, 
Lord Mayor 3d. The use of such bulls gave satis- 
factory results and a lot of nice young cows are 
in the herd. Spicy Choice, a Duncan bred son of 
Choice of All, is in service. This bull is a beauti- 
ful roan of medium size, very smooth and even 
from end to end and the calves indicate he will be 
a good sire. 

Both Mr. Furneaux and his son, John, are 
wide-awake, energetic citizens and leaders in 
everything pertaining to advanced agriculture. 
Theirs is a farm where scrubs of any class are 
not tolerated and where scrub ideals along any 
line gain no footing. Besides the Shorthorns, they 
keep a flock of Shropshire sheep. Messrs. Fur- 
neaux are forecasting the future on the larger 



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204 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

farms in eastern Kansas where soil fertility 
can be maintained only through the keeping of 
live stock. They also realize that Shorthorns are 
the only breed of cattle that are both good milk- 
ers i and good beef cows. R. O. Furneaux is 
classed among the best judges of Shorthorns in 
the state. 

Hall Bros., Carlyle.— Hall Bros, are natives of 
Allen county. They have an excellent farm on 
the Neosho River. In one of the pastures there 
is an elm tree which would easily furnish shade 
for fifty mature Shorthorns. Near the tree is 
a running spring supplying the best of water in 
great abundance. Below the spring is a large 
field of alfalfa. 

Do Shorthorns thrive here '? For answer, go up 
to the higher ground and you will find the cows 
bearing all evidence of giving a large flow of 
milk, yet fat enough to sell for good beef. The 
Hall herd is not large, about ten females of breed- 
ing age and a few heifers, but it is a real Short- 
horn herd. The bull at the head is White Archer 
633595 by Kansas Prince, whose get made a sen- 
sational showing at the Southeast Shorthorn 
show in 1919. He is a full brother to the eleven- 
month-old White Violet that sold in the sale for 
$650 and he is proving a splendid heifer getter. 
The cows in the herd are red and the six promis- 
ing calves from this white bull range from 
medimn to dark roan. 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 205 

This story, briefly told, of Hall Bros.' farm 
and cattle teaches a lesson. A few years ago 
they bought four heifer calves from Dr. Slavens 
of Neosho Falls, at very moderate prices. (See 
Slavens sketch.) Good care, resulting in good 
development, did the rest. It will pay any one to 
visit the Hall farm and see what can be accom- 
pUshed by feeding good Shorthorns on good 
farm feeds only. 

T. E. HoUoway, Humboldt. — It is only fair to 
say that Mrs. Holloway should be included in 
this sketch. She is not only a Shorthorn enthu- 
siast but she is also an excellent judge and there 
are those who say that in judging she outclasses, 
the majority of men engaged in the production 
of Shorthorns. Pew new breeders except those of 
unlimited means have scored the degree of suc- 
cess that has been theirs. That the Holloway 
herd during its few years of existence has devel- 
oped into a really good one is probably due to two 
causes, good care and the use of the bull Sir 
Hampton, mentioned in the Wesley Jewell 
sketch. 

The heifers by Sir Hampton have developed 
into big, broad, smooth animals with a breedy ap- 
pearance. In the summer of 1919 Mr. Holloway 
acquired by purchase the Diver & Potter herd, 
retaining the most desirable females. He also 
bought of J. H. Holcomb an excellent four-year- 
old cow of very choice breeding and with her won 



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206 A HISTOBY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 

first prize at the Neosho county fair. Mr. Hollo- 
way is part owner of the bull, Fancy Lad 2d (see 
Wesley Jewell sketch) and this bull is being lib- 
erally used. The herd has been shown at local 
fairs, winning a good share of premiums. At the 
Shorthorn show at Cof f eyville in April 1919, the 
HoUoway entries attracted general attention on 
account of their size and beautiful roan color. It 
was here that Mr. HoUoway was awarded first 
prize on produce of cow. 

Horville Bros., lola. — On a big farm near the 
city is an object lesson that speaks for Short- 
horns. The Horville herd is large and excellent 
and includes cows which would look well any- 
where. Most of these cows are grades and it was 
the continued use of high-class bulls that did 
the work. This herd is a tribute to Shorthorn 
blood and the business sense of the owners who 
give the cattle good care twelve months in the 
year. 

The pure bred cows are descended from good 
ancestry and with the unusual facilities these 
men have for carrying on their operations and 
with their genius and inclination for the work we 
may reasonably expect to find a great Shorthorn 
herd on this farm within the next few years. 

T h e Iwll 'iii^^ee- m a^ massive white that stands 
very close to the ground. He has a fine head and 
neck and a great covering of mellow flesh. In 
strong competition he won the American Short- 
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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 207 

horn Breeders Association bull championship 
at the Allen county fair in 1919. Two direct 
crosses to imp. Lord Banff are found right at 
the top of his pedigree. Any one seeing his calves 
will admit that he is a great breeder. Something 
of the Horville method of procedure came out 
when, in a talk with Mr. L. E. Horville, the sub- 
ject turned to the pedigree of their bull. **I'll 
pick my bull first, then we'll see about the pedi- 
gree," said Mr. Horville, and I breathed a silent 
amen. 

Wesley Jewell, Humboldt. — ^Within the past 
ten years a succession of good, well bred bulls 
has been usfed in the Jewell herd. CoUynie Goods 
was by CoUynie out of Lavender of Colstock 
Farm by Choice Goods. His heifers have proved 
splendid breeders. Roan Mayor was a show bull 
of the first class. He was by Lord Mayor 3d out 
of a Tomson bred daughter of Archer. One of the 
most successful sires used was Sir Hampton. He 
was bred by S. C. Hanna and was used at Palo 
Duro before his sale to Mr. Jewell. He was by 
Hampton Spray out of a dam by Prince Royal, 
second dam by CoUynie, and represented the best 
of Mr. Hanna 's breeding. The heifers by this 
bull out of the CoUynie Goods cows are altogether 
pleasing, having much size and quality. Two 
excellent additions were recently made to the 
herd. A roan Nevius bred cow by Searchlight 
Jr. is a distinct acquisition. Fancy Lad 2d is the 



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208 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

new herd bull. In G. Wittry's herd he sired 
heifers that leave little room for criticism and 
that promise to develop into large, matronly cows 
with much Shorthorn character. Individually, 
Fancy Lad 2d is of proper type and conforma- 
tion. He is out of an excellent cow of choice 
breeding, a daughter of imp. Fancy 2d and his 
sire, Prince Valentine 4th, is among the state's 
best bulls. He comes from Tomson Bros, and 
is one of their good productions. Mr. Jewell is 
president of the Southeast Kansas Association. 
O. A.^ Weddle, Savonburg. — ^Mr. Weddle has 
plenty of enthusiasm and good cattle sense to 
guarantee success in producing Shorthorns. He 
has a herd of twenty-five females. Purchases 
were made locally and at Wolfe Bros. ' sale and 
include some choice individuals of elegant breed- 
ing. One of the good ones is Roan Blossom, a 
five-year-old by Victor Sultan, a bull of the 
Whitehall Sultan family through Whitehall 
Chief. Her dam is by Orange Champion 274875. 
Another Victor Sultan cow is Hepler Rose. Her 
dam was out of Barmpton Lady 5th bred by 
George Allen and sired by Godwin, one of the 
best sires of valuable breeding cows in the cen- 
tral West. Lady Barmpton, own sister to Hep- 
ler Rose, is also in the herd. Another five-year- 
old roan is Miss Eva by Searchlight's Bloom, one 
of the good sons of Searchlight and a sire of 
much desirable stock. 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 209 

Mr. Weddle has little use for a bull of medium 
quality, and for the past two years he has used 
Butternut Sultan, a Bellows bred son of Sultan 
Supreme, the sire of the 1916 International 
grand champion Village Supreme that sold for 
$16500. To succeed Butternut Sultan Mr. Wed- 
dle recently bought of George F. Kellerman an 
outstanding roan calf, one of the very best things 
Mr. Kellerman has ever bred. This calf weighed 
800 pounds at eight months old and would be con- 
sidered an extra good one in any of America's 
best herds. 

R. M. Beamon, Bronson. — Mr. Beamon's cows 
are very uniform in general appearance and con- 
formation. The herd is all red and he is one of 
the few breeders who will not use a roan or a 
white bull. Among the cows there is one that at- 
tracts attention on sight. She is out of a daugh- 
ter of imp. CoUynie and her dam was pur- 
chased by Bellows Bros, at Ed Hall's dispersion 
for a good price. Two daughters of this cow 
are in the herd. A new herd bull was bought at 
the Linn County Breeders sale in November 1919. 
The Beamon farm is well supplied with good 
pasture, a prime requisite for best results and 
one that is not always found in Allen county. 

C. H. Ronsick, Humboldt — Mr. Ronsick 
started right by buying choice stock at the South- 
east Kansas Shorthorn sale which purchase in- 
cluded two heifers from H. I. Gaddis' excellent 



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210 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

herd. Village Princess is an elegant roan, very 
feminine, close to the ground, and she was one of 
the most pleasing things in the sale. Her ancestry 
throughout is of the best known to American 
Shorthorn history and includes, right at the top 
of each one of the first five crosses, bulls that 
have been breed builders. Hers will be an ex- 
ceptional case if she does not produce high-class 
stock. Mr. Ronsick is a neighbor of Wesley 
Jewell and will be able to use his herd bull which 
will be a great advantage to him. 

Sullivan Bros., Moran. — The Sullivans bred 
Shorthorns in Iowa before they came to Kansas. 
They have five big, beefy Shorthorn cows, all of 
which are being milked, and the calves are being 
raised by hand. In this they are doing what 
many small farmers must do in the future. One 
of their cows is a splendid specimen of the breed 
and in appearance is a dual-purpose cow. She 
was bred by T. K. Tomson & Sons and is out of a 
daughter of imp. Thistletop. Three of the cows in 
the herd are her daughters. The bull in use is 
by Master of the Dales out of Golden Mistletoe, 
the Hanna bred daughter of Prince Mistletoe 
that sold in the Southeast Kansas sale for $1245. 

J. L. Jewell, Humboldt — ^Mr. Jewell was un- 
til recently a member of the firm of Jewell Bros. 
He owns a few females, several of which are of 
excellent quality, but so far he has bought no 
bull, preferring to use his choice of three good 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 211 

ones that are available. This gives him an ad- 
vantage the small breeders over the country can 
frequently have. Mr. Jewell is an admirable 
care-taker and he is making rapid improvement. 
One of the best young cows seen in my travels in 
Allen country was in this herd. She is a daugh- 
ter of Sir Hampton, a bull used successfully by 
S. C. Hanna. 

Fred Lassman, Savonburg.* — ^Mr. Lassman is 
located on a large farm that is well adapted to 
cattle growing. He has been raising grades un- 
der favorable conditions and has recently pur- 
chased a dozen nice heifers and a good bull, his 
intention being to grow into the business by sell- 
ing off the grade end. Mr. Lassman is young, in- 
telligent, a clear thinker, and makes a success of 
whatever he undertakes. He will handle his 
cattle in such a manner as to work constant im- 
provement in the herd and local Shorthorn as 
well as general live stock interests will be bene- 
fited by his becoming a breeder. 

C. W. Beeman, Humboldt. — This herd was 
established two years ago and Mr. Beeman made 
several valuable additions at the 1920 sale in 
Humboldt. His herd should become one among 
the best in the county. Recent purchases include 
a few splendid females of choicest breeding and 
the excellent young bull Lord Mysie by Claude 
Lovett's famous sire, Scotch Lord by Lord 



Telephone, Humboldt. 

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212 A HISTOBY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Ayondale. Mr. Beemati is a good feeder and 
care-taker and will produce real Shorthorns. 

S. C. Caldwell & Son, Moran. — This herd was 
founded in 1919 by the purchase of four females 
and a good white bull. Since that time a valu- 
able addition was made in the purchase of a 
heifer by Prince Valentine 4th, one of the 
best and most favorably known sires in Kansas. 
The cows are of good size and are being well 
kept. It is the plan to add to the herd from 
time to time. 

Fetherngill & Enfield, Ida. — This firm made 
the first investment in pure bred females at the 
Southeast Kansas sale in April 1919, where three 
excellent heifers from the herds of O. O. Massa 
and H. M. Hill were secured. The ancestry of 
these heifers together with their individual merit 
is a practical guarantee that, if well developed 
and properly mated, they will be the foundation 
of a good Shorthorn herd. The prize winning 
bull owned by Horville Bros, will be used. 

C. G. Staley, Moran. — ^Mr. Staley is a pro- 
fessional cattleman with a few good Shorthorns 
who will gradually close out his grades and keep 
only pure breds. His cows are of good size and 
form and are satisfactory breeders. The bull is 
by Lord Mayor 3d, a prize winning son of Lord 
Mayor and out of a Hanna bred dam by imp. 
CoUynie that sold to Bellows Bros. 

J. Frank Stevens, Humboldt. — ^Mr. Stevens 

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A. HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 213 

lias made a nice start with two cows bought of 
J. H. Holcomb. One of these is by Marquis Cum- 
berland, the Saunders bred son of Cumberland's 
Best, frequently mentioned in this book. The 
other is by Orange Senator 308511, a bull well 
known in north central Kansas. Mr. Stevens 
wiU add a good cow to his herd occasionally. He 
is breeding to the high-class buU, Scotch Cumber- 
land, owned by S. M. Knox. 

George L. Weatherbie, Moran. — ^Mr. Weather- 
bie has a few cows of choice breeding. Red 
Ruby is by Chief Steward, a son of Clansman 
out of a dam by Royal Leader. (See T. J. Sands 
sketch.) Her dam is by a son of Hampton's Best 
out of a daughter of Valley Champion. The herd 
bull is by a son of Lord Mayor 3d out of a daugh- 
ter of imp. Collynie. Such a start will be recog- 
nized as a good one. 

ANDERSON COUNTY 
G. Wittry, Greeley. — ^Mr. Wittry has a herd 
of twenty-five females representing both the so- 
called Scotch and Scotch topped families. The 
blood lines in the top crosses of his herd show 
many of the best Shorthorns of the day and he is 
giving his cattle, the care needed for proper de- 
velopment. 

Among the bulls that have left a good impres- 
sion on the herd are Choice of All by Choice 
Goods out of Rosedale Violet 9th ; Prime Minister 

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214 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

by imp. Prince of Perth out of Goldfinch, a 
full sister to the International champion, Laven- 
der Viscount ; New Goods at the head of Harris 
man Bros/ herd at its dispersion; Cumberland's 
Last, the famous bull in C. A. Saunders' select 
herd; Young Abbotsburn, America's greatest 
show bull ; Prince Pavonia and Searchlight, both 
of inter-state reputation in C. S. Nevius' herd; 
Godwin, famous sire of great producing cows 
and other good ones that could be mentioned. It 
is no wonder that the Wittry cows produce well 
for theirs is quality by inheritance. 

A visit to the Wittry farm will convince any 
one that right breeding and right feeding are the 
two requisites in producing good cattle. The 
young stock on the farm is largely by Fancy Lad 
2d, a Tomson bred son of Prince Valentine 4th. 
His dam is by the M. E. Jones bred Cherry King 
and the second dam is imp. Fancy 2d by Cap-a- 
Pie. I saw five yearling heifers by this bull. 
They were all good ones and two of them were 
outstanding. Fancy Lad 2d was sold in August 
1919 to Wesley Jewell of Hiunboldt and Mr. 
Wittry bought Honor Light, a son of Searchlight, 
the bull so well known as a prize winner and 
breeding bull for C. S. Nevius. The dam of 
Honor Light is Maid of Honor of Geo. Both- 
well 's breeding and sired by Grand Victor out of 
imp. Winifred 4th by Scottish Archer, the great- 
est of Mr. Duthie's bulls. That a bull of such 



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A HISTOBY OF SHORTHOBNS IN KANSAS 215 

excellent descent should give excellent results is 
only a reasonable conclusion. 

There is a practical lesson in this story of Mr. 
Wittry 's work which I wish to emphasize. Every- 
where I go I find people who buy quite good cows 
at moderate prices and buy only a moderately 
good bull and give the herd only a moderate 
amount of feed. Success never follows such 
methods. A good bull and plenty of good feed 
with good care means a good herd and nothing 
else will produce it. 

Henry Sobba, Greeley. — ^Mr. Sobba made his 
f ii'st purchase of Shorthorns from Tebo Lawn in 
1902. The lot consisted of six heifers and an ex- 
cellent bull. Unfortunately, four head of these 
heifers were killed by a Missouri Pacific train 
soon after they reached the farm. The present 
herd, numbering about forty head, is descended 
from this purchase. Mr. Sobba has used some 
highly satisfactory bulls but, like most breeders, 
he has also used some that fell below the desired 
standard. The methods of handling have been 
fairly good but not such as to bring out all there 
was in the animal and his prices on the young 
bulls have been moderate. The surplus has been 
sold locally and it is a matter of note that all 
around Mr. Sobba 's the cattle are of very ex- 
cellent quality, showing liberal use of good Short- 
horn buUs ; in fact, he has living monuments to 
the value of his herd aU around him. I feel sure 



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216 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

that a dozen Sobbas in each county of Kansas 
would make every bovine in the state look like a 
Shorthorn. 

On the good Tebo Lawn foundation is found 
the blood and impress of such animals as Orange 
Viscount, German Laird, Daisy of North Oaks 
5th, imp. Prince of Perth, imp. Collynie, Godoy, 
and through Godoy, imp. Golden Thistle, the 
largest and perhaps the most showy cow in the 
Linwood herd. Captain, the present herd bull, 
was bred by Mr. Hanna and is siring some very 
satisfactory calves. 

E. C. Holt, Greeley.* — This is a small but 
choice herd that will be increased to meet the re- 
quirements of the farm. Mr. Holt is a good feed- 
er and the cattle, as I saw them, were in fine con- 
dition. Kansas Girl 2d is an elegant four-year- 
old red. Her sire was by imp. Collynie out of 
Cowslip Bloom by imp. Lord Cowslip, second 
dam by imp. Inglewood. Daisy Sultan is strong 
in Whitehall Sultan blood and in that of Gallant 
Knight and Lord Mayor. Pansy Dale is by 
Cedar Dale, one of the state's best sires of high- 
class stock. The herd bull, a big, thick, rugged 
fellow of excellent type and good finish repre- 
sents the best of the Hanna-Hill breeding with 
imp. Collynie, Royal Knight, Ingle Lad, imp. 
Inglewood and Silvermine in the first two 
crosses. Mr. Holt has selected his foundation 



Telephone and shipping station, Garnett. 

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A HIS-TOBY OF- SHOBTHQBNS IN KANSAS 217 

Stock closely descended from the best Shorthorns 
of the day and they are cattle of real excellence. 

W. K. Craig, Gametic — ^Mr. Craig has been in 
the business for ten years, having laid his foun- 
dation in the purchase of the cow, Secret Airdrie, 
from H. M. Hill's herd. This cow, as her name 
implies, united Mr. Hanna's Secrets and Mr. 
Hill's Fanny Airdries, two of the best families 
of Shorthorns in the state. Her sire was the 
wonderful bull, Prince of CoUynie, which gave 
Mr. Craig a foundation good enough for any 
practical man. The bulls used since then have 
been representative of Searchlight, Gallant 
Knight, Victorious and imp. CoUynie. The herd 
consists of about a dozen females, all descended 
from the Prince of CoUyiaie cow. Mr. Craig 
plans to buy a first-class bull soon. 

H. C. Doering, Garnett. — ^Mr. Doering is 
breeding some good Shorthorns on his farm just 
outside the city. He has been paying special at- 
tention to milking quality and his cows are a 
nice, even lot of medium size, the kind that raise 
splendid calves and milk well after weaning the 
calves. At the time of my visit, the herd con- 
sisted of about twenty females and an excellent 
lot of young things by Ingle Marr, a bull strong 
in the blood of CoUynie, that had been used for 
several seasons. Besides Ingle Marr some first- 
class sires are found in the top crosses of this 
herd, such as Ingle Lad, Lavender King 4th and 

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218 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

imp. Scotchman, three bulls that did great ser- 
vice in three southeast Kansas herds. 

John L. Jones & Sons, Garnett — Mr. Jones 
and his three sons comprise this firm. Each boy 
owns a cow bought from Mr. Sobba and the 
father owns the bull. The bull is twelve months 
old, has had good farm care and has wonderful 
finish. If well carried on, he will be a trouble 
maker in a show ring. His sire is Sultan's Robin, 
an Uppermill bred son of Sultan's Last out of a 
Cock Robin dam. The calf has a right to be good 
and I saw enough to satisfy me that this herd will 
do well. I wondered if Mr. Jones was not doing 
far more for his boys, now of the most impres- 
sionable age, by making them his business part- 
ners than he could do by leaving them a big cash 
inheritance in later years. 

J. G. Lowry, Harris. — ^Mr. Lowry has bred 
Shorthorns for about ten years. He now has 
eight females, five of which I have seen. They 
are good individuals and represent nice blood 
lines, among them being two out of a daughter of 
imp. Sunnyblink 9th. Mr. Lowry has used the 
bull, Ingle Marr, and the herd has received 
the benefits arising from the use of bulls carry- 
ing the blood of such animals as Ingle Lad, Kin- 
nellar, imp. Mariner, Orange Viscount and 
others but has not received the care or attention 
to detail necessary to secure best results. The 
stock on hand, or at least most of it, with a good 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 219 

bull and proper care, would become the founda- 
tion for a valuable herd of Shorthorns. 

E. C. Meissner, Colony. — ^Mr. Meissner's foun- 
dation was bought at the Cof f eyville sale in 1918 
and consisted of a Stunkel bred heifer by Im- 
perial Goods out of a Victor Orange cow, one by 
Mistletoe Stamp, full of the Hanna-Hill blood 
Unes and two by Mr. Massa's great bull, Kansas 
Prince, out of cows by Master Prince 6th, son of 
Prince Pavonia. Mr. Meissner has a fairly good 
bull, which on these heifers should furnish the 
prime requisite for the building up of a credit- 
able Shorthorn herd. The impression I gained 
while at the farm was that if Mr. Meissner de- 
cided to put up a first-class herd he would do it. 

R. H. Trimmell, Garnett. — ^Mr. Trimmell has 
all the requisites for success in the Shorthorn 
business. He has the disposition to demand qual- 
ity in whatever goes into his breeding herd and he 
impressed me as being a good care-taker. The 
COWS come largely from high-class ancestry. One 
of the best ones is a recent purchase from J. C. 
Robison, Duchess Aberdeen by Victoria's Cor- 
onet 541677. ' One of the bulls used was Sir 
Magnet 5th by Searchlight Jr. Another was 
Sycamore Sunblaze 2d from the Cowham farm. 
The present herd bull, I saw as a calf. He bears 
the popular name. Gen. Pershing, and looks like 
the making of a creditable bull. 

A. J. Tippin, Greeley. — Mr. Tippin is an old 



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220 A HISTORY OF SHOBTHORNS IN KANSAS 

breeder in a small way, having a nice herd of 
nine females, the foundation for which was laid 
twelve years ago. His cattle represent excellent 
blood lines coming through Prince Pavonia, 
Scotland's Charm, Winsome Duke 11th, Laven- 
der King 4th and Golden Victor. A good young 
bull purchased from Mr. Wittry is in use, a son 
of E^ancy Lad 2d (see Wittry sketch) with two 
crosses to imp. Lord Banff following. This bull 
should produce satisfactory results and Mr. Tip- 
pin's favorable location on alfalfa land should 
do the rest. 

O. H. Carrier, Kincaid. — ^Mr. Carrier bought a 
cow at Wolfe Bros. ' sale and two others locally. 
He also bought a good bull. Roan Mayor, by the 
prize winning bull. Lord Mayor 3d. Boan 
Mayor's dam was by a Hanna bred son of imp. 
Lord Cowslip. This buU, now six years old, was 
a prize winner as a yearling and later saw much 
service in the herd of S. M. Knox where he 
proved an exceptional breeder. 

ATCHISON COUNTY 
Robert Russell & Son, Muscotah.^ — These men 
have been breeding Shorthorns for some years 
and recently decided to put in a herd with pedi- 
grees to which no one would object. This desire 
to meet the requirements of the most critical has 
been extended to affect the entire herd and theirs 



on Mo. Pac., Bock Island or Santa Fe. 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 221 

is one of the few to be found in Kansas with only 
so-<3alled straight Scotch cattle on the farm. 

The present herd consists of young cows three 
and four years old, recently acquired by pur- 
chase from excellent sources of supply. Some 
generous prices have been paid and while the 
stock is not being pushed as in some cases, these 
young cows are quite an attractive lot and indi- 
cate a mature herd of considerable scale and uni- 
formity. Imported Brandsby Augusta 4th was 
bought at the Ogden sale and is a nice roan of J. 
M. Strickland's breeding, combining good size, 
straight lines and pleasing appearance and she 
is suckling her second calf. Acanthus Beauty, 
five crosses from Mr. Cruickshank's Acanthus 
by Barmpton is not only a deep, blocky cow of 
good beef type and indications, but she shows 
milking tendency that would interest a profes- 
sional dairyman. It occurred to me that such 
cows as this were about what a person should 
have in a dual-purpose Shorthorn. She is of 
medium size and her kind would make any farm- 
er money. The five top sires in her pedigree 
were bred by Carpenter & Ross, W. D. Flatt, 
Wm. Cummings & Son, Wm. Duthie and Amos 
Cruickshank. Right here I want to state that 
the young cows of this herd have all produced 
one or two calves, each cow suckling her calf in 
good style. Mr. Russell says that a poor breeder 
or suckler will not have room on the farm. ^* Just 

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222 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

a good lot of cows kept on the farm to eonsmne 
its production'' is the way he puts it, **and I 
want them to be such that if a man found what 
he wanted he would not object to the pedigree.'^ 
Whitehall Rosedale, International grand champ- 
ion, is represented by Autumn Bloom by Fame's 
Goods, one of his excellent sons and in the second 
cross by imp. Bapton Coronet, one of the best 
sons of the famous Silver l^late. In the third are 
imp. Prince of Perth and Goldfinch, full sister 
to another International champion. Lavender 
Viscount. Autumn Bloom's first calf, now 
twelve months old, speaks for her as a producer. 
Lavender Princess 10th by King's Secret, Inter- 
national champion, son of the International 
grand champion. King Cumberland, is out of a 
dam by Blythe Baron, second dam by the Duthie 
bred Golden Mist out of imp. Lavender Princess. 
One of the best three-year-olds in the herd is 
Lily Cup by Scarlet Secret out of a dam by I^ord 
Golden Crest. This cow is the dam of an out- 
standing fourteen-month-old bull, of such size, 
form and quality as to attract special attention 
anywhere. This bull was sold at a long price to 
Kepler & Wiltse and was the first of the 1939 
calf crop to leave the farm. Princess Avondale, 
aTR>tfeeygo«»d three-year-old from the Ogden 
herd represents top notch ' breeding, coming 
through the best breeders. She is large and her 
first calf went to one of the well known herds in 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 223 

the West. Two of Americans best known cham- 
pions, Whitehall Rosedale and Cupbearer, contri- 
bute their quality to Queen's Gift. Her sire was 
a son of the former and her dam was by a double 
grandson of the latter and out of imp. Margery, 
The Duthie bred imp. Sittyton Victoria 2d has a 
granddaughter in the herd in Queen Victoria 
by Snow King out of a dam by the well known 
Duncan bull, Headlight. 

''By their fruits ye shall know them'' applies 
with special force to a herd bull and Mr. Russell 
says he is willing to have his herd bull, Walnut 
Type, so judged. His calves look unusually good. 
He is by a Harding bred son of Whitehall Sultan 
and out of the Dean Willis bred imp.- Citrina by 
Silver Plate, second dam by Roan Robin fol- 
lowed by Gondolier, Cumberland, Barmpton and 
Scotland's Pride, a line of breeding unexcelled. 
Silver Plate, a white about two years old, is by 
imp. Bapton Corporal. He is not a show bull 
but if a young calf I saw by him is a sample of 
his get, he will make his mark, for it involun- 
tarily reminds one of its grandsire, imp. Bapton 
Corporal. Mr. Russell considers Silver Plate a 
very valuable breeding prospect. 

K, G. Gigstady Lancaster. — It is only reason- 
able to conclude that a man who raised a load of 
steers that were a national sensation would be 
well qualified to raise toppy Shorthorns. Th;3 
man who visits Mr. Gigstad's farm expecting to 



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224 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

see good cattle will not be disappointed. This 
large herd was founded thirteen years ago and 
only a few, but very choice, additions have been 
made since that time. The original purcha.ses 
came from excellent sources and were made with 
the same discriminating judgment shown in the 
selection of the load of steers. The additions 
since then have been of such quality as men of 
Mr. Gigstad's judgment and high sense of ex- 
cellence would make. It seems superfluous to 
refer to these cattle in detail, yet I cannot refrain 
from mentioning one, imp. Millcraie Costly 
Belle. There is no discounting this cow, either 
as an individual or as a producer, and it might 
be mentioned that she has this season suckled two 
calves, growing them well and she herself carries 
smooth, thick flesh; 

Mr. Gigstad early recognized the importance 
of good bulls. The first bull that enters into the 
present herd is Fancy Choice, a Bellows bred son 
of Good Choice and out of a JJuncan bred cow, 
Mary EUerslie, coming as her name indicates 
from a dam bred by T. J . Wallace and cariying a 
cross of the great champion. Young Abbotsbum. 
He was followed by Goods, another son of Good 
Choice. A few years later. Golden Lancaster, a 
Duncan bred son of the sensational Choice Goods 
bull. Golden Goods, the sire of Howell Rees' 
Ruberta's Goods, was purchased. These two 
bulls sired the show steers mentioned above. 



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A HISTORY OF 8H0BTH0BNS IN KANSAS 225 

Hampton's Spicy by Hampton's Successor, one 
of the really good sons of Hampton's Best, 
brought in the Merry Hampton blood and was a 
splendid sire. Imp. Gallant Favorite, an Ander- 
son bred son of Dunglass Favorite, was used for 
a time and left a lot of excellent young things. 
Most of the cows now on the farm are bred to 
Bapton Charm, a good, big, smooth son of imp. 
Bapton Corporal and imp. Millcraie Costly Belle 
and highly satisfactory results are anticipated 
from this cross. A young bull on the farm that is 
being watched with interest is Gallant Favor.' He 
is a son of imp. Gallant Favorite and imp. 
Beauty's Pride 2d, an Anderson bred cow by 
Proud Brigadier 609477. He is almost a year 
old, too young to have certain judgment passed 
on him, but he is very smooth and has great 
depth of body with fine head and neck. If he 
fills out well, as he might reasonably be expected 
to do, he should be as worthy as any of his pre- 
decessors. Valuable additions were made by pur- 
chase of some of the best cattle in the offering at 
the leading 1920 sales, which puts the Gigstad 
herd in the front ranks. 

H, A, MeLenon, Effingham.^ — ^Mr. McLenon 
had been with good grade Shorthorns all his life 
and a few years ago he decided to put in pure 
breds instead of grades. He has exceptional 
pasture conditions with plenty of forage of 



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226 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

different kinds and with the excellent stock on 
hand and the interest taken in Shorthorns it is 
a safe guess that he will be a success as a breeder 
and put up a first-class herd. 

A very liberal investment in foundation stock 
paid out with judgment has resulted in some 
worthy specimens of the breed being in the herd. 
Imported Allerton Rosebud 4th is a large red of 
more size and quality than is found in most of the 
imported cows I have seen. She is a very heavy 
f lesher, makes a nice appearance and has to her 
credit the production of a first-class bull now 
used in the herd, to be mentioned later. Her 
spring of heart rib joined to unusually smooth 
shoulders is noticeable at a glance. Wimple's 
Clara bred by C. E. Leonard & Son and sired by 
Wooddale Stamp is an attractive, short-legged, 
smooth caw. She has two daughters in the herd, 
Miss Wimple by Lord Julian, a son of the noted 
Lord Avondale and Miss Wimple 2d by imp. 
Swinton Liberty. Both these heifers promise to 
develop well. Village Victoria 2d by Snow- 
flake and out of Village Victoria 28416 is a big 
roan closely descended from Mr. Cruickshank's 
best cattle. There is a large, white cow in the 
herd that attracts attention at sight. She also is 
close to Mr. Cruickshank's line of breeding and 
has two daughters on the farm tnat show she is 
not only a good individual but is also a good 
breeder. Aside from the cows mentioned, the 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 227 

herd carries the blood of Bellows Bros.' Good 
Choice and Victorallan, March Knight, imp. 
Wood End Stamp, CoUynie Archer by Mr. 
Duthie's great bull Scottish Arcner out of a dam 
by William of Orange and many others of merit 
though of less reputation. 

The bull in service is imp. Swinton Liberty by 
Sanquhar Searchlight, a son of the very popular 
sire, Sanquhar Dreadnaught. His dam is imp. 
AQerton Rosebud 4th, owned by Mr. McLenon 
and mentioned before. When 1 saw this bull he 
had been running in the pasture with a part of 
the herd all summer without grain and was 
rather thin but he impressed me as being smooth 
beyond the ordinary application of the term. He 
IS a growthy fellow, yet compact and shows good 
depth of body with fine head and neck and he 
makes a splendid appearance. 

Mr. McLenon was one of the consignors to the 
State Association sale held at Manhattan in 1920. 
His one entry. Village Victoria 2d, won second 
place in the strongly contested show and sold for 
$800 to a critical buyer, J. H. Holcomb, of Hum- 
boldt. Mr. McLenon is one of the best educated 
men of the Shorthorn fraternity and he has un- 
usually good judgment as has been displayed 
in his operations. 

C. A. Scholz, Lancaster. — Fourteen years ago 
Mr. Scholz bought at one of the Bellows sales a 
two-year-old heifer with a heifer calf at foot and 

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228 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

bred again to the noted Bellows bull, • Good 
Choice, from which mating a heifer calf was se- 
cured. A short time ago I saw the original pur- 
chase and I have seldom, if ever, seen a sixteen- 
year-old cow carrying a calf and showing so 
much vigor. She looks about like the average 
vigorous eight-year-old and by early spring she 
will have produced her fourteenth calf. This 
cow, known to the breed as Westlawn Blanche, 
has to her credit a wonderful family with more 
size and real beef producing quality than any 
other family of cows I have ever seen. The mar 
ture cows in Mr. Scholz's herd as I saw them 
looked like 1800 pound animals on grass. They 
are nearly all suckling excellent calves and the 
man whose admiration they would not excite cer- 
tainly has no eye for big, smooth, beefy Short- 
horns. 

The heifer by Good Choice, after having pro- 
duced numerous calves and having quit breeding, 
was shipped to market as an eleven-year-old cow, 
without any special feeding, bringing a little less 
than $250. Numerous small herds have been 
started from the daughters and granddaughters 
of this cow. 

A later addition to the herd is imp. Rosehaugh 
Belle 2d, a roan of accepted Scotch breeding. 
She is quite a good individual. Imported Sudie 
Maid bred by the S. Campbell Estate is also in 
the herd. Her sire, Sittyton Yet, was a Duthie 



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A HISTORY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 229 

bred son of Knight of the Thistle and the five top 
dams in the pedigree are bred by Campbell. That 
Mr. Scholz has been using choice bulls may read- 
ily be inferred. Barney Boy by imp. Royal Pride 
was excellent and left good residts but the out- 
standing bull was Symphony's Prince, bred by 
S. C. Hanna. He was by Prince Royal, a son of 
imp. Collynie and imp. Princess Royal 62d. His 
dam was Symphony by Collynie and she was out 
of Syringia by Royal Knight. On close analysis 
of this pedigree it becomes clear why this bull 
proved an exceptional breeder, for his entire an- 
cestry were not only of rarely good descent, but 
were great individuals of much scale and no bull 
could claim more inherited merit. Next came 
Rosedale, a splendid, big, red son of Avondale out 
of imp. Rosebud 2d. I saw this bidl at eight years 
old and he is very impressive, with his straight 
lines, fine head and neck and full quarters and a 
great, deep body. The bull now in use is imp. 
Rosehaugh by the Anderson bred Osmond 715169 
and out of imp. Rosehaugh Belle 2d, mentioned 
above. This is a bull of considerable size and the 
young calves by him please Mr. Scholz very 
much. He rather thinks he will make one among 
the best bulls used in the herd. 

The Glancys, Atchison. — ^A big herd main- 
tained under favorable farm conditions is what I 
found at this place. Most of the cows seem to 
have been kept at the business of raising calves 



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230 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

and were a little thin but the few not suckling 
made a fine appearance. They showed a good 
deal of size and attractiveness. The foundation 
for this herd came from a splendid source, the 
herd of S. L. Cheney, at Empire City. Two well 
known bulls were represented in these cattle, 
Lord Lucan and Orange Blossom's Breastplate, 
both of which figure strongly in numerous pedi- 
grees. No effort has been made to carry any cer- 
tain line of breeding but desirable bulls coming 
from good herds have been used. The Glancys 
are constantly working for better development 
of the young stock and for a better herd for ex- 
hibition at stock shows. Twenty head were sold 
at the Hiawatha Breeders sale in November 1919. 
The 1918 heifer calf crop was sold to go into Illi- 
nois. The calf crop of 1919 was sold privately at 
satisfactory prices. 

Among the bulls that have been used was the 
white, Chancellor, an excellent individual bred by 
E. A. Hess of Iowa. His sire. Choice Knight, 
was by Choice Goods and out of Lassie of Tebo 
Lawn. His dam was bred by Mr. McDermott 
and was out of a daughter of imp. Craibstone. 
Alexander 233061 came through J. G. Robbins & 
Sons from Ohio. His sire, imp. Manchester, 
came from Geo. Shepherd's and was out of imp. 
Maud 41st. Good Goods is the bull now used. 
He is a big, smooth fellow and his sire. Silk 
Goods, has been well and favorably known for 



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A HISTOBT OF 8H0BTH0BNS IN KANSAS 231 

ten years. He is one of the few sons of Choice 
Groods still in service in Kansas and his dam is 
Lassie of Tebo Lawn whose dam was out of imp. 
Golden Hair. The dam of Good Goods is by Mel-: 
lowhide by Prince Royal, the big son of imp. Col- 
lynie and imp. Princess Royal 62d. Mellowhide's 
dam was by Captain Archer, a great sire of show 
stock and own brother to Sweet Mistletoe, dam of 
Lespedeza Collynie, International grand champ- 
ion in 1919. 

H. C, Graner, Lancaster. — ^Mr. Graner is an 
old breeder who can recount interesting experi- 
ences of early breeders in his locality. He has a 
new herd, or rather the foundation for a new 
herd. Imported Maria 30th is a low-set cow of 
nice appearance, combining the John Wilson line 
of breeding with that of Duthie and Bruce. Two 
of her daughters are in the herd, a two-year-old 
bred by Carpenter & Ross and sired by imp. 
Clnny Royal Windsor and a yearling bred by 
Mr. Graner and sired by imp. Gallant Favorite. 
(See Gigstad sketch.) The appearance of these 
heifers indicates that the cow is a good producer. 

Imported Red Rube, despite her bad name, is 
a good cow, rather an extra good one, with a 
great top and heart girth and plenty of size. She 
is by Prince Henry, bred by C. H. Joliffe and out 
of Rose of Diamonds by the Marr bred Dia- 
mond Butterfly. She is a very rapid breeder. 
Her three-year-old daughter, iihp. Red Rube 2d, 



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232 A HISTORY Oy.SHORTSOENS JN KANSAS 

promises to become as valuable as her mother 
and is now suckling a promising calf. Her next 
calf is the young roan bull sold to head the herd 
of A. A. Tennyson at Lamar and the last, a big, 
lusty heifer by imp. Lord Alexander, is on the 
farm. It is Mr. Graner's intention to raise his 
herd from these two imported cows and their de- 
scendants, which it should be easy to do, consid- 
ering their prohficacy. 

The herd bull, imp. Lord Alexander, is of 
large type. I saw him in light flesh and he shows 
plainly that Jie has not been pushed. He is 
straight-lined and quite smooth and his calves 
are big, thick and smooth. He comes from the 
Longmore line of cows, the same herd to which 
Mr. Cruickshank resorted for an outcross on his 
herd and the line of sires in his pedigree comes 
from some of Scotland's best breeders. 

The cattle described above will be kept on the 
farm and, to make room for the increase, the 
large herd which for years has been well known 
in northeast Kansas will be gradually closed out, 
the Shorthorns of modern breediiig in time be- 
coming the entire herd. 

Ashcraft Bros., Atchison. — This is one of the 
old breeding establishments in northeastern Kan- 
sas, Ashcraft Bros, having succeeded their fath- 
er, A. M. Ashcraft who was one of the well known 
breeders of Atchison county. Active operations 
began twenty-five years ago in the purchase of 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 233 

five nicely bred heifers from E, C. Thomas. In 
1906 an additional purchase was made from W. 
W. Brown. Harmony's Knight, bred by T. P. 
Babst & Sons, a son of the high priced Knight's 
Valentine and out of a dam by Laird of Linwood, 
was the bull in early service. Later Scottish 
Minstrel by imp. Scotch Mist was used. Free use 
was also made of the Glancy bulls. (See Glancy 
sketch.) 

A splendidly bred aged bull is now in service, 
A True Oimiberland 385024, son of True Cimi- 
berland 2d, by Cumberland's Last. His dam is 
a daughter of imp. Cluny Flora 79th by Royal 
Pride. He is attractive even in quite moderate 
flesh as I saw him, with fine head and neck, good 
quarters, strong loin and very deep body on short 
legs. A little openness and coarseness of shoulder 
are apparent, not a serious fault in an old and 
neglected bull. His calves look promising though 
the herd has not been kept for best development 
and these calves, coming through the line of 
descent they do, should be paying propositions. 
There are some good, strong cows here 
and only a little improvement in handling 
is needed. 

R. M. Bunnell & Sons, Lancaster. — Mr. Bunnell 
started a good little Shorthorn herd two years 
ago but it was only recently that he made most 
important additions, which can not fail to put his 
business on a splendid footing. The roan. Orange 

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234 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Victress 5th, was bred by W. A. Betteridge. She 
is one of the thick, smooth kind with much deptli 
of body and stands on short legs. She is a fine 
prospect as a breeder and comes from the best 
ancestry found among western Shorthorns. Her 
sire, Cumberland Dale, is by Masterpiece by 
Cumberland's Last out of an Avondale dam. Her 
dam is by the famous old Victorious that round- 
ed out an unusual career for Mr. Gentry and Mr. 
Betteridge and her second dam is by Lavender 
Viceroy, the best known son of Lavender Vis- 
count. Lady Avon 4th comes from the Hopl^n^ 
Stock Farm. She has much size and smoothness 
and is in every way desirable. Her sire is the il 
R. Hanna bred Eastlawn Champion, a grandso?i 
of two famous bulls, Newton Crystal and Vil- 
lager. Her dam carries the Whitehall Sultan 
blood through the well known Fond Memory and 
her grandam is by a son of Avondale out of a 
daughter of imp. Royal Girl. The bull being used 
is Peerless Goods, a very straight, smooth grand- 
son of Ruberta's Goods. His dam is by a son of 
Snowflake, the sire of Ringmaster, and his 
grandson is by Af ton Clipper, a son of Sweet Af- 
ton, own sister to Avondale. 

D. L. Dawdy, Arrington. — Mr. Dawdy has 
been in the Shorthorn business all his life. The 
occasion of his coming to Kansas from Illinois 
was the purchase of Governor Glick's farm and 
herd. (Part I.) The herd in July 1919 numbered 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 235 

about twenty-five females of whicli I shall men- 
tion a few. Archer's Lovely is a five-year- 
old red of good size and rather extra finish. Her 
sire, Maid's Archer, was by the International 
grand champion, Ceremonious Archer, out of 
imp. Ballechin Charming Maid. That she is a 
good producer and milker was fully proved by 
the appearance of the heifer calf at foot by Red 
Line. This bull is a son of imp. Scottish Sentinel 
and Sobriety 8th by imp. Strowan Star, Red 
Queen comes from the G. A. Betteridge herd. 
Her sire is Victor Model by Orange Model. The 
bull at the head of the herd is Cumberland Chief 
by Secret Cumberland by Dale's Cumberland 
353509, a son of Cumberland's Last and Dale's 
Golden Gift by Avondale. His dam is the Duncan 
bred Simplicity 2d by Golden Lavender. The 
herd has passed the government tuberculin test 
and is fully accredited. Mr. Dawdy has, in the 
course of his career, sold Shorthorns to buyers 
from fourteen states. He has the most remark- 
able memory for dates and numbers of any man 
I have met. He is sales manager for the North- 
east Kansas Breeders Association. 

W. H. Graner, Atchison.* — Mr. Graner is one 
of the old breeders of Atchison county. At the 
Breeders sale held in Kansas City in 1893 he 
bought three cows and a bull. A year later he 
bought another cow and from these his entire 



Farm near Lancaster. 

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236 A HISTORY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 

herd of 100 head is descended. During 
these years many animals of both sexes were 
sold for much more tiian enough to pay the 
maintainance of the herd. Mr. Graner has been 
a contributor to sales held in Kansas City and 
Wichita. The cattle are not developed to the 
best possible degree but they attain medium size 
and milking quality is not neglected. It is a 
region of blue grass, this country around Lan- 
caster, and except in the worst of winter, cattle 
thrive without much attention. 

One of the early bulls used was Victor Archer 
by Golden Archer 149821 out of Pleasant View 
Victoria by Blue Valley Duke 3d, a son of imp. 
Double Gloster and imp. Lovely 41st. Ballechin 
Archer was by Ceremonious Archer and out of 
imp. Ballechin Charming Maid. The three bulls 
now in use are imp. Proud General 77409, Vil- 
lage Minstrel by Sittyton Minstrel out of Mag- 
net's Pride 41823 and Red Villager by Villager 
Jr. These bulls are all of accepted good breeding. 
Mr. Graner, while living in Atchison, gives the 
herd much personal attention and expects to be 
succeeded by his son, Louis P. Graner. 

Ed Heglund, Lancaster. — Three elegant roan 
cows, even in size, style and color and said by Mr. 
Heglund to be representative of his entire herd, 
were what I had the pleasure of seeing in a small 
pasture near the house. The foundation came 
from C. D. Bellows and H. C. Duncan with some 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 237 

additions made later. One of these cows, it seem- 
ed to me, was just what a Shorthorn cow should 
be, good sized, fine in appearance, finished from 
end to end and suckling a big calf, yet carrying 
thick, smooth flesh. In addition to the desirable • 
qualities mentioned, this cow is a heavy milker. 

Among the bulls used by Mr. Heglund was 
Roan Goods, by that outstanding sire. White 
Gk>ods, by Choice Goods. Another was Goods by 
Golden Lancaster, dam by Good Choice. (See 
Gigstad sketch.) This bull was the sire of the 
cow mentioned above. I liked the young bull 
now in service. He, like the cows, is a beautiful 
bright roan and comes from C. P. Tut's herd at 
Bunceton, Missouri. His sire is Denmark 7th, 
a T>. E. Hanna bred son of Village Denmark, the 
great Villager bull used at Anoka, and out of an 
Avondale dam. His dam is by Sultan's Duke, a 
son of Waverly Dale by Avondale, a line of 
breeding which should give profitable results. 
This herd has furnished some valuable founda- 
tion stock for other herds, among them for that 
of Harrison Meyers of Leavenworth county. 

John Q. A. Miller, Muscotah. — Mr. Miller was 
raised with Shorthorns as his father, J. L. Miller, 
was a breeder forty years ago, owning one of the 
well known herds of Atchison county. He has a 
herd of about twenty females, and only one cow 
has been added by purchase recently, the rest 
having come from the herd kept on the farm 

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238 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

since 1880. The cow purchased is by imp. Proud 
Marshall out of a dam by Pitilivie Chief. In gen- 
eral, I found the cows of good size, straight-lined 
and indicating that they were reliable breeders 
and good sucklers. An excellent bull is in service, 
Rosedale by Avondale, out of imp. Rosebud 2d. 
This big red is a typical son of Avondale with 
plenty of size and uniform from end to end. Al- 
though eight years old, he would not be a bad 
show bull if put in anything like show condition. 
He was used for three years in the herd of C. A. 
Scholz before coming to Mr. Miller's and his 
purchase by Mr. Miller should prove one of the 
fortunate hits of his career. Excellent condi- 
tions are found on this farm for the successful 
production of every kind of live stock. It is a 
land of good pastures and alfalfa and with the 
experience the proprietor has had with Short- 
horns he should have no trouble, if he chooses to 
do so, to put his herd well along toward the top 
in Shorthorn rank and prestige. 

Scholz Bros., Huron.* — Scholz Bros, made 
purchases from C. A. Scholz six years ago ob- 
taining some of the best things from the herd, in- 
cluding Westlawn Blanche. (See C. A. Scholz 
sketch. ) These cows have been very prolific and 
the firm has had heifer luck. In addition to 
using the G. A. Scholz herd bulls including Rose- 
dale by Avondale, they have kept a bull of their 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 239 

own all the time. Golden Prize bred by K. Qt. 
Grigstad was by Golden Lancaster. (See Gigstad 
sketch.) His dam was a Bellows bred daughter 
of Victorallan, followed by Lavender King 3d 
and Armour Bearer, all high-class bulls. Golden 
Prize proved a good sire and much benefit re- 
sulted from his use. The present bull is imp. 
Rosewood Stamp. His ancestry is largely Duthie 
bred and includes the best of that great herd. He 
is a big fellow, very compact, carrying thick, 
even flesh and the calves by him out of the big 
cows are altogether promising. It is the inten- 
tion to put up a first-class herd and improve- 
ments just constructed will facilitate doing so. 
The pasture is excellent and there are alfalfa 
lands and fine water in abundance. With these 
favorable natural conditions are found the en- 
ergy and intelligence on the part of the owners 
to insure success. 

Since the article above was written the calves 
by imp. Rosewood Stamp are developing so well 
as to attract the general attention of breeders. 

H. C. Vansell & Sons, Muscotah. — This herd 
has been closely culled. One of the good females 
in the lot is a roan, Peerless Lady. Her sire, 
Snowflake Stamp, was by Snowflake and her 
dam was by the Carpenter & Eoss bred Afton 
Clipper. Proud Blossom, a two-year-old roan, 
is by Proud Monarch, a son of tiie noted sire, 
imp. Proud Marshal and the imported cow. 

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240 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Spicy Beauty 8th. The entire herd is as accept- 
ably bred as the two mentioned, not only through 
the line of sires but on the maternal side also. 
One of the bulls that has been used in building 
this herd is Rosedale by Avondale out of imp. 
Rosebud 2d. Another was Primrose Royal by 
Mr. Hanna's Prince Royal. One of the choice 
things in the herd, Dale's Golden Gift 2d, is by 
this bull. Dale's Cumberland, one of the best 
known of the herd bulls was a white by Cimiber- 
land's Last out of Dale's Golden Gift by Avon- 
dale. Another bull that has attracted attention 
is Beaver Creek Sultan. He went from Vansell's 
to Tomson Bros. ' herd where for several years he 
did good service. The bull now used is Roan 
Sultan by that noted sire, The Callant, the white 
son of Avondale, and the great cow, imp. Rose- 
wood Pride. He is not only the right kind of a 
bull but he is getting the right kind of calves, 
that bid fair to develop into high-^lass cows, 

Louthian Bros,, Huron.* — This is a firm of 
young men, nephews of the Scholz Bros., and 
their foundation was secured from C. A, Scholz. 
They have some valuable cows and the young 
things on the farm show good care. The best al- 
falfa hay I have seen this year was on this farm 
and alfalfa is a big factor in Shorthorn develop- 
ment. Louthian Bros, have a first-class bull, 
better than is usually found in a small herd. 



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A HI8T0BY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 241 

Orange Victor 454255 by Premier Victor 385110, 
is a grandson of Whitehall Sultan and out of a 
dam by the Norton bred Courtier 4th. Orange 
Victor did some service in Mr. Scholz's herd and 
is siring a splendid class of calves. 

BAEBEE COUNTY 

V. E. DeGeer, Deerhead.*— In 1908 Mr. De- 
Geer stepped into the business which his father 
had established in 1892. There are sixty females 
in the herd. The calf crop is being sold off every 
fall and these calves are giving satisfaction. 
Duchess of Ardlethen is by imp. Ardlethen Mys- 
tery and her dam is by Lord Nonpareil 2d, son 
of Golden Lord, the last bull used by Col. Harris. 
Emblem's Victoria is by imp. Proud Emblem 
Jr., one of Oklahoma's popular sires, and her 
dam is Lovely Victoria by Lovely Sultan 2d 307- 
481. Christmas is by Daring Archer, a Tomson 
bred son of Archer, he by imp. Collynie out of 
imp. Circe 3d. The dam of Christmas is by Lav- 
ender 's Choice, a George Bothwell bred son of 
Golden Lavender out of imp. Winifred 4th. 
Some of the cows have pedigrees that would meet 
with approval anywhere. 

Bulls of a splendid line have been used ; Baron 
Qodoy by Godoy Butterfly out of Barmpton's 
Joy, the dam of Barmpton Knight ; imp. Ardle- 
then Mystery used and much advertised by Col. 

* station, Lake City; telephone, Ranchman's, Lake City. 

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242 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Ed Green ; Royal Pavonia of the same ancestry 
as Mr. Nevius' Prince Pavonia with imp. Con- 
queror added and Orange King 2d by the out- 
standing sire, Victor Orange. The bull now 
used is Albino by Alfalfa Leaf News 7th, son of 
Good News out of Nonpareil Victoria of John 
Regier's breeding for several generations. 
His dam is by Hallwood Goods, son of Choice 
Goods and imp, Sylvia, 

BOURBON COUNTY 

C. M. Howard & Sons, Hammond. — This is one 
of the big herds of Kansas and consists largely 
of double standard stock. While an effort is 
being made to breed off the horns it is not carried 
to such an extent as would effect either the 
size or the quality of the cattle. I have seen a 
niunber of animals from this herd and liked them 
very much for they had size, finish and a high 
degree of practical utility. The herd was estab- 
lished in 1898 and now 100 females are 
kept on the farm a few miles north of Fort Scott. 
While the cattle are not fed for the best possible 
development, yet they are being well grown and 
the cows range in size from medium to large. 

The earlier purchase of foundation stock re- 
presented good individuals and the bulls used 
have been such as to work improvement. Later 
purchases have been more within the line of uni- 
versal approval as to pedigree and the tendency 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 243 

seems manifest to eventually bring the herd to 
the basis of the more popular blood lines of the 
day. At the Salter-Eobison sale in May, 1920 
three heifers, all well along in calf to Dale's Ee- 
nown, were secured. Each of these heifers is 
by Public Opinion, a son of the splendid bull. 
Masterpiece, by Ben Wyvis and the breeding is 
riot only of the best but it is also of the kind that 
is very popular. Since then Mr. Howard bought 
Mina Marigold Lady and her heifer calf by imp. 
Proud Archer. This young cow is not only of the 
best type but her ancestry is of such quality as to 
recommend her to the most critical. 

I shall mention only two herd bulls, both com- 
ing from the leading Polled herd in America, bf- 
ficial Duke bred by J. H. Miller was by Golden 
Gauntlet, one of the best of Mr. Miller's early 
bulls. The present herd bull. Forest Sultan, 
comes from Mr. Miller's. He is by Sultan's 
Creed by Sultan of Anoka, sire of more high- 
class Polled herd bulls than any other bull of the 
breed. Forest Sultan's dam is by Linwood Favor- 
ite by imp. Cock Robin, a bull of national reputa- 
tion as a sire. That Forest Sultan is a great sire 
is shown in his get and the reason for this may 
easily be credited to the fact that he represents a 
strong concentration of Whitehall Sultan and 
imp. Cock Robin, two of the breed's great bulls. 

J. R. Newman, Fort Scott. — ^Dr. Newman is a 
very busy man with an exacting practice and, 



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244 A InSTOBY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

like many of his profession, he is building up 
agricultural and pastoral interests by keeping 
on a farm near the city some excellent Short- 
horns that afford recreation, pleasure and profit. 

Waiving consideration of the herd prior to the 
1919 American Eoyal, the purchases made by 
Dr. Newman at that sale put his herd in a lead- 
ing position and assure its favorable recognition 
by all interested in the right kind of cattle. 
Four cows, selected from among the best of that 
excellent offering, fell to his bidding and those 
who are familiar with the class of cattle selected 
by Mr. Cochel for the Eoyal sales will admit that 
Dr. Newman purchased valuable breeding stock. 
He also purchased at the same sale the outstand- 
ing bull. Village Alderman 796609. This admir- 
able roan was bred by Tomson Bros, and he was 
one of the highest priced bulls in the sale, if not 
the top. His sire is Village Marshal, a winner 
of numerous prizes and a breeding bull that in 
the Tomson herd has attracted national atten- 
tion. Village Alderman is out of Norwood Au- 
gusta 3d by the Marr bred imp. Crescent Knight 
and his grandam is the Bruce bred imp. Augusta 
105th by Waverly. The high merit of this bull 
combined with his elegant pedigree and with the 
class of cows as indicated, puts the Newman herd 
in the first rank, 

L. D. Hayes, Bronson. — ^Mr. Hayes has a herd 
of twenty females that are above the average in 

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A HISTORY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 245 

size. He has been showing at Blue Mound and 
at the Bourbon county fairs, winning well in all 
classes shown. He has contributed to the Inter- 
state sales at Nevada, Mo., 1919 and at Fort 
Scott, 1920. His location in one of the best cattle 
sections in extreme eastern Kansas gives him a 
good local market for his production. In the 
herd are daughters and granddaughters of the 
Cookson bred Admiral Broadhooks, a son of the 
well known Young Commodore and imp. Scarlet 
Bangle ; also of the Bellows bred Victor Sultan. 
Lord Victor, an excellent and desirably bred 
roan bull, heads the herd. 

Elmer Mcintosh, Hepler. — Mr. Mcintosh has 
bred Shorthorns for ten years and has kept his 
herd closely culled. One of his good cows is 
Madeline Lavender by a Bellows bred son of 
Chief Sultan 279108, Victor Sultan. Her dam 
is by Godwin, famous sire of splendid producing 
females. Roan Isabella, another good cow, is by 
Marr Ciunberland, a son of Cumberland's Last 
and imp. Lady Marr. Victor Sultan, mentioned 
above, was much used in the herd. At present 
the herd bull is Choice Lavender by a son of 
Best of Goods, well known son of Choice Goods 
and the excellent cow. Runaway Girl, by imp. 
CoUynie. There are some cows of very attrac- 
tive breeding in this herd. 

Will Edmonds, Hepler. — WhUe Mr. Edmonds 
has only a small herd, he is making an effort to 

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246 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

have it a good one. He has used two bulls, both 
from excellent ancestry. Choice Lavender is a 
grandson of Bellows Bros/ Best of Goods and 
his dam is a daughter of the Duthie bred inij>. 
Lavender Champion. The other bull, Victor 
Sultan 318050, comes from Bellows Bros, and 
has for sire Chief Sultan by Whitehall Chief and 
his dam is Beaver Creek Victoria, one of a very 
popular line of cows. 

W. W. Wilson, Walnut*— Mr. Wilson and his 
sons, while comparatively new in the business, 
already have ten females and an excellent white 
bull. The cows iire rather large and the young 
stock is being well grown out. I have met Mr. 
Wilson and his boys and feel that they will be- 
come successful Shorthorn men. They are co- 
operating with other breeders in association sales 
and in everjrthing which will build up general 
Shorthorn interests. 

BROWN COUNTY 
T. J. Sands, Robinson. — ^Mr. Sands is one of tlie 
best and most favorably known breeders of 
nortlieast Kansas. He began his operations along- 
pure bred lines in 1893, and to use his own ex- 
pression, ''The cows just had to pay." While 
this condition may no longer apply, they are pay- 
ing and will continue to pay well. Just before 
ray visit to Mr. Sands' farm he had sold two nice 



station, bavonburg; telephone, Hepler. 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 247 

young cows at $1000 each to go into a good Mis- 
souri herd and had refused the same price for 
two more because he felt he needed them in Lis 
business. Mr. Sands will not be likely to make 
the mistake so frequently made by breeders, ttiat 
of selling anything in the herd regardless of 
whether he can spare it or not. Retaining one's 
best is the only way of achieving success as a 
breeder. 

Mr. Sands has proceeded and is still proceed- 
ing along what is usually known as the line of 
least resistance. He intends to sell his customers 
what they want rather than to try to sell them 
what they are not looking for. In order to meet 
all demands which might be made as far as pedi- 
gree is concerned, he has built up his herd on 
very popular foundations and has used bulls of 
entirely approved breeding. This enables him to 
supply the demand of the man who is crit- 
ical where blood lines are concerned, in fact he 
himself is one of the most critical of men in this 
regard, probably because of his desire to have his 
herd unobjectionable to any one in this respect. 

It would be of little interest to tell in detail of 
purchases made by Mr. Sands nearly thirty 
years ago and I shall confine myself to the ani- 
mals that have gone to build up the present herd. 
Lady Cinderella, bred by George AUen, a daugh- 
ter of Lord Missie 252006, was out of imp. Lady 
Clara 4th bred by Duthie and sired by Golden 



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248 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Ray, sire of the well remembered Kansas bull, 
imp. Mariner. Lady Cinderella not only had 
elegant breeding with the prestige of good breed- 
ers but she was also a good individual. Two of 
her bulls, Classical Sultan and Clansman, did 
satisfactory service in the herd for a time and 
there are now eight of her daughters and grand- 
daughters on the farm. Another profitable pur- 
chase was Naomi's Ruth by Clipper Chief 174- 
514. She was out of imp. Naomi Ruth 2d by 
imp. Best of Archers. She has produced a num- 
ber of good calves and one of her daughters by 
Classical Sultan is an outstanding producer. 
Ortiz Victoria 2d from the S. P. Enamons' Sybil 
family, sired by Lord Lieutenant 2d, has been a 
good producer and she and her descendants 
have been very profitable and are highly 
esteemed by Mr. Sands. Scottish Lady 2d by 
Barmpton Knight has several daughters in the 
herd and a number of her descendants have been 
sold. They are large and smooth and are excel- 
lent breeders. One of them, Scotch Lady by 
Royal Leader, has a daughter that is the dam of 
a show calf. Several of the cows in the herd 
come from Miss Orange 4th by Courtier 2d. Miss 
Orange 4th was owned by S. L. Cheney, at one 
time the owner of a splendid herd in Cherokee 
county. Imported Scottish Belle by Scottish 
Gem, a son of Gartley Landseer, is a young cow 
and the dam of an unusually low down, smooth, 



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A HISTOBT OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 249 

even, red bull. Her dam is by Golden Mascot 
Favorite out of a cow of William of Orange. 
Imported Scottish Belle is highly valued by Mr, 
Sands on account of both breeding and individu- 
al merit. Possibly the best purchase made was 
that of imp. Nonpareil 35th bred by Campbell. 
Her sire was Kintore Hero. She was bought 
about ten years ago and the five daughters in 
the herd, together with their descendants, are 
highly desirable. 

Royal Leader bred by W. A. Betteridge was 
one of the best bulls used. His sire was Laven- 
der Viceroy, son of the International champion, 
Lavender Viscount. His dam was a daughter of 
imp Spartan Hero, second dam imp. Princess 
Royal 6th by Border Chief. Royal Leader sired 
a lot of big, smooth, beefy cows that are proving 
excellent breeders and sucklers. Snowstorm was 
by Snowf lake out of imp. Bessie 51st, the dam of 
the wonderfully good Choice Goods bull, White 
Goods. He was a sire of exceptionally smooth, 
finely finished cattle. Classical Sultan was by the 
Whitehall Sultan bull, Victor Sultan and out of 
Cinderella 2d, mentioned above. Clansman, an- 
other bull used, was also out of this cow and by 
Snowstorm. Both these bulls did considerable 
service in the herd. The present herd bull is 
Lavender Emblem a two-year-old white. He is 
large, very close to the ground, has an elegant 
head and neck, very straight lines, a thick, deep 



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250 



A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



body, good quarters and a fine covering of flesh. 
His sire is Diamond Emblem and his dam is 
Maxwalton Lavender 2d by Avondale. She is a 
full sister to Carpenter & Boss' noted sire, Max- 




LA VENDER EMBLEM, A NOTED KANSAS STATE FAIR AND 
AMERICAN ROYAL PRIZE WINNER 

waltou Renown, second dam imp. Lavender 
Bloom by Silver Plate. Lavender Emblem was 
second at Topeka and third at the Royal in 1920. 
That the merit and breeding of this bull put him 
in a high class can not be denied and the young 
calves by him are most promising. 

J. F. Lukert & Sons, Robinson. — ^More than 
usual care has been taken in putting this business 
on foot and there is more than the usual showing 
found with new breeders. The pure bred herd 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 251 

is succeeding a lierd of grade cows and it is ad- 
mitted that the producer of good high grades is 
well equipped to produce pure bred Shorthorns. 
The cows selected are uniform in type and that 
type is good size, close to the ground, straight 
lines, feminine head and neck, with apparent 
constitution and at least reasonably good milk- 
ing propensity. The calves at foot are numerous 
and of desirable type and quality. 

The purchases were made from good herds. 
John McCoy & Son furnished several head by 
Pride of Collynie, Good Scotchman and Gladys' 
Chief, the first named having been a full brother 
to the dam of an International grand champion 
and the last named out of a full sister to the 
champion, Lavender Viscount. (See McCoy 
sketch.) Secret Goods by Howell Rees & Sons' 
Ruberta's Goods is out of a dam by Norton's ex- 
cellent Banker's Victor. Lord Lancaster by 
Governor Shallenberger's His Highness; Orange 
Lad representing Lavender Viceroy; Lovely's 
Scotchman by Good Scotchman mentioned above 
and other bulls of similar breeding and quality 
are the sires of the cows found on the Lukert 
fai*m. 

The bull used the past season, the sire of the 
calves, is a nice roan, rather large but smooth 
and even. He is by Augusta's Sultan, bred at 
Browndale, and out of Sittyton Augusta 2d by 
Masterpiece. He is satisfactory and would be 

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252 A HISTORY OP SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 

retained longer but for the purchase of a red, 
imp. Myreton Seal, a Bruce bred son of Sir Star. 
This bull has good length, he is smooth and even, 
with nice head and neck and is attractive, but 
like most of the bulls recently imported, is not 
so well grown out as our best American speci- 
mens. Two other additions to the herd recently 
acquired by purchase are Saturn Secret and 
Choice Butterfly. Saturn Secret was bred by 
Mr. Harshberger and sired by Sir Charming 
10th. Her dam was out of a daughter of imp. 
Knight Templar. Choice Butterfly is by Col- 
lynie Goods who was a full brother to Diamond 
Emblem, he having had for sire the champion, 
Diamond Goods and for dam the elegant cow, 
Emily by imp. CoUynie. (See H. M. Hill sketch.) 

If the reader will stop to consider the value of 
a foundation such as is presented in this herd, he 
will be convinced that it is the right way to begin. 
The idea of the Lukerts was to get the kind of 
cattle they wanted and in doing so they got ele- 
gant ancestry as well, for only rarely do first- 
class Shorthorns come from any but first-class 
ancestors. 

John McCoy & Son, Sabetha. — There are few^ 
better herds in Kansas than the McCoy herd. 
It is one of the oldest in the state and after forty- 
one years is stiU partially under the care of the 
founder. The foundation was laid with excellent 
judgment. Mr. McCoy tells the story of how he 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 253 

went to John G. Cowan's in 1881 with money 
enough to buy, as he thought, seven or eight cows 
and Uncle John explained to him why he should 
buy the very best though fewer in number. He 
took the advice and went home with four fe- 
males, two by Loudon Duke 6th and two that 
were out of his daughters. 

Loudon Duke 6th was one of the greatest 
American bulls and these excellent purchases 
were worthy of consideration anywhere. Lord 
Byron, also from the Cowan herd by Bell Duke 
of Thorndale was a show bull of the first class 
and proved a good sire. Again the Cowan herd 
was resorted to for a bull and this time a son of 
imp. Scottish Lord was chosen. It was the first 
strong infusion of Scotch blood and on the big, 
smooth cows a great success was scored. 

For years no additions of females were made 
but later some choice specimens were added. As 
I saw them they were all of the same old McCoy 
type as the cows descended from the Cowan pur- 
chases. They are all of the choicest modern 
breeding. Three of them I especially noted. One 
came from W. A. Betteridge, one from T. J. 
Dawe and one from Everett Hayes and a few 
other choice ones came from R. T. Scott of Ne- 
braska. 

Good bulls have always been used in this herd. 
While this does not mean that in every case they 
were bred in the latest fashion, yet it would be 



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254 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

hard to find a more popularly bred bull, or one 
descended from better ancestry than Pride of 
CoUynie. He was own brother to Captain Archer, 
Stodder's famous sire, and to Sweet Mistletoe, 
dam of the $4100 Imperial Mistletoe and Les- 
pedeza CoUynie, the 1919 International grand 
champion. Gladys' Chief, another good one, was 
by Chief Justice by imp. Spartan Hero and out 
of a full sister to the International champion, 
Lavender Viscount. Secret Goods, by Ruberta's 
Goods was used with excellent results for sev- 
eral years and Good Scotchman by Scotchman 
245103 out of Good Lassie, a granddaughter of 
imp. Golden Hair by Choice Goods, grand 
champion of America, was used until recently, 
siring a splendid lot of females. 

The history of the McCoy herd is one of con- 
tinuous success. It has almost ceased to be a 
question of improvement but it is now rather a 
questionof maintaining unusual size and quality. 
This standard has been attained by sound judg- 
ment, liberal feeding and good care. The herd 
is a living monument to a man who recognized no 
rule except that of individual excellence. 

N. B, Hansen, Willis. — ^Mr. Hansen apparent- 
ly has everything needed to make a success of 
Sh€^*bwH»^iiaeluding a first-class farm. More 
than ordinary judgment has been used in mak- 
ing initial purchases. The cows are good indi- 
viduals, nearly all of them having plenty of size 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 255 

and being of the type usually proving reliable 
breeders. Bulls from good herds have been used 
with satisfactory results. 

Three of the cows came through Miss Sharon 
5th bred by G. Y, Johnson and sired by Royal 
Sharon, a son of Courtier 2d by imp. Prince 
Bishop out of Norton's Sweet Charity 4th. Two 
others are worthy of special mention. One is 
Emblem's May by the well known Diamond Em- 
blem, Mr. Dawe's late show and breeding bull, 
whose get in the Dawe show herd recently won 
honors at the Missouri state fair. Her dam is 
by Good Scotchman, the splendid bull used so 
successfully by D. E, Reber and John McCoy. 
The other cow is Lady Marshal by Cumberland 
Marshal, best known to Kansas breeders as the 
sire of Village Marshal, the big white bull at the 
head of Tomson Bros.' herd. Her dam is by 
King Cumberland 2d by Cumberland's Last, 
a line of breeding not excelled. Mr. Hansen 
made a valuable addition to his herd in 
Victoria Dream 756125 bought at the 1920 Cen- 
tral sale and will continue to improve both by 
breeding and by purchase. 

H. V. Kleppe & Sons, Everest* — ^Here is a herd 
of fifty females descended from excellent an- 
cestry. Matilda, a daughter of the McDermott 
bred True Goods, is out of Naomi Ruth 5th, a 
daughter of imp. Naomi's Ruth 2d. Another 

* Telephone, Leona Mutual. 

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256 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

good daughter of True Goods is the red, Goldie. 
Her dam is by Snowflake Baron, son of Snow- 
flake, sire of the International grand champion, 
Ringmaster. Scotchman's Helene is a white by 
Good Scotchman, a bull that did splendid service 
for years in Brown county. Good Scotchman's 
dam was the well known Good Lassie by Choice 
Goods. Emblem's May is by Diamond Emblem, 
well known sire and show bull in T. J. Dawe's 
herd. The dam of Emblem's May was by Good 
Scotchman. The cows range in size from medium 
to large and the herd is being given liberal treat- 
ment. 

One of the best bulls used was True Goods, a 
son of Pair Goods, the son of two famous show 
and breeding animals, Choice Goods and Ru- 
bei-ta. Choice Goods was America's champion 
for three years and Ruberta was the undefeated 
show cow of her day and one of the country's 
best producers. Clansman, bred and much used 
by T. J. Sands, was also in service. The present 
herd bull, Homewood Augusta Lad, is a red by 
Village Glory out of Village Augusta, both his 
sire and dam being by Villager Omega, one of the 
favorably known sons of imp. Villager. 

E. E. Taylor, Hiawatha. — ^Mr. Taylor has a 
good little herd which he is planning to increase 
both in numbers and in quality. He is well 
located for the business. Recently he has taken 
steps which make his an accredited herd. Some 



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. A. HISTOBT OV SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 257 

real Shorthorn bulls appear in the immediate 
ancestry of Mr. Taylor's cattle. Pride of Col- 
lynie out of imp. Collynie and out of imp. Mistle- 
toe 15th was a bull that sired a great lot of cows 
for John McCoy and he was own brother to 
Captain Archer and Sweet Mistletoe; Snow- 
flake, owned and well known in Brown county, 
later the sire of Ringmaster, American grand 
champion; Victor Butterfly, the sire of Victor 
Orange, Henry StunkePs great breeding bull; 
Dale's Cumberland by Cumberland's Last; 
Prince of Tebo Lawn ; Royal Diadem and Snow- 
storm, both good ones, used locally; imp. Cup- 
bearer, three years America's champion; 
Barmpton Knight that went from this locality 
to Tomson Bros, and became famous all over the 
West and Hampton's Best, a great sire by imp. 
Merry Hampton. 

The herd bull is Secret Cumberland by Dale's 
Cumberland and his dam is by Golden Lavender 
from George Bothwell's herd, out of a Grand 
Victor cow. It is only reasonable to presume that 
this infusion of excellent blood both in females 
and in the herd bull with the practice of proper 
care and liberal feeding will enable Mr. Taylor 
to produce first-class Shorthorns. 

C. A. Babbit, Willis. — ^Mr. Babbit keeps only a 
few cows but he says these may as well be Short- 
horns, even though he milks them. The little 
herd is selected with a view of producing good 



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258 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

calves and a profitable amount of milk. This 
line of work will be continued. Thoughtful 
people everywhere recognize that on high priced 
land every edge must cut if anything like a rea- 
sonable profit is to be made in farming and this 
plan of Mr. ^Babbit's with good milking Short- 
horns instead of scrubs is rapidly gaining in 
favor. 

BUTLER COUNTY 
Park E. Salter, Wichita. — This is one of the 
leading herds in the entire central West and its 
rise to prominence has been very rapid. The 
farm upon which the herd has been kept until 
this time is twenty miles southeast of Wichita 
and consists of about 1000 acres of excellent 
limestone blue stem land. Good crops of alfalfa 
are being grown.. Mr. Salter has recently bought 
two farms of 160 acres each, close together, 
lying ten miles east of Wichita and the three 
farms will be used in the growing of Shorthorns, 
the cattle being divided to suit the occasion. It 
would be difficult to find better natural re- 
sources for successfully carrying on the work 
than are found here — ^all kinds of pasture, an 
abundance of running water of the best quality, 
fertile fields that will grow big crops of forage, 
with plenty of sheltered locations in belts of tim- 
ber to furnish shade in summer and comfort in 
winter. The improvements already on the farms 



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IMP. BAPTON CORPOBAL 



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260 A HISTOBT OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

and those planned for the future will facilitate 
the handling of stock in the best possible manner. 
How Mr. Salter came to take up breeding Short- 
horns and what he has accomplished is one of 
the interesting stories of the development of the 
industry in Kansas. 

It was in the cheap times, about 1890, that Mr. 
Salter's father bought a red Shorthorn bull calf 
(they had to be red in those days) and turned it 
over to Park, then a boy, with instructions to 
take care of it. The boy did so, not only feeding 
it well but breaking it to lead and to ride. The 
bull developed into a big, fine fellow and was 
the basis of Mr. Salter's early fondness for 
Shorthorns. 

Some years ago while still handling steers in 
large numbers, as was the custom of all farmers 
in his neighborhood, Mr. Salter decided that the 
buying and selling of steers was too uncertain 
and concluded he would keep cows instead. Be- 
ing unable to buy a lot of good grade cows, he 
bought some cheap pure breds but, like many 
others, he did not adhere closely to the original 
plan of producing only market cattle. By selling 
and buying he improved the quality of his cows 
and, after using medium bulls for two years, he 
awoke to the fact that if he was to make any 
mark as a breeder he must have a high-class bull. 
Rosewood Dale, a son of Avondale, the outstand- 
ing bull of his day and out of imp. Rosewood 92d, 

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262 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

one of the best cows in the Carpenter & Ross 
herd, was available and for $3000 he was placed 
at the head of the Salter herd of Shorthorns. 
Better cows were added, some of the first good 
ones having been secured at the dispersion of the 
Hasebrook herd in Wilson county. 

Mr. Salter now had some cows of real excel- 
lence and an outstanding bull. Most men would 
have been satisfied with this start and would 
have settled down to a quite, easy life. It was at 
this time that I first met Mr. Salter and he told 
me within fifteen minutes that he was going to 
have cows as good as any one had and as good a 
bull to help Rosewood Dale as he could find. The 
purchase of some excellent cows in Canada along 
with the bull, imp. Newton Friar, followed. Im- 
ported Bapton Corporal, the top bull of the Car- 
penter & Ross importation and more high-class 
cows were added. Imported British Emblem 
came a little later and all the while Mr. Salter 
kept his eyes open for cows. This process has 
been going on and the indications are that it will 
continue indefinitely. 

The buying and selling of the cheaper class of 
Shorthorns, in which line Mr. Salter did a large 
business, have been mostly discontinued and it 
is now the main object to produce as good a herd 
as possible and to have it unobjectionable in 
every way to the critical buyer. The material od 
hand for the production of such a herd is of the 

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264 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

best. In fact, the herd is alieady on the farm 
but the same desire for improvement that led 
Mr. Salter to change from medimn to high-class 
cows and from a common bull at $150 to Rose- 
wood Dale at $3000 will manifest itself as long as 
he breeds Shorthorns for by nature and inclin- 
ation he belongs in the class that seeks better- 
ment. 

A visit to the pastures will convince any one as 
to the quality of the cattle. Good ones are plenti- 
ful and it is not difficult to find those of put- 
standing quality. Among these is Hallwood Lav- 
ender by the well known sire, Village Flash. She 
is the dam of a very promising roan bull calf. 
Lavender Leaf comes from danada, from the 
herds of W. C. Edwards. Her sire. Prince 
of Orange, was a noted son of Missie's Champion. 
One of her daughters sold in the 1919 Salter sale 
for $2000. An imported daughter of the noted 
bull Keep Smiling is Whitehall Mist. She is deep, 
thick and smooth and her maternal ancestry for 
several generations comes from Mr. Durno's 
noted herd. She has a wonderfully promising 
white calf that looks every inch a real bull and 
is slated for at least some service in the herd and 
probably for a show yard career. 

It will be recalled that in his 1919 sale Mr. Sal- 
ter sold a cow for $3500. Cherry Blossom 6th is 
a highly prized daughter of this cow that topped 
the highest sale ever held in Kansas. Countess 



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266 A HIST0B7 OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 

Missie is an elegant light roan and comes 
from Canada. Her sire was Bandsman Com- 
mander and her dam was by imp. Old Lancaster, 
one of the best bulls among the many good Can- 
adian sires. Pair Mona is by Pair Acres Sultan, 
the most noted son of Whitehall Sultan ever 
used in the Southwest and her dam is by Fair 
Goods, the son of the champion, Choice Goods 
out of Ruberta, that as a heifer and cow occupies 
a leading position in American Shorthorn his- 
tory. I shall not close this account of the cows in 
Mr. Salter's herd without telling of three splen- 
did daughters of Hampton Spray. These are not 
show cows; Hampton Spray was not known as 
a sire of show stock, but he did get heifers that 
developed into big, rugged breeding cows sucli 
as few bulls have to their credit. On their dam's 
side these cows represent four bulls whose names 
are household words in Kansas and Oklahoma 
Shorthorn circles : imp. CoUynie, Captain Arch- 
er, imp. Lord Cowslip and Royal Knight. (See 
Hanna sketch.) 

The regard in which Mr. Salter's herd is held 
is best found in the appraisement placed on its 
products by the buying public. Several public 
sales had been made prior to 1919 at which good 
prices had been secured and numerous private 
transactions had scattered Park Place Shor1>- 
horns over a wide territory. The announcement 
that fifty head from the herd were to be sold at 



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A HISTOBY OF BHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 267 

auction in Wichita, May 16, 1919, brought out a 
large crowd from a number of states. The sale 
was a success in every way with a general aver- 
age for the entire lot of more than $1500 making 
it the record sale for the state. The top price for 
bulls was $10000 paid for 2d Fair Acres Sultan 
and for females $3500 paid for Cherry Blossom 
6th. Two bull calves and two heifer calves by 
imp. Bapton Corporal brought an average of 
$1450 and a yearling heifer by Rosewood Dale 
brought $2000. 

When the 1920 sale was announced for May 15, 
there were those who wondered if Mr. Salter 
would be able to secure so high an average as the 
year before. It was pointed out that he did not 
have a $10000 two-year-old bull to help pull 
values up and that the money market which was 
tight would naturally affect purchases of high 
priced stock. The day was rainy but a large 
crowd from seven states was present and the 
entire offering from Park Place Farm was sold 
at an average of more than $1900. Missie's Last 
a six-year-old grandson of Whitehall Sultan that 
had been doing service in the herd brought $6100 
going to H. C. Lookabaugh and the fifteen- 
month-old Emblem Jr. by imp. British Emblem 
went to E. S. Dale of Protection, Kansas at 
$4000. Miss Snowbird Sultan and her white 
heifer calf by Fair Acres Sultan Jr. went to Car- 
penter & Ross at $5000 and Lady Supreme, 



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268 A HISTOBY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 



grand champion at Denver, the Kansas National, 
Fort Worth, at innumerable state fairs and at 
the American Royal was knocked off to Frank 
Scof ield of Texas at $4800. By reason of these I 
prices Mr. Salter now holds the record of having ! 
made the highest priced and second highest 
priced sale of Shorthorns in Kansas; also of j 
selling the highest priced bull and the highest , 
priced cow sold in the state and of producing and 
selling the highest priced fifteen-month-old bull 
ever sold in the state. 

John Regier, Whitewater. — If you do not 
know Mr. Regier you should get acquainted with 
him for he is one of Nature's noblemen. Quiet, 
unassuming, and conservative he is honest as the 
mid-»June day is long. When he makes a state- 
ment, it is true. But that is not all. He is a 
Shorthorn breeder with a record of achievement 
such as only a few breeders in Kansas can show. 
His twenty-five females, with the exception of 
two, were bred on the farm and most of them 
are from cows of his own breeding. There is 
not a second-class animal in the lot. 

It is a uniform herd, nothing extremely large 
and nothing smaU, just a herd of good, big, beefy, 
smooth Shorthorns. Every cow raises her own 
calf and it grows big and fat. The Regier herd is 
well fed and well cared for but the feed is not 
expensive. Ensilage and alfalfa are used with a 
protein ration for the calves. I saw the cows 



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A Hld-TOB^ OF SHOBl^HOBKS IN KANSAS 



269 



recently, some of them suckling, and they are 
as thrifty a lot as one could wish to find. This 
ability to do well on farm feeds is second nature 
with these cattle, for generations of such feeding 




NONPAEEIL STAR 

with a little culling out — ^not much culling has 
been necessary — ^has done the work. 

Mr. Regier began breeding in 1902. In 1905 
he began showing. He went to the Butler county 
and the Harvey county fairs and quoting his own 
words, **I got first in every class entered/' The 
next year he ventured farther from home, going 
to Hutchinson, which was at that time endeavor- 
ing to be the permanent location for the state 
fair, where with plenty of competition he did not 



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270 



A HISTOEY OP SHOETHOBNS IN KANSAS 



win everything for which he showed but he won 
his share, among which was first on bull calf. W. 
A. Harris was the judge. Later he showed at 
Topeka, Wichita, Hutchinson and Kansas City, 




i^ 






GOOD NEWS 

always well in the money but seldom at the top 
for the reason that most exhibitors had nurse 
cows and all kinds of dainties and Scotchmen for 
their cattle while Mr. Regier had only the calf's 
mother and good ordinary feed and himself as 
herdsman. 

The reader will want to know something of 
these cows. Calla 2d, a twelve-year-old red, but 
very vigorous and thrifty, is by Nonpareil Star. 
Her dam is by Orange Hero, a son of Godoy, he 



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A HIBTOBY OF 8H0BTH0BNS IN KANSAS 271 

bjrimp. Spartan Hero out of imp. Golden Thistle. 
Calla 2d's second dam is Bashful 6th by Prince 
President 2d, the son of imp. Prince President 
and Mysie 45th, a cow that was the dam of sever- 
al good herd bulls. Then there is Calla 3d, a roan 
daughter of Calla 2d by Good News, the bull that 
was shown at three state fairs and won three 
firsts, before Mr. Regier bought him. News Vic- 
toria — ^the cattle are named after their ancestry 
— is one of the good ones and like Calla 3d she is 
a daughter of New Goods but her dam breaks in- 
to a new line. When Jas. Tomson, away back in 
1897, saw the red bull calf that tickled his fancv 
and straightway told his father that was the 
bull they must buy, Gallant Knight had his com- 
ing-out party and this daughter of New Goods 
had for a dam 5th Elderlawn Victoria by Gallant 
Knight and for grandam Victoria of Maple Hill 
by Chief Violet of Maple Hill. Another daugh- 
ter of New Goods is Edelweiss 9th, a seven-year- 
old roan out of Edelweiss 3d a daughter of imp. 
Lord Banff. 

It was in 1904 or 1905 that Mr. Regier wanted 
a Shorthorn cow as good as the best. M. E. Jones 
had bought imp. Lord Banff, a bull for which G. 
E. Ward had paid the then unheard-of price of 
$5100 and Jones was selling some cows bred to 
him and some with calves at foot by him. Im- 
ported Edelweiss, probably the best, at least the 
highest priced one and one of the highest priced 



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272 



A HISTORY -OT^^HWWHOBNB -Ti^ -JSUkN&i& 



COWS sold in America that year caine to Mr. 
Regier^s along with a heifer calf by imp. Lord 
Banff. This heifer was Edelweiss 3d and it is 
from this Edelweiss purchase that a cow bred by 




MAXWALTON MANDOLIN 

Mr. Regier topped one of the Salter sales at 
$1625. 

We have been told and are telling over and 
over again that the bull is the big end of the busi- 
ness. Nonpareil Star was the first of Mr. Re- 
gier 's bulls. So good an authority as B. O. Cowan 
has told us in his History of Missouri Shorthorns 
that there was little use of any one else showing 
against George Bothwell and the get of imp. 
Nonpareil Victor. Nonpareil Star was the bull 
calf in one of Mr. BothwelPs greatest show herds 



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A HISTORY. OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 273 

and he was by imp. Nonpareil Victor. His dam 
was by Chief Violet 4th, a son of Scottish Chief, 
sire of Rosedale Violet 9th and out of Rosedale 
Violet 2d, a daughter of imp. Marsh Violet. 

Good News is the next bull that left an impress 
on the herd. His sire was New Goods, a son of 
Choice Goods out of a cow by imp. CoUynie and 
his dam was by a son of Lavender Viscount, 
grand champion at the first International show 
in 1900. Then came Dale Emblem, son of Owen 
Kane's Double Dale, the great double cross 
Avondale sire of such unusual excellence. Dale 
Emblem's dam was by Snowflake, sire of Ring- 
master, the only bull ever awarded the Inter- 
national grand championship three times. Scotch 
Cumberland followed Double Dale. His sire is 
Cumberland Type, the most sensational show 
bull of recent years, said to have been shown 
thirty-seven times at America's biggest shows 
and to have won thirty-seven first prizes. His 
sire was by Cumberland's Last, the greatest bull 
in C. A. Saunders' herd. Scotch Cumberland's 
dam is by Burwood Royal bred by Herr Bros. & 
Reynolds and sold to Mr. Saunders. Maxwalton 
Mandolin is the present herd bull with a reputa- 
tion to make and a good chance to make it. He 
is by Maxwalton Revolution and is a typical 
representative of his family. His dam is by 
Avondale. 

Since writing the article above, Mr. Regier has 



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27^ A ^IBTOI^T OF SHORTHOBNS IN KANSAS 

purchased two yearling heifers of Tomson Bros, 
for $3000. It is needless to say they are from 
the tops of that excellent herd. It will be of in- 
terest to note that his six entries by Scotch Cum- 
berland in the Purple Ribbon sale at Wichita, 
though only a little more than twelve months old, 
averaged $645. 

J. C. Robison, Towanda. — ^Whitewater Stock 
Farm is a magnificent body of land, 1040 acres, 
and every acre except that in the bed of the 
Whitewater River will grow first-class alfalfa. 
A blue grass pasture that would look good to a 
native of Kentucky or of Nodaway county, Mis- 
souri, was being grazed upon April 29 by a 
Shorthorn to the acre and they had been getting 
all the grass they wanted for some time. In ad- 
dition to the elegant bungalow, forty by seventy 
feet, used as a home for the Robison family, there 
are four other houses good enough to rent for $25 
or more in the ordinary Kansas town. These 
houses are occupied by the men employed in the 
operation of the farm. As they are all married 
men and are being well compensated for their 
services, I suspect Mr. Robison is not having 
labor troubles. The barns are more extensive and 
better constructed than those I have found else- 
where. If this farm is used to its capacity 
in the production of Shorthorns, one can only 
wonder at the possibilities of the herd in the 
future. 



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276 A HISTOBY OF 8H0BTH0BNS IN KANSAS 

The reader will recall the Robison farm as a 
great Percheron breeding establishment, the pro- 
duets of which won nation-wide fame. There is 
a little story connected with its shifting from 
Percherons to Shorthorns aside from the regular 
one furnished by the auto and the tractor and the 
truck. Wm. EUett, oldest son of the family, is 
a 1920 graduate of the Department of Animal 
Husbandry in the Kansas State Agricultural 
College and wants to specialize in Shorthorns. 
Mr. Robison, while apparently good for many 
years, realizes what some middle-aged men do 
not seem to understand, that natural inclination 
for any vocation, if properly directed, is an in- 
valuable asset in the race for success. He knows 
that in the natural course of events his sons 
should be in the prime of life when for him life's 
activities have ceased, hence the trip to Scotland 
for Shorthorns, direct from the locality that has 
given fame to the breed. 

It is an ^* all-imported" lot of reds, whites and 
roans that is the foundation for the herd of the 
future. Some of the younger animals are not as 
well developed as the better American specimens, 
and at the time I saw them, April 29, were still 
showing effects of their recent hardships, inci- 
dent to importation. They are, however, nice, 
smooth, breedy looking specimens and within a 
few years the good pastures and the alfalfa will 
have done the work so seriously interfered 

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A HISTOBY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 



277 



with by the war time conditions in Scotland 
There are about thirty females including 
heifer calves at foot, in the herd. I was particu- 
larly impressed with Ballechin Rosewood 3d, a 
massive four-year-old roan. She stands on very 




M^m^^^^i^i^ 



^^.^:m^' .M^- 



.Ji.n. 



BEIGHT GEM AS A TWO-YEAR-OLD WITH BULL CALF 
A prize winner in Scotland, imported by Mr. Bobison. 

short l€gs, has fine length, great depth and very 
straight lines. Her head and neck and covering 
of flesh are superb. Barring a little prominence 
of hip and unevenness of rump, she could hardly 
be improved. She is by the Duthie bred Golden 
Baron out of Rosewood 82d. Her grandam is 
Rosewood 76th by Waverly, which cow is the 
dam of imp. Rosewood 92d, dam of John Potter's 
Rosewood Dale. Bright Gem is a red two-year-old 



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278 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

daughter of tHe noted sire, Collynie Bright Star. 
She stood third in her class at the Perth- 
shire show last season. She is large, smooth and 
looks like a good breeding prospect. Kintore 
Beauty 4th and Kintore Victoria came from 
Sutherlands in Aberdeenshire. Their sire is 
Cluny Prince Victor, bred by Lady Cathcart. 
They look like the making of good breeding cows. 
Bouquhan Bellona Princess is by the highly es- 
teemed bull, Collynie Cupbearer, and in addition 
to being one of the best cows of the importation, 
she has proved a breeder of excellent stock, her 
bull calf being one of the best on the farm. May- 
flower Mint is a three-year-old roan, bred by 
Kobert Bruce. She is Bruce bred for ten gen- 
erations on her dam's side and the sires were 
bred by Bruce, Duthie, Marr, Taylor, Shepherd 
and Cruickshank. Those who want something 
coming from top herds all the way down should 
be pleased with this pedigree. 

I could go on at length and tell of each of the 
several females on the farm, but I shall do so only 
in a general way. Some of the choicest herds 
of Perthshire and Aberdeenshire have been 
drawn on for these cattle. Among them are 
those of Messrs. Butter, Drone, Strang, Syms, 
Hunter, Jaffrey, Wilson, Major Graham Sterl- 
ing, Eobt. Bruce, Eennie, Durno, Stephen, 
Sutherland, Campbell of Kinnellar fame and 
Duthie, whose reputation is world-wide. 



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A HISTOBY OF 8HORTH0BK8 IK SANlBAB '279 

Mr* Robison realizes that it is the bull that 
must be relied upon for a good herd and he has 
made an effort to get the best available. In order 
to have a better chance at selection, he is saving 
four young bulls until he can see how they de- 
velop. One of these, Herald, (vol. 66 E. H. B.) 
is a white of unusual promise, low down, wide, 
smooth, well covered and large. His sire is the 
Duthie bred CoUynie Lavender King. He will 
be used liberally this season. Another that is now 
being tried out is the red. Diamond Star, bred by 
Mr. Drone and sired by Gloaming Star. Though 
less than fourteen months old at the time of my 
visit and having had at least some set-back by 
reason of the long trip and quarantine, he 
weighed in only light flesh, 1115 pounds. He is of 
accepted show yard type with a full share of 
qualifications for the show ring. Another is 
Lord Aberdeen bred by James Durno. This 
fellow proved a very poor sailor but is doing well 
now and will be given a chance to develop into a 
good bull as Mr. Robison believes he will. 

As illustrating the owner's determination to 
put a top notch bull at the head of the herd, he 
said to me, *^Now if neither of these calves jnakes 
as good a bull as can be had elsewhere, I will get 
one elsewhere, for I am determined to head this 
herd with a bull of the highest class.'' I believe 
the spirit which prompted the purchase of Ca- 
sino, admittedly the best stallion of his day, for 



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280 ;A HISTORY OP SSORTHQRNS m KANjSAg 

the Whitewater Stock Farm will find a parallel 
in the bull which will head this herd. 

At the Salter-Robison sale held at Wichita 
May 15, 1920, a consignment of twenty-seven 
head, which included several of the imported 
cattle, made an average of $920. Sweet Fra- 
grance, bred by Wm. Duthie, sold to Albert Hul- 
tine of Nebraska for $2400, and a number of the 
American bred f emaliJS. sold for more than $1000. 
It should be kept in mind that the cattle were in 
thin flesh and that Mr. Bobison retained the 
most desirable ones in his foundation herd. 1 

Fremont Leidy, Leon.* — ^Mr. Leidy is the old- 
est breeder of his community. Nine years ago he 
went to the Alex Fraser dispersion and bought 
three of the best cows of that excellent herd. Pre- 
vious to this he had bought from the J. F. Stod- 
der herd a trio of splendid cows. This gave him 
daughters of Falsetto, the noted Norton bull; 
Silk Goods, the son of Choice Goods and Lassie 
of Tebo Lawn and Captain Archer, one of the 
best sires in the West. They were out of dams by 
15th Duke of Hillsdale, one of the last of 
his great family; Lord Thistle, son of the 
noted. cow, Mysie 45th and Gwendoline's Prince, 
another son of Mysie 45th. The herd has been 
very prolific and four sales of about forty head 
each have been held, the greater part of the of- 
ferings having been descended from these cows 



Ship on Frisco or Santa Fe. 



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rA HPTO^ OF SHOBTHOBNQ IN KANSAS 281 

and from two purchased from B. B. & H. T. 
Groom. Some of the best of these cattle are 
5till on the farm. 

Other purchases of good stock were made of 
which only a few of those now in the herd will be 
mentioned. Ewing Acres Victoria, a handsome 
dark roan, is by Linwpod Dale. She comes from 
the Ewing Bros.' Missouri herd and is by th^ 
the sire of niflneroijs prize winners. On her dam's 
side she combines the blood of four of America's 
and Europe's great Shorthorns, imp. Nonpareil 
Victor, imp. Collynie, imp. Craven Knight and 
imp. Princess Alice. Lady Katherine is a two- 
year-old of great promise. She is out of a mag- 
nificent cow by Captain Archer and would be a 
credit to any herd. Lawndale Wildeyes 24th has 
been and still is an extraordinary breeder. She 
is a daughter of Falsetto out of a Falsetto dam. 
second dam by Prince Royal 2d giving her the 
cross to imp. Princess Alice, the greatest cow of 
her day. Princess Beauty by Captain Archer 
must be counted among the best cows I have seen 
this year. She is large, very attractive, very 
smoothly covered and has furnished several 
valuable additions to the herd. Maid of Orleans 
is another Fraser cow that has added wealth to 
the herd in raising exceptionally good calves. 
Two elegant young cows are Rosebud 7th and 
White Beauty, both bred in Iowa and by 
Prince Blythesome, a grandson of Victor Baron 



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282 A HISTORY OF SHOBTHOR^S 't^ kANSAJB 

and imp. Craibstone with an imp. Nonpareil 
Victor cross near the top of the pedi- 
gree. They are four crosses from imp. Rose- 
blush bred by JDuthie. Secrecy, a good young 
cow, is a granddaughter of Secret of Bill Farm 
3d, a Dustin bred daughter of imp. Merry Hamp- 
ton. She has a white heifer ealf by iinp. Bapton 
Corporal for which tempting offers running 
near four figures have been refused. 

Three additions were made at the Royal sale 
in 1919. Musical, twenty-five moiitiis old with 
heifer calf at foot, was not only one of the bar- 
gains but one of the really desirable things in 
the offering. Few Shorthorns have such a wealth 
of ancestry. Among her immediate ances- 
tors are Pleasant Dale 2d out of the dam of the 
$10000 2d Fair Acres Sultan; Captain Archer, 
own brother to Sweet Mistletoe, dam of Lespe- 
deza Collynie, 1919 International grand cham- 
pion ; imp. Collynie, the sire of Sweet Mistletoe 
and scores of the best Shorthorns ever owned in 
the central West besides Royal Knight, the best 
son of imp. Princess Alice, the outstanding cow 
of her generation. As an addition to a breeding 
herd Musical should prove of great value. Miss 
Monarch 2d, two years old with four grand 
champions of America in the first three crosses, 
was one of the elegant heifers sold by Harriman 
Bros, and fell to Mr. Leidy's bidding. 

The present herd bull is leaving so great an 



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a: H^TOAt (yF'rmm*tS:ORNB m. KANSAS 283 

imprdss that tbo mucii could not be said in his 
favor. In looking over his calves I was struck 
with their valuable Shorthorn characteristics. 
They have plenty of siz^e and are uniform in type 
and general appearance and they are excellent 
feeders. This bull is Cedar Dale. He is not par- 
ticularly iinpressive in appearance and has been 
dehorned, but as a sire of real Shorthorns he 
will need to be classed among the truly good Kan- 
sas bulls. 

Mr. Leidy for the first time entered the show 
ring at the 1920 Kansas National in Wichita and 
won more than the usual honors given new ex- 
hibitors. His young herd bull, recently bought 
of Tomson Bros., was placed fifth following the 
entries of the professional show men with highly 
fitted animals. His young herd won second place 
in the contest and two of his junior heifer calves 
were well in the money. It is a great credit to 
any breeder to be able to make a showing in such 
closely contested classes. 

Mr. Leidy has creditably served his district as 
state senator and is recognized as one of the best 
orators in Kansas. Those who have visited the 
Leidy home will agree that much of the success 
achieved with Shorthorns is due to Mrs. Leidy 
who takes an unusual interest in the cattle and 
whose judgment on Shorthorns is excellent. 

Joe King & Son, Potwin. — This firm has a 
large establishment and a pure bred herd has 



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284 A. HI8TDBY OF SHOBTHOBNS. m KANSAS 

been kept for about twenty years. The main herd, 
however, has consisted of high grades and com- 
mercial stock. This is to be changed and in the . 
future they will specialize on Shorthorns. Early 
in their work they bought of 0. S. Nevius a few 
of his famous Scotch Josephines, one of the best 
families of Kansas Shorthorns. They also 
secured Poppy ^s Pride bred by B. O. Cowan and 
sired by his great bull, Norfolk, and out of a dam 
by Victor Knight ; Lovely Lassie by Victor Arch- 
er 163364, a Prather bred son of Fearless Archer ; 
Paquita by Prince of Tebo Lawn out of a cow by 
Prince Armour, the great white son of imp. 
Princess Alice and others of similar class. This 
gave them a splendid working foundation. The 
bulls used have, as a whole, been good ones. 

While no extravagant prices have been paid, 
Messrs. King have held in view first of all the 
market requirements and profit to the producer 
and have demanded that their herd bull be a 
strictly good beef animal. A study pf the pedi- 
grees of the bulls used shows them closely de- 
scended from the best Shorthorns of the day. 
Among the first sires in service was Airdrie Vis- 
count bred by C. E. Leonard. His sire was Lav- 
ender Viscount, American grand champion and 
his dam was by the 53d Duke of Airdrie, one of 
the best bulls of the most popular family of 
Shorthorns in the world. The S. C. Hanna bred 
Ingle 231949.; Master Mason 374696 bred by 



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A HISTORY OF SH0RTH0BN8 IN KANSAS 285 

M. E. Jones and Supreme Victor 394156, a Stun- 
kel bred son of Victor Orange, were among the 
good ones used. The bull now in service bred by 
H. G. Brookover, Victory 2d 690174, is a nice 
roan descended from choice ancestry. He is a big, 
smooth, rugged fellow, and, like his predecessors, 
one of the profitable kind. The conditions under 
which the herd has been kept are such as to de- 
velop medium size and to insure to the purchaser 
an animal which will continue to do well with 
good ordinary farm care. 

Clarence Leidy, Leon.— I feel sure that Mr. 
Leidy is going to be a good breeder. Among the 
excellent females in the herd is Superb Cecelia, a 
** superb'' light roan. Her sire is Superb Omega 
by Uppermill Omega and she traces through a 
line of good Canadian breeders to the Campbell 
bred imported Cecelia 4th, Mysie 2d, a smooth 
red, carries her credentials as a producer in her 
twelve-month-old heifer, an extra good one by 
Cedar Dale. In her immediate ancestry is found 
the great old bull Lord Mayor and the equally 
great cow imp. Marigold 50th. Two other cows 
of the kind it pays to have, come from Mr. Roe- 
ingk. The one combines the best Scotch blood 
lines with Col. Vaile's noted Waterloos. The 
other is a daughter of Superb Sultan by White- 
hall Sultan. She is not only of exceptionally 
good beef type but is also a heavy milker. At the 
1919 Stunkel sale Mr. Leidy bought two choice 

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286 A HISTORY OF 8H0RTHQBNS IN KANSAS 

females. Royal Empress 12th is by Gumberland 
Diamond. She was not only the best heifer in 
the sale but she would look good in any herd and 
her breeding is as good as her individuality. Her 
dam was by Victor Orange, one of the noted bulls 
of the breed and her second dam was by Star 
Goods, own brother to Bellows Bros.' champion, 
Diamond Goods. The other cow is by Star Goods 
out of a Victor Orange dam and is of the regula- 
tion Stunkel breeding. 

Mr. Leidy has been using Fremont Leidy's 
Cedar Dale and the two brothers who live on ad- 
joining farms will continue to co-operate to some 
extent in the matter of bulls, but it was also 
deemed necessary to have a bull on this farm. At 
the Purple Ribbon sale held in January 1920 at 
Wichita, the excellent young prize winning bull 
from P. C. Barber & Sons^ consignment was * 
secured at one of the high prices of the sale. 

G. W. Brown & Sons, Leon. — It is a good lot 
of cattle which this firm is getting together. The 
herd represents their purchases at the last two 
sales held by Fremont Leidy where they were 
quite critical in their selections. About forty 
females are now on the farm, most of them of 
the well known Leidy breeding, coming from the 
Fraser herd through daughters of Falsetto, Silk 
Goods and Crown Prince of Lawnsdale and from 
J. P. Stodder through daughters of Captain 
Archer and Gwendoline's , Prince, lines of 



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;A HISTOBY jCtf* SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 287 

breeding typical of splendid results. They have 
added to their purchases some of the very best of 
Mr. Leidy's later acquisitions. Roan Violet, an 
outstanding three-year-old heifer, a daughter of 
the excellent sire, Wooddale Chieftain, a son of 
The Choice of All, is out of a cow by Violet 
Chunk, an outstanding sire of H. C. Duncan's 
breeding. Mr. and Mrs. Leidy reluctantly 
parted with this^ cow. Roxana, a splendid roan 
by Secret Robin, now at the head of Miss M .V. 
Stanley's herd (see Stanley sketch) is out of a 
dam by Wooddale Chieftain followed by Lord 
Mayor 3d and Secret Archer, all strictly high- 
class bulls. Another excellent purchase was the 
red, Geraldine, that in her three top crosses 
carries the blood of famous sires such as Lord 
Lovel, Lavender Viscount and imp. Cupbearer. 
With proper handling this should become a 
first-class herd. . 

A. G. Sowers, Leon. — ^At the Leidy sale held 
recently, Mr. Sowers made four valuable addi- 
tions to his little herd. His cows are of the same 
breeding as Mr. Leidy 's and are good individ- 
uals. This herd is built on a foundation largely 
representative of the most famous cattle of any 
breed in the world's history, the Bates Oxfords, 
Kirklevingtons and Duchesses and it is nicely 
topped out with Scotch bulls. Searchlight Lad 
by Searchlight; Silk Goods by Choice Goods; 
Falsetto, the famous sire in the Fraser herd and 

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288 A HISTORY OF SHORlHSOBNS IN KANSAS 

Hampton's Sharon by Hampton Primrose, an 
excellent Hampton Spray bull, are some of the 
sires appearing in the top crosses. This insures 
a select line of breeding cows. Mr. Sowers will be 
able to use Mr. Leidy's bulls. 

Hubert A. Haynes, Rosalia. — ^Mr. Haynes is a 
new breeder with ten females and a good bull. 
Most of his purchases came from Fremont 
Leidy and a few from J. C. Robison and the 
cattle are representative of these two herds. The 
first bull used was by a son of Searchlight out of 
a Kellerman Scotch Josephine. The present sire 
is a Leidy bred son of Hampton Sharon, a son 
of Hampton Primrose. 

A. J. Tull, Leon. — Mr. Tull is another one of 
Fremont Leidy 's near neighbors who laid a good 
foundation at his sale. A very promising roan 
heifer by Secret Robin (see Miss Stanley's 
sketch) should serve as an excellent foundation 
to which he intends making an occasional addi- 
tion. This heifer comes from an elegant line of 
ancestry four generations of which, on both 
sides, I knew well and admired on account of 
their merit. 

CHASE COUNTY 
W. J. Sayre, Cedar Point. — The man who can 

breed from his cows a car load of calves and feed 
them so they will sell at twelve months at a high- 
er market price than any other calves on the 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 289 

Kansas City market is not only an accomplished 
feeder but he is also a breeder of the first class. 
Mr. Sayre did that, not only once, but he did it 
nine times out of ten years he has been feeding 
Ms calf crop. It was not a load selected from 
many, but these wonderful market toppers were 
the entire crop, culls and all. No breeder within 
my knowledge has to his credit a higher accom- 
plishment than has Mr. Sayre for he has gone to 
the court of last resort and has received for his 
cattle and for his methods the strongest possible 
endorsement. Most of these calves were grades, 
some were pure breds, probably the culls of both 
sexes and the reader can imagine what the choice 
ones would be when developed. 

A new order of things has arisen. The nursery 
which furnished the material for the conquest of 
the beef market of the Southwest has now turned 
into a different channel. The grades have been 
disposed of and the least desirable of the pure 
breds have gone into other herds. The forty- 
five females now on the farm are such as to meet 
the exacting requirements of the owner. This 
means that they are not only first-class individu- 
als but also that they carry through their ances- 
try an inheritance of merit and uniformity rich 
enough to almost guarantee they will reproduce 
their kind. This is an inestimable advantage to 
the buyer of breeding stock for he can be sure 
before hand of the kind of calves he will get from 



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290 A HISTORT OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

a bull so descended. A study of the ancestry of 
Mr. Sayre's cattle reveals the fact that I am 
correct in making the foregoing statement. 

The first bull used was Lopez 231291. His sire 
was Lord Mayor 112717, a son of Baron Laven- 
der 2d, the most wonderful bull ever produced at 
Linwood and imp. Lady of the Meadow, one of 
the best breeding cows in the Linwood herd. His 
grandsire was imp. Baron Victor, the bull that 
established Cruickshank prestige in America. 
The dam of Lopez was by Vanquish by Galahad 
the sire of Gallant Knight, the state's greatest 
sire of prize winners, and her sire was imp. Mas- 
ter of the Rolls, sire of Master of the Grove, 
American Royal and International grand cham- 
pions. Another bull used was Victor Chief, also 
out of a Gallant Knight cow. His sire was Dicta- 
tor by Norfolk, a bull said by B. O. Cowan to have 
been second only to imp. Scottish Lord. An own 
sister to Dictator, Forest Daisy 2d, was the dam 
of New Year's Delight, grand champion every- 
where west of the Mississippi and junior cham- 
pion at the International. Norf ollc, by the way, 
was by Prince Royal, son of imp. Princess Alice, 
greatest American cow of her day. Another bull 
was Hampton Crown by Hampton's Best, prob- 
ably the best son of imp. Merry Hampton. 

The bulls now in use are Jolly Dale and Glen- 
dale, both by Maxwalton Rosedale, full brother 
to Whitehall Rosedale, the grand champion bull 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 291 

aU over the central West and sire of the 1919 
champion, Violet Dale. Maxwalton Rosedale was 
out of the same dam as Pride of Albion, Royal 
grand champion. They both came from Tomson 
Bros., being the best bulls of the desired age and 
out of the best cows in the herd. Female addi- 
tions by purchase have been few. Eight heifers 
were recently bought from H. C. Stephenson and 
what I have seen of Mr. Stephenson's cattle war- 
rants me in saying they are good ones. These 
heifers are of choicest ancestry. Their sire, Non- 
pareil Knight, was by Gallant Knight's Heir and 
their dams are by Cherry Knight by Barmpton 
Knight out of Cherrybud, dam of one of Tomson 
Bros.' best prize winning heifers. 

In a letter of December, 1920, Mr. Sayre says 
that Glendale is proving the best bull he ever 
owned and that his 1920 calves are the best he has 
ever produced. On a ration of alfalfa and three 
pounds of oats each, per day they are carrying 
more flesh than any of the car lots he sent to 
market carried at a corresponding time. 

Mr. Sayre 's twelve-year-old son, Paul G. 
Sayre, bids fair to grow into a good Shorthorn 
man while working with his father in this ex- 
cellent herd. 

Frank H. Yeager, Bazaar. — ^Mr. Yeager is one 
of the most prominent breeders of this section, 
his herd having been established fourteen years 
ago and now numbering fifty females. He is 

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292 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

producing cattle for service that will give maxi- 
mum results from the feed consumed and one of 
the requirements is that the cows be good milkers. 
Pushing for extra development is not practiced, 
but thrift and a good growth are maintained. 
The result is that cattle purchased here are not 
stunted, yet will respond well to good farm care. 
The herd consists of choicely bred cows. One 
of the most valuable and best is Collynie Prim- 
rose and she is so royally bred that but few cows 
in America could be classed as having a pedigree 
as good. Her sire, imp. Collynic, has the distinc- 
tion of being sired by the world ^s greatest pres- 
ent day breeder, Wm. Duthie. Collynie's dam, 
Lavender 45th, was Mr. Cruickshank's favorite 
from among all his Lavenders and her ancestors 
for five generations were all bred by Cruick- 
shank and were the cattle that made Scotch 
Shorthorns famous the world over. CoUjniie 
Primrose is out of Primrose 6th, one of the 
smoothest, thickest, large cows in Mr. Hanna's 
herd when that herd was at its best. Primrose 
6th was by imp. Inglewood, a 2500 pound show 
bull at four years old and the sire of much out- 
standing stock including the dam of Ingle Lad, 
now famous as the sire of great producing cows 
such as Lad's Emma, second dam of the grand 
champion, Lady Supreme. But this is not all. 
Primrose 6th was out of imp. Primrose 4th by 
Scottish Archer, an own sister to the cow that 

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A HISTOBY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 298 

for three years produced the. highest priced bull 
in the Duthie sales and to Prince of Fashion, 
leading show bull in Scotland. I mention CoUynie 
Primrose at such length because Mr. Yeager has 
several of her daughters and granddaughters 
and her family is increasing rapidly and becom- 
ing a great part of his future herd. 

There are other good females, but I shall now 
eaU attention to the. bulls Mr, Yeager has used. 
Hampton, bred by Mr. Hanna, was by the 2500 
pound Hampton Spray, one of the best sires uped 
in Kansas and sold with the herd to F. A. Gillesr 
pie of Muskogee, Oklahoma. Hampton's dam 
was Golden Queen 3d by imp. Collynie and she 
was out of imp. Golden Queen, one of the largest 
cows of the breed. (See Hanna sketch. Part I.) 
The bulls now in use are Village Champion and 
Scotchman. Village Champion is by Double 
Champion, son of Choice Goods, the chamjDion of 
America for three years and out of Russella, dam 
of Ruberta, the greatest heifer and cow of her 
day, and for three years the undefeated female 
of the American continent. Village Champion's 
dam is by imp. Invincible and his second dam by 
imp. Hospodar. Scotclmian is by Hampton and 
out of Collynie 's Primrose, both mentioned 
above. He is an excellent young bull that Mr. 
Yeager finds it advisable to use on a part of the 
herd. Any one at all familiar with the Short- 
horn history of the past will readily see that Mr. 



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294 A HISTORY OF 8H0BTH0BNS IN KANSAS 

Yeager has in his herd, as outlined above, all the 
elements necessary for success and popularity. 

CHAUTAUQUA COUNTY 
Chas. Casement, Sedan. — This is the largest 
and most prominent herd in Chautauqua county. 
The cattle are strictly a utility lot, handled to 
get very good growth and development without 
any disposition toward forcing. While the herd 
could have been better developed without injury, 
yet it has not been underfed or neglected to the 
extent that deterioration has taken place, rather, 
the cattle are in the best possible condition to 
make profitable returns for increased attentio]i 
given them. 

These cows are from desirable ancestry. Sev- 
eral females by St. Valentine 12th by St. Valen- 
tine were added a few years ago. The herd 
represents a blending of Scotch and Bates with a 
touch of Booth and the blood lines chosen have 
been good ones. This probably came from a dis- 
position to use the right kind of bulls rather than 
from a study of pedigree, but as is always the 
case, good bulls come from good ancestry, so I 
was not surprised to find in evidence near the 
top of the pedigrees, Gwendoline's Prince by 
imp. Prince President, Champion's Best by Val- 
ley Champion, Choice Goods, CoUynie, the Vaile 
bred Winsome Duke, Mr. Snodgrass' prize win- 
ning Scott Jr. and imp. Scottish Emperor that 



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A HISTORY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 295 

did service for Bellows Bros., T. O. Ford and H. 
M. HUL 

Among the herd bulls used were Majestic, bred 
by D, P. Norton by the Canada bred Buccaneer ; 
Sedan Chief, a grandson of Collynie ; Hallwood 
Viscount by Choice Goods Model, a son of Rose- 
dale Violet 9th and Victor Hampton by Hamp- 
ton Spray. The present herd bull. Lord's Dale, 
is a big, straight, heavy fellow with a very ma&- 
culine appearance. While not a bull of extra fin- 
ish, he is not at all rough and must be classed as 
a good bull and a good breeder as his calves will 
prove. He is by Mr. Lookabaugh's Lavender 
Lord and came from M. W. Babb's herd where 
he had done satisfactory service. 

The article above was written in June 1919. 
Since then Mr. Casement sent a cow to the 
Southeast Kansas sale held at Independence 
April 2, 1920 and she sold for $625 to so good a 
judge as S. M. Knox. Mr. Casement bought for 
use in his herd a yearling bull, Rose Dale bred by 
Park E. Salter and sired by Rosewood Dale out 
of a dam by Count Broadhooks 2d 36437. 

M. L. Holroyd, Cedar Vale. — I met Mr. Hol- 
royd frequently while he was a student at the 
Kansas State Agricultural College in the depart- 
ment of Animal Husbandry. There was a large 
Shorthorn herd on his father ^s farm but the cat- 
tle had not all been kept recorded. Mr. Holroyd, 
now in charge of the farm, is building up a 



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296 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

registered herd from the recorded ones, and ad- 
ditions that will be made from time to time. Good 
bulls have been used and the cattle are good. 
Among recent sires was a son of Careless Con- 
queror 2d by imp. Conqueror out of imp. Bl3rthe- 
some 15th. This bull was out of a dam by Violet 
Chunk, a Duncan bred show bull by Headlight, 
and proved an excellent sire. He was followed by 
a son of Roj^al Gloster, well known in the Garver 
herd as a high-class show and breeding bull. This 
farm, destined to become the home of a real 
Shorthorn herd, is one of large pastures, splen- 
didly watered, and big fields of alfalfa. 

J. M. Hamill, Grenola. — ^Mr. Hamill has a 
herd of about thirty females which he is keeping 
in the ordinary farm way and he is getting fair 
development. He finds a market for his surplus 
at moderate prices near home and, while not ob- 
taining the measure of success which would fol- 
low more careful handling and more liberal feed- 
ing, he is producing a useful class of cattle and 
is securing far better returns than he could 
secure from common stock. In addition to the 
usual crosses from good bulls found in local 
herds, Mr. HamilPs cattle carry a cross of Forbes 
Bros.' Baron Gloster and the splendid Bates 
bull, Peculated Wild Eyes. The herd bull is by 
Victor Hampton, a son of Hampton Spray. 

Chas. J. Buchele, Cedar Vale. — ^Mr. Buchele 
bought a few Shorthorns recently. One, Minnie 



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A' HISTOBY QFSHOBTBORNS IN KANSAS 297 

Sharon bj Riefiner 377210, is out of Minnie 37tli 
bred by Abram.Renick and sired by Ms splendid 
bull, The Professor. This cow, in Mr. Stodder's 
herd, was an excellent producer of high-class 
show stock. Mr. Buehole also h^s a daughter of 
Minnie Sharon by John B. Potter's Avondale 
bull, Rosewdod Dale, /formerly much used by 
Park E.. Salter. Other :^cows of approved breed- 
ing are intheHttlaheM; which is headed by Bed 
Warrior 612235:by Hampton 2d, a son of Hamp- 
ton 's Demonstrator. : /. : ._ 



CHEYENNE COUNTY 

R. K. Stahdish/ Saint Francis* — It will doubt- 
less be a surprise to many to learn that in the ex- 
treme northwest corner of the state is found a 
well cared for herd built from very excellent 
foundation stock. Private sales have taken care 
of the surplus as rapidly as it could be produced. 
A silo is to be built aiad a show herd started out 
this season (1920) and occasional choice addi- 
tions will be made by purchase. The herd now 
consists of forty females. Lady May was bred by 
Rapp Bros, and is by the sire of American Royal 
and state fair prize winners, Gladstone, an excel- 
lent breeding son of Whitehall Sultan. Victoria 
Beauty 3d is by Gloster's Favorite, a bull of the 
choicest breeding, and her dam is of the best 
blood lines. Lady B. was bred by Geo. Allen and 
her sire, Victor Sultan, ranks with the best of 

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298 A.HIBTOBY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Whitehall Sultan 's sons. Her dam is Dorothy B. 
bred at Browndale from the noted family of that 
name. 

One of the buUs used is Palmetto Cumberland 
by Eoan Cumberland, a son of Cumberland's 
Last out of Pine Grove Mildred 11th. Another 
is Model Type by Cumberland's Type out of 
Marengo Cumberland, a daughter of Cumber- 
land's Last out of imp. Lady Marengo. The 
roan, imp. Grand Fortune, a son of imp. Modest 
Princess, was also somewhat used. 

Mr. Standish has just written me that he re- 
cently purchased the massive roan calf. Supreme 
827618 for $2100. This calf was well in the money 
at the Nebraska State Fair last fall. His sire is 
Royal Supreme by the International grand 
champion, Village Supreme. His dam is from 
choice ancestry, having been out of a cow by the 
champion bull of his day, Viscount of Anoka. 
This brief outline given an idea of the excellent 
blood lines found in these cattle. Plans for the 
future include the production of a large and 
high-class herd. 

CLAY COUNTY 
S. B. Amcoats, Clay Center. — ^Mr. Amcoats 
has been very active in Shorthorn circles for ten 
years. His early purchases were made from M. 
C. Vansell of Atchison county and later he 
bought the entire F. M. Giff ord herd. The best 



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A HISTOBY OF SHORTHOBNS IN KANSAS 299 

of these cattle were retained and the process of 
making occasional purchases with the retention 
of the best has been continued until there is now 
an excellent herd on the farm. In addition to 
the purchases mentioned, Mr. Amcoats has 
drawn on the herd of Governor Shallenberger, E. 
D. Ludwig, R. T. Scott, W. A. Betteridge and 
George Allen & Sons. 

The array of good bulls, whose blood was 
brought into the herd through the cows acquired, 
includes such animals as Missie's Sultan by 
Glenbrook Sultan; Victor Sultan by Whitehall 
Sultan; Godwin, son of imp. Spartan Hero and 
Golden Thistle ; Lord Marr by Lord Mayor out 
of imp. Marigold 50th; Barmpton Knight by 
Scarlet Knight; Sempstress Valentine, T. P. 
Babst's bull that sold for $1000 in the era of low 
prices; Lavender Viceroy, possibly the best 
known son of the grand champion. Lavender Vis- 
count ; Baron Violet by Victor Bashful, the son 
of Sweet Violet 2d, and many others that figure 
at the top, not at the bottom, of the pedigrees. 

Among the choice cows in the herd is Matchless 
Princess by His Highness, dam by Victor Sultan, 
second dam by Godwin. Her first calf by Type 's 
Goods is the best thing ever calved on the farm 
and tempting offers have been refused for her. 
Barmpton Knight has an excellent daughter in 
the herd that is a great producer. Her bulls have 
gone to head good herds while her daughters 



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SOO il. HISTORT OF SHORTHOBNS IN KANSAS 

have been retained. Butterfly Sultan by Se- 
cret's Sultan is a valuable cow with several toppy 
heifers to her credit. 

J Secret's Sultan that came from Bellows Bros, 
was one of the best bulls used. His sire was Mis- 
sie's Sultan by Glenbrook Sultan and his dam 
was by the well known Victorallan. His heifers 
matured into great cows and fine breeders. 
Type's Goods by Cumberland Type has been 
used for more than two years. He is a low down, 
large bull, good all over, but very strong in the 
back and loin. Like Secret's Sultan he is an ex- 
ceptional heifer getter and a lot of yearlings by 
him show a number of prospective outstanding 
cows. Type's Goods is out of a cow by Carter's 
Choice Goods, son of Choice Goods and imp. 
Clara 6th by Silver Plate. Royal Marshal by 
Village Marshal, an attractive white yearling 
has recently been purchased from Tomson Bros. 
His dam is by Victoria's Snowflake by The 
Choice of All, second dam by imp. Lord Cowslip 
out of imp. Roseleaf by Scottish Archer. He is 
an unusually smooth, young fellow with extra 
depth and he is a first-rate prospect. The outlook 
for this herd is bright, for Mr. Amcoats has first 
class facilities for doing good work and he has 
the modern and successful type of cattle. 

Jacob Nelson, Broughton.* — Mr. Nelson has 
used exceptional judgment in making his 



Ship on Bock Island or Union Pacific. 

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A HISTOBY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 301 

chases and he has a herd that should take a lead- 
ing position in his territory. Among the 
COWS are Charming Butterfly by Sir Charm- 
ing 10th, dam by Baron Daybreak 292830 
and her yearling heifer by Orange Dale, 
a son of Whitehall Rosedale ; the Bellows bred 
Choice Beauty 2d by Missie's Sultan, son of 
Glenbrook Sultan and her dam by Good Choice, 
with an excellent bull calf at foot and Gipsy 
Cumberland 5th bred by C. A. Saunders and 
sired by Cumberland's Best out of a dam by 
Burwood Royal, second dam by Ruberta's Goods. 
Gipsy Cumberland 5th is a very valuable breed- 
ing proposition. Not only does she carry in 
every cross what is best in Shorthorns, but she is 
reproducing the type of her good ancestry as 
may be seen in her excellent white bull calf seven 
or eight months old. This calf won second prize 
in the State Association show at Manhattan, 
1920, and sold for $775. 

An outstanding cow is Sweet Carmine, re- 
cently purchased from the Kansas State Agricul- 
tural College. She is by Barmpton Knight, the 
bull that in Tomson Bros. ' herd sired outstand- 
ing breeding and show stock. Her dam is by 
White Goods, one of the best, if not the best, sons 
of the champion. Choice Goods and her second 
dam was by Lavender Viscount, C. E. Leonard's 
great breeding bull and International grand 
champion. Other good cows of nice breeding are 



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302 A HIBTOBY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

found here and it is Mr. Nelson's intention to cull 
the herd closely, adding occasionally an especial- 
ly desirable female. 

Imported Lawton Tommy is the herd bull. A 
single glance conveys the impression that he will 
be a good breeding bull and he possesses to a high 
degree the qualities needed in profitable cattle. 
He was used for some time by Tomson Bros., but 
owing to their having several other bulls of great 
excellence, they could spare him so Mr. Nelson 
was able to buy him. He is by Diamond Fav- 
orite 680396 bred by Alex Crombie and his dam 
is by Douglas Chieftain by CoUynie Marshal. 
The calves by him at Tomsons diow excellent 
Shorthorn character. 

Paul M. Borland, Clay Center. — ^Mr. Borland 
has been in the Shorthorn business for nine years. 
He bought his foundation stock of F. M. Gif f ord, 
securing some of the T. P. Babst Butterflys well 
known in Shorthorn circles then and now. The 
herd, as a whole, represents excellent bi^eeding, 
coming through such bulls as Barmpton Knight ; 
Golden Victor Jr.; My Lord by imp. Spartan 
Hero out of imp. Lady of the Meadow, the dam 
of Lord Mayor; imp. Cupbearer, American 
champion; Athenian Coronet 4th by imp. Bap- 
ton Coronet; Prime Minister; Clay & Winn's 
noted* Gbldtsn Victor and others of like quality 
that could be named. The cows are not so well 
grown out as they should be but they are very 



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A HISTORY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 303 

smooth, of breedy type and good Shorthorn char- 
acter, descended from excellent ancestors and 
are producing good calves. The milking tenden- 
cies are quite well developed in this herd. The 
herd bull, Gloster Boy, was bred by S. B. Am- 
coats. His sire is Secret's Sultan, (see Amcoats 
sketch) the son of Missie's Sultan out of a dam 
by Victorallan, the sire of so many good breeding 
cows in the Bellows herd. His dam is by a son of 
Captain Archer, J. F. Stodder's bull, second 
dam by Violet's Prince by Potts & Sons' Laven- 
der King 3d. Better development of the young 
stock would be all that would be necessary to 
produce some really good cattle. 

Warren Watts, Clay Center. — Mr. Watts 
bought his start from F. M. Gifford twelve 
years ago. These cows were a select lot, nearly all 
sired by Cordelia's Knight, a son of Red Knight 
by Pro Barmpton the well known Cookson sire. 
Cordelia's Knight was an unusually thick, short- 
legged bull that carried along with his 
Scotch blood that of Cordelia's Duke, the noted 
show bull by 4th Duke of Geneva. The herd is of 
correct Shorthorn type and is a profitable lot of 
breeding cows, the money-making kind. Mr. 
Watts has exceptional facilities for handling 
cattle and should he decide to do so, he can 
build up a first-class herd. 

Two good bulls have been used. Newsboy by 
Gallant Knight out of a dam by the Harris bred 



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304 A HlferfOEf OP SHOKTSORNS IN KANSAS 

Laird of Linwood by Galahad and The Cardinal, 
bred by Governor Sliallenberger, a son of Lan- 
caster Lad by Scotch Bank and his dam by Com- 
ing Star out of imp. Maud 50th. The present 
herd bull is Brilliant Type by the champion, 
Cumberland Type, the greatest show bull of the 
decade. His dam is by imp. Manchester, second 
dam imp. Bonnie Belle. Brilliant Type is a 
show bull. He has fine length, good depth, is 
very straight-lined, full in all vital points, covers 
well and has an elegant head and neck. He should 
make a splendid individual and a successful sire. 
M. E. Householder, Clay Center. — ^Mr. House- 
holder is a new man but one who has made a 
good start. He has a cow from the Hunt herd at 
by Nonpareil Star, also a bull of outstanding 
Blue Rapids by Wodan, the choice Regier bull 
worth. Her dam is by Grand Lavender 153671 
and she is exceptionally good foundation stock. 
On my visit to Mr. Householder I saw a two- 
year-old heifer that impressed me very favor- 
ably. She is possibly an extreme beef type, but 
from the view point of beefy superiority, she 
grades high. She came from the Amcoats herd. 
Her sire is Mystic Victor by a good son of 
Barmpton Knight and her dam was by Lord 
Mayor, a source of Shorthorn excellence. Mr. 
Householder is breeding to the Amcoats bull and 
getting splendid results. This course is highly 
recommended to smaller breeders. 



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A HISTORY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 305 

COFFEY COUNTY 

C. H. White, Burlington. — ISlr. White began 
operations in 1906 and for the last ten years be 
has been one of the leading breeders in southeast 
Kansas. His herd is kept closely culled and the 
visitor will find some very good Shorthorns on 
this farm. Mr. White maintained a show herd 
from 1911 to 1913 and exhibited successfully at 
the Nebraska State Fair and at the best Kansas 
fairs including Topeka, winning well in both 
open and state classes. He also showed at the 
American Royal with some of his entries well in 
the money. 

Possibly the best cow that Mr. White owns 
and one that would be a credit to any herd, is 
Roan Heather. Her sire, Lord Mayor 3d, was a 
high-class show bull by Lord Mayor out of Forest 
Daisy, own sister to the dam of New Year's 
DeUght, American Royal grand champion and 
International junior champion. Roan Heather 
was third in her class at Lincoln and Topeka. 
Her dam was a combination of White Goods, 
Barrister and Col. Harris' best line of breeding. 
Sweet Novelette 2d is by Richelieu out of one of 
the best Shorthorn cows of her day. Charm's 
Novelette by Scotland's Charm out of a dam by 
Viscount of Anoka. Richelieu was by The Choice 
of All, son of Choice Goods and the famous 
Rosedale Violet 9th. Since Scotland's Charm 

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306 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IX KANSAS 

put size, quality and milk into nearly everything 
he sired and was by imp. Lavender Lad out of a 
cow by imp. Baron Cruickshank and since Vis- 
count of Anoka was a great sire and one of 
America's greatest show bulls, it is easy 
to see why Sweet Novelette 2d should be espe- 
cially valuable. 

Roan Heather and Sweet Novelette 2d are rep- 
resentative in value ard in quality of ancestry, of 
the cows. Of the bulls, Richelieu, mentioned 
above, was probably most used. Castellar 449- 
834, a very rugged, deep-bodied roan, is now in 
service. On his sire's side he carries the blood 
of Snowflake, sire of Ringmaster, the only bull 
ever three times International grand champion, 
and that of imp. Bessie 51st, the dam of White 
Goods, probably the best son of Choice Goods. 
Castellar 's dam is by Victor Sultan, a son of 
Whitehall Sultan that won fame as an outstand- 
ing sire in George Allen's herd. 

W. S. Bozeman, Colony. — Mr. Bozeman has 
been breeding Shorthorns for nine years and at 
the time of my visit his herd numbered twenty 
head of breeding age. Either the foundation pur- 
chases were made with exceptional judgment 
or Mr. Bozeman was unusually fortunate. At 
any rate, he has a good herd and as is generally 
the case, it is well loaded with the blood of real 
Shorthorns. Among the ancestors found in the 
top crosses are such bulls as imp. Magenta, 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 307 

Symphony's Last, Ceremonious Archer, Mystic 
Archer, imp. Chief Steward, 56th Duke of Air- 
drie, imp. Collynie, imp. Inglewood, imp. Prince 
President, Lavender Viscount, Spartan Hero, 
Whitehall Sultan, Godwin, Good Choice and 
imp. Conqueror. 

The bull at the head of the herd is Chief Stew- 
ard, bred by T. J. Sands. His sire is Clansman 
by Snowstorm and his dam is by Lavender Vice- 
roy 2d, second dam by the Norton bred Courtier 
2d. I have not seen this young bull but have been 
told that he is a very thick, smooth, short-legged 
fellow, attractive in appearance. Mr. Bozeman 
has good facilities for handling his cattle, he 
seems to be full of energy and his pride in the 
business speaks well for future success. If he 
fails to produce a real Shorthorn herd it is be- 
cause he fails to live up to his opportunities. 

E. E. Heacock & Sons, Hartford. — Shorthorn 
breeding w^hich began here in 1916, has made 
rapid progress. The large herd has been federal 
tested and is accredited. The cows are of good 
size and quite smooth and are satisfactory breed- 
ers and sucklers. While this is not a herd of sky- 
high prices, yet it is well bred and useful and is 
making money. The management is efficient, 
feeding is liberal and the young stock is well de- 
veloped. The local show ring is patronized and 
at least a full share of the prizes are carried 
away. The Heacocks have an excellent stock 

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308 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

farm with abundant pasture and alfalfa and a 
silo fumislies succulent winter feed. That the 
Shorthorn business will continue to be carried 
on successfully here seems assured for the sons 
of the family are even more interested than is 
Mr. Heacock himself. 

Several bulls have been used more or less but 
the leading one is Brawith Heir 351808. He was 
bred by Tomsons and sired by Gallant Knight's 
Heir, first prize bull at the Kansas State Fair 
and elsewhere. His dam is Gratitude 5th by White 
Goods, the great son of Choice Goods and imp. 
Bessie 51st, owned by Thomas, Jameison & 
Mitchell. Brawith Heir has been used in the 
herd with good results. A new bull, Augusta's 
Archibald by the Anoka bred Right Stamp by 
Sultan Stamp, has just been bought. Augusta's 
Archibald is out of imp. Brandby's Augusta 4th 
and carries the prestige of most excellent an- 
cestry. 

C. L. Buchanan, Lebo. — Mr. Buchanan is one 
of the older breeders of Coffey county, having 
started with Shorthorns in 1906. A few years 
ago he held a successful public sale and there are 
now about thirty females in the herd. The ma- 
ture cows are of good size for some of the 
older ones have been sold on the market and the 
average weight of 1400 pounds off grass proves 
the assertion. There has been no systematic ef- 
fort made to keep up with the fashion in blood 



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A HISTOBT OF 8H0RTH0BNS IN KANSAS 809 

lines or to produce the highest-class cattle, but 
rather to breed a lot of the practical money- 
making, farmer's sort To do this, however, it 
has required the use of pretty good bulls and 
they are obtained only from good ancestry. 
Among these bulls has been one sired by Prime 
Minister whose dam was a full sister to the In- 
ternational champion, Lavender Viscount. The 
last bull used was Victor Mysie, a splendid breed- 
er, as shown in his get. This same bull also sired 
the fine cows mentioned in Hall Bros.' sketch. 
(Allen county.) Aside from the sale referred to 
above, the produce has been sold locally at satis- 
factory prices. 

Stephen C. Odell, Leroy. — ^Mr. Odell made his 
first purchases from the J. C. Thorn sale of ex- 
cellent cattle and secured some of the choice 
heifers of the offering. They were sired by the 
badly named but splendid breeding bull. Kaiser, 
a son of the great CoUynie cow. Sycamore Secret. 
In their top crosses they carried the blood of 
Harding, full brother to H. M. Hill's cow. Sar- 
casm, the prize winning Lord Mayor 3d and the 
Choice Goods bull. Choice Prince, whose dam 
was by Alice 's Prince. Three of the best cows in 
the C. E. Hill sale were added a little later. The 
herd bull is by Sycamore Victor, a son of 
Mr. HiU's $2000 Sycamore Secret 3d and out of 
the top cow of Mr. Thorn's sale, sold to J. H. 
Holcomb of Humboldt for $505. Mr. Odell is a 

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310 A HISTORY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS . 

young man of splendid physique and ability that I 
should enable him to build on this foundation a 
herd that would be a credit to himself and a 
benefit to the surrounding country. ! 

Wm. Cronin & Sons, Burlington. — ^Mr. Croiiin | 
began in a small way with Shorthorns in 1909 | 
and in 1919 thefirm was able to hold an excelleiJit \ 
sale of thirty-five head. The herd is of popular | 
breeding. Stock has been shown with success at 
the Coffey county fair and it is one of the plans 
for the future that showing be continued. I*er- 
haps the best bull was Hall's Cumberland, bred 
by C. A. Saunders. His sire was See A. Cum- 
berland by Cumberland's Last and his dam was 
Lady Dorothy 11th by Baron Golddust 3d. Cus- 
ter Dale, a good young bull, now heads the herd. 
He is by Robert Russell's Walnut Type and Ins 
dam is by Glenview Dale 3d, a son of Avondale. 

Ivy Allen & Sons, Burlington. — ^A small herd 
has been kept here for ten years, but real effort 
dates from 1920 when the firm added two out- 
standing cows with heifer calves. More such 
females and a bull to match were secured a little 
later. These purchases included Janette 4th by 
Choice Prince followed by Morning Star and 
March Knight and Diamond Queen 13th, one of 
the best cows in the 1920 Royal sale. 

E. E. Brott, Burlington. — Mr. Brott has a few 
good cows and he is planning to increase his 
numbers and become an active breeder. Practical 



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A mSTOBT OF SHOBTHORNS IN KANSAS 311 

utility will be his guiding star and with a favor- 
able location and bright boys who are taking a 
lively interest in the Shorthorns, the way to suc- 
cess is clear. These boys especially attracted my 
attention because of the knowledge they had of 
the cattle as well as their interest in them, 

R. L. Clark^ Leroy. — ^Mr. Clark is laying the 
foundation for a good herd and aside from secur- 
ing a few nice cows he has been fortunate in 
obtaining a bull that is much better than the av- 
erage beginner gets. He is one of the best types 
of bulls I have seen in the county and his 
ancestry is such as to promise satisfactory re- 
sults. Nothing more is needed than sticking to 
the business and giving the cattle proper care. 

J. W. Harrington, Burlington. — ^Mr. Harring- 
ton is a new breeder who bought three useful 
cows and who has a thick, short-legged bull bred 
by Wm. Cronin & Sons. Like many others 
who own land, he realizes that cattle must be 
kept on the farms and he believes a rugged 
Shorthorn cow that is a good milker is the prac- 
tical and profitable kind for the small farmer. 

J. F. Knight, Lebo.* — This little herd consists 
of purchases that are of very nice breeding from 
C. L. Buchanan and Wm. Cronin & Sons. The 
Buchanan cows are by Victor Mysie, an unusual- 
ly good breeding .bull. The bull used is also by 
Victor Mysie. His dam is by a son of Andrew 



Telephone, HoUb Summit. 

/Google 



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312 A niSTOBT OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 

Pringle's Prime Minister, a big, smooth animal 
of great excellence and the best of breeding. 

M. H. Lyon, Waverly. — ^Mr. Lyon has seven 
attractive females and a bull. Wenaford 226317 
and Beatrice 226308 are five-year-olds from 0. 
L. Buchanan's herd. Their sire is the exception- 
al breeding bull, Victor Mysie 345498, sire of 
a number of excellent cpws in Hall Bros/ 
herd at Carlyle. Red Scotch, a desirable bull 
from the herd of William Cronin, is in service 
and is getting first-class calves. 

Harry Shannon, LeRoy. — ^Mr. Shannon bought 
three cows at the R. A. Drummond sale in Feb- 
ruary 1919 and he is another of those well fa- 
vored persons who can furnish his cattle every- 
thing needed for their best development. The 
calves that I have seen would indicate that at 
least two of his cows are excellent breeders, a 
fact which only men old in the business appreci- 
ate at its full value. 

CLOUD COUNTY 

F. J. Colwell, Glasco. — ^Mr. Colwell has a herd 
of thirty females above the average in size and 
of good conformation. Maud 2d was sired b/ the 
Rustler, a son of The Lad For Me, International 
grand champion in 1900, and out of Russella, tlic 
dam of Ruberta, undefeated American cow and 
International grand champion in 1901. The dam 
of Maud 2d was by Mr. Gif ford's outstanding 



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A HISTOBT OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 813 

buU, Red Knight. Flora 185502 is by Marquis, a 
son of Mr. Hanna's Prince Royal, son of imp. 
CoUynie and imp. Princess Royal 62d and out of 
a daughter of imp. Lord Cowslip. Flora's dam 
is by Gallant Knight that in Tomson's herd was 
the sire of many prize winners at the big shows. 
Red MoUie is by Barmpton Model, a Tomson 
bred son of Barmpton Knight, one of the best 
sires ever used in the Tomson herd. Lady Wash- 
ington 34th is by Barrister, a bull that during his 
show yard career won 247 first prizes. 

One might continue to write such facts, but 
enough have been given to show the remarkable 
Une of ancestry in this herd. The bull in use is 
well selected. He is Gainford Lancer by the 
great sire, Gainford Champion, a son of imp. 
Gainford Marquis, junior champion at the Inter- 
national in 1911, later famous as a Canadian 
sire, and now recognized as one of America's 
greatest bulls. The dam of Gfitinf ord Lancer is 
by imp. Jilt Victor and from an elegant line of 
ancestors. 

Arden Jewell, Concordia.* — ^Mr. Jewell's herd 
was started a few years ago and now numbers 
thirty females. They range from medium to 
large and it is the owner's intention to grow his 
young stock as large as he can. With all kinds of 
good grass including alfalfa, with big wheat 
fields and plenty of alfalfa hay, he will be 



• station and telephone, Talmo. .- 

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.314 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IK KANSAS 

enabled to come out with a herd of more than 
average size. The original purchases came from 
Blank Bros. & Kleen of Nebraska and from F. 
C. Kingsley of Auburn. The bull being used is 
Marshall's boy 751953 by Marshall's Choice 
340687. Mr. Jewell is fortunately located near 
other breeders among whom co-operation is prac- 
ticed in the larger sense. 

COMANCHE COUNTY 
E. S. Dale, Protection. — ^Eastern Kansas 
breeders do not usually associate a high-class 
Shorthorn herd with the short grass country, 
but had they observed Mr. Dale at the Salter- 
Robison sale in 1920 as he bid in $400 install- 
ments on Missie's Last up to $6000 against H. C. 
Lookabaugh and then saw him buy Emblem Jr. 
for his Comanche county herd for $4000 over 
the bids made by Peter Ross, they might have 
changed their ideas. His action is typical of the 
man and is reflected in the herd of cattle he 
owns. Improved methods of feeding and hand- 
ling are being adopted and the second pubhc 
sale from this herd will be held in 1921. Local 
shows have been patronized and good winnings 
have resulted. 

More than fifty females are now on the 
farm. The roan six-year-old, Lovely Goods 2d, 
is by that outstanding sire, Ruberta's Goods, 
whose get are among Americans most popular 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



315 



prize winners and good producing cows. Lovely 
Goods' dam is by Lady Eose of Ardmore by 
Scottish Pride. Lavender Mist came from Tom- 
son Bros, and is by Mystic Chief, one of the best 
known sons of Barmpton Knight out of a Lord 
Mayor dam. Lavender Mist's dam is by Archer, 
the splendid son of imp. CoUynie and imp. Circe 
3d. 

Several different bulls have been used. Col- 
lynie Lad combined the blood of Prince of Col- 
lynie, imp. CoUynie and Royal Knight; Mari- 
gold's Chief, a Tomson production, that of 




EMBLEM JR., HIGHEST PRICED FIFTEEN-MONTH-OLD 
BULL EVER BRED AND SOLD IN KAJ^SAS 



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316 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS. IN KAN6A3 

Barmpton Knight and imp. Marigold 50th. 
Roan Monarch was bred by H. T. Forbes and 
was by Royal Monarch out of Sweet Orange. 
(See Forbes sketch.) Butterfly Royalist, now 
in service, is by imp. Butterfly Duke out of imp. 
Lady Marion 2d. In the purchase of Emblem 
Jr. for $4000 Mr. Dale secured what will prob- 
ably be his best investment, for the bull is even 
better than his picture shows him. His sire, imp. 
British Emblem, was one of the most promising 
young bulls in the entire countiy iand his dam 
is a cow of great excellence by Prince Valentine 
4th, one of the best sires in Kansas. 

COWLEY COUNTY 

Fred Abildgaard, Winfield.— When I first 
met Mr. Abildgaard I made up my mind that 
here was a man who would become a real Short- 
horn breeder. A few hours conversation with 
him later, confirmed this opinion and when I 
reached his home, looked over the cattle, ob- 
served his methods and listened to his state- 
ments, I knew that Mr. Abilgaard was already a 
real breeder. He has an additional guarantee of 
success in his sons who take a very active inter- 
est in the Shorthorns and who are giving them 
personal attention not often given except by pro- 
fessional herdsmen. The results of such care 
and attention are apparent. 

Mr. Abildgaard is no novice in the business. A 

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A HISTORY OF SH0BTH0BN8 IN KANSAS 317 

few years ago he was owner of a herd in northern 
Missouri, which was sold to Bellows Bros, and 
some of these cattle brought high prices in their 
sales and since then have been resold at from 
$2000 to $4000. Three years ago Mr. Abildgaard 
located near Winf ield. 

There are ten cows in the herd, all reds, all 
three to four years old, all good ones and as ma- 
tured cows they should be a grand lot. Eight of 
them are sired by Athene's Scotchman, a splen- 
did bull of H. P. Brown's breeding, one is by 
Rosewood Dale and one by a son of Maxwalton 
Renown. Each of these cows either has a calf 
at foot or will calve shortly. It is needless to say 
that they carry the blood of excellent Shorthorn 
sires. They are being bred to a white bull and 
elegant calves, all roans, are the result. 

This bull, Villager Magnet, is worthy of atten- 
tion. He is about five years old, a son of Village 
Fancy 417901 out of a cow by imp. Mutineer that 
sold in Bellows Bros.' 1917 sale for $1750. In 
looking over my notes I find this entry in regard 
to Villager Magnet :* ^ Can 't say anything too good 
about this bull and his calves." He is the big, 
deep, thick kind and a wonderful breeder. He 
might stand a little closer to the ground but he 
is so massive and has such good Shorthorn char- 
acter that he can not fairly be subjected to ser- 
ious criticism, especially when his two-year-old 
heifers are under inspection. 



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318 A HISTORY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 

While this herd is splendidly developed along 
beef producing lines, special attention is being 
paid to milk development. All the cows are far 
above the average as milkers and Villager Mag- 
net, the herd bull, is from heavy milking ances- 
try of the best Scotch type, his dam having given 
six gallons of milk per day. 

In a general way, Mr. Abildgaard handles his 
cattle for best results without overcrowding. The 
herd receives liberal care and the young stock 
is grown and developed to reach what the merit 
of its good ancestry makes possible. It is evi- 
dent that the cost per day does not enter into the 
calculation so much as does the result to be ob- 
tained and the ultimate profit to be derived from 
intelligent care and feeding. Mr. Abildgaard 's 
location on an ideal stock farm and the co-oper- 
ation of such boys as his sons, assures for his 
cattle a leading place among Kansas herds. 

Since the article above was written, Mr. Abild- 
gaard has purchased J. E. Baton's excellent 
herd. This includes two cows of outstanding 
merit. One comes from the Kansas State Agri- 
cultural College and is by that great sire, Match- 
less Dale. The other comes from C. E. Leonard 
and represents the very best of the ancestry 
for which that herd is famous. He has also 
bought a splendid producing daughter of Cap- 
tain Archer out of a Bellows bred Cruickshank 
Columbia cow and two Stunkel bred Star Goods 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



819 



Victor Orange cows. The acquisition of these 
COWS, together with the stock already on hand, 
gives Mr. Abildgaard one of the choice herds of 
southern Kansas. 

J. E. Paton, Winfield. — ^Mr. Paton has dem- 
onstrated his ability as a successful breeder and 
handler of Shorthorns as few young men of my 
acquaintance have done, for nowhere in my 
travels did I find any one who secured better 




VELVET TYPE 

results from a herd that did he. The stock on 
Shady Brook farm at present consists of only 
five high-class females and the herd bull. Em- 
erald's Choice is a big red, bred by C. E. 
Leonard & Son. Her sire, Rosedale's Choice is 



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320 A HISTOltY OF SHOBTHORNS IN KANSAS 

one of the three noted sons of the cham- 
pion, Choice Goods out of the famous 
Rosedale Violet 9th. Her dam is imp. Emerald 
4th from Wm. Norie's herd and sired by Wrang- 
ler, son of Mr. Duthie's greatest bull, Scottish 
Archer. Silver Lavender is a promising daugh- 
ter of Cumberland Star 703360 out of a Leonard 
bred daughter of Wooddale Stamp, one of tlie 
best known sons of the Choice of All. This heifer, 
judged by her ancestry and her merit, should de- 
velop into a magnificent cow. The herd bull is 
Velvet Type, a prize winner at the Kansas Na- 
ational and a bull of such quality as is seldom 
found at the head of a small herd. His sire is 
Narcissus Type, the Cumberland's Type bull 
used at the Kansas State Agricultural College, 
and his dam is Golden Lavender 4th by Wood- 
dale Stamp out of a cow by Marengo's Viscount. 
Chas. M. Baird, Arkansas City. — Mr. Baird 
has the large herd of Cowley county and it is a 
good, useful one, where cattle are kept in a nat- 
ural way, reaching normal development and re- 
sponding well to care and attention. The cows 
represent a desirable line of ancestry, well bred 
bulls have been used ever since breeding opera- 
tions were begun. The herd is descended from 
such sires as Golden Victor Jr., used for a num- 
ber of years by H. M. Hill ; Scott Jr., locally fa- 
mous as a show bull in the Butler county herd of 
W. J. Snodgrass; Galahad, Col. Harris' bull and 



A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 321 

many other good ones that might be mentioned. 
At no time has any effort been made to use spec- 
ial blood lines, Mr. Baird demanding size and 
true Shorthorn character rather than certain 
kinds of breeding. He has had local demand for 
the bulls and the females have so far been re- 
tained in the herd. There are now on the farm a 
lot of heifers sired by Marshall's Best, a son of 
the Hanna bred Scottish Chief and to mate with 
these, the massive roan bullj Silverheel, has been 
purchased. He is by Sil vermin e^ well known in 
Stodder*s and Marshall Bros.' herds. He is a 
good one from end to end and he should be a val- 
uable breeding bull, Mr, Baird is one of the 
state's heavy farmers^ progressive and up to date 
in every way, and the Shorthorns produced here 
will be satisfactory to purchasers, 

J. A, Fasken & Son, Atlanta, — J. A. Fasken & 
Son have a splendid tract of land on which to 
handle cattle. They began breeding in Morris 
county about fourteen years ago^ going to Cow- 
ley county seven years ago. The present herd 
was founded by purchases from David Ballan- 
tyne & Sons of Herington and those who knew 
the Ballantyne herd know there was a rare 
oppoi-tunity to select foundation stock. Five of 
the cows secured were by Cullynie Pride, a splen- 
did Hanna bred son of Collynie, that had for 
dam one of the excellent cows coming from 
Elbert & Fall, and four were by Marshall 



322 A HISTORY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 

Abbotsburn 3d whose sire was out of Mary 
Abbotsburn 7tli, the unrivaled cow of her day. 

A splendid bull was secured from S. D. Mitch- 
ell, a son of White Goods, dam by 47th Duke of 
Airdrie. (See Mitchell sketch.) Another one 
was by Captain Lovely out of a dam by Mr. 
Stodder's great Captain Archer. The present 
herd bull is a massive roan by Mr. Hanna's 
Hampton Spray out of Golden Queen 3d by imp. 
CoUynie, second dam, imp. Golden Queen. (See 
S. C. Hanna history.) This is a very desirable 
bull and those who like the big, beefy, deep, thick 
kind could not help liking him. A promising 
yearling bull, recently bought from E. L. Stun- 
kel, .will also be tried. He is by Cumberland 
Diamond, dam by Star Goods, second dam by 
Victor Orange. 

J. W. Sickles & Sons, Winfield. — Substantial 
care is being given the good sized herd of Short- 
horns on this farm but they are not being pushed 
for extra development. The appearance of the 
calves speaks well for the cows as producers. I 
was impressed with the fact that the Sickles have 
ample facilities for handling their cattle and that 
it would probably be only a question of time un- 
til their ambition would lead them to put up a 
high-class herd. The material they have on 
hand is good enough, if mated with the right 
kind of bulls and developed rightly, to produce 
such results. 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 323 

In common with all the cattle of this territory, 
the blood of imp. Collynie is found strongly in- 
fused in the top crosses, also that of Prince of 
Collynie, imp. Scotchman and 47th Duke of Air- 
drie, three bulls that figure prominently in many 
of the cattle coming from H. M. Hill's herd. 
From the Stodder herd, located near by, came 
the blood of the noted sire. Captain Archer. Mr. 
Pahncr's Commander; the Bellows bred Cham- 
pion's Best; the well known Valley Champion; 
Scott Jr., an outstanding show and breeding bull ; 
Dr. Primrose, the great son of Baron Victor 
owned by Williams Bros, and others of like qual- 
ity are much in evidence. With good sized, strong 
females of such ancestry and a high-class bull 
which the Sickles intend to secure, the task of 
producing real Shorthorns will not be difficult. 

CRAWFORD COUNTY 
Theo. Jagels, Hepler. — This is a substan- 
tial herd founded in 1916 to which some out- 
standing females, that could not fail to attract 
general and favorable attention, have recently 
been added. Mr. Jagels has the practical utility 
idea firmly fixed in his mind and the cattle I 
have seen that went into his herd convince me 
that here will be an establishment that will turn 
out a splendid class of best money making Short- 
horns. 
Three of the choicest heifers in Col. Burgess' 



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324 A HISTORY OF SHOBTHOBNS IK KANSAS 

sale at Fort Scott in June 1920 fell to Mr. Jagels' 
bidding. Village Butterfly and Rosebud's Goods 
9tli are both low down, thick, beautiful speci- 
mens of the breed and show animals of the best 
type. The first is by Brawith Villager by imp. 
Villager and her dam is by imp. Mutineer out of 
a cow by the Duthie bred imp. Royal Fancy. The 
other is by Golden King, a son of Mr. McDer- 
mott's famous Cumberland Marshal out of a 
Fair Goods cow. Her dam is by a son of Morn- 
ing Star out of a granddaughter of Carter's 
Choice Goods. Banff's Cecelia, while not of such 
pronounced show yard type, is a big, smooth two- 
year-old that promises to become a valuable 
breeding cow. Her sire is by an excellent son of 
imp. Lord Banff, the first Scotch bull to sell for 
more than $5000. 

A herd bull worthy of such females is found 
in Barmpton's Villager. His sire is Mina's 
Avon Villager, a son of Village Flash out of 
Maxwalton Mina 9th by Maxwalton Renown out 
of an Avondale cow. His dam is by the Norton 
bred Crown Prince, an outstanding and well 
known sire used by A. O. Stanley, and the rest of 
the pedigree is of the best and most popular 
blood lines of the breed. With Mr. Jagels' 
judgment and determination to produce the best, 
his success can not be doubted. 

H. I. Gaddis, McCune. — I have seen quite a 
number of Shorthorns from Mr. Gaddis' herd 



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A HISTOBY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 325 

at different sales and they were all good ones. A 
recent visit to the farm has added to the favor- 
able impression I held of the cattle and of Mr. 
Graddis himself. There are more than fifty fe- 
males on the farm. They are of medium size, 
both extremes being well avoided. They are an 
unusually neat lot of cows with good heads and 
necks, feminine, yet not delicate, in appearance, 
the class of females that experienced breeders 
would select as profitable producers. Bulls sold 
from this herd have proved these assertions in 
several instances by winning in state fair con- 
tests. Mr. Gaddis has been a contributor to 
the Central Sale at Kansas City, the Kansas 
National at Wichita and the Southeast Kansas 
both at Cof f eyrille and Independence and his of- 
fering is always well received. The herd was 
founded in 1898 by his father and himself and he 
has been sole owner for a dozen years. 

Sultan's Queen by Red Sultan is one of the 
best cows. Her sire is by Village Sultan, a son 
of Whitehall Sultan out of imp. Village Maid 
30th. Her dam is Village Cup 3d. Rosebud 5th 
is by Orange Model, one of the most favorably 
known sires in the West and her dam is by Lav- 
ender Viceroy by the International grand cham- 
pion, Lavender Viscount. A large part of the 
Gaddis herd is of similar breeding and most of 
the herd is of the most popular blood lines 
throughout. 



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326 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

It would hardly be practical to mention in do- 
tail all the bulls that have been used. Among the 
valuable ones was Scottish Viceroy. He was by 
Lavender Viceroy, mentioned above, and out of 
Pride of Orchard Farm B 15th by Secret 
Barmpton. This line of breeding is now very 
popular in the herds of W. A. Betteridge and 
Bellows Bros. Scottish Viceroy was directly 
descended from some of America's best Short- 
horns inx^luding Lavender Viscount, Baron 
Lavender 2d and imp. Baron Victor. Choice 
Collynie, used with success, represented on bis 
sire's side imp. Collynie and Choice Goods. He 
was out of the excellent cow Wistful (see H. M. 
Hill sketch) giving him another cross to Collynie 
and through Royal Knight to imp. Princess 
Alice, one of the country's greatest cows. Secret 
Baron, used until recently, was by Snowstorm, 
the best known western son of Snowflake, sire of 
Ringmaster, three times International grand 
champion. Secret Baron sired a splendid lot of 
stock and he was perhaps the best known of the 
Gaddis bulls. The bull now used is Challenger's 
Knight by Dale's Challenger by Double Dale, 
one of the most noted of Avondale's sons. His 
dam is White Marigold by imp. Crescent Knight 
out of imp. Scotch Marigold. He is a good young 
bull from the very choicest ancestry. 

E. L. Holstine, Girard. — ^Mr. Holstine's early 
purchases included an excellent daughter of 



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A HISTOBT OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 327 

Baron Marr, one of the best sons of Cumber- 
land's Last. For several years Lord Hampton 
by Hampton's Challenger 287618 was used with 
satisfactory results. In 1915 Mr. Holstine 
bought the bull that proved an outstanding 
sire. Hampton Primrose by Hampton Spray out 
of Primrose 6th, one of the best cows in Mr. 
Hanna's herd, has been used by him for five 
years and the herd now consists largely of his 
daughters. I have seen many of Hampton Prim- 
rose 's calves and all were good ones. His dam 
was by imp. Inglewood and his second dam was 
imp. Primrose 4th bred by Mr. Duthie and sired 
by Scottish Archer, Mr. Duthie 's greatest bull. 
This herd of young cows by such a sire should 
prove very valuable. Roan Robin, a young bull 
of excellent type and quality, is now in use. His 
ancestry on both sides is of the best. 

Adam H. Andrew, Girard. — ^Mr. Andrew has 
been with Shorthorns all his life and since 1895 
he has been breeding on his own account. A suc- 
cessful sale was held in 1914. It is planned to 
make an occasional addition by purchase and to 
exhibit at the county fair. The cows are of very 
popular breeding and are medium in size with 
deep bodies set on short legs. They are main- 
tained in thrifty condition on the ordinary farm 
feeds. The herd has always been kept closely 
culled. Such bulls as the Kellerman bred 8th 
Prince of Vinewood ; Mayor of Valley View by 



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328 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Lord Mayor and the well known sire, Orange 
Major have been used. Edgewood's Stamp by 
Clara's Choice is now in service. Mr. Andrew 
has recently added to his herd an elegant, big, 
red cow by that great sire, March Knight. Such 
cows are not usually found in small herds and her 
value can not be estimated. 

DICKINSON COUNTY 

C. W. Taylor, Abilene.* — It is a farm worth 
looking over that furnishes the home for the 
Taylor Shorthorns. Several large houses and 
large barns and sheds provide shelter for men 
and animals required in carrying on operations 
on this tract of 1760 acres of excellent, tillable 
land. Everything is done on a big scale on this 
farm. Just now tlie herd is comparatively small 
— ^between 100 and 200 head — Shaving been re- 
duced temporarily in order that more wheat 
could be raised. Its normal size is from 200 to 
300 head. Everything indoors and out is under 
the immediate supervision of William Harvey 
and his estimable wife, who came from Scotland 
some ten years ago to take charge of this big 
farm. The proprietor devotes much time and 
thought to the business and every minute spent 
with him reveals the wide awake man of big af- 
fairs. 



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A HISTOBT OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 329 

Mr, Taylor has followed the plan of having 
herd bulls and females of true Shorthorn type 
and usefulness. The cattle have been kept on a 
reasonable amount of feed and not pushed for 
more than good development, the theory being 
that the customers were not heavy feeders and 
that the output would give better satisfaction in 
the long run than if developed to a point beyond 
that maintained by the man into whose hands 
they would fall ; and that if the purchaser cared 
to feed more heavily the product of this farm 
would respond to such a system. Local and west- 
em trade have taken the surplus at satisfactory 
prices and at no time in recent years has there 
been a lack of customers. The Shorthorns are 
paying well and giving general satisfaction to 
the buyers, which is as high a compliment as can 
be paid any establishment. 

The herd was founded with eight cows from 
Col. Harris' Linwood herd. These, of course, 
were of excellent ancestry. With them came the 
bull, Vandal, bred and used by Col. Harris. Pew 
female additions have been made but those 
bought have been carefully selected. One of them 
is Lassie 79626 by Senator bred by Col. Harris 
and sired by Godwin, the excellent son of imp. 
Spartan Hero and imp. Golden Thistle. Sen- 
ator's dam was 20th Linwood Victoria by Gala- 
had. The dam of Lassie was Lula Lancaster by 
Barmpton Bud 152945. Roan Seraphina was 

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330 A HISTOBT OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 

one of the cows purchased earlier. Her dam 
came from Linwood and her sire was Golden 
Knight, the son of imp. Craven Knight and Nor- 
ton 's Golden Drop, that was used so freely by 
Col. Harris. Seraphina's dam was by Galahad, 
sire of Gallant Knight. This gives an idea of the 
quality of the cow foundation. 

As before stated. Vandal was the first bull 
used. One of the next was Lafitte by Royal 
Knight, one of the best bulls of the breed used by 
Col. Harris and later by Mr. Hanna. Bold 
Knight came from Tomsons and was by Gallant 
Knight, the bull that made the Tomson herd one 
of national importance. His dam was by imp. 
Thistle Top. (See Tomson sketch.) Headlight 
2d was bred by Joseph Duncan and was by 
Knight of Meadow Farm 3d out of the Harris 
bred Starlight by Galahad. Valiant was bred by 
Tomsons and was by St. Clair, a son of imp. 
Crescent Knight, out of imp. Clara 59th. Mar- 
engo 's Pearl, a bull much used, came from C. E. 
Leonard. He was by Marengo's Choice, one of 
the best of later day Ravenswood sires. 

Two bulls are now doing service. Village Heir 
comes from Uppermill and is a son of the great 
Villager and his dam is Rosetta Grassland 2d, a 
daughter of imp. Conqueror out of imp. Rosetta 
12th. Victor Dale is by Maxwalton Rosedale, 
well known sire in the Pringle and Tomson 
herds. This gives these bulls close connection 

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A mSTOBT OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 33^1 

with the best Shorthorn breeding in America. 

.There is much to recommend the general 
policy of Shorthorn production as practiced by 
Mr. Taylor. Securing fair development on ordin- 
aiy farm feeds is the ideal way of producing 
cattle and stock so produced is always responsive 
to increased feed. The success of Mr. Taylor's 
establishment has rested and will continue to 
rest on the satisfaction given by its output. 

T. A. Ballantyne, Herington. — ^For nearly 
forty years David Ballantyne raised an excellent 
class of Shorthorns and his son, T. A. Ballan- 
tyne, is his successor in the business. The Ballan- 
tyne cattle were first of all practical and useful 
for the old Scotchman had enough of the sound 
sense with which Scotch breeders are credited to 
avoid anything that would not pay its way and 
put money into his pocket. His was the method 
of procedure which, ignoring all minor consider- 
ations, demanded a good animal. 

The twenty females with which T. A. Ballan- 
tyne began in 1917 were the more desirable of the 
young animals in this herd. Most of them 
were by Choice Orange descended through a line 
of bulls coming from good herds and having had 
the best of care. They represent on the side of 
both sire and dam the work of the real breeder. 
Mention is made of a few to give an idea of the 
blood lines. Fancy 2d is by Choice Orange bred 
by E. L. Stunkel. The sire of Choice Orange was 

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332 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

the Bellows bred Star Goods, own brother to the 
champion, Diamond Goods. His dam was by 
Victor Orange, referred to in these sketches, a 
sire of outstanding merit. The dam of Fancy 
2d is by Wooddale Chieftain, one of the best sons 
of Mr. Gentry's Choice of All. Her second dam 
was by Marshall Abbotsburn 3d, one of the most 
highly prized bulls used in the herd. Another 
Choice Orange cow is Golden Lady 4th out of a 
cow by Director, a son of Gallant Knight out of a 
Godwin cow. Her second dam was by Marshall 
Abbotsburn 3d. A third daughter of Choice Or- 
ange is Miss Emma 5th out of Miss Emma 2d by 
the International grand champion. Master of the 
Grove. Miss Emma 2d was one of the few addi- 
tions the elder Mr. Ballantyne made to the herd. 
It was a two-year-old heifer from this herd, by 
Wooddale Chieftain out of a Pride of Collynie 
dam, that stood first in class at the big Central 
Show at Kansas City in 1918. Pride of Collynie 
was by imp. Collynie out of a dam by Royal 
Knight and he was one of the best bulls used. 

The student of Shorthorns will recognize in 
this outline a herd of cows with ancestry of the 
most desirable kind. The herd bull is a worthy 
animal. Roan Model 528012 as I saw him in 
1919 was one of the best, big bulls I had seen. He 
weighed more than 2100 pounds at thirty-six 
months and he had splendid finish and quality. 
In pasture condition he would have made quite a 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 333 

good show. He comes from G. A. Betteridge and 
is of the regulation excellent breeding of that 
herd. 

Pew young men breeding Shorthorns in Kan- 
sas have begun business under more favorable 
conditions than Mr. Ballantyne who grew up 
with cattle and can not remember the time he was 
not identified with the work of a superior Short- 
horn herd. 

E. P. Flanagan, Chapman. — ^Mr. Flanagan be- 
longs in the class of breeders that should be more 
generally known. He has evidently been keep- 
ing quiet about his cattle but the quality of those 
I have seen from his herd would justify more 
publicity. He made a nice little exhibit at Wich- 
ita in 1920 and his herd bull, Sultan's Pride, 
stood third in aged class, which is quite a compli- 
ment to any new exhibitor. 

Audrey's Princess is one of Mr. Flanagan's 
best cows. Her sire is by Choice Goods Model, 
one of the well known bulls of his day, a son of 
Choice Goods and Rosedale Violet 9th, the 
greatest breeding cow in the Tebo Lawn herd. 
Rosedale Violet 9th was dam of The Choice of 
All, Rosedale 's Choice and Runaway Girl, the 
dam of Bellows Bros.' Best of Goods. Another 
cow by the same sire is Janet's Princess. Her 
dam is by the Dryden bred Golden Prince by 
Prince Gloster, sire of the $10000 Prince Im- 
perial and her second dam was a daughter of 

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334 



A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



Golden Knight and comes from the Harris herd. 

The herd consists of about sixty females with 

two bulls in sendee, Sultan's Pride, mentioned 

above, and Linwood Topsman. Sultan's Pride 




SULTAN'S PRIDE 

is strong in the blood and characteristics of 
Whitehall Sultan. He is an unusually even, 
well developed bull from end to end and stands 
close to the ground. As a sire he is giving such 
satisfaction that Mr. Flanagan expects to use 
him for at least two more years in order to get 
more cowsby him. Linwood Topsman was bred 
by Forbes & Son of Henry, Illinois. He has 
plenty of size and is very true in his lines and 
smoothly covered. His sire is Selection's Gold 



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A HISTORY OP SHOETHOENS IN KANSAS 335 

551519 by Selection, grand champion at the In- 
ternational in 1909. His dam is by Scottish Con- 
sul 181231, son of imj). Consul and imp. Violet 
3d, second dam by imp. Golden Fame out of imp. 
Scottish Ringlet. Mr. Flanagan seems to be a 
good care-taker and there is nothing in sight to 
interfere with success. 

J. H. Taylor & Sons, Chapman.* — ^Mr. Taylor 
began the Shorthorn business when he bought 
four cows and a bull of A. H. Lackey & Son in 
1885. Two years ago he purchased nine desir- 
able heifers. One of his best cows is Ruth 3d by 
Marengo's Pearl 391962 by Marengo's Choice, 
the splendid son of Rosedale's Choice and imp. 
Marengo's Lavender Countess. Another one 
by Marengo's Pearl is Goldie 533001. Her 
dam is by Silvery Knight by Gallant Knight out 
of a cow by Strathallan Chief. 

The herd has had the benefit of the use of 
good bulls. Students of Shorthorn history will 
recall Baron Lavender 2d as one of the most 
wonderful bulls ever produced in America, and 
Emma 5th as the famous twin with Emma 4th in 
the Potts show herd. Lord Lovell, a calf from 
these two celebrities, was one of the Taylor 
herd bulls. Golden Knight, the famous old sire 
used by Col. Harris, was one of the earlier bulls 
purchased by the Taylors. Marshal Goods by 



* Telephone and railroad station. Pearl. Ship on Bock Island or 
Union Pacific. 



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336 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Star Goods and out of the outstanding cow, Miss 
Belle, was another. Baron Butterfly 2d from 
the herd of H. I. Gaddis, is now in service. 
His sire. Snowstorm, is by Snowflake, sire of 
Ringmaster, the only bull ever awarded three In- 
ternational grand championships. His dam is by 
Scottish Viceroy by Lavender Viceroy, the best 
known son of the International grand champion, 
Lavender Viscount. 

William Woodson, Chapman. — ^Mr. Woodson 
is a Shorthorn beginner. He has four females all 
nicely bred. Birdie Gloster 3d is by Baron's 
Pride, one of R. E. Owen's Queen of Beauty 
bulls. Her dam is by The Cherub by imp. Prince 
Oderick. Sultan 's Pride Jr. heads the herd. The 
young stock is being well cared for, and it is the 
intention to keep the heifers. Mr. Woodson has 
two sons, Wilfred L. and Edgar W. who are 
growing into Shorthorn men. 

DONIPHAN COUNTY 
T. J. Dawe & Son, Troy and Hiawatha. — No 

herd in northeast Kansas is better known than 
that of T. J. Dawe & Son. It has been shown at 
the state fairs of this section, winning its share 
of honoi'S, and liberal expenditures have been 
made for breeding stock from some of the best 
sources in the country. The herd is being kept 
in excellent condition and visitors always find 
the cattle looking well. The elder Mr. Dawe 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 337 

began breeding forty years ago but not until 1910 
did the firm buy really high-class stock. In 1911 
the Dawes began showing, exhibiting at both 
Kansas state fairs and at St. Joseph, Missouri. 
In the space allotted I can not tell of all the 
good cows. The three-year-old Last Rose comes 
from H. H. Kupper. She is by imp. Scottish 
Sentinel out of a daughter of imp. Strowan Star, 
second dam by Baron Kear 2d. An outstanding 
cow is the roan, Maxwalton Lavender 2d by 
Avondale and out of imp. Lavender Bloom by 
Silver Plate, second dam by Roan Robin. This 
cow is a full sister to the famous Carpenter & 
Ross sire, Maxwalton Renown. In the herd is a 
daughter of Maxwalton Lavender 2d by Max- 
walton Revolution, that is very promising and 
representing, as she does, an extreme concentra- 
tion of Avondale blood, she may prove exception- 
ally valuable. Villager's Baron 4th by imp. Vil- 
lager out of a daughter of imp. Evening Baron- 
ess, carries near the top the blood of imp. Cup- 
bearer, America 's champion bull. Wayside Lav- 
ender is by Maxwalton Revolution out of a dam 
by Avondale. A typical Ruberta's Goods heifer 
of the best type is the four-year-old Nonpareil E. 
that proved herself a fine breeder. Miss Rams- 
den 6th by Baron Pride 275479 is not only a good 
cow but she raised and suckled a calf good 
enough to be well in the money at the Missouri 
State Fair in 1919. This calf was sold to M. R. 



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338 ▲ mSTOBT OF SHOBTHOBNS in KANSAS 

Peterson, Mr. Dawe's neighbor. Sobriety 8th 
by imp. Strowan Star out of imp. Sobriety 2d is 
the dam of two heifers that were in the 1919 
show herd and were winners. She has pro- 
duced and raised five calves within considerably 
less than five years. Autumn Queen Star is an 
elegant four-year-old. She is by imp. Scottish 
Sentinel out of a dam by imp. Strowan Star. 
Her calf, an excellent prospect, was in the show 
herd in 1919. The old herd bull, sire of much of 
the good young stock on the farm and winner of 
many prizes, died recently. He was Diamond 
Emblem, a son of Diamond Goods and the noted 
breeding cow Emily by imp. Collynie. He was 
the highest priced bull in the Bellows sale of his 
year and was one of the smoothest aged sires on 
the show circuit. The herd bull of the future is 
the white two-year-old, Rosewood Pride, bred by 
Carpenter & Carpenter. Asked for a description 
of this bull Mr. Dawe said **He is the right 
kind.'' 

A. A. Hoversony Moray. — ^Mr. Hoverson has 
been breeding Shorthorns for fourteen years and 
he now has a large herd of good cows. His orig- 
inal purchases and a few subsequent ones were 
made from such herds as that of T. J. Sands, 
Robinson, T. J. Dawe & Son, Troy, D. P. Rickc- 
baugh, Sheridan, Missouri, E. C. Holland of 
Iowa and E. D. Ludwig of Sabetha. They were 
by bulls such as Morning Star; Topsman by 



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A HISTOBY OF SH0RTH0BN8 IN KANSAS 339 

Red Cup, son of imp. Cupbearer, the grand 
champion of America for several years; imp. 
Master of the Mint and others of the same class. 

Among the bulls used was Bashful Conqueror 
2d, bred by T. J. Wornall & Son. His sire was 
imp. Conqueror and his dam, Bashful 5th by 
Prince President 2d, second dam Bashful 4th 
by Knight of the Thistle out of imp. Bashful 2d. 
Baron Blythesome, another herd bull was by a 
son of imp. Blythesome 27th. His dam was a Mc- 
Dermott bred cow by Senator, a son of imp. 
Fashion's Favorite and imp. Augusta Bruce, sec- 
ond dam by imp. Craibstone. This bull was used 
for six years, proving an exceptional breeder 
and a great factor in building up the herd. The 
two bulls now in service are Silver Star and 
Barmpton Butterfly. Silver Star bred by H. S. 
& W. B. Duncan was by Cumberland Again 370- 
944 out of Sunlight 10th by Banker's Victor, the 
well known Norton sire. This is a big fellow and 
Mr. Hoverson is well pleased with him. The oth- 
er, Barmpton Butterfly, is by a son of Missie's 
Sultan out of a dam by Hampton's Best. His 
dam is by Acanthus King by Godwin. He is a 
big, heavy, smooth bull and very satisfactory in 
service, 

Mr. Hoverson has a definite object in view and 
is working consistently toward that end, his ob- 
ject being to produce with regularity a class of 
good, useful cattle of medium size and good 



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^40 A HiaTOBY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

feeding quality which will enable them to do well 
on ordinary farm feeds. He avoids any extremes 
such as pushing or starvation and finds his busi- 
ness profitable. The cows, as I saw them, indi- 
cated the degree of development as outlined by 
Mr. Hoverson and they have every appearance 
of practical utility. 

M. R, Peterson, Troy. — ^Mr. Peterson has been 
in the business only two years but he has a nice 
herd of females of splendid conformation and 
good blood lines, some of which would satisfy 
any one. Countess Gloster 6th comes from S. B. 
Amcoats. She is by Secret's Sultan, a son of 
Bellows Bros.' Missie's Sultan out of a dam by 
Lord Marr, a son of Lord Mayor and imp. 
Marigold 50th, second dam by imp. Prince Oder- 
ick. Countess Gloster 6th is a splendid breeder. 
Another daughter of Secret's Sultan is Secret of 
Cedar Lawn by Baron Violet by Victor Bashful, 
a son of the noted cow, Sweet Violet 2d. This cow 
is the dam of two fine heifers, one a last Septem- 
ber 's calf that could show in strong class. 
Hampton's Emblem by Diamond Emblem, dam 
by Hampton's First, a son of Hampton's Best 
is a typical Diamond Emblem heifer. She is 
big, thick and smooth and has a splendid calf 
at foot. The dam of this heifer is one of the 
extra good ones. She has a bull calf that is hard 
to beat, that, lightly fitted for show, was a winner 
at the big Free Fair at Topeka in 1919. Besides 



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A HISTORY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 341 

the cows mentioned above, there are other good 
ones. Three of them are by Goods, a Gigstad 
bred son of Golden Lancaster, out of a dam by 
Good Choice. Thomas, Jameison & Mitchell's 
great bull. White Goods, comes in through a cow 
sired by one of his sons, Roan Goods, while 
Searchlight is represented in Redbud Lady. 

Orange Count 716175, the sire of excellent 
calves, has been used, combining Barmpton 
Knight and Lord Marr. A new herd bull has 
been secured from T. J. Dawe & Son, the ex- 
cellent roan calf in their present show herd, 
a winner at the Missouri State Pair. He is a 
big-bodied, good-quartered, thick-fleshed, smooth 
fellow and is a splendid prospect for a breeding 
bull. His sire is Diamond Emblem and his dam 
is Miss Ramsden 6th by Baron's Pride 275479, 
second dam by imp. Red Velvet out of imp. 
Marietta. 

J. F. Libel & Son, Leona. — This is a compar- 
atively new firm working on a small scale but 
with a splendid start for a choice herd. At D. E. 
Reber's sale they bought the cow, Edna, by 
Scotchman by Royal Pride 149651, a son of imp. 
Helen 20th and several of her descendants are in 
the herd. There are a few heifers by Vain Val- 
entine, a son of Bapton Valentine out of Park 
Violet 5th and out of dams by imp. Conqueror. A 
cow that is making good is Marvel by The Con- 
queror out of Lavender Rose (vol. 51) by the 

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342 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

J. G. Robbins & Son bull, Golden Dutchman. 

One of the bulls used was Magnet Searchlight 
by Searchlight out of a cow by Prince Pavonia, 
the two bulls that established C. S. Nevius as a 
breeder. The second dam of Magnet Searchlight 
came through imp. Golden Gem 2d and Lord 
Lovel. The present herd bull is an excellent one, 
New Year's Emblem, bred by T. J. Dawe & Son, 
by Diamond Emblem, their show bull by Dia- 
mond Goods out of a dam by imp. Collynie. New 
Year's Emblem's dam is Sobriety 8th by imp. 
Strowan Star out of imp. Sobriety 2d. (See 
Dawe sketch.) This bull is not only a good in- 
dividual but it wiU be noted he is of great an- 
cestry and he is proving a fine breeder. 

The Libel herd, as a whole, impressed me 
very favorably, not only as consisting of a lot of 
valuable cattle, but also because surrounding 
conditions indicated almost certain success. 

E. A. Myers, Troy. — ^Both Mr. and Mrs. Myers 
know good Shorthorns and a visit with them con- 
vinced me that they understood how to handle 
their cattle. Mrs. Myers is a daughter of T. J. 
Dawe and is as much interested in Shorthorns as 
any other member of the Dawe family. The 
start was made two years ago by the purchase of 
five desirable cows from the Dawe herd and they 
now have fifteen females. Autumn Queen Rose 
is by imp. Strowan Star out of Autumn Queen 
by Baron Kear 2d and comes from H. H. 

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A HISTOBT OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 343 

Kupper. Lily 2d is by Dale Clarion, now win- 
ning fame as a sire of show stock. Fair Mysie 
is by Pair Elnight 2d by Choice Knight. Sobri- 
ety Bess is by imp. Scottish Sentinel out of So- 
briety 8th and Mysie Treasure is by Master 
Mysie Sultan. 

The reader is asked to consider this sketch in 
connection with the T. J. Dawe & Son sketch and 
thus see clearly the excellent blood lines these 
cows represent. The cows bought had calves at 
foot by the Dawe show bull, Diamond Emblem. 
As he was used as long as he lived, practically all 
the young stock is sired by him. The Myers herd, 
as I saw it, was altogether excellent and all con- 
ditions favoring judicious development were be- 
ing well met. Eosewood Pride, the present Dawe 
herd bull, regarded as an outstanding animal, is 
being used and should maintain high quality in 
the Myers herd. 

DOUGLAS COUNTY 
Willis R. Colman, Lawrence. — ^At Mr. Col- 
man's I found a number of excellent females and 
a very superior bull, for Mr. Colman is an ex- 
ample of the rare individual who received far 
more in a purchase than he knew, or expected to 
receive. He had a few good Shorthorns and, be- 
ing in need of a new bull, he bought of G. P. 
Brown who was selling his cattle, the herd bull. 
Marquis Ciunberland 388134, and a red cow. 



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344 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Oambay 66241, the latter bred to the bull men- 
tioned, from which service he has an excellent 
heifer. The purchase of these animals was made 
at a very moderate price and, added to the al- 
ready good start, it has put Mr. Colman in line 
for a real Shorthorn herd, conditioned on proper 
care and feeding. The cows and heifers are of 
good size and are attractive in form with 
fleshing quality. Apparently they are heavy 
milkers. They represent in the top crosses sucli 
sires as Silk Goods, the son of Choice Goods, and 
the Norton bred Falsetto, both of which proved 
excellent sires in Alex Fraser 's herd ; Sempstress 
Valentine; Prince Koyal, T. H. Mastin's well 
known son of imp. Princess Alice and imp. 
Graven Knight. 

It was in the purchase of Marquis Cumberland 
that Mr. Colman was fortunate. This bull is of 
medium size, six years old, very smooth and well 
covered. He impressed me as being a little light 
in the hind quarter and in the flank but he is 
eyery inch a bull and his calves up to three years 
old which I saw, indicate that he is an exceptional 
breeder. Marquis Cumberland was bred by C. 
A. Saunders and was in Mr. Saunder's 1913 show 
herd as junior calf, winning first at Des Moines 
and at the South Dakota State Fair and he was a 
good winner at the American Eoyal, the National 
Shorthorn Show and the Minnesota State Fair. 
Ho is by Cumberland's Best and his dam is 

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A HISTOEY OF SHOBTHOENS IN KANSAS 345 

Anoka Mildred bred by F. W. Harding, she by 
Anoka Sultan, second dam imp. Pine Grove Mil- 
dred Uth. 

Asher & Allison, Lawrence. — ^Mr. Asher is 
with the Watkins bank and Mr. Allison is on the 
farm. Thev own a herd of cows, a number of 
them bred along fashionable lines, and all are of 
acceptable breeding as indicated by a wealth of 
ancestry. The herd includes two highly prized 
reds purchased from Tomson Bros., one by the 
great Stunkel bull, Victor Orange, and her 
daughter by Nonpareil Victor 2d, a full brother 
to the bull sold by Tomsons for $2000 to go to 
California. The herd is representative of such 
bulls as Victor Orange, Star Goods, White 
Goods, Orange Viscount, Baron Marr, Gallant 
Knight, Ai'cher, Barmpton Knight, Village Mar- 
shal, Avondale, Whitehall Sultan and others of 
merit that might be mentioned. 

The bull at the head of the herd impressed me 
favorably. He is a two-year-old white by Max- 
walton Rosedale, full brother to Whitehall Kose- 
dale, grand champion at the American Koyal and 
at the biggest western shows. His dam is by imp. 
Crescent Knight and the second dam is imp. 
Augusta 105th. He is a big, deep-bodied fellow 
with much natural flesh and though quite thin, 
shows smooth. Those who demand a fancy head 
and neck might consider these points a little 
coarse but he has a well-shaped Shorthorn bull 



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346 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KAJ^SAS 

head that is anything but delicate and with 400 
pounds of flesh, which he could easily carry, he 
would be called a good bull anywhere. 

Perkins & Alley, Lawrence. — In this partner- 
ship we have a commendable case of co-operation 
between the man who owns the land and the man 
who does the farming. Mr. Perkins is a banker 
in Lawrence who owns valuable farm lands near 
the city. He was wisely placed live stock on his 
land and J. W. Alley is his partner. The Short- 
horns I saw on my visit to the farm left no doubt 
as to the excellence of the selections or as to the 
care given them. 

One of the best cows I have seen in looking 
over Kansas herds I saw here in June 1919. She 
is of the kind that never gets thin, as we gener- 
ally understand the term, for she is naturally 
thick, besides she is large, weighing 1650 pounds, 
feminine in appearance and a heavy milker. Her 
yearling heifer is very similar in type and gener- 
al characteristics and the calf at foot was an 
extra good one. The best cows are being bred to 
Willis Colman's outstanding bull, Marquis Cum- 
berlind, a C. A. Saunders bred son of Cumber- 
land's Best, son of Cumberland's Last and sire 
of Cumberland's Type. This story is dedicated 
to bankers of Kansas who own farms, with the 
hope that others will follow the example of Mr. 
Perkins. 

John Black, Wellsville. — ^Mr. Black is one of 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN ELANSAS 347 

tJie state's old breeders who closed out in 1919 
but likes Shorthorns so well he can not do with- 
out them. The small, but choice, herd recently 
acquired consists of two heifers coming from 
Tomson Bros. ; two bought at the 1920 'Central 
Sale, one of which is among the best young cows 
I have seen lately and the fifteen-month-old 
grand champion heifer sold at the Southeast 
Kansas Show and Sale April 1920 for $S00. 
Park E. Salter furnished the bull. He is by 
Rosewood Dale out of a dam by Sultan Victor, 
the well known George Allen bred son of Victor 
Sultan. Mr. Black has grandsons who plan to 
succeed him in the Shorthorn business. 

EDWARDS COUNTY 

J. P. Ray & Sons, Lewis. — I have seen an ex- 
cellent young bull from the Ray herd and as I 
write I have before me a photograph of three 
calves from eight to thirteen months old that 
settles the question of size and quality. Mr. 
Ray bought two cows in 1903 and two more in 
1904. Nothing has been purchased since except 
herd bulls, yet he has sold a lot of stock and is 
now holding annual bull sales from his herd of 
about 100 head. This is my idea of a safe and 
sure business. No young or middle-aged man, 
who does as Mr. Ray has done, need worry about 
the wolf at the door in old age. 

One of the early bulls was Buccaneer by imp. 



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'6^b 



A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



CoUynie out of a dam by imp. Mariner. This 
bull was used extensively and those who know 
his ancestry need not be told more. He was fol- 
lowed by a son of Forest Knight, a son of Gal- 




THE KIND PRODUCED IN THE RAY HERD 

lant Knight, and the Cowan bred Lily Forest 8th 
by Norfolk, second dam by imp. Scottish Lord. 
Mabel's Goods 442060 by Henry StunkePs Star 
Goods, own brother to the champion. Diamond 
Goods and out of a cow by Victor Orange, was 
one of the next bulls in service. The two bulls 
now being used are Victorious by Nonpareil Vic- 
tor, own brother to the Stunkel bred son of Vic- 
tor Orange sold to Tomson Bros, and sold by 
them for $2000 to go to the Pacific coast, and 
Cumberland Hero 668018. Cumberland Hero is 
by E. L. Stunkel's Cumberland Diamond and his 
dam is by Victor Orange which gives him, right 



A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 349 

at the top of the pedigree, two exceptionally 
good bulls. 

ELK COUNTY 

M. W. Bower, Grenola. — My. Bower bought a 
few desirable cows two years ago and he is taking 
good care of them. Rebecca 7th is by Lord Nov- 
ette, an excellent bull owned by H. G. Brookover 
and out of Rebecca by Rosewood. She has a 
wealth of good ancestry. Lord Novette was by 
imp. CoUynie, dam by Lord Mayor, both among 
the state's greatest bulls of all times. Rosewood 
was by imp. Inglewood that until recently held 
the record of the top bull sold at the American 
Royal sale and out of imp. Roseleaf by Scottish 
Archer, Mr. Duthie's greatest bull. There are a 
few other cows of very similar breeding, in fact 
all the cows in the herd are of these elegant blood 
lines. A roan bull of choice ancestry is used. 
A valuable object lesson to be found in Mr. 
Bower's methods is that in starting a herd the 
cows selected should be closely descended from 
well known sources of excellence as his were. 

Geo. L. Dickie^ Grenola. — ^Mr. Dickie bought 
a cow in northwest Missouri some years ago and 
he now has five females. He sells his bulls. Mr. 
Dickie is in business in Grenola and has no 
farm but hires his cattle kept. He owns them for 
pleasure and he says they are making money be- 
sides. They are nicely bred, representing in 



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ancestry such herds as that of J. F. Finley of 
Missouri and such top crosses as are represented 
by Chief Violet 4th, Lord Lovel, Collynie and 
Hampton Spray. The bull now being used is 
Scottish Lad by Silvermine out of a dam by Cap- 
tain Archer. If Mr. Dickie can make Short- 
horns pay while he hires everything, why should 
not the man with his own feed and labor make 
the business profitable ? 

W* W. Gragg & Sons, Severy.— Two of the 
bulls used in this herd were Hardy Knight and 
Masterstroke. Hardy Knight was by Gallant 
Knight out of a dam by Lord Mayor, second dam 
by imp, Thistletop, Masterstroke was by imp. 
Collynie. His dam was by Admiral Godoy, sec- 
ond dam by Duke of Oakland 2d, Admiral Godoy 
was by Godoy out of a dam by imp. Barbarossa. 
The union of Scotch bulls on American bred cows 
strong in Bates blood has been one of the best 
crosses known in Shorthorn history. The few 
cows I saw at Mr. Gragg 's were good and such as 
one would expect from this line of breeding. The 
present bull is Aeroplane, a rugged fellow, strong 
in Collynie blood. 

ELLSWORTH COUNTY 

Roy Helmer, Geneseo. — Mr, Helmer bought 

three cows from H. C< Lookabaugh that are by 

Rosebud ^s Lights a son of Watonga Searchlight 

out of a daughter of imp. Rosebud 2d. Their 



▲ HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 351 

dams are by such bulls as Violet's Searchlight 
and Owen Kane 's Augustine by Villager. A few 
more were bought locally. Mr. Helmer's cows 
are for family use as well as for raising good 
Shorthorns, since he believes it more profitable 
to keep pure breds for this purpose than to keep 
scrubs or grades, and in this view he is correct. 
His bull was bred by Eousseau Smith & Son and 
is out of one of their best cows. (See Smith 
sketch.) He is large, thick and smooth and from 
a herd in which the cows are heavy milkers. 

O. E. R. Schulz, Ellsworth. — ^Mr. Schulz has 
been in the breeding business for six years. He 
has a nicely bred herd of twenty females and the 
good bull. Color Bearer by Maxwalton Eosedale, 
full brother to the champion, Whitehall Eose- 
dale. Color Bearer's dam is by Gallant Knight 
and out of imp. Clara 59th. There are some valu- 
able cows in the herd, one of which is Model 
Milkmaid, bred by W. A. Betteridge by the well 
known Orange Model out of a dam by Victorious 
out of Eose of Autumn 21st. This is exception- 
ally good breeding and is very popular. The bull 
used prior to the purchase of Color Bearer was 
Abbotsf ord Lad by Wooddale Chieftain, a son of 
The Choice of All. Mr. Schulz has a splendid 
local demand for his stock. 

FINNEY COUNTY 
R. J. Ackley, Garden City.— Mr. Ackley's 



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352 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

large herd is composed of some excellent mater- 
ial. Among other good cows is Pleasant Jeal- 
ousy 2d by Watonga Searchlight out of a dam 
by imp. Shenstone Albino. Harriet Sunshine is 
by Secret Aberdeen, a son of Aberdeen by imp. 
CoUynie and out of the splendid cow, Lilac 
Bloom. The bull. Secret Aberdeen was much 
used in the herd. Another herd bull was Fancy 
Velvet by Fancy Lord, coming through Tomson 
Bros, from R. O. Miller. The bull now in use is 
Avondale Villager, an Owen Kane production 
by Augustine. His dam is by the great son of 
Avondale, Double Dale. A herd with such ances- 
try should be a desirable source of supply. 

FRANKLIN COUNTY 
R. H. Lister, Ottawa. — On this farm condi- 
tions present a bright outlook for the future. Mr. 
Lister has had successful experience in breeding 
and feeding cattle and appearances indicate that 
he should be good for enough lease on life to put 
up a herd of extraordinary merit. The cattle 
are almost exclusively high-class females, select- 
ed not from the pedigree standpoint but for in- 
dividual worth and they are of the true Short- 
horn money making type. Mr. Lister has paid 
little or no attention to the blood lines, though 
as is invariably the case, when the right kinds of 
Shorthorns are selected, they are from the right 
kinds of ancestry for **Figs do not grow on 



A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 353 

thistles'' any more than they did 2000 years ago. 
An inspection of three crosses in the pedigrees 
of these cattle, selected as Mr. Lister says, with- 
out regard to pedigree, reveals much high-class 
material. 

Among the bulls are Searchlight, sire of the 
$3500 cow in the 1919 Salter sale; Prince Pa- 
vonia, the noted son of the noted cow imp. Glen- 
dale Pavonia ; Golden Victor, the Baron Victor 
show and breeding bull ; Golden Day out of imp. 
Mistletoe and sire of the dams of International 
prize winning steers ; Lavender Viscount, Inter- 
national grand champion and famous sire at 
Ravenswood; Lord Mayor, one of America's 
greatest bulls that lived fifteen years in Kansas ; 
Choice Goods, America's champion show bull 
and leading sire of his day ; imp. Hospodar sold 
to go to South America; the splendid Bellows 
bred Valley Champion; Barmpton Knight, sire 
of prize winners and breeding cows in great num- 
bers ; Matchless Dale, the noted bull at the Kan- 
sas State Agricultural College and sire of dozens 
of America's champion steers and Cumberland 
Type, the undefeated and sensational bull bred 
and developed by C. A. Saunders. 

Mr. Lister's herd was founded in 1916 and the 
first bull used was the Nevius bred Searchlight 
Bloom, a son of Searchlight out of a dam by 
Golden Day, (see previous mention) a sire of 
great breeding cows in the T. P. Babst herd. 



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354 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

The bull now in service was bred by H. H. 
Holmes- He is a roan son of Prince Valentine 
4tli, a successful show and breeding bull used by 
C. S. Nevius, Tomson Bros., H. H. Holmes and 
A. L. Harris. His dam is by Captain Archer, 
noted sire of show stuff in J. P. Stodder's herd. 
The calves sired by this bull have size, depth and 
thickness with nice finish and if they mature as 
they promise, they will make the right kind of 
Shorthorns. Mr. Lister's operations, covering a 
period of only three years, show that if a man 
really knows good cattle and will give them the 
right kind of care, he can be successful from the 
start without special Shorthorn knowledge. 

A. L. Johnston, Ottawa. — ^Mr. Johnston is pres- 
ident of the Eastern Kansas Shorthorn Breeders 
Association and of the Duroc- Jersey Association 
of the Ottawa territory. He is nicely located 
near town and has a number of high-class Short- 
horns and his herd should become one among the 
best in the state. About two years ago the first 
purchase of extra good stock was made when he 
secured among others Rosewood Cathay by the 
$6100 Missie's Last, and this cow produced in 
1919 an elegant roan heifer calf by imp. Bapton 
Corporal. Another valuable purchase was Em- 
blem's Butterfly by imp. Proud Emblem Jr. that 
now has a calf by imp. British Emblem. This 
cow carries right at the top of her pedigree such 
sires as Fair Knight 2d, Choice Goods and Mr. 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 355 

Duthie's noted bulls, Joy of Morning and Scott- 
ish Prince. Pavonia 6tli, a Tomson bred year- 
ling by Village Marshal out of Glendale Pavonia, 
a daughter of imp. Glendale Pavonia, should 
prove especially attractive to eastern Kansas 
breeders who know so well what these Short- 
horns have done for breed interests. This heifer 
is safe in calf to imp. Bapton Mariner, the ex- 
cellent herd bull now in use. 

Bapton Mariner comes from England's lead- 
ing herd, that of J. Deane Willis and his sire, 
Hoar Frost, is one of the most noted bulls ever 
used by Mr. Willis. He is generally well re- 
garded by breeders and Mr. Johnston considers 
the $2500 he paid for him an excellent invest- 
ment. 

Vail & Scott, Pomona. — Two years ago these 
men came from Missouri where Mr. Vail had 
been breeding Shorthorns for quite a number of 
years. Their herd includes about twelve fe- 
males of good size and quality and of very nice 
breeding, some of them meeting the demands of 
sticklers for certain Scotch blood lines. Among 
the well known bulls found in the top crosses 
might be mentioned Lavender Viceroy of the W. 
A. Betteridge herd; imp. Daydreams Pride; 
Galahad, sire of Gallant Knight ; Baron Laven- 
der 2d, possibly the outstanding bull of Col. 
Harris' production; Silk Goods, the son of 
Choice Goods used by Alex Fraser and later by 



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356 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

H. E. Huber of Meriden; Choice Goods, grand 
champion of America ; The Conqueror, Senator 
Wornall's well known son of Choice Goods and 
other good ones. The herd bull is a nice red, bred 
by Owens Bros, of Iowa. He is of fair size and 
acceptable Shorthorn type, quite smooth, and 
the calves I saw by him indicate that he has been 
a satisfactory sire. He is by the Bellows bred 
Sultan's Goods and comes from the Owens 
Queen of Beauty line. 

Vail & Scott are in a natural small farm stock 
country and conveniently near to the great cattle 
section of the state so that their business is both 
pleasant and profitable. Building up a herd 
from a start like theirs should be easy. 

H. F. Cornell, Ottawa — This herd was founded 
in 1919 and now numbers ten females, coming 
from splendid sources of supply and from excel- 
lent ancestry. Lady Harmony is by Baron Marr, 
an outstanding son of Cumberland's Last, fa- 
mous in P. O. Lowden's and C. A. Saunder's 
herds, out of imp. Lady Marr. Lady Harmony's 
dam came from T. P. Babst and was by Proud 
Orion by imp. Daydreams Pride, second dam by 
Laird of Linwood, almost a full brother to Gal- 
lant Knight, third dam by Lord Mayor. The 
richness of these blood lines should satisfy the 
most critical. Amy came from Kelly Bros. Her 
sire, Aberdeen, was by Lord Banff, the first 
Scotch bull to sell for more than $5000 and a 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 357 

show bull and sire of unusual merit. Pine Queen^ 
a nice roan is by Pine Champion, a Purdy Bros, 
production by Lord Champion, a well known 
Purdy sire out of the famous cow, imp. Lady 
Douglas, dam of Cumberland's Last. The dam 
of Pine Queen was by Lord Lovel, one of the 
West's famous sires. While Mr. Cornell holds 
extensive banking interests he has a natural in- 
clination toward live stock. 

R. S. Maag, Pomona — This is a herd of twenty 
females, founded in 1916. The cows are of 
medium size and, like the majority of Short- 
horns in this section, they receive good farm care. 
Desirable blood lines and ancestry are found in 
this herd. Pride 's Beauty came from J. A. Lori- 
mer and her sire was by Baron Marr, the ex- 
cellent son of Cumberland's Last and imp. Lady 
Marr. Baron Marr was also the sire of College 
Duchess, dam of College Duchess 2d, sold in the 
State Association sale in 1920 for $3900. Other 
Lorimer bred cows are Peggy Princess 3d by 
Prince Pavonia and Fanny 2d, a five-year- 
old roan by a son of Baron Marr. The herd 
bull is Lovely Knight by a son of Gallant 
Knight's Heir and his dam is Lovely of Park- 
dale 3d by Grood Choice. Lovely Knight is of 
very popular breeding. 

John Miller, Richmond. — Mr. Miller has nine 
cows representing, like most Franklin county 
cattle, thoroughly good blood lines. He is well 



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358 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

located to produce stock, having limestone pas- 
ture and alfalfa land and with such facilities and 
a previous successful experience in raising 
market topping grades, he should have no diffi- 
culty in building up a good pure bred herd. The 
bull in use, not yet two years old, is a very large 
one, pleasing in general appearance, but possibly 
a little lacking in depth and thickness for best 
results, although the small calves by him looked 
quite promising. 

T. C. Brown & Bro.,^ Ottawa.— The Browns, 
old breeders of Franklin county, have a herd of 
useful cattle of very nice breeding. They have 
not been developing to the point required for 
best results and the produce has been sold locally 
at moderate prices. Like many others who have 
followed this plan, the Browns think of putting 
more into their Shorthorns and when they do, 
their herd will become a strong factor in local 
cattle improvement. 

Floyd Carter, Rantoul. — ^Mr. Carter has been 
breeding grade Shorthorns ever since he began 
raising cattle. Three years ago he bought a few 
cows from the well known McEchron herd at 
Richmond and a bull from Henry Sobba of An- 
derson county and he is now building up a pure 
bred herd. He is favorably located where Short- 
horns are popular and he should succeed for 
with good management success is certain in sucli 
communities. 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 359 

GEARY COUNTY 

George J. Caspar, Alida.* — Five years ago 
Mr. Caspar bought his start in Shorthorns from 
H. H. Hohnes and he acted wisely in buying good 
cows from good ancestry. Riverside Lady is by 
Chpper Model (see Holmes sketch) and out of 
a dam by Captain Archer, own brother to Sweet 
Mistletoe, dam of the International grand cham- 
pion in 1919. Lena Lady came from G. H. White 
and is by Hampton's Counsellor by Hampton's 
Best, a son of imp. Merry Hampton and a sire 
of outstanding merit. Her dam is by the Duthie 
bred imp. Lavender Champion. Rose Victorious 
is by Victorious, famous sire in N. H. Gentry's 
herd, a son of Lord Mayor out of a dam by imp. 
Baron Victor. (See Holmes sketch.) The bull 
used is Silver Stamp by Viscount Stamp 2d out 
of Hallwood Golden Drop. It is only necessary 
to state that this bull combines the blood of the 
best Shorthorns from the Ravenswood herd and 
from Ed Hall's herd. Such a selection of foun- 
dation stock should, with the good feed and care 
being given the cattle, put Mr. Caspar in line 
with the best breeders of his section or any other. 

GREENWOOD COUNTY 

H. G. Brookover, Eureka. — ^Mr. Brookover 
has the oldest herd in Greenwood county, the 



Telephone, Upland. 



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foundation having been laid in 1900 by purchase 
from O. L. Thisler. Later two cows, Sunny Maid 
3d and Happiness, were bought from Tomson 
Bros. Sunny Maid 3d was by the Barmpton 
Knight bull Lord Marigold, dam by imp. Cres- 
cent Knight J second dam imp. Sunny Blink 6th 
and Happiness was by Gallant Knight, dam by 
Lord Mayor, second dam by imp. Thistletop, 

Mr. Brook over has been careful in his selec- 
tion of herd bulls and, as might be expected, the 
herd has taken on a. uniformity far beyond that 
of most herds. The care and feed given have 
been such as to mature a desirable class of cattle, 
the matured cows off grass that have been sold 
weighing about 1400 pounds. Among the first 
bulls used in building up this herd was Green- 
wood, bred by V. E. Ellis and sired by Sii' 
Charming 4th, a grandson of the noted cow, 
Sweet Chaiity, This bull was followed by one of 
the best ever owned on the f ai"m, a bull that 
would have been a credit to any herd, the massive 
red roan, Rosewood, bred by S- C. Hanna. His 
jsire was the splendid show and breeding buU^ 
imp, Inglewood, the highest priced bull sold at 
an Amerieal Koyal sale until within the last few 
years. His dam was imp. Roseleaf by Mr. 
Duthie's greatest sire^ Scottish Archer, After be- 
ing used to the limit, Rosewood was sold to H* ^L 
Hill for whom he sired nuich good stock includ- 
ing the white bull, Silverinine, J, F. Stodder's 



A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 361 

successor to Captain Archer. Then came Bap- 
ton Lord a Forsythe bred grandson of imp. 
Bapton Arrow, one of the great bulls of the 
breed. Another Hanna bred bull was then used, 
Lord Novette by imp. CoUynie out of an excellent 
cow by Lord Mayor. Next was Victory, a roan by 
Hampton Spray, out of one of Mr. Hannahs cows 
by Count Violet. 

Two good bulls are now in use. One is by 
John Regier's Dale's Emblem, a son of Double 
Dale. His dam is by the outstanding show and 
breeding bull, Nonpareil Star. He is siring a 
nice lot of cattle, both bulls and heifers being of 
splendid form and quality. The other is Master 
Sultan, a Tomson bred son of Beaver Creek Sul- 
tan, for which $1000 was paid recently. His dam 
is by Barmpton Knight and, while hardly more 
than a calf, he will bear very close inspection 
and he should prove a highly acceptable herd 
buU. 

Mr. Brookover is one of the most modest of 
men and is conservative in his statements almost 
to a fault. This is especially true when he speaks 
of his own cattle, which buyers have learned are 
fully as good as they have been represented. In 
this he might well serve as a model to all but 
especially to young breeders, who seldom realize 
the value of a conservative description. 

W. H. & B. Brookover, Eureka. — These young 
men have about twenty females of breeding age 



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362 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

which represent the choicest specimens from the 
herd owned by their father, W. J. Brookover. 
Their cattle descend from two cows, CoUynie 
Lass and Princess Violet 3d. CoUynie Lass by 
the 2800 pound Prince of CoUynie, dam by Gold- 
en Lad, a son of Mr. Dustings Golden Rule and 
imp. Germanica 2d, represents a line of breeding 
that from the standpoint of excellent ancestry 
and desirable blood lines could hardly be im- 
proved. The other cow. Princess Violet 3d, was 
bred by C. S. Nevius and sired by Prince 
Pavonia and was purchased with a splendid 
heifer calf by Searchlight at foot. The dam of 
Princess Violet 3d was by the Westrope bred 
Gloster and the line of descent further down is 
of the best, doubtless such as to meet the ap- 
proval of the most critical. Mr. Brookover paid 
$525 for this cow and calf in the days when $100 
bought a very good cow. It is not surprising 
that satisfactory results have followed the use of 
good bulls on such foundation stock and that 
this herd is in line for recognition in the near 
future. 

In the main, the bulls in use have been the ex- 
cellent ones owned by H. G. Brookover, also the 
splendid show and breeding bull, Blythe Con- 
queror, used and shown successfully by C. P. 
Wolf & Son. He was by imp. Conqueror out of 
imp. Blythesome 15th and a few big, beefy cows 
by him speak well for his worth as a sire. A 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 363 

nice lot of young things are by the Dale's Em- 
blem bull, Oscar. (See H. G. Brooke ver sketch.) 
These heifers are large and show admirable 
finish, among them being a senior calf that at the 
time of my ^dsit was a favorite among calves of 
its age for show in the fall. 

The bull in service is Village Master, selected 
by one of the best judges in Kansas for use rn 
this herd. He was bred by J. F. Prather of Illi- 
nois and his sire is Mr. Prather 's herd bull. Sil- 
ver Knight, a bull that stood high in his class 
at the International. The dam of Village Master 
is by Matchless Robin by the great Forbes bull, 
imp. Cock Robin, out of a cow by Baron Grloster, 
second dam by the well known Fearless Archer. 
It is putting it mildly to say that I liked this big, 
beefy, two-year-old bull. He is an animal of the 
type that will give the maximum returns for the 
feed consumed. He stands close to the ground, 
his proportions of length and depth are right, he 
has an elegant bull head and neck and carries a 
wealth of natural flesh beyond that usually 
found in good bulls. I saw ten of his calves and 
from them picked out three that would be real 
show prospects smywhere. Village Master has 
been shown twice at the Greenwood county fair, 
winning first place each year. He also won the 
American Shorthorn Association championship 
in 1919 and 1920, and he would be a strong bull 
in larger shows. 



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364 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Claude Lovett, Neal.* — ^Mr. Lovett is a gradu- 
ate from the Department of Agronomy in the 
Kansas State Agricultural College. He has an 
excellent farm that produces alfalfa and has 
plenty of limestone pasture. He began farming 
on his own account four years ago and has kept 
Shorthorns since that time. His first purchase 
was made at H. E. Huberts sale in 1916 where he 
secured two choice heifers from which he has 
made good sales of bulls. A yearling heifer de- 
scended from this purchase was fitted for show 
and won first honors at several fairs. Sub- 
sequent additions were made to the herd at 
strong prices, a lot of four heifers having been 
purchased in one sale at an average of $700. 

Taken as a whole, the breeding of this herd is 
most acceptable and includes some of the 
popular blood lines of the day. The individual 
merit of the foundation stock is such as to make 
if fit for a real Shorthorn herd. The bull in use 
at the time of my visit was Scotch Lord, a splen- 
did, big, beefy roan, bred by J. G. Bobbins & Son, 
sired by Lord Avondale, one of America's most 
popular bulls, whose get have been selling for ex- 
ceedingly high prices. The dam of Scotch Lord 
represents two great bulls. Choice Goods and 
Spicy Robin and his second dam is imp. Golden 
Gem by the Marr bred Scotch Thistle. This bull 
is a breeder of heifers of pronounced excellence 



station, Tonovay; telephone, Eureka. 

/Google 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 365 

and light colors, the young females in the herd by 
him being very uniform and of most pleasing 
Shorthorn type and character. 

I glanced over the pedigrees of Mr. Lovett's 
cattle and found a wealth of Shorthorn excel- 
lence near the top. Whitehall Sultan, Gaveston 
CoUynie, imp. Salamis, Victor Orange, Non- 
pareil Victor, Choice Goods, Silk Goods, imp. 
Inglewood, March Knight, Spartan Hero, Prince 
Pavonia, Searchlight, Lavender Viscount and 
Baron Lavender 2d give an idea of the breeding 
of the herd. Among the choice cows are Long- 
branch Queen whose name indicates her origin, 
Scotch Lady by Royal Sultan 380246 out of 
Scotch Mysie 7th 141050 and Lady Wharton of 
M. H. Lyon's breeding. 

Mr. Lovett's method of handling is in keeping 
with the general character of the herd and its 
owner. Constant growth is the desired object. 
WhUe good blood lines do not always insure good 
cattle, yet Mr. Lovett has met the final test. His 
herd is not large, numbering only thirty head but 
from this little herd he made showings at Eureka, 
Predonia and lola in 1919, winning every first in 
each class except two at these three fairs. In 1920 
a larger showing was made with even greater suc- 
cess. Three head were shown at Topeka and all 
were well in the money, his two-year-old heifer 
having stood third in open class. 

T. M. Etherington, Hamilton. — Mr. Ethering- 

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366 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

ton has a large herd of Shorthorns which is be- 
ing handled in a way to bring out the degree of 
development found in the average herd. Pair 
size, smoothness and uniformity are noticeable 
features. Mr. Etheiington started some years 
ago with a few cows bought from local breeders. 
He has been using good bulls and retaining the 
heifers, selling his bull calves to the farmers near 
by. It is evident that the herd has been prolific 
and profitable. 

One of the first bulls used was bred by D. P. 
Norton and was sired by Buccaneer. Then canic 
Vindicator by Collynie out of Belle Abbotsbum 
by Young Abbotsburn, the grand champion of 
America for several years. From Kellerman & 
Son was secured a bull by Lavender Dorrit out 
of a dam by Lavender King 4th. A dash of 
Bates blood was introduced through a son of 
Winsome Duke 11th. H. G. Brookover's herd 
furnished a son of Rosewood, the son of imp. 
Inglewood and imp. Roseleaf by Scottish Archer. 
The last purchase came from Ed Stegelin and is 
by True Sultan, International grand champion, 
a son of Anoka Sultan and one of the best bulls 
in the state or nation. Roan Acacia, a big fellow 
bred by D. C. VanNice and sired by the well 
known Belvedere, the excellent prize winning 
and breeding bull used so long* by Mr. VanNice, 
is also in service. 

J. C. Parks, Hamilton. — Here is a herd that 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 367 

receives close personal attention and shows cor- 
responding results. The young stock is large 
and has quality as well as size. The cows are 
kept in thrifty condition and range from medium 
to large. There are about twenty-five females 
in the herd. Roan Calla 6th is a five-year-old by 
Our Choice. She represents a blending of the 
blood lines of Choice Goods, Whitehall Sultan 
and other high-class bulls, less known. Miss 
Ellen is another cow with an infusion of Choice 
Goods blended with imp. CoUynie. Morning 
Glory is a roan by Snowball, son of Mr. Hannahs 
Hampton Spray out of a dam by imp. Lord Cow- 
slip. Another good cow by Snowball is Miss 
Phyllis 12th, a roan out of a dam by Orange 
Master. (See H. T. Forbes sketch.) 

One of the bulls used was Ingle Lord by Ingle 
Lad. Ingle Lad was an excellent breeding bull 
and sired many great producing cows, including 
Cream Toast, dam of the champion milking 
Shorthorn at the Denver show. Lavender V, 
grand champion at the Southeast Kansas Short- 
horn Show in 1920, is the herd bull. He is by 
Clansman, a son of Lavender Viceroy by the 
grand champion. Lavender Viscount. His dam 
is by the famous Tebo Lawn bull. The Conqueror 
by Choice Goods, used so succeessfuUy by Sen- 
ator Wornall. 

F. L. Gilbert, Hamilton. — ^Mr. Gilbert keeps 
many cattle on his farm and he has put in a few 



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368 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Shorthorns, about ten cows, because of the fact 
that profits seem much surer to him in raising 
cattle than in regulation steer handling and he 
is not alone in realizing that cattle growing is 
safer than annual buying. His Shorthorns are 
of good ancestry and are nice individuals, tend- 
ing toward the dual-purpose type, a kind that is 
meeting with much favor from farmers just now. 
The herd represents in selection and blood lines 
two local herds, T. M. Etherington's and W. E. 
Hogan's and that of Andrew Pringle of Esk- 
ridge and is typical of these herds, which means 
that a rich infusion of best blood on a good 
American foundation is found. The bull in use 
is a smooth, short-legged, straight-lined fellow 
and the young calves look promising. Mr. Gil- 
bert has a chance to handle his cattle well and he 
seems to be making use of his opportunities. 

J. T. Martin & Son, Madison. — This herd of 
ten females was founded in 1912 and is located in 
one of the choice live stock sections of the state. 
Alfalfa, ensilage and the best pasture are the 
rule. Blythesome, a large red cow, is a daughter 
of the splendid bull, Athenian Coronet 4th, a son 
of imp. Bapton Coronet out of Augusta 111th by 
Scotch Fame. Her dam is by Sir Knight, a son 
of Col. Harris' Golden Knight and imp. Sorrel 
by Roan Gauntlet. Royal Paquita was l^red by 
Mr. Hanna. She is by Prince Royal and her dam 
is Tebo Lawn Paquita by Prince Armor, the 



A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 369 

white son of the great imp. Princess Alice. Snow- 
bird is another Hanna bred daughter of Prince 
Royal out of a dam by Choice Prince, son of 
Choice Goods out of a Prince of Tebo Lawn cow. 
Perfection, a bull combining imp. CoUynie, 
Rosewood and others of Mr. Hannahs herd is in 
service. The Martin herd is strong in the blood 
of some of the best stock of the state. 

Kenneth Wilson, Hamilton.— That Mr. Wil- 
son has the right ideas of Shorthorn type and the 
best methods of handling cattle was quite appar- 
ent during a half day spent with him in visiting 
other herds. Mr. Wilson's cattle represent a. 
mingling of blood lines rather than the straight 
Scotch cross and they are good, big, smooth cows 
bred for individual merit from the best ancestry 
but not put together in such a way as to win the 
unqualified approval of the stickler for 
** straight." Nevertheless, he is getting results 
and the herd, strong in Scotch blood of the very 
best kind, is perhaps better for a seeming disre- 
gard of straight blood lines. As an evidence of 
success it may be mentioned that a calf of Mr. 
Wilson's production won first at the Greenwood 
county fair last fall and was recently sold to W. 
J. Brookover, an old Shorthorn breeder, for use 
in his steer breeding operations, the final test of 
merit in Greenwood county. 

Rawlings Bros., Eureka. — This firm has been 
raising high grade Shorthorns for some time, 



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using high-class bulls- Fiye years ago a pure 
bred cow was bought from David Ballaiityne, 
She WEB by Collynie's Pride, the outstanding 
sii'e by imp. Collyniej out of a daughter of Royal 
Knightj son of the famous imp. Princess Alice, 
Later another good cow was added from a local 
herd. The herd bull was bred by O. O, Massa 
and is representative of Prince Pavonia 
through one of his best cows. Rawlings Bros, 
intend keeping a Shoi^thorn herd and their 
location for the business is a most excellent one. 

L, E, Downing, Hamilton. — Mr. Downing has 
made a start in Shorthorns by Iraying three good 
cows. One of them is an unusually large j ma- 
tronly redj that if bred to a suitable bull, should 
prove valuable. It is Mr, Downing 's intention 
to continue in the business and to improve his 
cattle and a young man with such an ambition 
will succeed. He has not yet bought a bull but 
plans to buy one for another year. 

W. E. Hogan, Madison. — Mr. Hogan suc- 
ceeded his father in 1908 and the quality of his 
cattle that I have seen testifies to his success. 
The cows are of good size, smooth and feminine, 
reflecting the character of the bulls used, such 
as Vindicator by imp. CoUynie^ dam by Youii^ 
Abbotsburn, Snowball by Hampton Spray and 
Red Prince by Prince Violet^ dam by Godwin* 
This is one of the oldest and best known herds 
in northern Greenwood county. 



A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 371 

HARPER COUNTY 

D. Wohlschlegel & Sons, Harper. — From high 
grades to pure breds is only a step but a very 
logical one to take on $100 an acre land and the 
men who take such a step almost invariably put 
up the best Shorthorn herds. The Wohlschlegel 
herd will be no exception. Two years ago a start 
was made with a few cows bought from local 
breeders. Later the imported cow, Kier Jip, was 
bought of Park E. Salter. She is a very excel- 
lent individual and was in calf to imp. Bapton 
Corporal and produced a splendid red heifer. At 
the Salter sale in May 1919 the Wohlschlegels 
bought imp. Viola Gem in calf to imp. Aberdeen 
and also the Tomson bred Lady Violet 2d by 
Beaver Creek Sultan. The dam of Lady Violet 
2d was by Barmpton Sultan eSd by Geo. Allen's 
Victor Sultan, a son of Whitehall Sultan. Prior 
to this they had bought Stamford Bess, a Can-- 
adian bred cow by Royal Star, a son of Choice 
Star 611569 out of Lovelace 6th by Scottish 
Beau. These are all cows of great excellence and, 
added to several very good ones already on the 
farm, give a working herd that will be recognized 
in the future. One of the cows on hand from 
the earliest purchase is Clear Echo, a white by 
Scotch Laddie, a son of the fine sire. Prince Val- 
entine 4th. Her dam is by the Hanna bred Sym- 
metrical out of Gayety by imp. CoUynie. Another 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 373 

one, Silver Poppy, is a yearling by White Hope 
486354 out of a dam by Henry StunkePs great 
sire, Victor Orange, second dam by Purdy Bros. ' 
Lord Lovel. 

An excellent bull, Alfalfa Leaf Dale bred by 
John Regier, has been used. This bull is by 
Dale's Emblem, a son of Double Dale and out of 
Edelweiss 8th, the cow that topped Park E. 
Salter 's 1917 sale at $1625. She had a heifer calf 
at foot that has long since sold for $1500 and the 
cow herself sold in an Iowa sale for $1800. I 
mention this to show the kind of ancestry the 
bull had. In the recent Carpenter & Ross sale 
one of the good young bulls of the offering was 
bought. He was imp. Bapton Dramatist by 
Boquhan Stamp and his dam was by Newbliss 
Augusta's Champion. This youngster was bred 
by Deane Willis. He is a remarkably smooth 
yearling, very straight, with thick loin and a 
great covering of mellow flesh. He looks like 
the making of a good sized bull and, barring a 
slight unevenness on the rump, he is exceedingly 
hard to fault. 

The conditions for the production of high- 
class Shorthorns are the best. There is plenty of 
pasture. Alfalfa, ensilage and other feeds 
are abundant and the Wohlschlegels are not 
afraid to feed them. Best of all, the four junior 
members of the firm are strong, husky boys with 
a great deal of enthusiasm for Shorthorns and 



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374 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

they look after details almost to perfection — a 
guarantee for a well grown herd in the future. 

Not less than eight good females have been 
added to this herd since June 1919. Probably the 
most important purchase was that of four im- 
ported heifers secured at the Salter-Robison sale. 
In the same sale one of the best American bred 
females was also bought. These heifers will be 
bred this season, 1920, to imp. Bapton Dramatist 
and the calves from this cross should be among 
the most valuable Shorthorns ever produced in 
Kansas. 

John B. Potter, Harper. — ^Mr. Potter will be a 
permanent man in the Shorthorn business. He 
has some excellent cows in his herd which is 
quite large. A big-bodied roan by Searchlight 
is one that attracts attention and a nice lot of 
females recently bought of northwest Missouri 
breeders with a dozen excellent ones from D. A. 
Ewing and others raised locally, make up the 
herd. Good bulls have been used. One of the 
latest in service and a bull of real worth, 
which quality he transmitted to his calves, was 
Master Pavonia by Prince Pavbnia. A number 
of the cows are by Hallwood Goods, a son of 
Choice Goods out of imp. Sylvia. Forest Knight 
by Gallant Knight out of a Cowan bred cow by 
Norfolk ; Chief Archer by Whitehall Chief, son 
of Whitehall Sultan and Butterfly Abbotsburn 
by the champion. Young Abbotsburn, are among 



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> 

r 




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the sires of cows in the herd. Some of the 
younger heifers are by Rosewood Dale and imp. 
Bapton Corporal. 

Rosewood Dale by Avondale out of imp. Rose- 
wood 92d was recently purchased at a long price 
and is now doing excellent service. He is the sire 
of the highest priced female of her age sold in 
Park E. Salter's record sale at Wichita in 1919, 
as well as of the highest priced heifer in a sale 
held previously. His reputation as one of the 
great bulls of the breed is fully established and 
his use adds much prestige to Mr. Potter's herd. 

Miss Marguerite V. Stanley, Anthony. — ^Miss 
Stanley is the only lady of the fraternity intro- 
duced in these pages. In the data of her herd, 
sent me by request. Miss Stanley has told her 
story so well that I am using her own version as 
she has written it. Her herd is from the very 
best sources of supply and those who see it will 
like it. Miss Stanley is the leading organizer 
and publicity agent for Shorthorn interests in 
her county. 

^^ Having been my father's boy for a number 
of years, I naturally developed a love for stock. 
Seven years ago I bought three grade cows but 
soon saw where to make more money and today 
I take pleasure in introducing to the public my 
modest little herd of twenty Scotch cattle, strong 
in the famous CoUyiaie blood, with some infus- 
ions of Avondale blood. I am endeavoring to 



A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 377 

develop my herd for size, bone, flesh and milk- 
ing qualities. 

^^My herd bull Secret Robin should fill this 
bill. He is a deep, broad, thick-fleshed, smooth, 
white three-year-old bull weighing 2000 pounds in 
farm condition with ordinary care and promises 
to be as good as his splendid ancestry suggests. 
His sire, Linwood Victorious, bred by Forbes & 
Son was a very massive, short-legged, wide-out, 
smooth, beefy bull and a double grandson of imp. 
Cock Robin. Secret Robin's dam. Snow Secret, 
is a half sister to the grandam of Lady Supreme, 
International grand champion female, 1920, 
both sired by Ingle Lad by imp. CoUynie. His 
grandam. Wistful, is a half sister to the dam of 
Lespedeza CoUynie, International grand cham- 
pion bull, 1919, both sired by imp. CoUynie. (See 
H. M. Hill sketch.) 

^*We have in our herd one real cow, sired by 
imp. CoUynie; one, a half sister to the $3500 
Cherry Blossom, sired by the grand champion. 
Searchlight ; another, a large, deep, wide, smooth 
heavy milker, by Hampton Spray, her grandam 
by imp. CoUynie ; Dale's Superb by Master of the 
Dales, a direct descendant of Sempstress of Oak- 
land 8th of Mr. Pott's famous show herd and 
the dam of fifteen calves ; one granddaughter of 
Glenfoyle Magnet, with yearling heifer from 
imp. Village Maid foundation; one wide, thick- 
fleshed heifer by Baron Excelsior, a grandson 

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378 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

of imp. Villager, sired by Augusta Baron; one 
heifer by a grandson of Craven Knight and from 
the Duthie Jealous Girl foundation also some 
good heifers by Rosewood Dale by Avondale. 

**We feel that our crop of calves by Secret 
Robin from these good cows and heifers will be 
little gold nuggets and we take pleasure in show- 
ing them to visitors or prospective buyers. We 
have a few females for sale at all times, also 
some nice Scotch bulls. We meet trains upon 
request at Anthony, Ascot or Harper at any 
time.'' 

S. D. Cox, Harper. — Mr. Cox had an excellent 
herd of grade Shorthorns which might as well 
have been pure breds. Seeing the mistake, he 
bought two cows by Fame's Goods, son of Ru- 
berta's Goods and imp. Princess Fame. These 
cows were out of dams by Secret Prince, a son 
of Prince Pavonia and a good Gallant Knight 
cow. He also bought two heifers by Hampton, 
son of Mr. Hanna's Hampton Spray out of Gold- 
en Queen 3d by imp. CoUynie, second dam imp. 
Golden Queen. Their dams were by Royal But- 
terfly by W. A. Betteridge's Lavender Viceroy 
and by Oakwood, a son of imp. Inglewood. It 
will be seen from this that a select foundation 
is being laid from excellent ancestry. 

For a bull Mr. Cox bought Alfalfa Leaf News 
10th bred by John Regier. He is by Good News, 
a son of the Choice Goods bull, New Goods that 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 379 

headed Harriman Bros. ' herd at the time of its 
dispersion. His dam is by Nonpareil Star, a son 
of imp. Nonpareil Victor, famous as a sire of 
show stock in George Bothwell's herd and out of 
a cow by the well known Chief Violet 4th. This 
is a tried sire of merit and a good individual. 
Mated with Mr. Cox's cows, and with the off- 
spring given the generous treatment he is said 
to give his cattle, we may expect to see some 
valuable Shorthorns on this farm. 

R. H. Cunningham, Harper. — Not all has been 
smooth sailing with Mr. Cunningham since he 
embarked in the cattle business but he has some- 
thing to show for his work and he is sticking to 
it. It has been his plan to buy a few more fe- 
males and to build up as good a herd as he is 
capable of making. His location is very favor- 
able for best results in cattle growing. 

The stock on hand at the time of my visit was 
good. Silver Belle is by a son of Tomson's great 
sire, Barmpton Knight, out of a cow by the • 
Bellows bred Hampton's Crown by Hampton's 
Best. Her dam is representative of imp. Ingle- 
wood that for years was the highest priced bull 
sold at an American Royal sale, and of Prince 
Pavonia. One of the best things is a heifer by 
Master Pavonia, (see John B. Potter sketch) 
dam by Joe's Lord, a son of Lord Mayor out of 
an imp. Thistletop dam. 

The herd bull is Secret Prince, bred by H. M. 

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380 A HISTOEY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Hill. His sire is Linwood Victorious by Forbes' 
outstanding Victor Linwood out of a dam by Vic- 
tor Linwood. Secret Prince has for dam one of 
the splendid cows of the breed descended from 
cows and bulls not equalled in quality by many 
Shorthorns and his breeding is along the very 
best Cruickshank lines. He was used for nearly 
two years by J. C. Thorn & Son where he proved 
himself a capital sire. 

W. M. Nye, Harper.^ — This herd does not run 
as even as some, owing to stock having been 
purchased from several . sources yet there are 
few herds that, as a whole, are descended from a 
better line of ancestry. The sires of the cows are 
such bulls as Violet's Goods by The Choice of All 
and out of Violet Mist 7th, the dam of Mr. 
Hannahs Hampton Spray; Villager Sultan, a 
son of Double Sultan by Sultan Anoka and out of 
a dam by Villager; Protector by Barmpton 
Knight and out of a dam by Lord Mayor ; Victor 
Archer by Archer and out of a dam by Gallant 
Knight. Their dams were by such bulls as White 
Sultan by a son of Glenbrook Sultan and out of a 
dam by Good Choice ; Sandoval by Baron Lav- 
ender 2d. out of imp. Sorrel ; Oakwood by imp. 
Inglewood and out of Sempstress of Oakland 8th 
by Thistlewood ; Golden Lad by Golden Rule and 
out of Germanica 2d ; the Duthie bred imp. Lav- 
ender Champion and the Marr bred imp. Con- 
queror. 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KAJ^SAS 381 

A big, straight-lined, massive bull is in service, 
Butterfly Sultan 300788. He is by Baron Sul- 
tan, a son of Whitehall Sultan out of Athene of 
Rosedale by Victorians Count. His dam is by 
Victoria of Evergreen Park 5th 184632 and his 
second dam is by the C. C. Norton bred Chief 
Lavender 139145. Alfalfa and ensilage are avail- 
able and Mr. Nye should become a successful 
breeder. 

Walter Simonson, Aathony. — ^Mr. Simonson 
has been handling cattle on a large scale and 
some years ago he bought a few Shorthorn cows 
which have been kept with satisfactory results. 
I found here some very good cows and the herd, 
as a whole, is a fairly good one. It is the plan 
to let the pure breds increase with a view of 
gradually closing out the grades. 

Among the best cows on the farm is one by 
Victor Archer out of a dam by Mr. Stodder's 
Geo. Archer, a son of Captain Archer. Her dam 
is by Sempstress Valentine, a son of St. Valen- 
tine. Another Victor Archer cow is Silver 
Girl 5th. Her dam is by imp. Aylesbury Duke. 
Beauty Belle 3d, bought at one of the recent 
Salter sales, sired by Rosewood, the splendid son 
of imp. Inglewood and imp. Roseleaf by Scottish 
Archer, has a bull calf by Sultan's Last by 
Whitehall Sultan. 

Mr. Simonson is using a bull bred by Mitchell 
Bros., Ontario, Canada. His sire is imp. Lochiel 



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and his dam is by Roan Chief 361556. More fe- 
males will be added by purchase and plans are 
being laid for improvements in methods of feed- 
ing and handling. There are facilities here for 
keeping a large herd and the foundation is on 
hand for making a good one. The outlook for 
success is increased by the fact that a son of the 
family is strongly inclined toward Shorthorns. 

Fred Maninger, Harper. — Here are sixteen 
well bred females by good bulls. Choice Echo 
that did valuable service for Miss Stanley and 
Bennington Bros.; White Sultan by Missie's 
Sultan and out of a Good Choice cow; Scottish 
Prince by imp. Lord Cowslip, dam by imp. 
Scotchman and others of this class show the 
cows well descended. The bull used was Hamp- 
ton Archer by Mr. Babb's Silver Hampton out 
of a cow by Captain Archer, own brother to 
Sweet Mistletoe, dam of Lespedeza Collynie, In- 
ternational grand champion in 1919. A splendid 
white bull. Favorite 836696, was bought of John 
Regier in December 1919. He is by Scotch Cum- 
berland, the excellent son of Cumberland Type, 
most sensational show bull of his day and out of 
Edelweiss 9th by Good News, shown three times 
at state fairs and the winner of three firsts. It 
goes without saying that the use of such 
bulls will, with proper care, make any herd good. 

Marcel Duphorne, Harper. — ^As I stood on the 
street corner in the city of Harper, order book 




A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 383 

in hand, talking to Mr. Potter, I chanced to men- 
tion the matter of securing subscribers to A His- 
tory of Shorthorns in Kansas. Mr. Duphorne, 
banker and Shorthorn enthusiast, overheard 
part of our conversation and before I had 
finished he seized my book with the remark 
**I^m in on this if it's for Shorthorns.'' He filled 
out and signed an order for ten copies. 

When David Wohlschlegel wanted an im- 
ported bull and could not leave home to attend 
the Carpenter & Ross sale, he sent Mr. Duphorne 
as his representative. Does this banker know 
Shorthorns ? Take a look at imp. Bapton Dram- 
atist (Wohlschlegel sketch) and you will find 
the answer. 

Note. — ^Respectfully dedicated to bankers of 
the Southwest. 

Jesse Rork, Anthony. — Harper county is full 
of new breeders and Mr. Rork is one of them. At 
Miss Stanley's 1918 sale he bought three cows. 
Lady Lou by a son of imp. Count Violet is out of 
a cow by imp. Trout Creek Clan Alpine. Roan 
Aline, by a son of Captain Archer, has two fa- 
mous bulls in the next two crosses. Winsome 
Duke 11th and St. Valentine, sire of the unde- 
feated Ruberta. Lady Waterloo is of similar 
breeding. Later Mr. Rork secured a daughter 
of Pleasant Dale, son of Maxwalton Averne, dam 
of the $10000 2d Fair Acres Sultan and other 
good ones. He has been using Miss Stanley's 

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384 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Secret Robin, first prize bull at the JEarper 
County Shorthorn show and a breeder of unusual 
merit. 

HARVEY COUNTY 
E. J. Haury, Halstead. — ^Mr. Haury is in the 

business to stay. This is evident when you talk 
with him and especially when you look over his 
cattle. Like nearly all Harvey county farm- 
ers, he is heavily engaged in wheat growing, 
but I suspect he has the vision of the time when, 
by reason of natural law, live stock must be kept 
on the land and he knows that the Shorthorn will 
come into its own on practically every farm in 
his locality. 

The original purchases were made some years 
ago, from good Kansas herds. The bull Abbots- 
ford has left proof of satisfactory service and 
another bull that left his mark was Monarch by 
Crusader, one of the very best sons of Barmpton 
Knight, a bull liberally used by Tomson Bros. 
The Tomson bull Archer and Col. Harris^ Gal- 
ahad also figure in the breeding of the herd. 
Besides the females that have been on the farm 
for a number of years, a recent addition of three 
cows was made from Park E. Salter, a 
daughter of The Goods, J. R. Evans & Bros.' 
well known bull, and two bred in Canada. Scott- 
ish Maid 55th has great size and good form and 
will attract attention any time. The smaller one, 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 385 

Ramsden's Jessie, a cow of medium size, nice 
length, true top and bottom lines, short legs and 
very breedy, impressed me as an especially valu- 
able animal. The third, a big, smooth, roan daugh- 
ter of Ingle Lad should, by virtue of inherit- 
ance, be one of the best in the herd. She is out of 
Sycamore Spiraea, one of the great cows in H. 
M. HilPs herd and a full sister to Prince of Col- 
lynie, one of the beefiest bulls and greatest sires 
of useful Shorthorns I have ever known. The 
cow is so good that one can readily overlook a 
plain horn and I would consider her very valu- 
able as a foundation cow. Her bull calf by Mas- 
ter of the Dales topped Park E. Salter's young 
bull sale in 1917 and Mr. Haury is to be congra- 
tulated on owning her. 

The bull being used is known as Gus Villager, 
a roan yearling by Village Glory, son of imp. Vil- 
lager. His dam is Village Augusta by Village 
Omega, also a son of imp. Villager, second dam 
by imp. Crescent Knight. When I saw him he 
was in rather light flesh but he impressed me 
favorably. He has enough size with length and 
depth in right proportion and a good head and 
neck. 

At the 1920 Salter-Robison sale Mr. Haury 
secured Fair Acres Blossom for $1850. She is 
an elegant roan daughter of Fair Acres Sultan 
and is well along in calf to imp. British Emblem. 
She is a valuable addition to the choice lot of 

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.386 A HISTOEY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

COWS on hand, and Calves from her^ if well devel- 
oped, should be in demand at strong prices. This 
establishment is a great credit to Harvey county. 

O. A. Homan & Seas, Peabody. — ^When Mr. 
Homan was a young man he worked twenty- 
eight months on a Shoiiiiorn farm in Illinois 
and during this time he caught the spirit. He 
decided that as soon as he could, he would own a 
good herd of Shorthorns. His chance came 
twenty-five years ago when he began breeding 
in a small way. Later he bought ten cows and 
heifers of Col. Ed Green, then of Florence. All 
these cows were sired either by imp. Ardlethen 
Mystery or Double Champion and some of the 
Ardlethen Mystery cows were carrying Double 
Champion calves. It. was a satisfactory pur- 
chase, not only because of the quality of the 
stock, but also because it included cows that in 
some cases were of the most desirable blood lines 
of the day. 

One of these cows was Pride of Greendale 2d 
out of Village Pride by imp. Invincible. This 
cow has numerous descendants in the herd. 
There are still on the farm six cows by Ardlethen 
Mystery, two by imp. Aberdeen and two by 
Double Champion. The Double Champion cows 
have been a good lot wherever I have seen them 
and, being from a bull of merit and first-class 
ancestry, they should be so. Double Champion 
was by the champion, Choice Goods, and his dam 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



387 



was Eussella, tBe dam of the undefeated Eu- 
berta. Three cows by the Hanna bred Victor 
Hampton, a son of Hampton Spray, were added 
to the herd a year ago. 




THE YOUNGEST OF SIX SONS. ALL MEMBEHS 
OF THE FIRM OF O. A. HOMAN & SONS 

The bull used is White Hope. His sire is 
Archer's Victor, a son of the well known Tomson 
bull. Archer, the sire of many excellent cattle 
and numerous prize winners. His dam is by 
Ingle Lad, a bull that in H. M. HilPs herd sired 
a lot of breeding cows, practically all of them 
heavy milkers. His second dam was by Captain 
Archer, J. P. Stodder's sire of many prize win- 
ners and full brother to Sweet Mistletoe that at 
Lespedeza produced Imperial Mistletoe sold last 



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388 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

year for $4100 and Lespedeza Collynie, 1919 In- 
ternational grand champion. It wiU be seen that 
White Hope's sire, grandsire and great grand- 
sire were all by imp. Collynie and he imparts to 
his get the thick meatiness of the old bull, with 
fine finish. Individually he is a good specimen 
of a large Shorthorn bull, short-legged and of 
fair finish, a beefy fellow, though not a show 
buU. 

The Homans have quite a record as developers 
of young cattle. At the Wichita show and sale 
. of 1918 they sold a sixteen-month-old bull weigh- 
ing 1550 pounds that topped the sale for bulls of 
his age and the year before they had topped the 
sale on heifer calves with a pair of ten-month-old 
heifers. These heifers, according to the figures 
furnished by Mr. Homan, made a gain of nearly 
five pounds a day for some time. I remember 
seeing them and recall that they were generally 
much admired. 

A. H. Taylor & Son, Sedgwick.— The Taylors 
are located one and one-quarter miles west of 
Briggs Station on the Arkansas Valley interur- 
ban between Wichita and Newton. Cars run 
every seventy-five minutes, giving visitors un- 
usual opportunity for seeing the herd. 

This firm has Shorthorns much above the av- 
erage in size, form and finish. The greater num- 
ber are of blood lines such as would appeal even 
to the most particular. The foundation was laid 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 389 

at the J. p. Stodder dispersion where one of the 
cows purchased was Jeanie by Silvermine, Mr. 
Stodder 's splendid son of Eosewood that sired 
the great lot of heifers sold in the sale. Her dam 
was by Victor of Evergreen Park 4th. This was 
one of the Stodder show heifers and she had been 
a winner all along the line. Splendid breed- 
ing cows from her are now in the herd. Another 
cow is Orlena, a massive Tebo Lawn production 
sired by the well known Victor Bashful out of a 
dam by Duke of Oakland 2d. Knight's Victoria, 
one of the attractive things on the farm, is a big 
roan by the Gentry bred Knight Templar. Her 
sire was by Victorious, the Linwood bred son of 
Lord Mayor. Knight's Victoria was purchased 
with a good heifer calf at foot by Hallwood 
Model, a son of Choice Goods Model. Two desir- 
able cows were added later, the last addition 
having been a red bought at the 1919 Breeders 
sale in Hutchinson. The herd bidl is a son of 
Searchlight, a nice roan and very much like the 
best Searchlight bulls and he is satisfactory as a 
breeder. His dam was by Prince Pavonia, the 
son of imp. Glendale Pavonia. 

The method of handling the cattle as pra<3ticed 
by the Taylors is such as to develop the animal 
well, as may be seen in the size of the matured 
cows, yet it is entirely practical and compara- 
tively inexpensive. Good pasture, alfalfa and 
careful handling, the prime requisites for 



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390 A HISTORY OF SHORTHOBNS IN KANSAS 

successful cattle growing in Kansas, are given 
this herd. The cattle are kept in that condition 
of growth and flesh that is best for the man who 
buys them. 

Mr. Taylor tells me they grow Shorthorns as a 
side line and sell their bulls readily when twelve 
months old or younger at satisfactory prices. 
The farm is in the heart of the wheat belt where 
land sells high but they recognize the necessity of 
raising cattle and if these Shorthorns, big, mas- 
sive and smooth, are kept as a sideline only, it 
might be well for others to adopt their policy. 
The Taylor operations, in the section where 
wheat is grown as a main crop, should be an 
object lesson to the farmers of central Kansas in 
general. The farm has for years been used in 
producing Percherons of high class and the same 
energy and good management which contributed 
to the successful production of horses will be 
manifest in the production of Shorthorns. 

G. O. Thomas, Walton. — ^Mr. Thomas bought a 
few females at the breeders sale in Peabody in 
1918. They were principally from the Homan 
consignment. One heifer is hy the Homan- Wil- 
son bull, White Hope, (see Homan sketch) out 
of a cow by imp. Ardlethen Mystery. The others 
are of the same breeding as the Homan herd 
which gives them a good infusion of very de- 
sirable blood. Mr. Thomas has used White Hope, 
mentioned above, until recently and has secured 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KA.NSAS 391 

excellent results. He has just purchased a first- 
class young bull which completes his herd. 

JACKSON COUNTY 

Ed Stegelin, Straight Creek. — Pew, if any, 
Kansas Shorthorn breeders are better known 
than Ed Stegelin. He has been a fixture on the 
big show circuits for a number of years and as 
a winner he has excelled prominent exhibitors 
and has carried off many blue and purple rib- 
bons. It was about ten years ago that I first 
met Mr. Stegelin at the Topeka fair. He was 
there with a string of his cattle and the regular- 
ity with which he took second and third places 
was almost striking. He said little while awards 
were being placed but after the show he re- 
marked **When I go out to show again, I will 
have cattle that can win first place.'' He meant 
it and he carried out the resolve. 

At Mr. Stegelin 's sale in 1918 the show herd 
was dispersed and since then no showing has 
been done. At the time of my visit to the farm in 
July 1919 there were about forty females in the 
herd and it was a rare treat to look them over. 
Half of them are by the many times grand cham- 
pion bull. True Sultan, and every one of these 
True Sultan heifers I saw was not only big but 
was also finished from end to end. The other 
twenty cows are from excellent ancestry. Rose- 
dale Charity is out of a dam by Prince Imperial, 



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392 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

a son of Snowstorm out of a Royal Leader dam. 
(See Sands sketch.) Snowstorm will be remem- 
bered as a son of Snowf lake, sire of Ringmaster, 
the only bull that was ever three times Inter- 
national grand champion. Lancaster Lady is 
by Red Archer, a son of Ceremonious Archer, 
International grand champion in 1903. Her 
dam is by Royal Rosewood by Royal Archer out 
of imp. Rosewood 97th. An extraordinary two- 
year-old is Sultana Waterloo by True Sultan. 
Her dam is by Matchless Dale, sire of more In- 
ternational prize winning steers than any other 
bull of any breed, living or dead. Her second dam 
is by Orange Lavender by Lavender Viceroy fol- 
lowed by imp. Master of the RoUs. Another 
splendid white yearling heifer by True Sultan 
is True's Princess out of a dam by Searchlight, 
second dam by Prince Pavonia, a line of breed- 
ing that should make her a good producer. There 
were also on the farm two imported females. 
Mayflower Maid is a three-year-old roan, bred 
by Robert Bruce, and her maternal ancestry is 
of Bruce breeding for ten generations. Her sire, 
Golden Primrose, was bred by Dumo. Mr. 
Stegelin had also made a purchase of eight fe- 
males of very choice breeding which had not yet 
reached the farm. 

The first higli-class bull used was Orange Lad 
2d and still it remained a proposition to get a 
bull as good as was desired. At the International 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



393 



in 1912 a white from the famous J. H. Miller 
herd of Peru, Indiana, struck Mr. Stege- 
lin's fancy. John Tomson assisted in looking 
him over and he was bought at the big price of 




TRUE SULTAN 

$550. With transportation charges of $36 he 
arrived at Straight Creek. This was True Sul- 
tan, a bull that did for Mr. Stegelin what Baron 
Victor did for Col. Harris, Gallant Knight for 
Tomsons and CoUynie for Mr. Hanna. He was 
rarely, if ever, defeated in the show ring and he 
put the Stegelin herd among the tops of the 
classes. He was by Sultan of Anoka, a son of 
Whitehall Sultan out of imp. Lady in Waiting. 
His dam was by Marshall of the Mound in whose 
ancestry is found near the top four famous 
Shorthorns — imp. Craven Knight and imp. 
Princess Alice through their son Young Marshall 



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394 A HISTORY OF SHOBTHORNS IN KANSAS 

and Mary Abbotsburn 7th, the most wonderful 
COW in America and a daughter of Young Abbots- 
burn, possibly the greatest show bull of any 
breed in America. 

The show record of the Stegelin herd covered 
three seasons and in that time the cattle were ex- 
hibited at Burlington and Des Moines, Lincoln, 
Topeka, Hutchinson and Oklahoma City. In 
these shows they won 134 firsts, 22 seconds, 19 
thirds, 8 fourths, and 3 fifths, 42 championships 
and 27 grand championships. In 1914 at the 
Nebraska State Pair, True Sultan was made re- 
serve champion over all breeds. 

A pleasing feature of the work on Mr. Stege- 
lin 's farm is the spirit of co-operation shown by 
and with the two sons of the family, ten and 
twelve years old, who own several of the best 
things in the herd. The boys plan to be ready to 
buy farms, when they shall need them, with the 
proceeds from their cattle. Mr. Stegelin thinks 
with the start the boys now have there is hardly 
a question of their being able to buy and pay for 
a quarter section of rich Jackson county land by 
the time they are twenty-one. 

Tom Bottom, Soldier. — One must meet Mr. 
Bottom to appreciate him. He is one of the most 
enthusiastic Shorthorn men I have known and 
I am sure that when you have been with him an 
hour you will feel as rested as after a summer va- 
cation. Here is a big farm with plenty of fine 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHOBNS IN KANSAS 395 

pasture, plenty of alfalfa and a disposition to 
grow good Shorthorns that allows no thought of 
failure. Mr. Bottom is not thinking of the neat, 
tidy, round, little type, easily fattened on grain, 
but of the big, smooth, massive kind that can go 
out and graze to the best advantage, then winter 
well on the farm feeds. 

Constant improvement is being planned for 
the herd and it is no mean one that meets the 
visitor's eye at this time. With few exceptions 
the cows are large and of correct Shorthorn type, 
and they are producing calves that are being 
well suckled and are growing into good cattle. As 
I recall it, practically every cow in the herd was 
suckling a calf or would produce one shortly. 
This is no doubt largely due to the common- 
sense method of keeping them neither fat nor 
lean, just thrifty. In general the breeding is 
very similar to that in Mr. Clement's herd. 

Kansas Pride, a large, attractive roan comes 
from Loch Bros. Her sire Walnut Duke, is a 
Bellows bred son of Hampton's Successor out of 
a Victorallan dam. Her dam represents Good 
Choice and Merry Hampton. A Tomson bred 
daughter of Barmpton Knight is out of a dam by 
the Harris bred Vanquish, a son of Galahad, sire 
of Gallant Knight. This cow has been an excel- 
lent breeder and her bull calves have all sold at 
good prices before being old enough to wean. She 
is now suckling a nice heifer. Another attractive 

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roan is Walnut Glen Girl by Scotch Goods. 
Three of her heifers in the herd are fine speci- 
mens of the breed, one of them, a yearling by 
Orange Lad, being an especially admirable prosr 
pect for a big, smooth, breeding cow. 

The herd bull bears the gentlemanly name of 
Mr. Marshal. He was bred by Tomson Bros, aad 
Mr. Bottom says he was the best young bull in 
the bunch when he was .there and that is why he 
bought him. Really he is a good one, in fact, I 
have seen few bulls in my rounds that impressed 
me more favorably. He is a beautifid roan, a 
show yard type and out of a cow by Barmp- 
ton Knight. Later when I visited James Tom- 
son I saw the mother and grandmother of this 
bull. They were not only two of the best cows in 
the herd but Mr. Tomson said they were among 
the very best bull producers on the farm. One 
of these two cows is the dam of Marshal's Crown, 
the outstanding Village Marshal bull retained 
for service in the Tomson herd. That Mr. Mar- 
shal will be a satisfactory breeder is indicated in 
a letter received from Mr. Bottom July 18, 1920 
in which he says ^^I have thirty of the best calves 
in Kansas.'' 

Ivan Clements, Havensville. — I saw a number 
of cows and some calves here which Mr. Clem- 
ents said were fairly representative of the herd 
and they were real Shorthorns. They combme 
plenty of size with good finish, several of them 




A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KA.NSAS 397 

being very attractive and they would be credit- 
able specimens in any herd. Plenty of roughage 
including alfalfa, and pasture, are the feeds 
which have done the work. 

The purchase of foundation stock descended 
from a line of good bulls gives a clue to the suc- 
cess of things. The earliest purchases are in the 
main representative of such bulls as D. P. Nor- 
ton's British Lion, Clay & Winn's Golden Victor 
Alex Praser's Crown Prince of Lawndale and 
15th Duke of Hilldale, Purdy Bros.' Lord 
Champion, V. R. Ellis' Godwin, Harriman 
Bros.' Proud Monarch and New Goods, Kelly 
Bros.' Banning, John McCoy's Pride of Col- 
lynie, Tomsons' Barmpton Knight, Bellows 
Bros.' Good Choice and Merry Hampton and 
Peculated Wild Eyes, two of the breed's great 
bulls to which no special individual can lay claim. 
It is only natural that cows descended from such 
a line of bulls and given a chance for de- 
velopment should be highly satisfactory in a 
breeding herd. 

One among the best cows that I saw is a big 
roan, Augusta by name. Her sire is by Pride of 
Collynie, a full brother to Mistletoe 15th, dam of 
the 1919 International grand champion. She is 
suckling a big, lusty calf and will easily weigh 
1600 pounds on grass alone. Another excellent cow 
is Alma Rose 4th bred by Loch Bros, of Nebraska. 
She is by Scotch Goods, a son of Good Choice, 



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398 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS ' 

out of a Merry Hampton dam. Her dam is by 
Peculated Wild Eyes and her second dam is the 
grandam of Barmpton Knight. Kelly Bros, 
are represented in the herd by a good two-year- 
old by Scotch Monarch, a grandson of imp. Lord 
Banff, while Dr. Harkey *s herd furnished Duch- 
ess of Oxford 2d, by Baron Cumberland. The 
dam of this heifer was Mr. Eraser's Duchess of 
" Independence. She unites through her maternal 
ancestry the highest priced family of Shorthorns 
the world has ever produced with bulls of modern 
Scotch breeding and type and no one who has ob- 
served closely would deny the profitable re- 
sults of such crossing. 

The herd bull, a big, thick fellow, is Warwick 
452253, bred by Babst Bros. His sire is the Tom- 
son bred Donald 35.9930. His dam is by Ingle- 
side For Me, an elegant white used by T. P. 
Babst and sired by Rosewood, a son of imp. In- 
glewood and imp. Roseleaf by Scottish Archer, 
the best of Mr. Duthie's many great bulls. Mr. 
Clements is also freely using Mr. Bottom's ex- 
cellent bull. (See Bottom sketch.) 

C. P. Humphrey, Denison. — ^Mr. Humphrey, 
a banker owning and operating a farm, made his 
start with a cow bred by Mrs. A. G. Devlin and 
from her he raised four heifer calves. This cow 
was by Lord Butterfly by Golden Victor Jr., out 
of 8th Butterfly of Valley Grove by Lord Mayor. 
Her dam was by My Lord, son of imp. Spartan 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KA.NSAS 399 

Hero and imp. Lady of the Meadow followed by 
two crosses of imp. Thistletop. Later a nice- 
ly bred cow from J. C. Stone was added 
and several of her descendants are now on the 
farm. 

Well bred bulls have been used. An extra 
good one was Modern Scotchman by imp. Ma- 
genta, out of Victoria Butterfly by Victoria 
Baron. Another was Orange Cumberland by 
Dale's Cumberland out of a Lavender Viceroy 
dam. This bull stood third as a calf in a strong 
ring at the American Royal. The present herd 
bull was secured at the 1919 Ogden sale. He 
is a roan almost a year old and looks like the 
making of a good one. His sire Type's Lord is 
by Cumberland's Type out of a dam by Cimiber- 
land's Last. He is out of a cow by imp. Mu- 
tineer and she is a daughter of imp. Bapton 
Magnet by Silver Plate. Mr. Humphrey's farm 
is a rich one with much alfalfa land. It is 
located where Shorthorns have no active compe- 
tition and where all conditions favor their best 
development. 

J. W. Waynant, Holton. — There are few be- 
ginners who are as discriminating in their pur- 
chases and who are giving their cattle such 
care as is Mr. Waynant. His farm is splendidly 
located with pastures, fine water and soil that 
will grow any kind of forage. Since proper feed- 
ing and care go with animal husbandry here 

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400 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

one may expect a splendid herd to be pro- 
duced as a result of these conditions. 

I have seen four of the five females in the 
herd and there is little room for adverse criti- 
cism of these cows. An unusually large and well 
matured three-year-old bred by Henry Kupper 
of Nebraska would attract attention anywhere. 
She is by imp. Scottish Sentinel and her dam is 
by imp. Strowan Star. A yearling heifer from 
this cow is quite pleasing and a two-week-old 
heifer calf by Superior Rosedale makes her pur- 
chase a fortunate investment. 

The herd bull, Superior Rosedale, was bred by 
Howell Rees. He is by the grand champion, 
Whitehall Rosedale, and his dam is by Superi- 
mint, a grandson of Mr. Duthie's great Pride of 
Morning, second dam by a son of Pride of Morn- 
ing. With one exception he is the heaviest and 
most massive bull of his age I have seen in 
twenty-two counties. He was junior champion 
at Topeka in a big show and this fairly indicates 
his form and quality. The young calves by him 
are promising. 

Geo. Zeller, Meriden. — ^Mr. Zeller is a young 
man who a few years ago came to the conclu- 
sion that there would be no room in his plans for 
scrub or nondescript stock. As a result of such 
decision he bought four Shorthorn cows from 
which he has raised a creditable little herd. Two 
of these cows came from Iowa and one, bred by 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KA.NSAS 401 

John E. Smith, was sired by Parson's Proud 
Duke, a son of the well known Victor Baron out 
of a dam by Duke of Oakland. Later several 
cows were secured from Dr. P. M. Marks of 
Valley Palls. They were by Choice Lancaster, a 
son of C. H. White's show bull, Richelieu, a state 
fair and American Royal winner, and were out 
of nicely bred dams. 

The herd bull is medium in size, compact and 
smooth. He is by the Bellows bred. Double Dia- 
mond, whose sire and dam were both by the 
champion, Diamond Goods. He is out of a 
cow by Modern Scotchman, a well known son of 
imp. Magenta. The calves by this bull indicate 
progress in the right direction. Mr. Zeller, with 
good accommodations for cattle, plenty of en- 
thusiasm and a well defined idea of what he 
wants, should be a success. 

F. B. Arnold, Helton. — ^Mr. Arnold has a very 
creditable herd of fifteen cows and practically 
all were suckling good calves when I saw them. 
They have fair size, are straight-lined and 
smooth and are the kind of cows that if bred to a 
first-class big, thick bull can be depended upon 
for satisfactory results. Among high-class bulls 
appearing in the three top crosses are Archer 
Boy by Ballechin Archer, a son of Ceremonious 
Archer; Modern Scotchman by imp. Magenta, 
dam by Victoria Baron; George Cook by My 
Lord, ^ dam by Lord Mayor ; Rosedale by 



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402 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Avondale out of imp. Rosebud 2d ; Violet Lad by 
Golden Lad, son of Golden Rule ; Village Lad, 
son of Village Boy by Bapton Sovereign; Vic- 
tor's Baronet, a son of the noted Baronet and 
others of like ancestry. These show the line of 
breeding from which the cows come. A 
straight-lined, smooth bull heads the herd. He 
has sired an excellent lot of calves that speak 
better than anything else could both for him and 
for the milking qualities of the cows. 

Joe L. Evans, Helton. — There are about 
twenty-five females in this herd and they are sat- 
isfactory breeders or splendid prospects for 
such. The cows are suckling well and produc- 
ing good calves. They are of medium size and 
the conditions under which the herd is being 
kept have been such that they will respond well 
to liberal farm care instead of going down as is 
the case where forcing has been practiced, Mr. 
Evans is working a gradual betterment in 
methods of handling and by the use of high-class 
bulls he will be able to keep up improvement in 
the cattle. The present herd bull was bred by J. 
W. Dawdy and seems to be a success, as indi- 
cated by the calves. 

H. J. Haag, Helton. — ^Mr. Haag has set out 
to produce a good Shorthorn herd, his idea be- 
ing to correct mistakes he may make by avoid- 
ing them in the future. The females come from 
Theo. Olson & Sons of Leonardville. Two of 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 403 

these are by Defender, a son of Barmpton 
Knight, out of a cow by Sir Charming 4th. The 
dam of these cows is by St. Valentine 12th, one 
of the sons of the great St. Valentine, and 
their grandam is by 86th Duke of Wildwood, a 
son of the noted show bull. Golden Victor. An- 
other Defender cow comes through Athenian 
Coronet 4th by imp. Bapton Coronet and her 
dam is by Prime Minister by imp. Prince of 
Perth. Both Athenian Coronet 4th and Prime 
Minister were well known in Andrew Pringle's 
herd. The bull on the farm at the time of my 
visit was not up to the desired standard but he 
will be replaced by a better one as soon as a 
change can be made. Mr. Haag lives near Mr. 
Waynant and will use Superior Rosedale until 
he secures a satisfactory bull of his own. 

J. Mack, Soldier. — ^Mr. Mack has a herd of 
fifty-five cows and he has been breeding for 
twelve years. His original purchase was made 
from Henry Haub and the entire herd is' de- 
scended from this purchase. The method of 
handling has l3een to grow the cattle on the ordin- 
ary farm feeds without effort to secure extraor- 
dinary growth, yet to make conditions such as 
to develop fair size. Mr. Mack tells me that the 
dry cows and non-breeders sent to market have 
weighed about 1400 pounds. Bulls have been 
purchased from Knox of Missouri, Merriam of 
Topeka, Brown of Onaga and Rolf of Whitmore, 

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404 A HISTORY OF SHOBTHOBNS IN KANSAS 

The present sire is Sunlight, used by H. S. An- 
derson, a ton bull and a good breeder. Local de- 
mand has taken all the bulls and for the past two 
seasons the heifer calves have also been sold at 
satisfactory prices. Mr. Mack is inaugurating 
a system of culling out and improving by selec- 
tion but the general plan outlined above will be 
carried on. He expects to stay in the business 
permanently. 

Arthur Steward, Mayetta. — ^I found Mr. 
Steward's cattle much better than he had told 
me they were. Among the twenty cows on the 
farm are some first-rate ones and while the 
herd, as a whole, is not up to the high standard 
he desires, his is one of the most hopeful cases I 
have found. Mr. Steward says he had not been 
using good enough bulls in the past so he went 
toTomson Bros, and bought one and while I did 
not inspect the bull closely, he impressed me as 
being one among the best I have seen recently. 
He is a white by Village Marshal. His dam is by 
the Harding bred Sultan's Commander by 
Whitehall Sultan and his grandam carries a 
strong infusion of Forbes' Baron Gloster. The 
cows are from standard American families and 
are nicely Scotch topped, and the calves from 
this bull will undoubtedly prove very desir- 
able. 

Mr. Steward has plenty of pasture and alfalfa 
land and he is planning to cull over his females 



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ORT OF 8HORTBORN8 IN KANSAS 



405 



n to }iis best. When this is done 
toppy Sliorthorn herd, 
•n, Holton. — Twelve years ago Mr. 
it a cuw of Henry Haub and from 
he has sold $5000 worth of stock 
'ws left. He gives his Shorthorns 
t care, using them to produce milk 
i to raise calves. By this method 
Be the highest type of beef cattle 
ucing good, profitable farm cattle 
problem of keeping cows on high 
d Mr. Ralston 's Shorthorns are of 
iality of many others where no at- 
to milking. 

neier, Mayetta. — ^Mr. Wischmeier 
t to produce an outstanding herd 
dent that he can raise good farm 

of the Shorthorn route. His 
ek came from the herd of H. C. 
hinson county which carries as- 
:h quality and breeding. These 
the blood of Modern Scotcliman, 
ded to in these sketches and Sym- 
a Ijull of great worth in iir. 

The herd bull comes from D. 
out of a good cow and by a son 

6, Holton.— Mr. Trundle has de- 

m not afford to keep the common 
on high priced land and even 



406 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

though he keeps only a few and uses them to pro- 
duce milk and butter for the family, they had as 
well be good milking Shorthorns. He plans to 
stay in the business, using the Shorthorn cows 
as outlined above, and expects to produce pure 
bred cattle much more profitably than grades. 

JEFFERSON COUNTY 
H. E. Huber, Meriden. — ^**I was bom on this 
farm and have lived here all my life and my shoes 
have seldom been free from Shorthorn fertil- 
izer,'' Mr. Huber told me not long ago. In 1884, 
when eighteen years old, he began the business 
on his own account and he now has a herd of 
nearly sixty females. They are medium in size 
and smooth, with quality. The young stock is 
well fed, better than in the past and as a result 
more size will be attained in the future. 

The show ring has not tempted Mr. Huber 
often but in 1918 and again in 1919 he took a few 
head to Valley Falls and both years won the 
female championship. He was a contributor to 
the Hiawatha sale in 1919 and to the 1919 Ameri- 
can Royal sale. Three choicely bred cows were 
added to the herd by purchase in 1919. Several 
public sales have been held in these thirty-five 
years and the herd has become well known 
through a large part of the state. 

There are cows i^i the herd that in point of 
merit and breeding would be a credit ahnost 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 407 

anywhere. Among these are Orange Lass by 
Fair Acres Stamp, a son of the noted sire Pair 
Acres Sultan out of Orange Blossom 36th 108985. 
Her dam is by Bapton Valentine, a son of imp. 
Bapton Arrow, the outstanding bull owned by 
W. R. Nelson and later by W. A. Porsythe & Son. 
Butterfly Lady is by a son of Crusader, one of 
the best sons of Barmpton Knight and her dam 
is by Butterfly Goods by Silk Goods. Silk Goods 
Violet, a four-year-old, is by Silk Goods and out 
of Lord Harris Violet by Lord Marr, the son of 
Lord Mayor and imp. Marigold 50th, second dam 
Scottish Violet 4th by Golden Lad, a son of Rob- 
ert Miller's Golden Rule. 

About twenty years ago. Golden Crown by 
Golden Victor Jr., later used extensively by H. 
M. Hill, was in service. The dam of Golden 
Crown was 9th Butterfly of Valley Grove by 
Lord Mayor. The Sultan 227277 came from 
F. L. Hackler and had for. sire imp. Day- 
dreams Pride. His dam was by Lord Thistle, a 
well known Mastin bred son of Baron Ury. Silk 
Goods is the bull most heard of now in connec- 
tion with Mr. Huber's herd. He was bred by Col. 
Casey and is nearly fourteen years old. Alex 
Fraser bought him as a yearling at Tebo Lawn 
and after siring a magnificent lot of roan heifers 
he was sold by Mrs. Fraser in the 1910 sale. He 
is of royal descent, being by Choice Goods out 
of Lassie of Tebo Lawn by Duke of Oakland 2d, 



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408 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

second dam Golden Lassie by Gaveston out of 
imp. Golden Hair. Proud Sultan, a Tomson bred 
son of Beaver Creek Sultan, was used for two 
seasons and excellent results were secured from 
him. Eecently Mr. Huber has gratified his am- 
bition to own an imported bull and the white, 
Imperator, was purchased. He is a big, smooth, 
stretchy yearling that looks like the making of a 
first-class sire. 

Mitchell Bros., Valley Falls.— The sixty fe- 
males in the Mitchell herd range in size from 
medium to large. It is the intention of the 
pr'oprietors to improve conditions in order to 
socurc better development each succeeding sea- 
s' m. The start was made in 1914 by purchases 
from H. E. Huber and other local breeders. 

In looking over the pedigrees I found an unus- 
ual number of noted bulls appearing in the top 
crosses. Among them were Barmpton Knight, 
one of the best ever used in the Tomson 
herd ; My Lord out of imp. Lady of the Meadow ; 
Mellowhide by Mr. Hanna's Prince Royal out 
of a dam by Captain Archer, own brother to 
Sweet Mistletoe, dam of the International grand 
champion in 1919 ; Silk Goods, excellent son of 
the champion, Choice Goods, now at twelve years 
doing service for H. E. Huber ; Falsetto, the out- 
standing sire in Alex Fraser's herd where his 
get from Bates bred cows looked like real Cruick- 
shanks; Modern Scotchman, used with great 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 409 

profit by John McCoy and next to Collynie's 
Pride one of Ms best bulls ; Sir Knight by Golden 
Knight out of imp. Sorrel by Roan Gauntlet; 
imp. Thistletop, a great sire in the Babst and 
Tomson herds; imp. Salamis, the Cruickshank 
bull used by C. C. Norton; Crown Prince of 
Lawndale, the Bates Scotch son of Prince Royal, 
son of imp. Craven Knight and imp. Princess 
Alice and many others of high rank. 

It is only natural that a herd built on this 
kind -of foundation should possess individual 
merit which will be transmitted with reasonable 
certainty. Kansas Girl by a son of Victor Arch- 
er is one of the best cows in the herd. She has 
a number of desirable Heifers on the farm and 
her dam is still an excellent producer. It is a 
real pity that more attention has not been given 
to the production of such cows as Empress of 
Oxford 4th, the Fraser bred daughter of Fal- 
setto. She is large and is a good looker as a beef 
cow, she is a great breeder, a heavy milker, and 
is the dam of the best and highest priced bull sold 
in the Jefferson County Breeders Sale in 1919. 
A herd like Empress of Oxford 4th would enrich 
any owner who gave his cattle care. Her heifers 
are staying in the herd. 

The Mitchells have recently bought a first- 
class buU of the Kansas State Agricultural Col- 
lege. Matchless Dale, the superb sire of show 
steers and Bessie's Pride, an outstanding beef 



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410 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

COW with a milk record of more than 8000 
pounds, are sire and dam of the young bull that 
should be able to qualify for blue ribbons any- 
where. Not only should he show well, but he 
should sire bulls and heifers that will carry 
along the greatest features of the breed, first- 
class beef cattle and cows that are heavy milkers. 

Dr. M. F. Marks, Valley Falls.— Dr. Marks 
has been in the Shorthorn business for ten years. 
He has two distinct objects in view, uniformity 
in type and color and the maintainance of 
milking quality. The color is dark red and the 
type is that of the Shorthorn cow of medium size, 
straight lines and a good development of udder. 
His herd is quite true to'the standards he has set 
and consists of about fifty females. 

The original purchases were made from local 
breeders, principally from E. Kaufman and J. 
J. Preeland and the bulls used have, in the main, 
come from good herds and have represented good 
breeding. Two of the best sires in use were 
Scotchman 331565 and Choice Lancaster 364763, 
the latter bred by C. H. White and sired by his 
show bull, Richelieu, an American Royal prize 
winner and a son of The Choice of All. The coavs 
by these two bulls indicate they were satisfactory 
breeders. Double Diamond by Diamond Goods, 
dam by Diamond Goods, has left some nice young- 
things that are especially pleasing in head, neck 
and horn. The present herd bull is Clipper Dale 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 411 

652047 bred by Thos. Stanton of Illinois. His 
sire is Sittyton Sultan's Dale by Avondale out of 
a Whitehall Sultan cow. His dam is by Archer's 
Hope by Nonpareil Archer 236802 out of Sosa 
Hope 16th by Royal Prince. 

John W. Sherwood, Dunavant.* — ^It is a real 
inspiration to look over the big, smooth, elegant- 
ly finished cows on this farm. The foundation 
was bought at the Fraser sale in 1911 and it was 
an excellent offering. Under Mr. Sherwood's 
care the cattle have gained, it seems to me, and 
I shall credit this fact to his accidental purchase 
of a high-class bull. Nonpareil Avondale, a son 
of Avondale, was a red of 1906 and as an aged 
bull he virtually made the Sherwood herd what 
it is. Notwithstanding this, he cost less than a 
cheap bull would now. 

There are nineteen females in this herd. Good 
care is given and natural conditions favor devel- 
opment. Empress of Oxford 3d, a daughter of 
Falsetto, the great sire in the Fraser herd, and 
representing on her dam's side the highest-class 
families of cattle of any breed in the world's his- 
tory and on her sire's sides the best lines of mod- 
ern Scotch Shorthorns, is still producing excel- 
lent calves. Her daughter. Little Empress by 
Nonpareil Avondale, is also an outstanding cow. 
While the bull now used is a good one, yet in com- 
parison with his predecessor he can not be 



Telephone, Winchester. 



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412 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

seriously considered ; still this is not a reflection 
on Mm. He was the first prize bull at the show 
held in connection with a sale in Jefferson 
country and he topped the sale, an honor which 
was very worthily bestowed. 

John A. Yost, Perry. — ^Mr. Yost is building up 
a herd from a small start made three years ago. 
Two of his good cows are Kate's Pride 9th and 
Wildeyes. Kate's Pride 9th is by Baronet of 
Maine Valley bred by Chandler Jordan, the 
breeder of Mr. Saunder's great bull, Cumber- 
land. Wildeyes is by Scotchman's Model and 
her dam is from the Praser herd and by Falsetto. 
The herd bull is Golden Orange 738541. 

JOHNSON COUNTY 
Andy J. James & Sons, Lenexa.* — Some years 
ago I formed the acquaintance of Col. James and 
since that time I had thought of hiTn as a suc- 
cessful auctioneer with a leaning toward farm 
life and Shorthorns. This opinion was true in a 
very small sense only. It was my pleasure to be 
the guest of Col. and Mrs. James and to get an 
insight into farming and farm life within view of 
a big city. Picture a 400 acre farm of the very 
choicest land, in a rich part of Kansas, the com- 
mercial value of which is easily $300 per acre, 
every acre of which will grow alfalfa or great 



* One and one-half miles from Overland Park on Strang (inter- 
urban) Line. 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



413 



blue grass. It lies four and one-half miles from 
the corporate limits of Kansas City and about 
ten miles from the Union depot. To me, this 
farm of rolling land and rich valleys was rest- 




COL. ANDY J. JAMES 

ful almost beyond comparison. This is Meadow- 
brook Stock Farm. 

The James family consists of two grown sons 
and one daughter. The sons are not only splendid 
specimens of manhood but they promise to de- 
velop into real Shorthorn breeders. Both Col. 
and Mrs. James are in the prime of life and to 
be a guest in their home is a real pleasure. 

But this is to be the story of Shorthorns on the 
farm. The cattle are a worthy lot and are going to 



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414 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

be better in the near future. The herd was estab- 
lished twenty-one years ago, but the present herd 
comes from purchases made from Alex Praser, 
representing Prince Royal 2d, Falsetto and Silk 
Goods, on the great foundation of cows, nearly 
all coming from George Allen. A later addition 
to the herd was a lot of cows bought from Adams 
and Grant that were sired by the excellent bull, 
Kingdom Come. This bull was a son of Pair 
Goods, out of a daughter of the noted Young 
Nominee. There were also added some cows by 
Villager Valentine, a good son of the great Vil- 
lager and a few by Baron Marr and Lord Banff 
2d came from the H. E. Hayes herd. Recently 
there have been purchased a few daughters of 
Prince Valentine 4th, recognized as one of the 
best bulls in the state. 

Good bulls have been consistently used. A Mc- 
Dermott bred son of Fair Goods, one from Bro- 
naugh by Clara's Choice and a nice, smooth roan 
now in use coming from Fleming Bros, were 
all of choice breeding. The herd has num- 
bered a hundred head but recent sales have 
reduced it to less than one-half that number. 
Col. James is planning additions by purchase 
shortly and these are to be strictly high-class rep- 
resentatives of the breed. 

A suitable bull to head such a herd is already 
on the farm. He is a roan of September 1918 
and bred by F. A. Gillespie & Sons. His sire, 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 415 

Roan Lord sold for $10000 at the Gillespie dis- 
persion and was considered by many the most 
valuable bull in the sale. He is by the noted Car- 
penter & Ross sire, Maxwalton Revolution and 
out of Maxwalton Roan Lady, the greatest cow 
of her day in America. I saw this year- 
ling bull as a ten-month-old calf. He was 
very massive and though not at all in high 
flesh he weighed 814 pounds and impressed me 
as one of the very best herd bull prospects I. have 
seen. As much as a bull calf could suggest resem- 
blance to a cow, he recalls Maxwalton Roan 
Lady with Ijer almost incomparable wealth of 
real meat and fine finish. It seems safe to pre- 
dict that this young fellow, having his great an- 
cestry and his individual merit, could hardly fail 
to become a good sire. 

Frank X. Kelly, Gardner.* — ^Mr. Kelly suc- 
ceeded Kelly Bros, and is one of the best known 
breeders in eastern Kansas. It is his aim to work 
a constant improvement and he is rapidly get- 
ting together a Shorthorn herd worthy of his 
best efforts. The first public sale was held at 
Ottawa June 6, 1919 when fifty head sold at an 
average of about $300. A notable feature of this 
sale was the very liberal support given by the 
Johnson county neighborhood. 

In general the original purchase of females 
did not differ materially from those found in 



Three-quarters mile west of Clare station on Santa Fe. 

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416 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

other herds in Johnson county. It consisted 
of good reliable cattle carrying in the top crosses 
the best blood of the breed as introduced by Col. 
Harris, H. E. Hayes, C. P. Wolf and others. 
This brought in the blood of imp. Lord Banff, 
Young Abbotsburn, Violet Knight, imp. Col- 
lynie, Kinnellar, Sir Charming 4th, British Lion, 
Peculated Wild Eyes, Lord Champion and Bar- 
on Sussex and was surely a foundation good 
enough for any future operations. Besides these 
cows, a number of which are still on the farm, 
additions have been made by purchase that 
should put Mr. Kelly in a leading position as a 
breeder. 

At Park E. Salter's 1919 Wichita sale, the 
Kellys bought the elegant roan yearling. Laven- 
der 48th for $2000. This was doubtless the best 
heifer in the sale and her sire. Rosewood Dale, is 
the well known son of Avondale now owned by 
John B. Potter. Her dam is the Edwards, Can- 
ada bred Lavender Leaf by Prince of Orange, 
second dam, by imp. Cyclone, by Star of Destiny, 
a son of Star of Morning. They also bought two 
other strictly high-class young cows, both bred 
to the $10000 2d Fair Acres Sultan. One is by 
the Gerlaugh bred Morning Flash. Her dam, 
Missie May by Pride of Morning, is out of imp. 
Missie 139th. With this cow was secured a roan 
heifer calf by Overlook Flash. 

It takes a high-class bull to head a good cow 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 417 

herd and in Lavender Stamp Mr. Kelly has such 
a one. He has plenty of size, is very straight- 
lined, smooth and well fleshed and stands close 
to the ground. His head and neck are almost 
ideal and he makes a fine impression at first 
sight. The best imported bull in the Salter-Rob- 
ison 1920 sale was Kinochtry Ensign. This bull 
was secured by Mr. Kelly and will be used on the 
Lavender Stamp heifers. He was bred by J. P. 
Sym. His sire is Kingston of Edgecote and his 
dam is an excellent cow by the famous CoUynie 
Cupbearer. He is large for his age, is very strong 
in the back and has an elegant coat of hair. 

The objective in Mr. Kelly's operations is to 
produce cattle of good size, but not extremely 
large, that are typical Shorthorns in appearance 
as well as in the most valuable characteristics of 
the breed. 

Murdoch Bros., Edgerton. — These men im- 
pressed me very much as being what is usually 
termed coming breeders. Their local conditions 
favor the production of cattle and I saw the 
evidence of their ability in a herd of grade 
Shorthorns, better in size and quality than many 
pure breds. They have unbounded enthusiasm 
and, with their previous successful experience, 
will, no doubt, be able to put up an excellent 
Shorthorn herd. The foundation which consists 
of a half-dozen females and a bull was wisely laid 
and makes a favorable impression on the visitor. 

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418 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

In the herd is a nice roan cow, Winsome, bred 
by and bought of C. H. White of Burlington. 
Her sire is Harding, a son of imp. Collynie, out 
of Sittyton Sarcasm 3d by imp. Bapton Magnet. 
Her dam is by imp. Conqueror and her second 
dam is by the grand champion, Viscount of An- 
oka. On the farm is also a yearling heifer out 
of this cow by Happy Choice that is quite attrac- 
tive and promising. Another good one is V. 
V. Orange Blossom by Sultan Champion, a son 
of the well known Whitehall Sultan bull. Sultan 
Mine. Her dam is by a son of Avondale out of a 
daughter of Archer's Sunray. Fair Acres Sul- 
tan, one of the most popular bulls of the breed, 
comes into the herd through Violet Queen, a 
daughter of Regal Sultan. This heifer gives 
every promise of developing well and her splen- 
did ancestry should make her a valuable breed- 
ing proposition. Violet Princess, by Choice 
Knight, a son of Good Knight and imp. Honey- 
flower 2d and out of a dam by Good Knight, com- 
pletes the list of females with which Murdoch 
Bros, made their start. 

The bull being used is by Maxwalton Rose- 
dale, a son of Avondale and imp. Rosewood 
Pride. His dam is by Gallant Knight, sire of 
dozens of prize winners at the big shows. His 
second dam is imp. Clara 59th by Princely 
Victor. This bull is a big one with a deep, thickly 
covered body. He is much the type of Whitehall 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN" KANSAS 419 

Rosedale, a full brother to Ms sire and for three 
years grand champion at leading western state 
fairs and the American Royal. Murdoch Bros, 
figure rightly that it is better to pay out a 
little more money at the first in order to begin 
with good Shorthorns than to buy a cheap 
lot and gradually improve. They were fortunate 
in securing a nice lot of heifer calves which gives 
them a good start toward putting up a real herd. 

C. S. Catlin & Son, Olathe.— This herd of cows 
impressed me very favorably. They are large and 
smooth, close to the ground and thick-fleshed. 
Their breeding is of the kind that has produced 
so many excellent cattle, a crossing of choice 
Bates cows with thick Scotch bulls. The herd is 
largely descended from one cow, Kirklevington 
Duchess of L. Her sire and dam were both bred 
by Geo. Allen & Sons and her grandam was imp. 
Kirklevington Lady by the famous 2d Duke of 
Weatherby. Winsome Magnet 6th, one of the 
best cows, is by Matchless Avon by Matchless 
Dale, the great son of Avondale, that at thirteen 
years old is still siring valuable cattle at 
the Kansas State Agricultural College. The 
dam of this cow was by Roan Choice a son of C. 
J. Wood's prize winning Roan Hero. Winsome 
Magnet is a Matchless Dale type and the other 
cows in the herd are very similar to her in con- 
formation. 

The bull is a big, straight, thick fellow, not a 

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420 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

show bull, but one of the kind that usually gives 
proper account of himself as a breeder. His 
calves are all that could be desired. He is by 
Reporter, one of the well known and excellent 
Polled Shorthorn bulls. The Catlins have a 
single object in view and that is the production 
of first-class Shorthorns. The herd receives 
good feed and good care, the owners doing the 
rustling instead of allowing the cattle to do it. 

Dr. W. C. Harkey, Lenexa. — Dr. Harkey 
conies before the reader with a reputation as one 
of the best feeders in Johnson county and, having 
a good lot of breeding stock, it is needless to 
say that the herd is good. He has been raising 
pure breds for nine years and has been using 
pure bred bulls on a high grade herd for thirty 
years. His cows came from Alex Fraser, E. 
Ogden & Son, T. J. Sands, the Bronaughs and 
Col. Andy James. Dr. Harkey was not a man 
who would deliberately buy any inferior animals 
and as these are all creditable herds it is evident 
that a start was made with desirable females. 

The other half of the herd on the Harkey farm, 
the bull,* is good. He is Realm ^s Count 2d, a 
Leonard bred son of Wooddale Stamp. His dam 
is a daughter of the International champion, 
Lavender Viscount, and she is one of the Leon- 
ard Fancy of Ardmore cows. Realm ^s Count 2d 
won first prize and was made grand champion 
bull at the 1917 Central Show, his full brother 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 421 

having won the same honor in 1919. This bull is 
exceptionally low down, deep-bodied, thick- 
fleshed, good in general conformation and quite 
pleasing in appearance. In Dr. Harkey's judg- 
ment, based on early results, he will be very satis- 
factory as a sire. The Harkey cattle are kept in 
a locality where blue grass grows at its best and 
supplies succulent feed the greater part of the 
year. 

W. F. Kerr, Olathe. — ^Mr. Kerr is a new breed- 
er who has made a beginning with the right 
kind of stock and who by reason of environment 
will be able to make a success of Shorthorns. One 
of his best purchases is the massive roan cow. 
Queen Lil, that weighs about 1800 pounds in 
breeding condition. She is wide, smooth and 
deep and carries finish from end to end. 
Her sire was by Lord Banff 2d out of a daughter 
of Aberdeen Chief and her dam was by a son of 
the excellent bull, Albion, by Valley Champion. 
The man who is looking for real merit in an- 
cestry should be pleased with this pedigree. An- 
other foundation cow is Joan 2d, also by a son 
of Lord Banff 2d. Her dam comes through 
such noted Shorthorns as Young Abbotsburn, 
the grand champion show bull of America and 
the well known Harris bred Lady Athelstone of 
Linwood. The bulls whose blood enters into the 
herd along with those mentioned above, are Har- 
riman Bros.' New Goods; the well known 



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422 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Headlight by Grand Victor 4th ; imp. Daydreams 
Pride ; imp. Thistletop ; Lord Mayor and others 
of equal merit and popularity. The herd bull 
is a big beefy f eUow and is a son of Queen Lil, 
mentioned above. 

Mr. Kerr is located conveniently near Olathe, 
in a locality where all kinds of tame grass flour- 
ish and where Shorthorns have always been very 
approved. 

W. D. Lorimer^ 01athe.-^Mr. Lorimer made 
his purchases from herds such as that of W. A. 
Forsythe & Son, Ogden & Son, and from the 
good local herd of J. A. Lorimer. Among the 
foundation stock is the Leonard bred Dixie G. 
by Rosedale's Choice and her dam by Golden 
Crown out of a daughter of Lavender Viscount, 
International grand champion. Dixie G. would 
be a very attractive cow in any herd. One among 
the best cows is Geneva whose sire was by the 
excellent Cumberland's Last bull, Baron Marr, 
and her dam was by a son of Prince Pavonia. 
Others in the herd are descended in the top 
crosses from such bulls as Godwin, Good 
Choice and Giltspur's Knight. 

Lethia's Goods, a bull used for some time, was 
strong in the blood of White Goods, one of the 
best sons of Choice Goods. He also carried a 
strong infusion of imp. Merry Hampton. The 
present herd bull is an exceptionally even, well 
proportioned fellow from end to end. While his 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 423 

calves are not old enough to determine what he 
will do as a breeder, they are quite promising. 
On his sire's side, he is representative of Mr. 
Gentry's Victorous and Leonard's Lavender Vis- 
count while his dam is by the show bull, Blythe 
Conqueror and out of imp. Pavonia, one of the 
best imported cows ever owned in eastern Kan- 
sas. Mr. Lorimer is secretary of the Johnson 
County Shorthorn Calf Club. 

Gallanaugh Bros., Gardner.^ — It sometimes 
happens that I talk with a young breeder aiid 
decide almost immediately that he will be a suc- 
cess. Such was the case when I visited Gallan- 
augh Bros. They have laid a good foundation, 
drawn from reliable sources of supply, and they 
intend making additions by purchase and devot- 
ing their energies toward producing real Short- 
horns. The females carry the blood of strictly 
high-class bulls from some of the best herds in 
eastern Kansas and with their good breeding 
they combine individual nierit. One of the 
cows comes from Donhams. JEer sire is a 
son of Prince Pavonia, favorably known in 
the Nevius herd, and her dam is by Giltspur's 
Knight. This line of breeding is recognized in 
eastern Kansas as having produced excellent 
results. 

Hoover's Dale, the bull in service, is from the 
well known herd of E. S. Stewart, Sturgeon, 
Missouri. His sire, Wooddale Stamp, is one of 



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424 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

the best sons of the Choice of All and is out of 
imp. Clara 58th. This is the bull so much used 
in the old established Ravenswood herd. The 
dam of Hoover's Dale is May Butterfly by Vio- 
let's Last from S. P. Emmons & Sons. With 
the care and attention given to details by 
Oallanaugh Bros, and the lot of breeding cows on 
hand, mated with a bull like Hoover's Dale, sat- 
isfactory returns are quite certain. 

H. W. Love, Kenneth. — Mr. Love has a herd 
of about twenty females that are descended 
through a line of good bulls. The older cows are 
nearly all sired by Gallant Knight's Star, a son 
of Gallant Knight, out of a Lord Mayor dam. 
Among the best ones in the herd is Sultan's 
Rose by Sultan's Model, a grandson of Whitehall 
Sultan. Her dam is by Barmpton Knight. This 
is a combination of real blood lines and real 
merit. Two heifers out of this cow are also in 
the herd. 

Gloster 's Lad is the bull that is being used. He 
was bred by E. Ogden & Son and his sire, 
Beauty's Lad, is by Sultan's Goods. His dam is 
by Royal Gloster, a prize winning son of imp. 
Daydreams Pride and his grandson is out of 
Barmpton Joy, the dam of Tomson's great sire, 
Barmpton Knight. I did not have the pleasure 
of seeing Mr. Love's cattle but I know that 
Shorthorns bred the same as these are giving 
splendid results. Along with such blood lines, 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 425 

success is obtained through proper care and feed- 
ing and Mr. Love is very favorably located and 
will be enabled to give his cattle a good chance. 

Jas, Rhoads, Wellsville. — Sixteen years ago 
Mr. Rhoads bought two cows and a bull from the 
well known herd of C. W. Norton of Iowa. The 
present herd, as well as a lot of stock sold, is 
descended from this purchase. The first bull 
used was Baron Victor 9th by a son of Col. 
Harris' great sire, imp. Baron Victor. He was 
followed by a son of imp. Prince Charlie out of 
a dam by Orange Boy 52992. Later a son of 
Crown Prince of Lawndale was bought from 
Alex Fraser. This bull was from Mr. Fraser's 
excellent cow. Duchess of Independence. The 
herd which has been kept in the ordinary man- 
ner with no special attempt to push development, 
consists of about fifteen good useful females. 
The herd bull was bred by John Black and his 
sire, Hampton Serene, is by Mr. Hanna's Hamp- 
ton Spray, out of a daughter of imp. Lord Cow- 
slip. Mr. Rhoads' sales of surplus have been 
made locally and his trade has been very satis- 
factory. 

S, B. Raskin, Olathe. — The sires used in this 
herd are Polled Shorthorns and some of the cows 
are double standard. The cattle are well cared 
for and they attain good medium size. Lucille 
is an outstanding four-year-old red, by Colonel, a 
son of Collynie Goods 33265. Through her sire 



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426 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

she carries the blood of imp. CoUynie, Choice 
Goods and Prince Gloster, three of America's 
greatest bulls and through Ingle Prince, her 
dam's sire, she has Prince of Collynie, imp. In- 
glewood and Royal Knight. It would be strange 
if she were not good. The other cows are of sim- 
ilar breeding. The bulls are from the best Polled 
herds, the present sire, Airdrie Evergreen, com- 
ing from J. H. Walker. 

Rothwell & Sons, Gardner. — ^Here is a highly 
commendable case of co-operation between 
father and sons and they are all in earnest about 
their work. Their purchase consists of one cow, 
two heifers and a bull. The cow was bred by 
ij(A\ Andy J. James and it wiU be interesting 
to know that she was bred from the family of 
cattle that were at one time the highest priced 
and most popular in the world's history. With 
this cow they secured a nice heifer calf at foot 
by Lavender Stamp. The bull being used is a 
thick fellow of very pleasing appearance and 
good breeding. He comes from T. J. Sand's herd 
and is by Clansman out of a dam by Classical 
Sultan. 

A. E. Wedd, Lenexa. — ^Mr. Wedd bought a 
few cows from Col. Andy J. James some years 
)ago. They came to Col. James from the Alex 
li^raser herd and wherever found these Fraser 
cows have been good breeders and good milkers. 
Mr. Wedd is using a bull sired by the Betteridge 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 427 

bred Cicelie's Model out of a dam by Bracefill 
Conqueror, a son of imp. Conqueror and imp. 
Bracelet. There is no way to get better cattle 
than by breeding such females to first-class 
bulls. Mr. Wedd can, if he puts the necessary 
care and feed into this herd, soon have a lot of 
cattle of which any man would feel proud. He 
is located in a community of Shorthorn breeders 
where co-operation is practiced. 

A. L. Wiswell, Ocheltree. — ^Mr. Wiswell is a 
new man in the Shorthorn business, but he is full 
of enthusiasm for the work. The three cows lie 
has purchased are good ones and are intended as 
a foundation. Cottonwood Belle is by Handsome 
Prince by a son of Blythe Pavonia and out of a 
dam by Graceful Conqueror. Golden Nell is by 
Golden Glow, a son of Andrew Pringle's Golden 
Prince, out of a dam by imp. Thistletop. Aga- 
tha's Fashion is one of Col. Andy J. James' 
breeding, her ancestry being from Alex Fraser's 
herd of Scotch cross Bates Shorthorns. This 
cow has a promising yearling heifer by Kelly 
Bros. ' Lavender Stamp. These four females are 
of exceptional value in establishing a herd. 

Boyd Lorimer, Olathe. — ^Mr. Lorimer, a mem- 
ber of an old Johnson coimty Shorthorn family, 
recently bought of Kelly Bros, two Shorthorn 
cows. The one was bred by Col. Andy J. James 
and is by one of his good bulls and out of a cow 
from the Alex Fraser herd. The other cow came 



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428 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

from the J. C. Loriiner herd, which has been a 
genuine source of supply for the territory 
north of Olathe. The breeding represented 
here is the best Bates foundation crossed with 
good Scotch bulls and this has produced splendid 
results. Mr. Lorimer is using Dean Lorimer's 
high-class bull, 

J. R. Miller, Gardner. — ^Mr. Miller is the first 
and only barber I have found who owns Short- 
horns and takes an active interest in them and I 
have been assured that he is a good Shorthorn 
man. He bought five heifers of Barrett & Land 
and is keeping them well and breeding to Kelly 
Bros.^ excellent bull, Lavender Stamp. This 
system will insure better results and the buyers 
of his output will get better cattle than if he 
kept a bull of mediimi quality as many small 
breeders do, and the cost is not greater. 

Vint Trusine, Wellsville. — ^Mrs. Trusine is a 
daughter of Mr. Rhoads and the small herd on 
the Trusine farm came from her fathers. Mr. 
Trusine intends building up a Shorthorn herd 
and staying with the business. The cows on hand, 
bred to the right kind of bulls, with the produce 
properly grown out, will make a very satisfac- 
tory foundation for the future herd. The bull in 
use comes from John Black and is a son of 
Hampton Serene. The location is favorable for 
the production of Shorthorns and local market 
conditions in the Ottawa territory are good. 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 429 

H. J. Waddell, Olathe.— Mr. WaddeU has 
made satisfactory selections, one of Ms cows be- 
ing by Matchless Avon, a son of the noted Kan- 
sas State Agricultural College bull. Matchless 
Dale, one of the most renowned sons of Avondale. 
On her dam's side she combines the blood of imp. 
Princess Lovely, a grandson of Mr. Duthie's 
famous Scottish Archer and Senator Benedict's 
well known Banker 4th. Another cow is by King 
Gloster, a bull of T. J. Blake's breeding and out 
of a cow by Prince Pavonia, one of Mr. Nevius' 
best herd bulls. The herd bull comes from S. B. 
Haskins and is by the J. H. Walker bred Rube 
Evergreen. 

KINGMAN COUNTY 

Bennington Bros., Rago.* — Thirty-five years 
ago, C. Bennington began breeding Shorthorns 
in Iowa. Twelve years ago he came with his 
family to Kansas, bringing fourteen cows with 
him. The firm was known as C. Bennington & 
Sons until after the father's death which oc- 
curred three years ago when it became Benning- 
ton Bros. A large grade herd has been kept 
along with the pure bred one, but the Benning- 
tons say that the day of the grade cow is almost 
past with them because they find the pure bred 
much more profitable. 

Their herd is descended from three cows which 



Telephone, Harper. 

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430 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

were bought in Iowa thirty-five years ago. No 
effort has been made to attain the highest stand- 
ard, yet practical utility has always been insisted 
upon. The cows are of good size and are quite 
uniform. Since well bred bulls have always been 
used the herd represents desirable breeding. The 
men from whom herd bulls have been obtained 
are Chandler Jordan, Abe Renick, C. C. Bigler, 
M. E. Jones, C. S. Nevius, Howell Rees and H. 
H. Holmes. Students of Shorthorn affairs will 
concede that bulls coming from these herds 
should have been very good ones. One of the 
best used was Cherry Grove Banff 19th, selected 
by the elder Bennington and the senior member 
of the present firm as the best young bull on the 
M. E. Jones farm. He was almost a facsimile of 
his sire, imp. Lord Banff, and proved to be an 
outstanding breeder. 

Two bulls are now being used. Fame's Goods 
is by Ruberta's Goods out of imp. Princess Fame 
and he carries two direct crosses near the top of 
his pedigree to Scottish Archer, Mr. Duthie's 
greatest sire. Fame's Goods had been used be- 
fore coming to Benningtons and has an estab- 
lished reputation as a breeder. The other is 
Choice Echo, a big white, by New Echo, a son of 
New Goods and his dam was a daughter of imp. 
Ethel, the very excellent cow that went from Geo. 
Bothwell 's to Harriman Bros. ' herd. Both these 
bulls are tried sires of merit and, with their use 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 431 

and some proposed changes in handling, an ex- 
cellent herd should be built up here. 

J. F. Birkenbaugh, Basil.* — Though founded 
in 1916 and now consisting of only twelve fe- 
males, this herd is worthy of much consideration. 
The cows are medium to large and the young 
stock is fed for splendid development. The an- 
cestry of the foundation cows was of the better 
class and the bulls used should insure constant 
improvement. Lady Barmpton is by Satin 
Royal, a son of Captain Archer, own brother to 
Sweet Mistletoe, dam of Lespedeza CoUynie, 
1919 International grand champion. Satin 
Royal's dam was Mr. Stodder's famous show 
cow. Innocence, by imp. Bapton Arrow, one of 
the best bulls in the West, making him a full 
brother to Crystal Maid, leading Kansas show 
cow for three years. Silver Beauty comes from 
Mr. Stodder and is by Silvermine, a bull known 
all over southern Kansas for the excellence of his 
get and his wealth of good ancestry. Silver 
Beauty's dam is by Prince Pavonia, one of the 
state's best bulls. Secret Thought is by Banff 
Boy, a grandson of imp. Lord Banff, leading 
show bull in America and the first Scotch bull to 
sell for more than $5000. PoUyanna is the daugh- 
ter of Choice Archer, a son of Captain Archer 
(see above) out of a granddaughter of Choice 
Goods, American champion for three years. 

* Telephone, Kingman. 

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432 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

The first sire used was Ozark Sultan. He 
was by a son of Princely Sultan by Whitehall 
Sultan, greatest American bull of this gener- 
ation. The roan, Village Emblem, is now in 
service. He is by imp. Proud Emblem Jr. whose 
sire. Proud Emblem, is one of Great Britain's 
most popular sires. Village Emblem's dam is 
by the great sire, imp. Villager, out of Butter- 
fly Maid, a daughter of Jubilee Maid. Mr. Birk- 
enbaugh is pursuing the right course in selection 
and in the care of his herd, which bids fair to 
become one of the leading ones of south central 
Kansas. 

George W. Allen, Norwich. — ^Mr. Allen's cows 
are of medium size and come from excellent an- 
cestry. The young stock is well cared for and 
with the use of good bulls a first-class herd will 
be built up. The original purchases of cows 
made two years ago were strong in the blood of 
imp. CoUynie and to use on these cows Mayor 
Alcott 618504 was secured. He was by Mayor 
Dale, a son of Maxwalton Rosedale by Avondale 
out of the famous cow, imp. Rosewood Pride. 
Mayor Dale's dam was by Prime Minister of the 
same breeding as the champion. Lavender Vis- 
count. The bull now used is by Mr. Hanna's 
Hampton Spray out of Golden Queen 3d, a 
daughter of imp. CoUynie and imp. Golden 
Queen, one of the best lines of Shorthorn breed- 
ing to be found. 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 433 

LABETTE COUNTY 

L. M. Dunaway, Edna. — ^Mr. Dunaway has 
been breeding Shorthorns for a dozen years and 
in this time he has sold large nnmbers of cattle to 
his neighbors. His persistent disposition to sell 
has resulted in the herd's being cut down to 
twenty females, but he has certainly done his 
share toward popularizing the breed in his local- 
ity. He has even started a bright, ten-year-old 
grandson in business by selling him three heifers. 
The boy is a Shorthorn enthusiast and talks cat- 
tle like a veteran. 

Mr. Dunaway 's cows impressed me as smooth, 
even, attractive, medium-sized ones and showed 
a very decided tendency to give much milk, milk- 
ing quality having been specially developed since 
the herd was founded. He has been using good 
bulls and the appearance of the herd indicates 
sensible, practical care. The present herd bull is 
Sycamore Marshall, a Stunkel bred son of Or- 
ange Marshall out of a Victor Orange cow, thus 
giving him a double cross of Victor Orange, one 
of the bulls that helped make Shorthorn history 
iQ the Southwest. Sycamore Marshall can hardly 
help adding to the value of the herd. The work 
Mr. Dunaway is doing is an important one and 
such a herd as his, developed for beef and milk, 
with good Shorthorn character and attractive- 
ness, grown on the ordinary feeds of the farm 



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is an object lesson to the people of any commun- 
ity. 

D. S. Romine, Oswego. — ^When in company 
with P. B. Campbell and O. O. Massa I drove to 
Mr. Romine's home, I involuntarily recalled Mr. 
Sanders' description of the Shorthorn country 
in England, for nowhere else in southern Kansas 
have I seen such grass as on the large lawn. In 
the pasture on the lower ground, running in blue 
grass, knee-deep, were twelve Shorthorn cows, 
every one of which would be called high-class. 
They are large, fat and smooth and the calves 
get all the milk they want. 

Mr. Romine says he always selects the kind of 
cow he likes, paying absolutely no attention to 
pedigree but I examined the three top crosses in 
the pedigree of each cow and found all of them 
well loaded with the blood of such animals as 
imp. Collynie; Hampton Spray; Prince Royal: 
imp. Clover Flower, the dam of Cumberland; 
Gallant Knight; Prince Gloster, sire of the flO- 
000 Prince Imperial; imp. Scottish Lord, Mr. 
Cowan's great sire; and that quartet from Mr. 
Hanna's importation, Lord Cowslip, Inglewood, 
Mariner and the cow Mistletoe 15th, dam of 
Captain Archer, Sweet Mistletoe, Collynie's 
Pride and Golden Day. The selection and pro- 
duction of such a herd proves conclusively that 
one need not be a pedigree expert in order to 
select good, cattle, as such cattle invariably come 




A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 435 

from good ancestry which gives them good pedi- 
grees and I thought it might be a fine thing if 
more breeders selected their stock with only in- 
dividual merit as their guide. 

Lant Bros.^ Dennis. — This firm some years ago 
made a very fortunate purchase of a first-class 
daughter of imp. Inglewood and out of a cow by 
Royal Secret, second dam by imp. Scotchman* 
From this cow they have sold numerous animals 
at good prices including two young cows at $400 
each and they have a well selected, though not 
large, herd on hand. To the original purchase 
was added in 1919, a roan daughter of Linwood 
Victorious, a Cock Robin, Forbes bred bull of 
great excellence also a heifer by Secret Baron, 
purchased from H. I. Gaddis. At the fall South- 
east Kansas sale, they secured a valuable cow 
with heifer calf at foot by Master of the Dales. 

The herd bull comes from Canada and his 
pedigree is strong iu Duthie and Marr breeding. 
He is an attractive roan, smooth and close to the 
ground and the young calves I saw by hiTn looked 
good. Lant Bros, won a reputation as breeders 
of Durocs and I have reason to believe they will 
handle these Shorthorns in a manner that will 
get results. 

E. E. Fiske, Cherryvale. — Mr. Fiske had been 
breeding Shorthorns for four years when he 
decided to improve by selling off all but the 
best. The animals retained consisted of a 



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436 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

few cows bred by L. M. Dunaway and typical of 
Mr. Dunaway 's best cattle which is the dual-pur- 
pose type. (See Dunaway sketch.) There were 
also retained a few cows carrying the blood of 
such bulls as Lord Mayor 3d, an outstanding 
show bull by Lord Mayor ; imp. Collynie ; imp. 
Daydreams Pride; Golden Day, a son of imp. 
Mistletoe 15th by imp. Mariner ; Baron Eupert 
and Golden Victor Jr., a bull much used by H. M. 
Hill. The lot retained also included a few heifers 
from these cows sired by Lad's Prince, an Ingle 
Lad bull out of a daughter of Godwin, the big 
son of imp. Spartan Hero. These cows furnish 
a real foundation for a herd, which with care 
and development, should be a credit to the breed- 
er and a benefit to the community. 

F. B. Campbell, Altamont. — The genial and 
very efl&cient secretary of the Southeast Kansas 
Breeders Association has been raising Short- 
horns for eighteen j^ears. He has been selling 
liberally and when I saw his herd it consisted 
of only fourteen females. They are nice, smooth, 
straight-lined cattle, but Mr. Campbell pleads 
guilty to the charge of insufficient feeding for 
best development, a condition which is being 
remedied at this time. Four bulls have been used 
in this herd in the last dozen years, all of which 
were purchased from H. M. Hill and are repre- 
sentative of Mr. Hill's breeding. The one now in 
use is Sagamore Sultan by the International 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 437 

winner, True Sultan, son of Whitehall Sultan. 
His dam is by Golden Crown by the Duthie bred 
Scotland's Crown. 

Col. D. Christmann, Oswego. — Col. Christ- 
mann has a large farm and a herd of cows that 
show all evidence of being profitable producers. 
Milking tendency seems to be a strong feature of 
the herd. The cattle are of good size but they 
lack somewhat in infusion of Scotch blood, a con- 
dition which may easily be overcome in the first 
cross. The bull now in use is a nice, smooth fel- 
low, strongly representative of the Hanna-Hill 
blood lines, backed by such ancestors as Ingle 
Lad, imp. CoUynie, Royal Knight and Secret 
Archer. That this herd of cows is valuable if 
properly crossed is an established fact and the 
owner is now working along this line. Col. 
Christmann is president of the Labette County 
Shorthorn Breeders Association. 

W. E. Cobb, Valeda.— Mr. Cobb, whose farm 
adjoins that of Mr. Townsend, is joint owner 
with him of the excellent Orange Viceroy, a bull 
whose individual merit and wealth of inheritance 
makes him a great acquisition to the Shorthorn 
interests of Labette county and adjacent terri- 
tory. Here is one of those commendable cases 
where neighbors appropriated sufficient money 
to buy two fairly good bulls and paid it all out 
for one that was extra good. Mr. Cobb has only 
a small herd in numbers but a toppy one in 

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438 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

quality. It includes an excellent Cruickshank 
Butterfly cow recently purchased at a long price 
and representative in the top crosses of Lord 
Banff, Godwin, King of Aberdeen and Thistle- 
top, four of Americans great bulls, all connected 
with Shorthorn breeding in Kansas. 

A. E. Townsend, Valeda. — ^Mr. Townsend, who 
has been handling Shorthorns for six years, 
made a recent addition of two females to his 
small herd and jointly with W. E. Cobb bought 
what should prove to be a very valuable bull. He 
is a white and has for sire Pleasant Dale 2d, fol- 
lowed in order by Mr. Harding's Sultan Mine, 
Betteridge's Lavender Viceroy, imp. Master of 
the Rolls and Roan Gauntlet. Students of Short- 
horn history and pedigrees will note the rich in- 
heritance which this young fellow receives from 
his ancestry. It is only reasonable to expect sat- 
isfactory results from such a bull when mated 
with the right cows and the herd is given the 
right kind of attention. 

A. C. Braunsdorf, Parsons. — The Grand View 
Stock Farm herd is good and comes from high- 
class ancestry. The females represent three 
great bulls, imp. Collynie, imp. Mariner and imp. 
Inglewood. The stock was purchased from 
Lant Bros, in 1916 and included an excellent 
three-year-old bull. Fashioner 7th, by Hampton 
Primrose, son of Hampton Spray, out of Prim- 
rose 6th, one of the best of Mr. Hanna's cows. 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 439 

G. W. Massa, Edna. — ^Like a number of others 
in Labette county, Mr. Massa uses a few regis- 
tered Shorthorns as milk cows, giving the calves 
good care and selling them for breeding pur- 
poses. By this means he is enabled to get much 
greater net returns than from cows of any other 
breed. I saw an excellent individual of very 
pleasing appearance in his pasture, a real dual- 
purpose cow, the type of the future for the small 
farm. 

A. H. Neville, Valeda. — ^Mr. Neville has a 
small herd, the foundation of which was pur- 
chased locally and which, like others in the vicin- 
ity, represents a useful type of farm cattle. As 
these cows are almost invariably good milkers, 
they solve the question of making cattle pay un- 
der the more costly conditions now met on the 
small farm. Mr. Neville is using a bull from the 
Nevius herd, typical in character and breeding 
of that establishment. 

W. J. Walker, Altamont. — Mr. Walker is one 
of P. B. Campbell's neighbors. He bought a cow 
a few years ago and now has several very credit- 
able Shorthorns. His bull, purchased from Fred 
Cowley, comes through such ancestry as Ingle 
Lad Jr., a son of Sweet Mistletoe, famous as 
the dam of the 1919 International grand cham- 
pion. The dam of Mr. Walker 's bull is by Secret 
Archer, one of the noted Kansas sires of his 
day. 



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440 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Harrison Meyer, Basehor.^ — ^Mr. Meyer 
started in business a few years ago with the idea 
that extra good Shorthorns were the kind to buy 
for a foundation and he has carried out his ideas 
in the most approved way. The herd of twenty 
females contains some very excellent animals. 
The big, smooth, deep-bodied, wide, well covered 
cows have true Shorthorn character and show 
in their calves that they are good breeders and 
heavy milkers. 

Among the especially attractive things on the 
farm is a red heifer by Diamond Gloster 422421 
out of a dam by Eoan Goods by White Goods, 
possibly the best son of Choice Goods. Viscount- 
ess, bred by Loch Bros., is a very large and 
showy cow and a first-class specimen of the 
breed. Her sire, Scotch Goods, is a son of Good 
Choice out of a Merry Hampton dam. One of 
the best breeding cows on the farm comes from 
Kelly Bros. She is by Banning, a grandson of 
imp. Lord Banff. An excellent, large, red cow 
by Clara's Choice, the son of Choice Goods and 
imp. Clara 58th is worthy of special notice. The 
dam of this cow is by Courtier 4th and her sec- 
ond dam is by the grand champion. Vis- 
count of Anoka. One of her heifers is among 
the best things on the farm. The animals 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 441 

mentioned are representative of the entire herd. 

Walnut Duke, the bull in service, came to 
Leavenworth county with an established repu- 
tation as a breeder. He is a big fellow, not 
entirely faultless in conformation, yet not fairly 
subject to serious criticism. He was bred by 
Bellows Bros, and his sire, Hampton's Success- 
or, was one of the good bulls used in that herd. 
His dam is by Victorallan and his second dam by 
imp. Merry Hampton, one of the best individuals 
ever sent out of Scotland. Walnut Duke is 
breeding true to his ancestry and must be classed 
among the valuable bulls of northeast Kansas. 

Mr. Meyer is one of four breeders located in 
the Basehor neighborhood who are co-operating 
in their business to a very commendable degree. 
This gives intending buyers visiting in a com- 
munity a distinct advantage. 

Henry Ode & Son, Leavenworth.* — Twenty- 
five cows are kept on this farm. They are grown 
in a profitable way, but they have not been fed 
for as good development as is planned for the 
future. While the herd is now a creditable one, 
present conditions are such as to work a constant 
improvement. The original purchase was made 
from T. F. Stone of Weston, Missouri and nmn- 
bered five females. Later five more were added 
from the same herd. Sales of both males and fe- 
males have been made locally and the demand 



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442 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

for the production of the farm has been strong. 
The Stone bred cows were excellent individuals, 
descended from the best of ancestry through long 
use of high-class bulls. Among these cows was 
Ruby 24th by Secret Goods, a son of Best of 
Goods out of Secret of Hill Farm 2d by imp. 
Lavender Lad. Her dam was by Sirias, a Norton 
bred son of imp. Salamis. Violet 3d was also by 
Secret Goods out of a Sirias dam. 

The first bull used in the herd was Leaven- 
worth 393487, bred by Alex Eraser. His sire was 
by Silk Goods, possibly the only son of Choice 
Goods now doing service. Leavenworth's dam 
was by Falsetto, a great sire in Mr. Fraser's 
herd. This Scotch crossed Duchess bull proved 
an exceptional breeder for Mr. Ode. The bull 
used until recently was Hampton 5th bred by K. 
G. Gigstad. He is a son of Hampton's Spicy by 
Hampton's Demonstrator and out of a cow by 
Goods, Mr. Gigstad 's excellent breeding son of 
Good Choice. His second dam is by Golden Lan- 
caster. 

, The Ode community is such as to render nec- 
essary a class of cows capable of raising good 
beef cattle and at the same time giving a good 
yield of milk. Some of the best guarantees for 
the permanent success of this establishment are 
found in the enthusiasm and ability of the junior 
partner, in the necessity for keeping cattle as a 
means of maintaining soil fertility and in the 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 443 

inclination of Leavenworth county farmers to- 
ward Shorthorns. 

W. H. Lewis, Basehor. — Mr. Lewis had been 
raising good grades but advancing land prices 
demanded the best live stock that could be pro- 
duced and so he changed from grades to pure 
breds. Good size, attractiveness and smoothness 
are characteristics of the cows in this herd while 
desirable ancestry tells the story of their pedi- 
gree. Two of the best are by Rock Springs Pride, 
a son of Pride of CoUynie, own brother to Sweet 
Mistletoe, dam of the 1919 grand champion show 
bull. The dam of Rock Springs Pride was by 
Gladys' Chief, a bull out of an own sister to Lav- 
ender Viscount, the bull carrying off the In- 
ternational grand championship. In general, the 
cows in this herd are well filled with the blood of 
such bulls as imp. Scottish Lord and Barmpton 
Knight, two of the best and most favorably 
known bulls of their day. A daughter of Walnut 
Duke is one of the excellent things on the farm. 

Mr. Lewis is using the bull. Princess Gt)ods 
2d, formerly used by Henry Ode & Son.* He is 
conveniently located near Harrison Meyer's and 
is making liberal use of Walnut Duke. (See 
Meyer sketch.) He is one of the four breeders in 
the vicinity of Basehor who are co-operating in 
every way to advance Shorthorn interests in 
their community and the excellent cattle on 
hand with a few choice additions planned will 



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444 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

make for the successful building up of a herd. 

George S. Marshall, Basehor. — On Mr. Mar- 
shall's farm I found eleven good cows and a 
spirit of enthusiasm and energy on the part of 
the owner that bespeaks success. Two of the 
best cows in the herd were bred by Ed Heglund 
of Atchison county. One is by Goods 374898 by 
Golden Lancaster, sire of the Gigstad show 
steers. (See Gigstad sketch.) She has a good 
heifer in the herd by Diamond Gloster 422421. 
Another cow is Village Lovely 3d by Village 
Lord, son of Villager out of a dam by Whitdiall 
Sultan. Village Lovely 3d is out of a cow by 
Good Choice whose dam was by the Duthie bred 
imp. Lavender Champion. Barmpton Knight, 
the very popular Kansas bull, is represented by 
an excellent cow sired by one of his sons. Two 
are by Clara's Choice by the Choice of All* out 
of imp. Clara 58th. The herd of Loch Bros. 
has been drawn on for a splendid heifer by Wal- 
nut Duke. (See Meyer sketch.) Her dam is by 
Scotch Goods, a son of Bellows Bros.' Good 
Choice out of a dam by imp. Merry Hampton. 
Students of Shorthorn history and pedigrees 
will recognize the fact that Mr. Marshall's cows 
are as well descended as any that could be ob- 
tained. 

The new bull is Lavender King. I saw this 
fellow as a big yearling last summer. His breed- 
ing is of the best and he is very beefy, close to 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 445 

the ground and smooth and should make a first- 
class sire. 

J. A. Mussett, Basehor. — This herd consists of 
only five females but they make up in quality 
what they lack in numbers. They have plenty of 
size, smoothness and Shorthorn character. A 
heavy milking cow and a fine breeder is Cam- 
bria Maid by Clansman, son of Lavender Vice- 
roy by the grand champion, Lavender Viscount. 
An aged cow bred by H. C. Duncan and sired by 
Headlight, out of a dam by Scottish Chief, is 
still vigorous and bids fair to raise several more 
calves. Her individuality and the ancestry from 
which she comes should make her calves valu- 
able. Her heifers will all be ristained. Clara's 
Choice, the well known Gentry bred bull, has a 
good daughter in the herd. 

Mr. Mussett is acting wisely in using Harrison 
Meyer's bull instead of keeping one of medium 
quality such as he feels he could afford to buy 
and in this he is setting an example to small 
breeders who in many cases are using a quite 
common bull. Co-operation on the bull should be 
practiced wherever possible. The size of Mr. 
Mussett 's herd is not an indication of his future 
operations for he is planning more purchases of 
females and they will be good ones. He has all 
the resources necessary for putting up a Short- 
horn herd including plenty of enthusiasm, both 
in himself and in a growing son. 

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446 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

A. L. Withers, Leavenworth.* — ^Mr. Withers 
is located three miles from the heart of the city 
and on his high priced land he figures cows must 
raise good calves and give milk for market. The 
five Shorthorn cows I saw being milked are do- 
ing this and the calves are being well raised by 
hand. The reader will recall that Thos. Bates did 
the same thing with his famous Duchess cows 
and produced the greatest herd the world had 
seen up to that time. A first-class herd bull by 
Villager Jr. was recently bought from G. F. 
Kellerman. This bull is big, thick and smooth 
and must be considered one of the county ^s best 
Shorthorns. The fact that he did service in the 
Kellerman herd guarantees his quality. 

LINN COUNTY 

A. Hamm & Son, Prescott. — This firm is 
counted among the leading breeders of Linn 
county. The herd which was started seven 
years ago now numbers about thirty-five fe- 
males including one imported cow, Sister Susie 
729813. The object is not to produce abnormally 
large cattle but rather to avoid the extremes in 
size and to build up a herd of smooth, uniform 
tjrpe with the quality required for good Short- 
horns. The young stock is being well cared for. 

The Hamms exhibited at the Linn county fair 
in 1919 and won in the classes including first 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 447 

on aged bull, first on junior calf and second 
on herd. They contributed materially to the suc- 
cess of the Linn County breeders sale in 1919, 
their entries having been well appraised by the 
bidders. They sent an elegant white heifer calf 
to the Kansas National show at Wichita in 1920, 
which was much admired and, though not at all 
fitted, was good enough in general conformation 
to be a credit to any breeder. 

Among their cows is Gwendolyne Princess, 
a three-year-old roan by Beaver Creek Sul- 
tan from Tomson Bros. ' herd. Her dam was by 
Primrose Royal bred by S. C. Hanna. He was by 
Prince Royal, son of imp. CoUynie and the Marr 
bred imp. Princess Royal 62d and his dam, one 
of the best cows in the Hanna herd, was by imp. 
Inglewood out of the Duthie bred imp. Primrose 
4th by Scottish Archer. Another cow. Wrang- 
ler's Countess, comes from Leonards. Her sire. 
Majestic Viscount, was by Wooddale Stamp out 
of a dam by Rosedale's Choice. The dam of 
Wrangler's Countess is imp. Ravenswood Em- 
erald of Norie's breeding. Village Marshal, 
Tomson 's great son of Cumberland Marshal, has 
a roan daughter in the herd, Victoria Queen. Sil- 
ver Queen, another roan, is by Beaver Creek Sul- 
tan. Both these heifers are of the choicest and 
most acceptable breeding and are among the 
strictly good animals on hand. A roan 
three-year-old is Lady Gloster by Gloster's 

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448 A HISTORY OF SHOEf HOENS IN KANSAS 

Choice, son of Marengo's Choice, the excellent 
son of Rosedale's Choice and imp. Marengo's 
Lavender Countess. Her dam is by Victoria's 
Snowf lake by the Choice of All. 

Fancy Dale, a white son of Maxwalton Rose- 
dale, is the bull used. His dam is Norwood 
Fancy by imp. Crescent Kjiight and his second 
dam is imp. Fancy 2d. It will be recalled that 
Maxwalton Rosedale is by Avondale and out 
of imp. Rosewood Pride. He is a full brother to 
Whitehall Rosedale, western state fair champion 
and champion at the American Royal. He is out 
of the same dam as the noted Pride of Albion, a 
great winner at the biggest shows. and sire of 
Pride of Oakdale, the 1919 prime favorite east of 
the Mississippi. Those familiar with Shorthorn 
pedigrees will recognize in this story a herd of 
the very choicest breeding. 

G. F. Kellerman, Mound City. — I first met 
Mr. Kellerman in 1884 and the most noticeable 
feature about him was his great liking for Short- 
horns. For several years we lived near enough 
to visit and of course it was Shorthorn talk on 
both sides. I shall omit a considerable part of 
his active life for that is told in the story of D. 
K. Kellerman & Son, G. F. Kellerman having 
been the son. He had shown in the management 
of the partnership herd, unusual ability as a 
breeder and handler of cattle and when I learned 
that he was breeding Shorthorns on his own 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 449 

account I was not surprised to hear that he had a 
very choice herd. A visit to the Kellerman farm 
and a study of the methods employed to get as 
much as possible out of a young animal would be 
the best investment any young breeder could 
make. 

The Kellerman herd is not large, comprising 
only fifteen females, but the man who is par- 
ticular about pedigree or merit could buy with 
his eyes shut, since the owner is probably more 
particular than he. The breeding will pass mus- 
ter anywhere for here are cows that would be a 
credit to any breeder. One of the more valuable 
ones is Columbia 5th, a three-year-old white. She 
suckled a white bull calf eight months old that 
weighed nearly 800 pounds and he must be 
classed as one of the very best calves I have seen. 
Columbia 5th is by Parkdale Baron, the well 
known Bellows sire. Her dam is by Star of the 
Mist by Choice of All out of Violet Mist 6th, one 
of the best cows Mr. Gentry got in the purchase 
of the Dustin herd. Gregg Farm's Lavender is 
a remarkably short-legged, big-bodied young cow 
by Gregg's Villager, now conceded to be one of 
the best Villager bulls in service. Her dam is by 
Gallant Knight's heir, Kansas State Fair cham- 
pion and much used in the Tomson herd. Her 
second dam is by Archer, son of imp. CoUynie 
and imp. Circe 3d. One of the best cows in the 
herd and one of the best I have seen anywhere is 



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A mSTOBT OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



1 



^ 



tlie massive redj Victoria May 2dj by Count Co 
modore. This cow is just what I would want ' 
mother of my herd buU to be. Besides being 
outstanding beef cow, she is a heavy milker t 
lier calf weig:hed 800 pounds the day he was ei 
months old and at that age be w^as sold to 0» 
Weddle of Allen county for $700, Closely 
proachiug Victoria May 2d in size, quality i 
milk is the four-year-old roan, Hattie C, a T( 
son production by Prince Valentine 4th, I 
dam is by Lord Marr, one of the best sons 
Lord Mayor and her second dam is Harmony i 
by imp. Thistletop. 

The future herd bull is the white calf rrn 
tioned above, out of Columbia 5th. If this e\ 
grows out as he j^romises and as his ancesi 
would justify, few bulls in Kansas will equal h 
either as an individual or as a sire. 

E. C. Smith & Son, Pleasanton,— The Smit 
began their work in 1915 and have forty f ema! 
in the herd* The cows are large and the you 
stock is being well fed and cared for. They ha 
been doing some showing and have a record 
winnings very creditable to any one not keepi 
cattle especially for show- In 1919 they coutri 
uted to the Central Sale at Kansas City and 
the show held before the sale they won seeoi 
and fourth places on their entries which sold 
$700 and $425 respectively. At the 1919 Lii 
county fair they were awarded first place ^ 



A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 451 

herd, on aged bull, on aged cow and on senior 
heifer calf and second on junior heifer calf. They 
also received the $25 bull championship offered 
by the American Shorthorn Breeders Associ- 
ation. An addition was made to the herd in 1919 
by the purchase of two high-class females 
and the work of improvement is going steadily 
forward. 

Among the best cows on the farm is Brides- 
maid 2d by Gallant Knight's Heir, the son of 
Gallant Knight kept by Tomson Bros, for show 
and breeding. Her dam is by a Norton bred son of 
Banker 's Victor. Gloster 's Girl, a five-year-old 
red, is by Mutineer's Last, a son of imp. Mutin- 
eer and out of Duchess of Gloster 29th by Royal 
Marshal, one of the good sons of Whitehall Sul- 
tan. Victoria Girl; another excellent young cow, 
is by Count Commodore, a nicely bred bull from 
the <^ookscn herd and her dam comes from H. C. 
Duncan and was by his favorably known Head- 
light. Nonpareil Maid 2d is a Kansas bred 
daughter of Maxwalton Rosedale, the Avondale 
bull used so successfully by Tomson Bros, and 
the Pringles. Maxwalton Rosedale enjoys the 
distinction of being own brother to Whitehall 
Rosedale, for two years grand champion almost 
everywhere west of the Mississippi. The win- 
nings of this herd indicate with assurance that 
there are some real Shorthorns here and the cows 
show excellent ancestry. 



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452 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

The bull that has been at the head of the 
herd for some time and is still retained is 
Village Goldfinder. He was bought as a 
young fellow in 1917. His sire is Gregg's Vil- 
lager, son of imp. Villager and imp. Belle of 
Ordeans. His dam is Bridesmaid 2d by Gallant 
Knight ^s Heir by Gallant Knight. It was an own 
brother to Village Goldfinder that was used by 
G. F. Kellerman in 1918, siring the remarkable 
calves seen at Mr. Kellerman 's the past season. 

E. C. Smith & Son are among the most public 
spirited breeders in Kansas and are leading pro- 
moters of the work being done by the Linn Coun- 
ty Shorthorn Breeders Association, a strong or- 
ganization which is making the county known as 
one of the best Shorthorn sections of the state. 

A. M. Markley & Sons, Mound City. — These 
men are the oldest breeders in Linn county, 
their operations having extended from 1892 to 
the present time and in these years they have sold 
Shorthorns to go to more than half the counties 
in Kansas and to several other states including 
Missouri, Arkansas, Oklahoma and Texas. Con- 
siderable showing has been done with very satis- 
factory results. During the period from 1908 
to 1917 the herd was exhibited at Mound City, 
Pleasanton, lola and Uniontown, winning its 
full share, or more, of premiums. In 1914 the 
winnings at these four fairs numbered fifty-two 
prizes. 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 453 

The conditions for growing cattle on this farm 
are good. Alfalfa and all tame grasses flourish 
and ensilage is used in the ration. The breeding 
herd now numbers about thirty-five cows and 
heifers. The cows are given good farm care and 
the young stock is fed grain. Most of the ma- 
tured cows are medium in size and some are 
large. In addition to the cows longest on the 
farm, which came from such herds as Keller- 
mans and that of Morse & Sons there have been 
added in the past two years some desirable fe- 
males. Occasional additions by purchase are 
contemplated. Orange Lad and Orange Major, 
two of Linn county's best known bulls, have been 
used, followed by the Nevius bred Duchess 
Searchlight by Searchlight. King's Choice, an 
excellent, big, red bull of approved breeding and 
with an unusual covering of flesh in the valuable 
parts, is now being used. 

Guy Rowley & Son, Prescott. — The aim on this 
farm is to produce a class of Shorthorns good 
for beef and milk and to raise these cattle so that 
they will be within reach of the farm trade. A 
start has been made in this direction with twenty- 
five females of breeding age. Robinetta 4th is a 
typical cow of the class desired. Her sire. Mistle- 
toe Archer, is out of Sweet Mistletoe, the dam of 
Lespedeza Collynie, the 1919 International 
grand champion. Her dam is a daughter of 
Robin, the bull selected from Col. Harris' herd 



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454 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

by Mr. Hanna to work an improvement in the 
milking quality of the Palo Duro herd. A daugh- 
ter of this cow, Sycamore Robinetta, carrying 
the Ingle Lad cross is said by Mr. Rowley to sur- 
pass everything else on the farm for quantity and 
quality of milk. 

Splendid results have been obtained, not only 
in Mr. Rowley's herd but by several neighbors, 
from the use of the Tomson bred bull, Mr. Mysie, 
by Maxwalton Rosedale. The present herd bull, 
Supreme Marshal, is a big, stretchy white, by 
Village Marshal. His dam is by imp. Crescent 
Knight out of a daughter of imp. Sunny Blink 
4th. There is room and plenty of patronage for 
just such establishments as Rowley & Son pro- 
pose to maintain, and the material on hand, com- 
ing as it does from Shorthorns noted for produc- 
tion of both beef and milk, furnishes them a 
solid working foundation for building up a dual- 
purpose Shorthorn herd. 

Mantey & Harriman, Mound City. — R. E. 
Harriman, of the same family as Col. Bob, the 
popular auctioneer, is the wide-awake young 
man in charge of this herd. The farm, almost, 
ideal for a Shorthorn establishment, is located 
in a real Shorthorn community and Mr. Harri- 
man has plans for the future which can hardly 
fail to result in a good herd. A start is made 
with a dozen females. Rosedale Lady, a nice 
red, combines the blood of Victor Orange, a 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 455 

famous sire in the Stunkel herd with that of Gal- 
lant Knight. Helen, a four-year-old roan, was 
bred by Kelly Bros, and is by Banning, a bull 
strong in the blood of imp. Lord Banff. One of 
the bulls used was Sycamore Lad. He carried a 
double cross of Ingle Lad, now rated an out- 
standing sire of producing cows. The present 
herd bull is Eoyal Star, by the well known Clans- 
man, a bull used successfully by T. J. Sands 
and W. H. Vail. Royal Star's dam was by the 
Conqueror, one of the best known sons of Choice 
Goods. 

G. A. McClaughey, Mound City. — Dr. Mc- 
Claughey has three females. He is giving 
them proper care and is using some of the best 
bulls in Linn county which guarantee satisfac- 
tory results. A heifer by Emma's Valentine 
bought in 1916 of Mr. Nevius furnished the start 
and she was a good one. A nineteen-month-old 
heifer of Dr. McClaughey 's breeding was first in 
class at the Linn county fair in 1919. 

Ted D. Paddock & Sons, Mound City.— This is 
a firm of beginners. One of their cows was bred 
by A. Hamm & Son. She is a daughter of Model 
Goods by Hallwood Mint, a son of Choice Goods 
Model. They also have an excellent heifer by 
Fancy Dale, a son of Maxwalton Rosedale out of 
Norwood Fancy by imp. Crescent Knight. The 
Paddocks live near G. F. Kellerman and can 
have the benefit of his co-operation. 



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456 



A HISTORY OF BHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



LYON COUNTY 

E. H. Abraham, Emporia. — Mr. Abraliam 
serves credit for liaving very successfully hid 
his light under a busheL I had heard little al 
hiin but it seems to me that Jiiii Tomson c 
told me of selling an extra good bull to a i 
at Emporia by the name of Abraham. It is 
object of this book to rescue from obscurity , 
such modest men as Mr. Abraham and to in 
duce them to the breeders and farmers of 
state. While lie was going along so quietly a 
occasion no (jonnnent, he was gathering up a 
Shorthorns that suited him, using good bi 
selecting choice heifers and feeding his ca 
well. The result is a herd of thirty femt] 
bred and grown on the farm during the i 
twelve years, that have virtually cost Mr. Al 
ham uotliing, for the sales from the herd, w 
made locally and at very modest prices, h 
much more than paid all expenses and the p 
of the original purchases. The results of g 
ancestry, wise selection and judicious care 
apparent, for when you see these cattle you ki 
they are real Shoi"thorns. 

Looking over the pedigrees I found noted b- 
in evidence everywhere. Among them are L 
ender Viscount, famous sire at Eavenswood c 
International grand champion ; Barmp' 
Knight, Tomson ^s wonderful breeding 



bi 



A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 457 

Gallant Knight, leading western sire of prize 
winners in his day ; Victorious, famous in N. H. 
Gentry's herd; imp. Knight Templar, by Cum- 
berland and out of the same dam as imp. Baron 
Victor ; Imperial Victor, the Stunkel bred son of 
Victor Orange that sold for $2000 in the cheap 
times ; St. Valentine, sire of the undefeated Ru- 
berta ; Prince Royal, son of imp. Craven Knight 
and the Peerless cow, imp. Princess Alice and 
imp. Scottish Lord that sired B. O.' Cowan's 
World's Fair prize winners. 

The herd bull is Victor Marshal, a Tomson 
bred son of Village Marshal. His dam is Van- 
ity, a cow by Archer that has been a prize 
winner in the Tomson show herd. The rest 
of the pedigree is as good as that given above. 
This is one of the thickest, meatiest young bulls 
I have seen. He is very low down and even and 
does not fall short of best show yard standards. 
Mr. Abraham has exhibited at fairs only once. 
At Wichita in 1918 he sold two young bulls at 
long prices and incidently put them in the show, 
winning first and second in the Kansas specials 
and second and third in the open classes. 

Among other good herds that have been found- 
ed with cows of Mr. Abraham's breeding is that 
of Owen Oneill of Windom and the excellence of 
the Abraham herd is strongly reflected in the 
Oneill cows. It is worth much to any man to be 
able to breed and sell foundation stock for herds 



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458 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

established by discriminating buyers and in this 
Mr. Abraham is doing his full share toward 
developing Shorthorn interests in east central 
Kansas. 

E. L. Moreland, Americus. — ^Mr. Moreland's 
farm is located in a section that has always ap- 
preciated good stock. He began business in 1919 
by buying choice females instead of common 
ones. Crestmead Beauty 3d, one of the cows, is 
by that excellent sire, Prince Valentine 4th. This 
heifer is one of the regulation Prince Valentine 
4th quality, attractive and breedy in appearance. 
Her dam is Crestmead Beauty 2d by the fine sire, 
Orange Model. She represents the select 
line of breeding so popular in the W. A. Better- 
idge herd. Golden Eose 6th is by Wooddale 
Chieftain, one of the best sons of the Choice of 
All, and her dam is by Marshall Abbotsburn 3d. 
Both these bulls did service in the David Ballan- 
tyne herd and were two of the best breeding bulls 
in Kansas as by virtue of their individuality and 
ancestry they had reason to be. Golden Rose is 
a first-class Shorthorn cow and an excellent pro- 
ducer. Evangeline 5th is a four-year-old by 
Choice Orange, son of StunkePs Star Goods, own 
brother to Diamond Goods. Her dam is by Head- 
light 2d, a son of Duncan's Headlight, much used 
by C. W. Taylor. What is probably the most 
valuable cow in Mr. Moreland 's herd and one 
that would be desirable anywhere is the roan, 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 459 

Cumberland Princess, bred by J. W. McDer- 
niott and sired by Cumberland Marshal out of a 
daughter of Fair Goods. This young- cow has 
proved herself an exceptional producer and her 
pedigree is one of the most highly prized kind. 

Mr. Moreland was exceedingly fortunate in se- 
cuiing a first-class bull for service in his herd. 
Golden Magnet, a yearling by Golden Search, was 
the outstanding bull in the 1920 Nevius sale, and 
few better bulls were sold in Kansas that year. 
He is an unusually attractive, smoothly covered 
red with elegant head and neck, very straight 
lines and as good a back as one could wish. He 
is massive and close to the ground. It would seem 
superfluous to say much about his ancestry for 
in every remove they are closely descended from 
some of the best cattle bred by Mr. Cruickshank 
and as individuals they would class as outstand- 
ing. 

J. G- Lumley, Emporia. — ^Mr. Lumley has been 
breeding in a small way for eight years. The 
herd now consists of a half dozen females, sev- 
eral of which are very good ones. Two of the 
heifers are by E. H. Abraham's bull. Rather 
than keep a medium bull of his own and ob- 
tain only medium results, Mr. Lumley is breed- 
ing to Mr, Abraham's bull, and his action is 
worthy of consideration by other smaU breeders 
who are similarly situated. Two years ago Mr. 
Lumley bought an excellent Gallant Knight cow 

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460 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

of Tomson Bros. She was bred to Village Mar- 
shal and produced a heifer calf by that noted sire 
and now has another heifer calf. This goes to 
show that at a moderate expense one can fre- 
quently get a start of very desirable Shorthorns. 

H. C. Anderson, Americus.^ — ^Mr. Anderson's 
connection with Shorthorns dates back to 1917. 
He has ten cows that came from two very reli- 
able herds, those of E. H. Abraham and David 
Ballantyne. The Abraham purchases were by 
the Tomson bred Diamond Victor, whose dam, 
Daisy Queen, was Western state fair and Ameri- 
can Royal grand champion in 1911. This cow 
was of the same breeding as the famous New 
Year's Delight. The Ballantyne purchases were 
by Wooddale Chieftain, one of the best sons of 
The Choice of All, a noted bull by Choice Goods. 
The bull now used is Bloom's Corporal by the 
grand champion, imp. Bapton Corporal and out 
of Golden Bloom 2d by Lord Strathallan 207608. 

Conway Rees, Emporia. — ^Among the cows of 
this new herd are some elegant ones. Becky 
Barrister 11th came from S. D. Mitchell. Her 
sire is Colonel Carvel (see S. D. Mitchell 
sketch) and no more need be said to any one who 
has seen Colonel Carvel. Her dam is by Barris- 
ter, the noted son of Craven Knight with 247 
first prizes to his credit in the show ring. Roan 
Signet bred by H. T. Forbes has been used by Mr. 
Rees with good results. He is by Royal Monarch, 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 461 

an excellent bull and valuable sire for Mr. For- 
bes. (See Forbes sketch.) A Leonard bred son 
of Marengo's Choice out of a dam by Rosedale's 
Choice now heads the herd. The ancestry of the 
TJees cattle is of the best. 

Joseph J. Sobke, Bushong.* — Four years ago 
Mr. Sobke made his start and he now has 
thirty females. The cattle are raised under f av- 
oidable conditions and are given reasonably gen- 
erous treatment. In 1918 a nice addition of five 
females was made by purchase from T. A. Bal- 
lantyne and in 1919 a consignment from the herd 
was made to the Eastern Kansas Breeders sale 
at Ottawa. Mr. Sobke went to a splendid herd, 
that of S. D. Mitchell, for his bull. He is the son 
of Victoria's Best, a Leonard bred son of Mar- 
engo's Choice. His dam is Orange Best 6th, a 
cow bred by T. C. Robinson, the breeder of Mas- 
ter of the Grove, International grand champion. 

MARION COUNTY 

J. R. Ely, Marion. t— The Ely family has been 
raising Shorthorns in Marion county for more 
than twenty-five years and J. R. Ely just grew 
into the business. He has a stock farm with 
plenty of pasture, alfalfa and ensilage and is in a 
position to get results from the farm feeds. His 
herd is largely descended from the original 

* Telephone, Allen. 

t One mile east of Aulne. Telephone, Marion or Aulne. 



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462 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

purchase made by his father which came from 
the best herds in the surrounding territory and 
an occasional female is being added. The cows 
are of good size and the twenty yearling heifers 
seen in one pasture are an attractive lot. The pro- 
duction of this herd furnishes an example of 
what a young man did at very little more expense 
than would have been incurred in raising grades 
and the net profits have been much greater. In 
quality and size the cattle are quite even, but 
I noticed one cow that would attract attention 
anywhere. She is similar in breeding to the rest 
and is by Pride of Aulne, a C. W. Taylor bred 
bull by Silvery Knight. Three daughters of this 
five-year-old cow are in the herd and all pro- 
mise to develop into cows of her type and quality. 
As a foundation this cow and her heifers are a 
fine prospect. 

In general, Mr. Ely has used bulls of good 
type and breeding and has obtained very sat- 
isfactory results. Two came from D. P. Nor- 
ton. Crescent was by Buccaneer out of a cow 
by Cora's Commander 102268 and the other was 
by Lord Lieutenant 120019. Knight of Hope 
was by Jubilee Knight bred by the Kansas State 
Agricultural College. Golden Mariner by imp. 
Mariner and Aulne Duke by a son of the Harris 
bred Vandal were two of the bulls last used. 
A first-class young bull was secured, April 1920 
in Red King bred by Jos. Duncan & Son. He is 



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A HISTOEY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 463 

of the best of tJie well known Duncan breeding 
and is an unusually thick, smooth individual 
with a pedigree that would please the most crit- 
ical. Coupled with the strong, rugged cows 
raised in this good cattle country, this bull of 
almost unrelated blood should get results of a 
most satisfactory kind. 

E. C. Schafer, Marion.* — ^Mr. Schafer has 
been breeding Shorthorns for twelve years, hav- 
ing bought his start from H. S. Martin. This 
purchase included two cows from which the herd 
is largely descended. Lady Fogathorpe 48th, a 
Bates cow of B. B. & H. T. Groom's breeding 
was by Scotch Duke, a Stodder bred son of 
Gwendoline's Prince, out of a dam by Mr. 
Vaile's well known Winsome Duke 11th. The 
other cow was by Duke of Evergreen 8th, a 
son of Glen Aberdeen 128626 out of imp. Glen 
Ythan 4th. These Scotch crossed Bates cows 
have always been reliable material for a founda- 
tion and they have proved to be so for Mr. 
Schafer. 

Desirable bulls have been used and the condi- 
tions for general development are favorable. One 
of the best bulls that did service in the herd was 
Comet, a son of Double Champion, the well 
known son of Choice Goods and Russella, dam of 
the undefeated Ruberta. Comet's dam was by 
Liberty Boy bred by Senator Wornall and sired 



One mile from Canada station on Santa Fe. 



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464 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

by Viscount of Anoka, the outstanding show bull 
of his day. Scotty, bred by Ballantynes, was also 
a good sire. Golden Crown, bred by H. C. Steph- 
enson of Chase county, was the son of Hampton's 
Crown by Hampton's Best and Golden Crown's 
dam was by Rosemary Victor 12th, a Geo. Both- 
well bred son of Grand Victor. 

The present herd bull is named Albert. He 
comes from John Regier's and like all Mr. Re- 
gier's output is very desirably bred and of good 
size and quality. His sire is Dale's Emblem by 
Double Dale out of a dam by Snowf lake, the sire 
of Ringmaster. Albert's dam was also bred by 
Mr. Regier and is by Nonpareil Star, a prize 
winning son of imp. Nonpareil Victor, a bull 
with few equals as a sire in America. Albert had 
been used locally for several years and Mr. 
Schaf er bought him on account of his real worth. 
General improvements both in management and 
in additions to the herd have been planned. 

F. N. Funk, Canada.* — ^Mr. Funk's herd con- 
sists of five females bought from H. C. Stephen- 
son and he will raise his cattle from these and 
from others which he intends to buy. The Ste- 
phenson herd was an excellent one and these 
cows are no exception. In looking over their 
pedigrees I found the source of their wealth re- 
vealed in the top crosses, through such bulls as 



* Telephone, Marion or Hillsboro. Ship on Santa Fe or Rock 
Island. 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 465 

Barmpton Knight, Gallant Knight and Gallant 
Knight's Heir, all well known in the Tomson 
herd, Banker, bred by John McCoy, Golden 
Knight of Enterprise, Peculated Wild Eyes, said 
by good breeders to have been the equal of the 
best Scotch bulls of his day, Good Choice, sire 
of grand champions. Grand Victor, Hampton's 
Best and Choice Goods. That cows from such 
ancestry are valuable as breeders is an estab- 
lished fact. The present herd bull is on trial as 
all young bulls should be. While he promises to 
be fairly satisfactory, it has already been decided 
to replace him with a high-class bull. 

Mr. Funk impressed me as a man of more than 
average energy and ability with a determination 
to breed good Shorthorns and in this he should 
succeed, for he has the fundamental elements 
needed for success in his lot of cows and plenty 
of feed, including alfalfa. 

B. L. Taylor & Son, Peabody. — Not many 
herds of four years existence are as good as the 
herd on Fairland Farm and not often is the 
young stock so well cared for. The result of this 
policy clearly f orcasts an excellent herd for the 
future. Among the best cows are the eight-year- 
old Nevius bred Victoria by Searchlight out of a 
dam by imp. Prince Oderic and the Bellows 
bred Scotch Lavender 2d by Good Choice, dam 
by Victorallan and Nellie's Lassie from the 

• Telephone, Marion or Hillsboro. Ship on Santa Fe or Rock Island. 

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466 A HISTORY OP SHOETHOENS IN KANSAS 

0. C. Cochran herd by Grand Lad 260127, that 
^ive some indication as to the character of this 
herd. The first bull used was Buster Gazelle. He 
was by Ingle Lad Jr., a son of Ingle Lad out of 
Sweet Mistletoe, dam of Lespedeza CoUynie, the 
1919 International grand champion. 

A. L. Cumberland bred by John Regier is now 
being used. He is an unusually short-legged, 
thickset fellow and was one of the good bulls in 
;the 1918 American Royal sale. His sire is Scotch 
Cumberland by Cumberland's Type recently 
sold as an aged bull to S. M. Knox for $1000 and 
his dam is of the excellent breeding of all Mr. 
Regier 's cows. The Taylors have been success- 
ful contributors to the breeders' sales held at 
Peabody and are for everything that tends to 
advance Shorthorn interests, which makes them 
desirable acquisitions to the fraternity. 

F. P. Wilson, Peabody. — ^Mr. Wilson is a new 
breeder that has made much more than ordinary 
progress. His first Shorthorns were bought at 
the Stunkel dispersion in 1916 and with these 
cows he was unusually successful, the calves at 
foot having sold within eight months at the 
.Wichita sale for enough to pay the bill. 

Mr. Wilson added to his herd by purchase at 
the Park E. Salter fall sale in 1918, three head: 
the Nevius bred Strawberry . Secret 4th by 
Searchlight Jr., dam by the Hanna bred For- 
tune, a son of imp. CoUynie out of a Lord 

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A HISTORY OP SHOBTHOENTS IN KANSAS 467 

Cowslip COW ; Superb Augusta by Superb Omega, 
a son of Uppermill Omega, dam of Norwood 
Augusta by imp. Crescent Knight out of imp. 
Augusta 105t]i and a Canada bred cow by Prince 
of the Byre out of a dam by Nonpareil Cham- 
pion. The recent purchase of a massive, smooth, 
red cow by King Cumberland by Cumberland's 
Last was made from J. C. Robison's herd. This 
daughter and granddaughter of International 
champions, if prolific, should add much value to 
the establishment. Mr. Wilson owns, with Mr. 
Homan, the bull, White Hope, and has been get- 
ting good results from his use. Six yearling heif- 
ers by him all nice roans of the same type and 
very similar in appearance, prove him a first- 
rate sire. Indications are that this herd will be 
constantly unproved. 

John Unger, Peabody. — Either Mr. Unger 
has used exceptional judgment in laying his 
foundation or he has been lucky. Two of the 
cows he bought are not only choice in quality 
but they carry very attractive pedigrees. One 
came from John R. Young of Marion. Her sire 
was Roan Victor, a grandson of Whitehall 
Sultan, out of a cow by Secret Goods by Best of 
Goods. Her dam is by Clara's Choice, son of 
the Choice of All and imp. Clara 58th. The next 
three crosses represent what is best in modem 
Shorthorns. The other cow is from the Homan 
herd. She is by White Hope, her dam by Double 



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468 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Champion, followed by imp. Ardlethen Mystery, 
imp. Invincible and imp. Hospodar. Mr. Unger 
will add a few choice females and until he secures 
a first-class bull of his own he will use B. L. 
Taylor's herd bull. (See Taylor sketch.) Both 
Mr. and Mrs. Unger are enthusiastic about 
Shorthorns and nothing less than an excellent 
herd will satisfy them. 

MAESHALL COUNTY 
H. J. Bornhorst^ Irving. — ^Mr. Bornhorst is a 
man of unusual energy and ability. Ten years 
ago he began breeding Shorthorns on a rented 
farm near Marysville and the character of his 
herd as seen in 1919 indicates clearly that he was 
a good judge of beef cattle when he bought his 
foundation stock. That he is a first-class cattle 
man is shown by the admirable way in which 
he handles his stock. Early in 1920 he moved to 
a big ranch which he bought near Irving and on 
this land he has what is almost a cattle paradise 
where Shorthorns will do their best. 

Mr. Bornhorst has a lot of cows that are de- 
scended from choicest ancestry, consequently the 
bulls from his herd can be classed as dependable 
because whatever merit they may possess is in- 
herited and almost certainly will be transmitted 
to their get. Some of these cows are bred along 
fashionable and popular lines and practically all 
are good individuals. I was especially impressed 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 469 

with Missie Dale, an Owen Kane production. 
She is a daughter of Marengo Dale, a son of 
Double Dale, one of the most noted of Avondale's 
get and the sire of many great herd bulls. Mar- 
engo Dale is out of Lady Fragrant, a daughter 
of imp. Lady Marengo, and the dam of Missie 
Dale is by King Archer, a son of Ceremonious 
Archer, one of the outstanding bulls of the breed. 
That this cow is a valuable breeding proposition 
is shown in her white bull calf, a young fellow of 
much promise. 

The bull now being used is Roan Goods, one of 
the best things produced by G. F. Hart. He 
would stand high in a fairly strong show and 
looks every inch like a good breeding bull and his 
calves, as far as can be judged at a young age, in- 
dicate that he will fulfill all that his appearance 
promises. His sire, Scotch Knight, is one of the 
best sons of imp. Scottish Sentinel and he is out 
of one of Mr. Hart's best cows. Mr. Bornhorst 
is among the most optimistic men I have ever 
met for he does not seem to think there is any 
such thing as being unable to succeed. His fond- 
ness for Shorthorns is part of his nature and it 
would be out of place to question his success. 

A. H. Gallup, Blue Rapids.— In 1888 George 
Gallup bought Jennie Rivers from the herd of 
R. T. Scott and from this cow is descended the 
entire herd now on Hillcrest Shorthorn Farm. 
Thousands of dollars worth of cattle have been 

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470 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

sold besides. This is the only case of which I 
know where a whole large herd is de- 
scended from one cow. Among the bulls used 
was Violet Lad by Golden Lad, a son of 
Robert Miller's great Golden Rule and the 
noted cow Germanica 2d, a daughter of imp. 
Germanica. Another was Defendant, a son of 
Tomson's Crusader by Barmpton Knight and 
out of Daisy of Valley Grove by Lavender Prince 
out of Forest Daisy 2d. New Year's Delight, 
that as a yearling heifer was grand champion 
everywhere in the West and junior champion at 
the International, was out of Forest Daisy 2d. 
As Crusader was by Barmpton Knight, the re- 
lationship of Defendant to this great heifer is 
very close. The present herd bull is Village 
Victor bred by Tomson Bros., sired by Village 
Marshal and out of a cow by the H. C. Duncan 
bred Orange Magnet 263743, second dam by his 
well known Headlight. Village Victor is of the 
large type with heavy bone and plenty of stretch. 
He is smooth, symmetrical, and splendidly cov- 
ered. He should cross well with the smooth, 
mediimi-size cows in the herd and add a little 
scale, always a desirable attribute. 

Griffee Bros., Marysville. — ^Although these 
men began business only two years ago they 
have gotten together quite a nice herd. The cows 
are sired by Tiue Goods by the famous sire, 
Fair Goods, son of Choice Goods and Ruberta ; 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 471 

« 

Blythesome Baron by Victor Baron out of imp. 
Blythesome 27th ; Lord Hampton by My Choice 
by Good Choice, sire of the champion, Diamond 
Goods ; Crown Prince by Royal Diadem a son of 
imp. Red Lady 5th and others of like quality. A 
daughter of Fair Acres Sultan is by virtue of her 
sire one of the attractions of the herd. She 
has not been well grown out but is straight and 
smooth and is a good producer. The cows as a 
whole have straight lines and fleshing quality 
and the condition of the calves indicates that 
they are heavy milkers. 

Two bulls are being used. One is Secret 
Sultan 2d bred by Achenbach Bros, and sired by 
their well known Intense Sultan. His dam is by 
Secret Conqueror, son of imp. Conqueror out of 
a Lord Lovel dam, second dam by Choice Goods. 
He is a big, beefy fellow, strong in the vital 
points but a little lacking in finish. His calves, 
however, appear to be unusually smooth and are 
quite promising. The younger bull in service 
is by a son of Maxwalton Rosedale out of a 
daughter of imp. Crescent Knight. He is strong 
in the blood of Barmpton Knight and old Lord 
Mayor. The outlook for the success of Grif f ee 
Bros, is favorable. 

J. M. Nielsen, Marysville. — ^Mr. Nielson is 
secretary of the Blue Valley Shorthorn Breeders 
Association. He has been breeding for seven 
years and has a desirable lot of cows, not so 

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472 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

uniform as he wishes but of good quality. An out- 
standing, large red that has been a satisfactory 
breeder is by Baby Conqueror bred by Senator 
Wornall by The Conqueror, the son of Choice 
Goods and imp. Clara 58th. An excellent white 
two-year-old is by Pleasant Dale Sultan by Lav- 
ender Lord. She has a good heifer calf. Another 
Pleasant Dale Sultan heifer is Lady Sultana, by 
some considered the best thing on the farm. The 
S. B. Amcoats herd furnished a yearling by 
Type's Goods, the son of Cumberland Type. Her 
dam is by Victor Sultan 2d out of a Godwin dam, 
giving her unexcelled breeding from almost any 
point of view. 

A roan bull, bred by H. H. Holmes, was 
in service for two seasons. He was by Clipper 
Model 444189 and his dam was strong in the 
blood of the noted sire. Captain Archer and other 
good bulls. A new bull was purchased at the 
1920 Central sale. He is a beautiful roan bred 
by H. I. Gaddis and was a winner in the show 
which preceded the sale. He is a calf of un- 
usual finish and smoothness of flesh and comes 
from a line of cows noted as producers in Mr. 
Gaddis' herd. His sire. Secret Baron, is by 
Snowstorm, probably the best breeding son of 
Snowflake. 

Dan O. Cain, Beattie. — ^Mr. Cain began his 
Shorthorn operations when a boy and he still 
has a long life of usefulness before him. His 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 473 

foundation stock is carefully selected. Cassan- 
drea Maid was bred by Henry Kupper and sired 
by imp. Scottish Sentinel. Nonpareil Alice, five 
years old, is by Snowf lake's Stamp, son of Snow- 
flake, sire of the three times International 
grand champion. Ringmaster. Birdie Gloster 
8th, a six-year-old red, is by Scotch Knight, a son 
of imp. Scottish Sentinel. The cows range in 
size from medium to large and the twenty fe- 
males in the herd include some animals of choice 
breeding that are being properly cared for. The 
first bull used was Orange Banker 2d by Dale's 
Cumberland. White Goods 825293 is now in ser- 
vice and is considered by Mr. Cain a splendid 
bull. He is by Gloster 's Goods, son of Ruberta's 
Goods, the sire of much high-class stock shown 
successfully all over the central West. Mr. 
Cain should be able to make his Shorthorn busi- 
ness a very creditable one and reap a reward 
such as comes to the man who lays a strong foun- 
dation and cares well for his stock. 

Mcpherson county 

Owen Oneill, Windom. — When in company 
with V. M. Emmert, county agent, I drove up to 
Mr. OneilFs, we saw a last October bull in the 
lot with a halter on and he looked good. This 
IS a trifling incident and I mention it only to 
show that the cattle on this farm are being hand- 
led with a view toward real development. We 



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474 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

had been seeing young bulls left to shift and to 
fight flies and this one that had an owner who 
did the rustling was elegant in comparison. 

Mr. Oneill has been breeding Shorthorns for 
six years. He has been successful in produc- 
ing quite good ones but his greatest success lay 
in a deal made in 1919 whereby he acquired ten 
young cows bred by E. H. Abraham. (See Abra- 
ham sketch.) I saw a number of these cows and 
they are just the kind the experienced man would 
select if he were looking for a lot of prospective 
breeding cows. They are to be the basis of future 
operations. In their ancestry they have the 
benefit of the splendid lines of bulls used in the 
Abraham herd, prominent among which are 
Diamond Victor, whose sire was sold by Tomson 
Bros, for $2000 in the days when such sales were 
almost sensational, and whose dam, Daisy Queen 
by Barmpton Knight was a Western state fair 
and American Royal champion. Another bull of 
national reputation, entering into the immediate 
ancestry of these cows, is Bessie's Heir by Or- 
ange Viscount, the sire of Searchlight and out of 
imp. Bessie 51st, the dam of White Goods. (See 
S. D. Mitchell sketch.) 

Mr. Oneill has been equally fortunate in get- 
ting a herd bull. Lavender Search is a remark- 
ably smooth, even, well finished fellow, with a 
very deep body on unusually short legs. He has 
proved a breeder of good stock and has inherited 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 475 

this quality as well as his power of transmission. 
His sire is Searchlight, one of the most popular 
of Kansas bulls. His dam is by Choice Goods, 
one of the greatest show and breeding bulls of 
America. His second dam is by imp. Lavender 
Lad and his third dam by Golden Rule. Laven- 
der Search did four years service in Fred Wal- 
ton's excellent herd. 

Lather Elmquist, Lindsborg. — ^Mr. Elmquist 
is comparatively a new man in the Shorthorn 
business. He bought a few cows of Peterson 
Bros, and of other local breeders, on which he 
used a Tomson bred bull with good results. He 
is now using a thick, short-legged bull by Orange 
Lovell, a son of Henry StunkePs Victor Orange, 
one of the best southwestern bulls of his day. 
His dam is by Valiant 346162, whose sire, St. 
Clair, was by imp. Crescent Knight. 

Mr. Elmquist impressed me as a man of quick 
apprehension, with a realization of the need of 
good cattle on the farms in his locality. He holds 
sound views on live stock management and com- 
prehends what many men fail to see, that one 
can not expect cattle to grow without sufficient 
feed to produce growth. He is enthusiastic 
about Shorthorns and understands that the bull 
is half the herd. He is situated so as to carry out 
a liberal policy in the care and management of 
his cattle and satisfactory returns may be ex- 
pected from the cows he has selected. 



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476 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Carl Johnson^ Inman.* — In Mr. Johnson's 
herd there is a promising heifer a little more 
than a year old. She is by the excellent Cumber- 
land bull, Marquis Cimiberland. (See Willis 
Colman sketch.) As though it were a matter of 
small importance Mr. Johnson told me that she 
had stood third or fourth at the Kansas State 
Fair last fall. From what I have seen of the 
Marquis Cumberland stock, I should think this 
heifer would make an extra good one. The bull 
in use is by Victor Archer, that made a reputa- 
tion for Dr. Stewart. Mr. Johnson intends to 
build up a first-class herd and he has the f acil- 
ntiei. for doing so. 

Anton Peterson, Lindsborg.^ — ^Mr. Peterson is 
the successor of Ingwert Peterson and of Peter- 
son Bros. He has twenty good cows and their 
calves. These cows are nearly all the tops of 
the Peterson Bros, herd and they have plenty 
of size. They are descended from a line of 
bulls beginning with such sires as Col. Harris' 
Golden Knight, Geo. Bothwell's Grand Victor, 
imp. Thistletop and imp. CoUynie, all animals 
of national reputation. The use of good bulls 
on this foundation has given satisfactory results. 
Mr. Peterson is looking for a high-class bull 
and with the herd reduced in size he is planning 
to give his cattle such attention as will develop 



* Telephone and station, Windom. Ship on Santa Fe or Rock 
Island. 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 477 

first-class cattle. His farm is well suited to the 
work. 

MIAMI COUNTY 

Frank W. Wilson, Wellsville.— Mr. Wilson 
has been known as a breeder of good Short- 
horns since 1914, but it was not until the day 
of the Nevius sale in 1920 that he made pur- 
chases which attracted the attention of breeders 
over the entire territory when three of the best 
females in the excellent offering fell to his bid- 
ding. Winifred Maid 4th is by Emma's Valen- 
tine, a son of Prince Valentine 4th, out of the 
cow that produced the dam of the grand cham- 
pion, Lady Supreme. She is large and attrac- 
tive and Mr. Wilson secured a prize in this 
two-year-old and her calf. Searchlight Maid, a 
daughter of Searchlight Jr. and out of the best 
cow in the Nevius herd, is a show cow and an 
exceptional producer, as her November calf at 
foot plainly indicated. Victoria S. is by that well 
known sire New Goods, by Choice Goods out of 
a CoUynie cow. Her dam is by Choice Goods, 
second dam by imp. Baron Cruickshank. A bet- 
ter lot of foundation cows could hardly be found. 

Rosedale's Secret is the bull used. He comes 
from Robert Russell's herd and is by his ex- 
cellent sire. Walnut Type. (See Russell sketch.) 
His dam is the splendid cow. Queen's Gift 523- 
258 by Rosedale's Gift. Mr. Wilson has the 



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478 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

knowledge and experience, as well as a suit- 
able location to enable him to score a signal 
success with his cattle. 



MITCHELL COUNTY 

Meall Bros., Cawker City — ^Meall Bros, have 
one of the large, well known herds of the state 
and their operations cover a period of twenty- 
five years. The cattle receive the constant atten- 
tion of the three brothers who comprise the firm. 
They have provided all facilities for handling 
cattle in a practical, economical and careful 
way and their system results in the production of 
young stock so raised as to do well* for the pur- 
chaser and yet to have sufficient development. 
Further improvements are being considered and 
these mature men of successful experience, still 
in the prime of life, will do things in the future 
that will count for Shorthorn advancement not 
only in Mitchell county but in a larger territory. 

The Meall herd is a good one as a whole, but it 
lacks somewhat in uniformity both in the essen- 
tial and in the less important points. This is 
doubtless largely due to the fact that in recent 
years several excellent cows from different 
sources have been added. It is from these, rather 
than from the old foundation of a quarter of a 
centuiy back, that the herd of the future will 
be built. The use of bulls of uniform type 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 479 

and of good size can safely be depended upon to 
do the work and is doing it. 

I saw at least ten cows of very choice breeding 
that should be good enough for any man and the 
calves they are raising qualify them as first- 
class Shorthorn cows. Glen Hall Aconite 4th 
211769 is by Choice Prince, a son of Prince of 
Tebo Lawn out of Good Lassie by Choice Goods. 
Her dam is by Leader 378375 and her second 
dam is by the grand champion, Master of the 
Grove. Glen Hall Aconite is not only a splendid 
individual but is the dam of several of the best 
heifers in the herd. Fairy Dawn by Upland 
Viscount (see below) is an extra smooth cow. 
Her dam is by Snowf lake's Star by Snowflake 
and her second dam is by imp. Prince Oderic. 
Highland Mary, a roan by Snowflake 's Star out 
of a Prince Oderic dam, attracts attention on 
sight and is one of the highly prized members 
of the herd. Miss Marigold 3d, a large red of 
elegant appearance with a big, deep, smooth 
body would be considered attractive anywhere. 
She is by Victorious King by Mr. Gentry's Vic- 
torious and her dam is by Lord Mayor out of 
imp. Marigold 50th. 

Two fairly good bulls had been in use. The 
desire to own a strictly first-class herd bull was 
gratified at the State Association sale at Man- 
hattan in 1920 where Meall Bros, purchased Lav- 
ender Marshal for $1025, the top price paid for 

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480 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

a bull. Lavender Marshal was grand champion 
of the state show. He is by Tomson's outstand- 
ing sire, Village Marshal, out of a Rees bred 
heifer strong in the blood of Ruberta's Goods 
and Choice Goods. The selection of this calf 
seems wise as his ancestry is second to none in 
America. 

H. Borger & Son, Cawker City. — ^From a pur- 
chase of two heifers bought for less than $100 
fifteen years ago, H. Borger & Son have forged 
ahead until their herd is one of the best in north 
central Kansas. This growth has been accom- 
plished by later purchases of choicely bred stock, 
by using good bulls, and by a liberal system of 
development whereby medium size and uniform- 
ity have been attained. Golden Dream is an 
excellent cow by Athenian Coronet 4th, a first- 
class bull by imp. Bapton Coronet out of Augus- 
ta 111th by Scotch Fame. Her dam was by Prime 
Minister, a son of imp. Prince of Perth out of a 
full sister to the International grand champion. 
Lavender Viscount. A daughter of Golden 
Dream by Ury Dale is one of the best things in 
the herd. Rosedale's Jill is a choice daughter 
of Maxwalton Rosedale, the full brother to the 
grand champion, Whitehall Rosedale. Her dam, 
Jessica, is still one of the best producers in the 
herd. Golden Maid, one of the valuable cows 
on the farm, is by Golden Gloster, a son of imp. 
Daydreams Pride. Her dam is Ruby Lass 2d 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



481 



by imp. Trout Creek Clan Alpine and out of 
imp. Ruby Lass. Lassie's Choice is one of the 
highly prized cows. She is by the International 




FAIR CHAMPION AND THE FIRST CALF HE SIRED 
This calf now heads the herd of E. A. Cory & Sons. 

grand champion, Lavender Viscount and out of 
Buchan Lassie 6th by Buchan Hero. 

Although in the early period of the herd's ex- 
istence good bulls from good herds were used, yet 
advancement has been made in this respect. 
About six years ago Borger & Son bought of 
Howell Rees the roan, Fame's Goods, a son of 
Ruberta's Goods, one of the great sires of the 
United . States. Fame's Goods is out of imp. 
Princess Fame. He proved an excellent sire and 
was followed by Fair Champion, a son of the 



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482 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

noted Pair Acres Sultan. Pair Champion is 
very popular among Shorthorn men and will 
do his share toward boosting the Pair Acres 
Sultan family. One of his daughters from 
the .Borger herd, only a little past a year old, 
sold at the Royal sale in 1919 for a big price 
written in four figures. 

George W. Bemis, Cawker City. — These cattle 
are exceptionally well kept. The cows are even 
in size and conformation and conditions for de- 
veloping a first-class herd are unusually favor- 
able. Ury Dale, a well known son of Avondale, 
has done service in the herd and has left an 
impress for good, quite apparent to the visitor. 
Mated with daughters of such bulls as Prime 
Minister by imp. Prince of Perth out of an own 
sister to Lavender Viscount; Proud Orion, T. 
P. Babst's son of imp. Daydreams Pride; Gold- 
en Prince, the Dryden bred son of Prince Glos- 
ter, sire of the $10000 Prince Imperial and num- 
erous others of similar quality, results could 
not be disappointing. The output of the Bemis 
herd has been well appraised by the buying pub- 
lie wherever offered. 

C. L. Hendricks, Glen Elder. — ^'Shorthorns 
for beef and milk" is Mr. Hendricks' slogan and 
with ten females and an outstanding bull he will 
proceed in the production of that kind of cows. 
Matchless CoUynie was first prize bull in the 
Milking Shorthorn class at the Denver Live 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 483 

Stock Show in 1919. He comes from the Kansas 
State Agricultural College and is by Matchless 
Dale, sire of more prize winning and grand 
champion beef steers at the Royal and Interna- 
tional than any other trio of bulls of the breed. 
Matchless CoUynie's dam, Cream Toast, would 
make a strong show in beef classes, yet she gave 
more milk during the test now under way at the 
college than any other of the twenty good milk- 
ing cows in the herd. Her sire is Ingle Lad, 
every one of whose daughters is a great breeder 
of beefy Shorthorns and every one is a heavy 
milker. 

E. W. Runft, Cawker City.— Mr. Runft is a 
new man in the Shorthorn business. He has 
youth, a good location in which to build up a 
herd, and the determination to have a good herd. 
His cows carry prestige through their sires. He 
has daughters of Missie's Sultan, son of Victor 
Sultan out of Sinnissippi Missie; of Fame's 
Goods, son of Ruberta's Goods and imp. Princ- 
ess Fame and of Sir Hugo by Snowf lake's Stamp 
350358 out of Fairy Daybreak 2d. His herd bull 
is Happy Prince, a Tomson bred son of Prince 
Valentine 4th, a show and breeding bull of the 
first class. Happy Prince is out of Harmony 
18th by Golden Day, half brother to Sweet Mis- 
tletoe, dam of the $4100 Imperial Mistletoe and 
Lespedeza Collynie, International grand cham- 
pion in 1919. 



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484 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

MONTGOMERY COUNTY 

H. M. Hill, Lafontaine.* — Those who have 
read the H. M. Hill sketch in Part I will be aware 
of the fact that a splendid foundation for a real 
Shorthorn herd was well laid. Those who have 
not read it are asked to do so before reading this. 
Sycamore Springs Farm is almost an ideal home 
for cattle. The best quality of grass, an abun- 
dance of spring water, good alfalfa land, two 
silos and natural shelter furnish the means of 
producing the best kind of cattle. 

About forty high-class females and two bulls 
are kept on the farm. Some of these cows have 
an individual history, not only as great speci- 
mens of the breed but as great producers. A 
number of them are considered foundation cows 
for the herd. Among those so classed is the big 
roan. Wistful, by Collynie out of Wistaria by 
Royal Knight, second dam, Spirea by imp. Royal 
Pirate. (See Hanna sketch.) She has to her 
credit a dozen calves. Every one of her bulls 
went to head a good herd at a good price and her 
heifers grew into good cows that are regular 
breeders. This cow, though fifteen years old, 
suckled a calf last summer and hardly looked her 
years. Her pedigree, whether from the view- 
point of present popularity or of individual 
merit in ancestry could not be excelled and a lot 



Ship on Mo. Pac, Santa Fe or Frisco. 

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486 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

of young cows of her breeding, size and quality 
would be almost invaluable. 

rl might continue in this way with a number of 
the cows but shall call attention in detail 
to only a few. Princess Columbia, an eleven- 
year-old, 1800 pound cow on grass alone, is the 
only daughter of Prince of CoUynie left in the 
herd. One of her bulls, Kansas Prince, is the 
sire of a sensational lot of calves shown by O, 
O. Massa at the Southeast Kansas Shorthorn 
Show at Cof f eyville in April 1919. Another, a 
three-year-old bull now used by Barrett & Land, 
is one of the best young bulls I have seen and 
reminds me of old Prince of CoUynie, his grand- 
sire. Another CoUynie cow in the herd is the 
roan, Emily, sold as a heifer to Bellows Bros, 
for $500. She raised the bulls that for three 
years topped the Bellows sales and was bought by 
Mr. Hill in one of their sales as a ten-year-old 
cow for $1000. Sycamore Spiraea, also by Col- 
lynie and an own sister to Prince of CoUynie, is 
another massive 1800 pound breeding cow with 
numerous descendants in the herd. StiU an- 
other CoUynie cow is Sarcasm that went from 
Mr. Hanna's to Bellows Bros, and found her way 
back to Sycamore Springs. She is a typical big 
Shorthorn. 

This sketch might become tiresome to those 
who are not Shorthorn enthusiasts if I should 
undertake to teU of each of the animals, 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 487 

individually, especially since the cows mentioned 
are foundation stock and will suffice to indicate 
the quality of the herd. A valuable addition was 
made at the Holmes-Harris sale in November 
1918. Crystal Maid, bred by J. P. Stodder and 
sired by Captain Archer, one of the best bulls of 
the breed and out of the show cow. Innocence, by 
Mr. Nelson's imp. Bapton Arrow, was bought at 
the top price of the sale. This cow is not only by 
the sire of show stock of international repute and 
out of a show cow sired by a wonderful bull, but 
she herself has a showj^ard record not equalled 
by any other J^ansas cow now living. In addition 
to this she is very prolific and an excellent breed- 
er and she, as well as the calf annually shown 
with her at the Kansas State Pair, has excited 
the admiration of the Shorthorn fraternity. 

At the Gillespie sale where a rare collection of 
top cows called out buyers from many states, Mr. 
Hill bought three excellent cows by Hampton 
Spray. They were all bred to Roan Lord, 
the son of Maxwalton Roan Lady and were 
selected with the view of getting a herd bull for 
use at Sycamore Springs. Three bull calves are 
now following these cows in the pasture and are 
being closely watched for development. That 
they are good prospects goes without saying. 

The sketch above was written in June 1919 and 
it applies now as forcibly as it did at that time. 

Mr. Hill is not partial to any blood lines to 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



489 



the point of placing individual merit second. He 
recognizes, full well, that the Scotch cattle saved 
the American Shorthorn, but he refuses to accept 
the theory that all merit rests in the so-called 
Scotch families. On this farm are found several 
very valuable cows and their descendants that 
come from Mr. Vaile's noted importation from 
the J. I. D. Jefferson herd. These cows are by 
Secret Archer, a full brother to Wistful, men- 
tioned above. The two-year-old heifer, that in 
John Kramer's herd won top honors and sold at 




GAZELLE 8TH AND CALF 
Noted prize winners have come from this family. 

the American Royal Sale in November 1918 for 
$1250 for export to South America was out of 
one of these cows and by Mistletoe Archer, a bull 
of Mr. Hill's breeding. He is selling with 



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490 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

regularity his calves from these and other cows 
of similar breeding at the same scale of prices as 
those from Scotch families. As a matter of fact, 
the blood lines and the individual merit are the 
same. 

Among the bulls in recent use at Sycamore 
Springs was Mistletoe Archer by Prince Royal, 
Mr. Hanna's son of imp. CoUynie and imp. Prin- 
cess Royal 62d. Mistletoe Archer's dam was 




A SAMPLE OF SYCAMORE 
SPRINGS PRODUCTION 

Sweet Mistletoe also by CoUynie and out of imp. 
Mistletoe 15th. Sweet Mistletoe is not only an 
own sister to Captain Archer and Pride of Col- 
lynie, but she is the dam of the $4100 Imperial 
Mistletoe and of Lespedeza CoUynie, the 1919 In- 
ternational grand champion. Mistletoe Archer 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 491 

proved an exceptional sire and several young 
cows of his get are on the farm. 

In 1915 it seemed advisable to introduce a bull 
of new blood for use on the strongly bred Col- 
lynie cows and Master of the Dalea by Avondale 
was bought of Forbes & Son. A full brother to 
this bull made quite a reputation in the Robbins 
herd and the calves in the Forbes herd by Mas- 
ter of the Dales gave Mr. Hill reasonable assur- 
ance that the bull would be a success with him. In 
this he was not disappointed for Master of the 
Dales has corrected the only serious fault urged 
against the get of imp. CoUynie, a plainness in 
the hind quarter and, while I have seen few of his 
get older than yearlings, I was much impressed 
with their uniformity. They have been in great 
demand at good prices which indicates that they 
are prime favorites with the buying public. In 
numerous instances a high price has been fixed 
on the heifers purposely to retain them in the 
herd, but even then buyers have taken most of 
them away. 

It may readily be inferred from the preceding 
statements that Mr. Hill holds in high esteem 
the get of Mistletoe Archer. In fact he was sold 
before his real worth as a sire had been demon- 
strated. The old bull being no longer available, 
Mr. Hill has bought back one of his sons and he 
is being liberally used this season (1920). This 
bull is a big, stretchy roan out of Ingle's Secret 



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492 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

by Ingle Lad and, barring the possibility of too 
close a relationship with the Sycamore Springs 
cows, he should prove an outstanding sire, for his 
immediate ancestry consists of Shorthorns re- 
markable for size, beef iness, milking quality and 
smooth covering of flesh. 

I have perhaps spoken at greater length of Mr. 
Hill's operations because I have had occasion to 




TWO OF THE cows THAT LEFT SYCAMORE SPRINGS STOCK 
FARM AND MADE A REPUTATION AS GREAT PRODUCERS 

Left — Princess Airdrie sold to go to Montana where she pro- 
duced cattle that were excellent winners in the big western shows. 

Right — Sweet Mistletoe, sold to Lespedeza farm in Tennessee 
where she produced Imperial Mistletoe, leading American show bull, 
sold for $4100 and Lespedeza Collynie, the 1919 International grand 
champion. 

become familiar with his work and from fre- 
quent inspection I have come to know the herd 
quite well. I might suggest that had he kept 
his best females, instead of putting a price on 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 493 

them and letting them go, in most cases where 
they were lost to the breed, he would have sub- 
stantially advanced his interests as a breeder. 

When I think back over the great array of 
cows and heifers that have been sold from this 
herd, that if retained would have given material 
such as few breeders ever gather together, I am 
inclined to state as my best judgment that had 
Mr. Hill's make-up been such as to exclude com- 
mercialism, the Sycamore Springs herd would 
stand today with few rivals. I do not question 
his success as a breeder for not many. men in 
Kansas can show results such as he has shown. I 
am only thinking that selling such cows as Syca- 
more Secret, CoUynie Violet, Sweet Mistletoe 
and others I could mention, and pricing his best 
young cows and heifers only to have them taken 
off the farm, may be good business but it certain- 
ly has limited his possibilities as a breeder. 

Mr. Hill, while enthusiastic for Shorthorns, is 
also a leader in all things pertaining to rural life. 
He is a farmer in the larger sense. He is presi- 
dent of the County Farm Bureau and always the 
right hand man of the county agent. His activ- 
ities extend to everything in which his commun- 
ity and his county and his neighboring counties 
are interested. Fourteen years of quite intimate 
acquaintance justifies the assertion that south- 
east Kansas could ill spare Howard M. Hill and 
his fine family. 



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494 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

O. O. Massa & Sons, Jefferson. — ^Mr. Massa 

has a herd of more than forty females, several of 
which are additions made in 1920. Princess Vio- 
let 4th by Prince Pavonia has size and is an ex- 
ceptional breeding cow. Her bulls have gone to 
head Shorthorn herds and three of her heifers 
are among the best cows on the farm. Fashion- 
ette 7th is by Wooddale Chieftain, one of the best 
sons of Mr. Gentry's Choice of All. Her dam 
was by Lord Mayor 3d of the same breeding as 
New Year 's Delight, grand champion everywhere 
in the West including the American Royal. An- 
other of the valuable cows is Alma 2d. Her sire 
was by imp. Collynie out of a daughter of imp. 
Lord Cowslip and her dam was an elegant large 
cow by Violet's Knight 177894. Matchless Dale, 
the grand old son of Avondale with more prize 
winning steers to his credit than has any other 
bull of any breed that ever lived, has a splendid 
three-year-old daughter in the herd. Miss Nom- 
inee. She comes from the Kansas State Agricul- 
tural College and her dam was from W. I. 
Wood's noted Ohio herd. Her twelve-month-old 
heifer is a promising roan by Narcissus Type, 
one of the best sons of Cumberland Type. Em- 
blem's Alicia is a 1600 pound beefy daughter of 
the Dawe show bull, Diamond Emblem. This 
cow is feminine and breedy in appearance 
and is from the best ancestry. A remarkable 
pair are the roan heifer Laura Belle and her 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 495 

six-month--old heifer calf. This young cow is only 
twenty-six months old and both she and the calf 
are large and exceptionally smooth. Indications 
are that they will be very valuable. Carrie Rosa- 
mond, two crosses from C. E. Leonard's Charm- 
ing Rosamond, is by Senator, a bull bred at Elm- 
endorf and sired by Marino's Champion. Her 
dam is of the regular Leonard line of breeding. 
Sultan's Beauty, a massive four-year-old roan, is 
by the International grand champion. True Sul- 
tan. This cow has an unusual spring of rib, a 
deep body and a very thick covering of flesh and 
is a splendid daughter of the great sire. Royal 
Queen bred by Ewing Bros, is an elegant 1600 
pound cow that is suckling a bull calf by that out- 
standing sire of prize winners, Linwood Dale. 
This calf is big and lusty but he was three and 
one-half months old before he could take all the 
milk his mother gave. As a typical dual-purpose . 
Shorthorn cow Royal Queen has few equals. One 
of the elegant females on the farm is the three- 
year-old red. Lady of Walnut Grove 2d, bred by 
W. A. McMehon of Missouri. At least two good 
judges have pronounced this heifer superb. Her 
sire is by Sultan's Heir, a son of Glenbrook Sul- 
tan. Her dam is by Prince Mistletoe, a son of 
Mr. Hanna's Prince Royal out of Mistlietoe 2d, 
an own sister to Sweet Mistletoe, dam of two of 
America 's most noted bulls, also to Captain Arch- 
er, famous sire of show stock for J. F. Stodder 

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496 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

and to Pride of CoUynie, a great sire in John 
McCoy's herd. Her second dam is by Golden 
Lancaster, almost a full brother to Lavender Vis- 
count. This cow is suckling a seven-month-old 
heifer that is a first-class show and breeding 
prospect and the cow herself is carrying smooth, 
heavy flesh on grass alone. Another of the best 
things on the farm is a red by Village Archer, a 
son of Gregg's Villager, out of a daughter of 
Barmpton Knight. Her dam is also by Barmp- 
ton Knight followed by Gallant Knight and Vis- 
count of Anoka, giving her in the first four 
crosses four of the best bulls that could be found 
west of the Mississippi. The cows in the entire 
herd are well loaded with the best blood of the* 
breed. They are good producers and are being 
bred to one of the best sires ever owned in south- 
east Kansas, the roan, Kansas Prince. 

Kansas Prince is a massive son of Mistletoe 
Archer. He is open to slight criticism at each 
end but he has a great middle and- stands near 
the ground. As a sire Kansas Prince has few 
equals in the state. Every one of his calves I 
have seen is almost 'faultless and, regardless of 
the class of cows, the calves are show stock of the 
better type and great growers and fleshers. At 
the Southeast Kansas Shorthorn Show in Cof- 
f eyville the Kansas Prince calves took second 
place in only one instance. It seemed next to 
useless to show against them. The oldest of 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 497 

these calves at twenty months weighed 1550 
pounds and he had not been pushed heavily. 
Kansas Prince comes by this worth honestly. His 
sire is by Prince Royal, son of imp. Collynie and 
imp. Princess Royal 62d and out of Sweet Mis- 
tletoe, the dam of Lespedeza Collynie, grand 
champion at the international in 1919. The da;n 
of Kansas Prince is Princess Columbia, an 1800 
pound daughter of Prince of Collynie, one of the 
most remarkable, big, beefy bulls I have ever 
seen. He, too, was by imp. Collynie and his dam 
was by Royal Knight, probably the best son of 
the great cow, imp. Princess Alice. 

I. L. Swinney, Independence.* — ^Mr. Swin- 
ney's original purchases were mainly of stock 
coming through the Hill and Hanna herds and 
typical of their lines of breeding. One of the 
splendid females bought was the Hanna bred 
Sempstress, a big roan of excellent quality by the 
show bull imp. Inglewood. This cow, bought 
high at an American Royal sale, was the dam of a 
number of bulls, one of which was Inglelynie, 
well known in the herds of J. T. Bayer and Laub- 
er Bros. When seventeen years old. Sempstress 
produced a heifer calf, sold for $500 at twelve 
months in the 1919 Independence sale. A num- 
ber of her other descendants are still retained. 
A later purchase was Secret Goods, a large 



* Bural Route 5; near Crane Station on Santa Fe; telephone, 
Elk City. 



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498 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

showy cow bred by G. H. Hasebrook, sired by the 
Good Choice bull, Roan Goods, out of a dam by 
Lavender Viscount 2d. A Tomson bred daugh- 
ter of Archer, dam by Gallant Knight, and a 
McDermott bred daughter of Fair Goods furnish 
an idea of the blood lines acquired by purchase 
in recent years and add to the attractiveness of 
the herd. 

The bulls used have been such as to enhance 
the value of the blood lines and conserve the high 
standard of the cattle. Captain, a son of Col- 
lynie out of Mr. Hanna's excellent cow Lilac, 
(see Hanna sketch) was one of the best breeders 
and the few heifers I have seen by him were of 
outstanding merit. Fortune was another Col- 
lynie bull used liberally. Royalist, a son of 
Prince Royal, was another, jprince Royal, him- 
self, was used for a while and Mr. Swinney also 
used the well known Sultan Victor. A few more 
bulls, all of like quality and breeljiing, have seen 
service in the herd. 

Among the best things recently V^Q^^^^ ^^^ 
five heifers bought in 1919. They aVe attractive 
in appearance and their pedigrees Will please. 
With the wealth of ancestry repre^nted, Mr. 
Swinney will be able to attain any treasonable 
degree of success for which he works.\ The cat- 
tle sold from his herd have responded *o feeding 
and have almost invariably been a goocp buy for 
the purchaser. 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 499 

John Frye, Independence. — ^Mr. Prye is one of 
the men who by reason of environment is able to 
secure great results in the production of live 
stock. His location on a farm with excellent pas- 
ture and heavy crops of alfalfa and forage, is 
ideal. Furthermore, Mr. Frye is equipped by 
years of training in farming and he has had 
almost a life association with Shorthorns. Mrs. 
Frye is a daughter of one of the old Shorthorn 
families of Iowa and was a near neighbor of pro- 
minent Shorthorn breeders. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Frye are active physically and mentally and have 
unbounded enthusiasm for the work. **We have 
been wheating it and getting this high priced al- 
falfa off these war times and have neglected our 
cattle/' Mr. Frye said to me, and results proved 
the correctness of his assertion. 

Never-the-less, the Frye cattle are worthy of 
more than passing notice. There are now eight- 
een good females in the herd, nearly all de- 
scended from a Potts Emma cow. Lady Emma 
by Ingle Lad, purchased from H. M. Hill some 
years ago. This cow, in common with most 
Ingle Lad cows, was a great milker and 
her descendants in the herd are a splen- 
did lot of cows of good size that would 
excite the admiration of even a dairyman, 
yet they are of true Shorthorn type and repre- 
sent the class of cattle needed by the average 
farmer on a small farm who must produce both 

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500 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KAJ^SAS 

beef and milk. A recent and valuable addition 
is a young cow of Mrs. Grace Blake's 
breeding, sired by Lavender Lord. Shortly after 
Mr. Frye bad purchased this heifer she gave 
birth to a first-class heifer calf by imp. Bapton 
Corporal. A Bellows bred bull has been used for 
several years and, being desirous of continuing 
the building of a high-class herd, Mr. Frye is 
on the lookout for a good tried sire which will 
be all that is needed in his operations. 

P. P. Asher & Son, Independence. — The Asher 
farm is favorably located for the production of 
cattle. In initial purchases made at the Coffey- 
ville sale in April 1919 the Ashers showed un- 
usual discrimination and as a result they have 
a small herd that would attract attention any- 
where. They further showed their judgment and 
enterprise by sending females to Sycamore 
Springs to be bred to Master of the Dales. Their 
purchases included the good young cow, May 
Rose by the splendid show and breeding bull, 
Lord Mayor 3d, with bull calf at foot by Secret 
Robin, the bull bought by Miss Stanley of An- 
thony to head her high priced herd. The dam of 
May Rose is by Secret Archer, sire of J. F. Stod- 
der 's cows, that bred to Captain Archer produced 
his show cattle. Another is Belle of Havana 4th, 
by a son of Captain Archer, full brother to Sweet 
Mistletoe, dam of Lespedeza CoUynie, grand 
champion at the International in 1919. 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 501 

The bull that was bought to head the herd is 
Chanute Pride. His sire, Royal Gloster, is by 
imp. Daydreams Pride, not only a show bull but 
also a fine breeder. His dam is by Aberdeen, 
practically a full brother to Mr. HilPs Ingle Lad 
and out of Sycamore Spiraea, an 1800 pound cow 
on grass, and own sister to Prince of CoUynie, 
one of the great bulls of the breed. Syringia, 
dam of Sycamore Spiraea, is one of Mr. Hannahs 
best productions. 

Watkins Bros., Cherryvale. — This firm began 
breeding Shorthorns three years ago and results 
observed while visiting the herd prove that their 
foundation stock was wisely selected. The top 
crosses in the pedigrees show an infusion of 
blood from such well known bulls as Silvermine, 
CoUynie, St. Valentine 12th, Scotland's Charm, 
Fortune, Searchlight, imp. Prince Lovely, Sul- 
tan Victor, Good Choice and Best of Goods. This 
should furnish a most satisfactory foundation 
for the practical man but this is only half the 
herd. 

The other half, doubtless the more important, 
is a white bull by True Sultan, International 
prize winning son of Whitehall Marshall, Inter- 
national grand champion and one of the best sons 
of Whitehall Sultan. This young bull is a big, 
beefy fellow by virtue of inheritance. His dam 
was Ingle's Secret by Ingle Lad. Ingle's Secret 
as a six-month-old calf weighed about 600 pounds 

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502 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

and sucked a three-year-old heifer that weighed 
more than 1600, while the cow and calf were on 
pasture without grain. This heifer and her calf 
were a most remarkable pair for their ages. The 
heifer was Sycamore Secret by Collynie, full of 
the best blood known in Shorthorn history. Wat- 
kins Bros, had the honor of winning the junior 
and grand championships on bulls at the South- 
east Kansas Shorthorn Show at Coffeyville in 
] 919, with a ten-month-old calf of their breeding. 
R. E. Webb, Wayside. — ^Mr. Webb engaged 
with his father in breeding Shorthorns in 1905 
and for the past eight years has been working on 
his own accouni;. One of his best cows is Cather- 
ine Victoria by Rosewood 2d, a son of Rosewood 
by imp. Inglewood out of imp. Roseleaf by Scot- 
tish Archer. Two good cows were purchased at 
the Stodder dispersion and one of these. Silver 
Creek Sylvia by Lord Thistle, is still on the farm 
with several female descendants. Butterfly's 
Fortune by Alice's Fortune is another of the 
more desirable cows. Her sire is by Fortune, a 
well known son of Collynie, used for several 
years by I. L. Swinney. Mr. Webb has a bull 
that should be highly satisfactory. His sire is 
Secret Baron by Snowstorm, son of Snowflake, 
sire of the three times International grand cham- 
pion. Ringmaster. His dam is by Collynie Choice, 
a son of Collynie out of a daughter of Choice 
Goods. 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 503 

Mr. Webb's location near a section given to 
cattle breeding is in his favor and guarantees a 
market for all the stock he can produce. 

C. D. Bird, Cherryvale. — ^Mr. Bird bought 
three good bred heifers at the Coff eyville sale 
in 1919 and raised three calves from them that 
season. Two were by Sir Hampton, a sire of 
s]3lendid stock. Sir Hampton was by Hampton 
Spray out of a Prince Royal dam. The dams 
were by CoUynie Goods, Rosewood and Prince 
Imperial 2d, three excellent bulls. Victor Gloster, 
the bull sold at Independence in 1919 with the 
Holcomb herd, is the sire in use. One of the best 
young bulls ever shown and sold at any Southeast 
Kansas sale was consigned, by Mr. Bird to the 
1919 fall sale. 

C. A. Chamberlin, Cherryvale. — ^Mr. Chamber- 
lin has seven females which he uses partially for 
dairy purposes, believing this necessary under 
small farm conditions. That returns are satis- 
factory is demonstrated by a visit to the farm. 
The cows are strong in the blood of Collynie, 
Choice Goods and Alice 's Prince. Farther down 
they carry the blood of Baron Victor, Godoy and 
Scarlet Knight. Mr. Chamberlin is using Mr. 
Watkins ' bull. ( See Watkins sketch. ) 

J. C. Foster, Cherryvale. — Mr. Foster bought 
good milking Shorthorn cows of Peck & Son and 
Mr. Peck assures me the cows were well chosen. 
The object is to produce a good sized Shorthorn 

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504 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

COW that will raise profitable beef cattle and give 
sufficient milk to fully pay her keep. Mr. Foster 
will find a broad demand for the produce of these 
cattle as the small farmer must eventually have 
this very class of stock. 

W. C. Hall, Cof feyville. — Dr. Hall, proprietor 
of Hall Stock Farm, believes in breeding the 
horns off and is using strongly bred Polled bulls. 
Among the cows Ingle Princess, one of the best, 
comes from H. M. Hill. Her sire, Sunblaze, was 
by Ingle Lad out of old Wistful, one of the out- 
standing cows of the breed. The dam of Ingle 
Princess was from the Nevius herd. Ingle Rose, 
a double standard, is by Ingle Lad out of a 
Polled cow by Field Marshall 164475. There are 
fifteen females in the herd and the breeding of 
Shorthorns is to be continued. The double stan- 
dard bull. Evergreen Sultan by the International 
grand champion, True Sultan, is in service. The 
product of this farm should be a valuable adjunct 
to Montgomery county agriculture, as weU as 
being a source of much recreation to Dr. Hall. 

H. L. Higday, Independence. — ^Mr. Higday is 
making a start with Shorthorns. He has a num- 
ber of good cows among which is Rosebud's Lav- 
ender by Rosebud's Secret, a son of Secret Arch- 
er, one of the best bulls in southeast Kansas. In 
addition to Rosebud's Secret there was used a 
bull. Imperial Duke by Fortune, a well known 
son of imp. Collynie out of a Lord Cowslip cow. 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 505 

Another dash of excellent blood comes in through 
Captain by CoUynie out of the well known cow, 
Lilac. Twentieth Earl of Valley Grove by Lord 
Mayor also contributes to the quality of the herd. 
Six select females purchased from J. C. Rob- 
ison have recently been added. Like all of Mr. 
Robison's cattle, these cows have plenty of size, 
combined with finish. Alfalfa and a silo 
complete the story of Mr. Higday's operations. 

J. L. KnottSy Caney. — For about twenty years 
Mr. Knotts has been connected with the Short- 
horn industry and for the past ten years he has 
been breeding on his own account. His herd of 
nine cows is descended from one cow that carried 
in two top crosses the blood of Rosewood, son of 
imp. Inglewood and imp. Roseleaf by Scottish 
Archer and of imp. Craven Knight. Mr. Knotts 
also owns a splendid producing daughter of 
Harding, a full brother to Mr. Hill's Sarcasm. 
He is using the bull, Hallwood Goods by Hall- 
wood Mint, a son of Choice Goods Model and 
Hallwood Violet by Headlight. The breeding 
of this bull is elegant and he has proved his worth 
as a sire by three years service in the herd of A. 
Hamm & Son. 

A. G. Powell, Liberty. — ^Mr. Powell has been 
breeding Shorthorns for eleven years. He has a 
herd of about twenty females, nearly all de- 
scended from a Cruickshank Orange Blos- 
som cow purchased from L. T. Frederick of 

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506 A HISTORY bF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Nebraska. Mr. Powell has not given his cattle 
the attention necessary to secure the most profit- 
able returns but he has decided to make a busi- 
ness of the matter from now on and with a nice 
and very popularly bred foundation and with 
plenty of alfalfa he will be able to put up a real 
Shorthorn herd. The bull in use is a Hanna bred 
son of Hampton Spray with the great, smooth 
middle characteristic of these cattle, a good head 
and neck and good quarters. He is a typical 
Shorthorn. 

Alex Thomason, Havana. — Mr. Thomason is 
a prince of good fellows with an excellent large 
farm and a good sized herd of practical, useful 
Shorthorns. His cattle are kept in medium con- 
dition, just right to do well for the purchaser if 
given fair treatment. The herd has received an 
infusion of Captain Archer blood through two 
bulls. Free Knight and Free Knight 2d. This 
indicates quality, for Captain Archer was an own 
brother to Sweet Mistletoe, the dam of the 1919 
International grand champion. Mr. Thomason 
has been a contributor to the Southeast Kansas 
Breeders sales and a heifer of his breeding was 
first in a hotly contested class at the Southeast 
Kansas show at Cof f eyville in 1919. At the 1919 
fall show at Independence Mr. Thomason 
bought a good heifer representing the Hanna 
breeding with that of H. C. Duncan and W. A. 
Harris. 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 507 

MOEEIS COUNTY 

F. G. Houghton, Dunlap. — ^Mr. Houghton has 
been breeding Shorthorns for eight years. While 
his herd has not been pushed for best develop- 
ment, yet like most breeders he realizes his 
mistake and will correct it. He is well 
located, having both pasture and alfalfa land and 
the twenty-five females now in the herd are of 
the desirable breeding kind. They are practical- 
ly all descended from good bulls of good ancestry 
and out of good herds. Among the sires appear- 
ing are the Kellerman bred King Edward ; Chief 
Mist bred by N. H. Gentry by the Choice of All 
and out of Violet Mist 7th, dam of Hampton 
Spray; Gallant Knight's Star by Gallant Knight 
out of a dam by Lord Mayor ; Lord Barmpton by 
F. M. Gif ford's well known Lord Marr, a son of 
Lord Mayor; Choice Prince by Prince of Tebo 
Lawn out of a daughter of Alice's Prince ; Royal 
Goods by Select Goods, dam by Laird of Lin- ' 
wood and Victorious King by Victorious, dam ■ 
by Secret Barmpton. Their dams were from 
bulls coming from such herds as those of Tom- 
sons, Gentry, Tebo Lawn, Joseph Duncan, Fred 
Gif ford, S. C. Hanna and Col. Harris' Lin- 
wood herd. 

Eighth Josephine 141817 is one of the best 
cows. She is by Lord Barmpton by Lord Marr. 
Pride 5th comes from Meall Bros. Her sire, 

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508 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Eoyal Goods, was by Select Goods, a son of the 
champion, Choice Goods out of a cow by Alice's 
Prince, the $2000 son of imp. Princess Alice. 

A roan bull from John Regier heads the herd. 
Sir Edelweiss is by Good News, a bull used for a 
number of years by Mr. Regier with much suc- 
cess. He was shown at three state fairs, winning 
three firsts. His sire was New Goods by Choice 
Goods out of a cow by imp. Collynie. The dam 
of Sir Edelweiss, Edelweiss 4th, was by Nonpar- 
eil Star that as a calf was in George Bothwell's 
great show herd and the dam of Edelweiss 4th 
was by imp. Lord Banff, one of the best bulls of 
his day. Mr. Houghton successfully managed 
the 1919 and 1920 Morris County Breeders Sale 
held at Council Grove. 

Robert P. Dent, Council Grove. — ^With an ex- 
cellent location for a Shorthorn breeding estab- 
lishment, Mr. Dent has decided that high priced 
land and poor grade cattle do not balance the 
account and that it is absolutely necessary to 
produce the right kind of cattle. He bought 
a few cows just for a start and they are being 
well cared for with satisfactory results. Butter- 
fly, bred by D. A. Ewing of Great Bend, was 
sired by Choice Echo, a 2600 pound bull used by 
Miss Stanley and now owned by Bennington 
Bros. He is a son of New Goods out of a dam 
by Captain Archer. Collynie Briseis by imp. 
Collynie out of a dam by imp. Mariner, sire in 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 509 

H. M. HilPs herd, is one of the best cows in the 
lot. Clarice by Victor Archer, the well known 
bull owned by Dr. R. A. Stewart, Minnie 4th by 
Happy Choice a son of Good Choice and Queen's 
Pride by the Tomson bred Cherry Knight by 
Barmpton Knight are three good cows that bred 
to a good bull should give the desired results. 
In the ownership of a bull, Mr. Dent is co-oper- 
ating with his two sons, or rather he is furnish- 
ing the bull for the three herds established by 
the family. This is mentioned that other fathers 
may be encouraged to do likewise. The bull is a 
roan, medium in size, very evenly covered, thick 
mellow fleshed, a fine looker, and what is best 
of all, a sire of first-rate calves. 

R. E. Hailey, Wilsey. — Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Hailey have the natural qualifications that make 
for success in the Shorthorn business. They 
also have a location amid surroundings where 
cattle do their very best, developing size, flesh 
and vigorous constitution. Besides this, they 
have ten females in the herd, that judged from 
any reasonable view point, are fit to be the an- 
cestors of an excellent herd. Miss Rose 3d, a 
twelve-year-old roan that looks like a six-year- 
old, is from the famous Browndale farm, tht 
nursery of countless numbers of high-class and 
prize winning Shorthorns. This cow would be 
the kind to select in buying the foundation for 
a breeding herd. Miss Rose 4th by Defender is 

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510 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

a roan three-year-old daughter of Miss Rose 3d. 
Defender is a son of Barmpton Knight, sire of 
state fair, American Royal and International 
champions and of many great breeding cows. His 
dam was by the Norton bred Sir Charming 4th. 
Elmwood Bettie is by Bonnie Count, whose sire, 
Goodline, was by imp. Collynie out of a cow by 
imp. Lord Cowslip. Her dam is by Leader, a 
son of Silvery Knight by Gallant Knight. 

Mr. Hailey's first purchase of a bull was not 
in keeping with his requirements. He early re- 
cognized what all breeders must learn, sooner or 
later, that a bull can not be too good. The pres- 
ent herd bull. Captain 545855, not only has a 
strong line of ancestry but he also holds his cre- 
dentials of excellent service in the record of hav- 
ing been the sire of a considerable part of a car 
load of Kansas City market topping twelve- 
month-old baby beeves. He carries through his 
sire a blending of the best line of Tomson Bros. ' 
breeding and on his dam's side, through her sire, 
Hampton Crown, the Merry Hampton blood. 
He is a smoothly finished fellow of good size, 
close to the ground, and is a good feeder. 

Clyde E. Dent, Council Grove. — ^Mr. Dent is 
avoiding the mistake made by many young men, 
in beginning right instead of having either scrubs 
or grades. In looking over his herd it must be 
admitted that he has shown judgment in select- 
ing his original purchases. Two years ago he 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 511 

bought five females and from these he expects to 
develop his Shorthorn herd. One of his cows is 
by Rosewood Prince, a son of Rosewood out of 
a dam by imp. CoUynie. Rosewood was by imp. 
Inglewood, Mr. Hanna's show bull, for years 
the record priced bull of the American Royal 
sales, out of imp. Roseleaf by Mr. Duthie's great 
bull, Scottish Archer. CoUynie Briseis 2d, an- 
other good cow, is by Reflection, a CoUynie bull 
out of a dam by imp. Mariner. Her dam is also 
by CoUynie. Louise, a heifer that has been a 
local prize winner, is by Bettie's Albion, out of 
a dam by Pride of Avondale. Oak Pearl 2d is 
by Roan Cowslip, a son of imp. Lord Cowslip out 
of a dam by Red Oak by CoUynie out of one of 
Mr. Hanna's Sempstress of Oakland cows. She 
was bred by J. E. Thompson of Fredonia. A 
daughter of CoUynie Briseis 2d completes the 
list. It will be noted that four of these cows 
are strong in CoUynie blood which is as strong a 
foundation for a breeding herd as could be 
found, and the fifth carries the Avondale cross. 
The bull used is Prairie King. (See Waldo Dent 
sketch.) 

M. A. Metzger, Council Grove. — ^Mr. Metzger 
bought five cows of C. H. Williams & Son and a 
bull of Meall Bros., which insures a good foun- 
dation. In looking over the pedigrees of the 
cows I find in the top crosses some noted bulls. 
Royal Gloster, a show and excellent breeding 

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512 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

bull owned by C. M. Garver ; Double Champion, 
son of Choice Goods and Russella the dam of 
Ruberta; imp. Thistletop (see T. K. Tomson 
sketch, Part I) ; imp. Prince Oderic and imp. 
Burgomaster. Cows of this blood should prove 
satisfactory breeders. The herd bull is by Snow- 
flake 's Stamp by Snowflake, sire of Ringmaster, 
three times International grand champion. With 
proper care this should develop into a profitable 
herd. 

Waldo E. Dent, Council Grove. — Though Mr. 
Dent is one of the youngest breeders in his coun- 
ty he has an excellent start for a beginner. Lassie 
is by Bettie's Albion 399451, and her dam is 
Brawith Missie by Pride of Avondale, son of 
Avondale and imp. Rosewood 86th, second dam 
Brawith Lass by New Year's Gift 198621. Lady 
Lucerne comes from the H. C. Stephenson herd 
in Chase county. (See W. J. Sayre and H. M. 
Schoepflin sketches.) Her sire, Cherry Knight, 
was by Barmpton Knight, one of the best bulls 
ever owned in Kansas and sire of two noted 
champions at the American Royal and Interna- 
tional. Her dam was by Happy Choice by Bel- 
lows Bros.' Good Choice^ son of the champion. 
Choice Goods and sire of the champion. Diamond 
Goods. Kentucky Belle 2d is also a Stephenson 
product and is by Happy Choice out of a dam 
by Rosemary Victor 12th, a bull of George 
Bothwell's breeding. Mr. Bothwell will be 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 513 

remembered as owning the leading western show 
herd of his day. 

Mr. Dent has a snap in his bull. It is under- 
stood that he is co-operating with his father 
and brother in the ownership, but the fact is that 
the father bought the bull and the sons are using 
him. The elder Mr. Dent selected a very good 
bull, for Prairie King by Sir Edelweiss (see 
Regier sketch) is out of a daughter of Wooddale 
Chieftain, one of the best bulls by The Choice 
of All ever sent out by Mr. Gentry. 

H. O. Mott, White City.— Mr. Mott's connec- 
tion with Shorthorns dates back to 1905, the 
present herd consisting of twenty females. Pur- 
chases of foundation stock were made from Rich- 
ard Roenigk, Thos. B. Reid, of Franklin county 
and others. These cows were of good descent, 
carrying much of the blood of two noted Kansas 
herds, those of C. W. Merriam and C. F. Wolf 
& Son. The bulls used were Prairie King 442970 
and Crimson Light 656773. The latter was bred 
by J. H. Taylor & Sons and is now in use. His 
sire is the well known Marengo Pearl, a bull that 
did great service in C. W. Taylor's herd. Mr. 
Mott is located in a cattle country where all con- 
ditions are favorable to live stock production. 

L. W. Reeves, Parkerville. — The Reeves farm 
seems ideally located for the production of 
Shorthorns since it furnishes everything that 
should go to develop the young stock well and 

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514 A HISTORY OF SHQBTHORNS IN KANSAB H 

economically. Alfalfa and plenty of prair 
ture^ shade and good water are found here- 
are tliirty females in the herd, which was 
lished in 1911. The cows range in size f ron 
ium to large and it is Mr. Eeeves' intent 
give the calves liberal feed and care whic 
insure a good growth. Among Kansas here 
have contribnted to the upbuilding of th 
are those of John McCoy and Thomas, Jai 
& Mitchell. 



NEMAHA COUNTY 



I 



Milton Poland & Son, Sabetha,— I found 

uniform herd in splendid condition with i 
any, animals that needed culling out. Th< 
have fine heads and necks, are of good sii 
carry enough flesh to give them a very pi 
api>earance. A lot of nicely grown^ fleshy 
show that the cows are desirable as breede 
milkers. Everything indicates not 
judgment in mating but also capable g 
management. 

Royal Nonpareil by Royal Leader out oi 
pareil 37th, a daughter of imp. Nonpareil 
is the sire of a nmnber of the eows, Snov 
Baron by Snowflake; Trooper, by Ban 
Knight; Brigham Young by Pride of Co 
and Barmpton Knight appear frequently i 
top crosses. Eight excellent heifers are by 
dale King by a son of Avondale, On their C 



4 



A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 515 

side they come from a worthy line of sires. A 
number of these heifers are of outstanding qual- 
ity and would look well anywhere. 

King Rex, an unusually low down, level bull 
is in service. He is smooth, well fleshed and a 
good looker as well as a satisfactory breeder 
which is evidenced in his calves. His sire is the 
Westrope bred Le Boyne Rex and his dam is by 
Knight of Greeley bred by C. A. Saunders, thus 
uniting stock from two of Iowa's best herds. A 
new bull will be needed shortly and it is Mr. 
Poland's intention to get one of the best he can 
obtain. 

J. C. Aeschliman & Son, Sabetha. — One of the 
guarantees that could be given for the suc- 
cess of this herd is the great enthusiasm of the 
son, about twelve years of age and Mr. Aeschli- 
man, by the way, is not lacking in this respect, 
either. Their foundation was wisely laid. The 
first purchase was the top cow in the dispersion 
of the excellent D. E. Reber herd. She cost $500, 
a big price at that time and equal to several times 
that amount now. She is by True Goods, one of 
the best known sons of Fair Goods, son of Choice 
Goods and Ruberta. The heifers out of this cow 
are by a son of Scotchman, sire of Good Scotch- 
man. They carry the blood of C. C. Norton's 
Sir Charming 10th and his well known Sweet 
Charity cows. 

There is nothing in sight that should prevent 

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516 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

this firm from building up a choice Shorthorn 
herd and if future additions are made with the 
same judgment shown so far, they will succeed. 
The Aeschlimans have access to several good 
bulls and are using one of the best in Nemaha 
county. 

H. Heimann & Son, Seneca. — ^Mr. Heimann 
has made up his mind that there is no reason why 
his son should produce grade cattle just be- 
cause he himself did so he has bought some good 
Shorthorns and the young man is in charge. He 
is enthusiastic and I think will be a real success. 
The cows selected for a start are of the medium 
size, smooth kind. Dorothy, a three-year-old 
red, comes from L. V. Sanf ord. Her sire is Or- 
ange Premier, a son of the well known Orange 
Model out of a cow by Lavender Viceroy by Lav- 
ender Viscount. A number of the younger fe- 
males come from Dr. Mark's herd in Jeffer- 
son county and are by Double Diamond, a nice, 
smooth bull with a double cross of the champion. 
Diamond Goods, and a crop of calves to his cre- 
dit speaks well for him. 

Trooper's Model is the bull used. He is by 
Trooper, the Barmpton Knight buU'used so suc- 
cessfully by Mr. Sanf ord and his dam is by Mat- 
ineer bred by John McCoy. In addition to this 
stock on hand, Mr. Heimann is contemplating 
the purchase of some strictly high-class cows 
bred along most popular lines and a first-class 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 517 

bull. The object is to make the herd one of the 
best in this section of the country and with the 
unusual facilities for carrying out these plans 
there is little doubt as to the ultimate success of 
the project. 

James Jackson, Sabetha. — I found here two 
outstanding heifers due to calve soon and three 
good yearlings of pleasing form. Favorable 
working conditions and enthusiasm, with sound 
cattle sense on the part of both Mr. and Mrs. 
Jackson, mean a first-class herd on the farm. 
They have one of the most pleasing prospects I 
have found in a herd established less than a year 
ago. The three yearlings mentioned are by Roan 
Duke 540756, said to have been an excellent bull. 
Their dams are by a son of Barmpton Knight 
that was out of a cow by imp. Mutineer. A 
big, smooth two-year-old is Lavon by Oakdale 
King, son of Forest Dale by Avondale. Her dam 
is by the J. G. Bobbins bred bull. Golden Dutch- 
man. Marcella, another two-year-old by Oak- 
dale King, must be classed among the best of her 
age I have seen recently. She has the form and 
finish of a show cow and is an exceptional breed- 
ing proposition. Mr. Jackson is to be congratu- 
lated on making such a success of his initial pur- 
chases. 

The bull used in this herd is a big one, but he. is 
straight and smooth. He comes from John Mc- 
Coy & Son and is by Good Scotchman and out of 

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518 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

one of Mr. McCoy's best cows, which is equiva- 
lent to saying that his dam is one of the best cows 
in Kansas. There is little chance of any man's 
making a mistake in buying such a bull. 

Sam^l C. Jackson, Sabetha. — This is another 
case of increasing land prices bringing about the 
necessity for better cattle and Mr. Jackson is 
supplanting the grade with the pure bred. He 
has five cows of acceptable breeding and they are 
satisfactory producers. While lacking somewhat 
in uniformity, mating with a good bull will cor- 
rect this irregularity. Among the sires of these 
cows is Wodan, a son of Nonpareil Star and one 
of the best bulls that went out from John Re- 
gier's herd. Another is by Rock Springs Pride, 
the excellent McCoy bred son of Pride of Col- 
lynie. Royal Hero by Secret Prince 206457, a 
son of imp. Strawberry, is the sire of another. 
Prince of Tebo Lawn and Choice Goods enter 
largely into the pedigrees of these cows. Mr. 
Jackson is a good feeder. He has access to sev- • 
eral bulls in his community, which will 
enable him to soon own a herd of the desired 
quality, backed by some of the choicest ancestry 
found in western Shorthorns. This is what con- 
stitutes real worth in all pure bred cattle. 

L. V. Sanford, Sabetha.* — ^Mr. Sanford has a 
herd of twenty-five females, all of which were 
bred on the farm. They range in size from 



Telephone and station, Oneida. 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 519 

medium to large and, generally speaking, are 
good. Some of the original stock, possibly all, 
eame from the James Gregg herd and carried an 
infusion of the blood of Col. Harris' imp. Royal 
Pirate. 

As is the case where the cattle are all home 
])red, the quality of the bulls used indicates what 
is in the herd. The first bull was Mutineer 274- 
110. He was bred by J ohn McCoy, which fact is 
in itself a reconamendation. His sire was Gladys' 
Chief by imp. Spartan' Hero and out of a cow 
that was own sister to Lavender Viscount, Inter- 
national grand champion. To follow Mutineer, 
another good herd was patronized. Trooper came 
from Tomson Bros, and was by Barmpton 
Knight, sire of state fair and International prize 
winners and of many big, beefy Shorthorns. 
Trooper's dam was by Curator, a son of imp. 
Aboyne and imp. Lady Myra, both from the 
Cniickshank herd. Orange Premier is now in 
use. He was bred by W. A. Betteridge and came 
to Mr. Sanf ord through Bellows Bros. His sire 
is Orange Model, a bull that figures much in 
Shorthorn pedigrees, and his dam is by Lavender 
Viceroy, one of the best known sons of Lavender 
Viscount. Mr. Sanford has bred and sold the 
foundation stock for numerous herds in his part 
of the state. 

C. H, Wempe, Seneca. — Mr. Wempe has been 
handling pure bred stock for years. His herd 



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520 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

consists of twenty-five females bred along nice 
lines. Among the cows are daughters and 
granddaughters of Diamond Emblem, the bull 
that made a record as a sire and show bull for 
T. J. Dawe, Eock Springs Pride by Pride of Col- 
lynie and Good Scotchman. A very attractive 
roan bull was bought in 1919 from G. F. Hart 
and he was one of the best from that good herd. 
I noticed a valuable feature about this young 
bull. Though only a yearling and running with 
the herd on rather short pasture where he had 
been all summer, he was in a condition indi- 
cating rather extra grazing quality. He is of 
the most desirable breeding. 

NEOSHO COUNTY 
A. Austin, Galesburg. — ^Among Mr. Austin's 
best cows is New Goods, a daughter of Good 
News, the well known prize winner and breeding 
bull owned by John Regier for several years. Vio- 
let 's Pride, the white bull that sold at Coffeyville 
in 1919 as a 1550 pound yearling is in service. 
He comes from O. O. Massa and is by that un- 
usual sire of good stock, Kansas Prince. A heifer 
calf exhibited by Mr. Austin at Independence in 
1919 won first in class over strong competition. 

NESS COUNTY 
W. F. Baer, Ransom — ^Mr. Baer is located in a 
section not much given to Shorthorn breeding 



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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 521 

and his herd will be an advertisement for the 
breed. The cows sired by good bulls are numer- 
ous. Captain Archer, an outstanding sire, and 
own brother to Sweet Mistletoe, dam of the 1919 
International grand champion; Falsetto, sire of 
the excellent cows sold by Mrs. Fraser ; Barmp- 
ton Knight, sire of prize winners by the score, in- 
eluding New Year's Delight, American Royal 
grand champion; Maxwalton Rosedale, own 
brother to Wliitehall Rosedale, grand champion 
all over the West and sire of Violet's Dale, noted 
western champion bull, are the sires of some of 
the cows in the herd. Marigold, a five-year-old 
roan, is a recent addition. She is by Merry Goods, 
the son of Good Choice. 

With this foundation and with proper care 
and feed, resulting in good development, it re- 
mains only to observe the bulls in service to get 
a fair idea of what to expect here. Augustus is a 
roan son of Crusader by Barmpton Knight, a 
bull that was retained in the Tomson herd and 
liberally used by them. His dam is Augusta 105th 
by Waverly. The other herd bull is Village Presi- 
dent 565266 bred by J. F. Prather. He is by 
Superior Knight 408979 with several genera- 
tions of the best Prather breeding back of his 
dam. Mr. Baer's cattle were successfully exhib- 
ited at the Kansas State Fair in 1920. 

Wm. Gulick & Son, Ness City. — This is one of 
the older and larger herds of western Kansas, 

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522 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

having been established in 1900 and now number- 
ing more than 100 females. A considerable part 
of the herd is by the Hanna bred Royal Victor 
by Prince Royal, the well known son of imp. 
CoUynie and imp. Princess Royal 62d. Several 
good bulls have been used, one among the earlier 
ones having been Red Monk 227225. Another 
was Ravenswood Hero by a son of Godoy, the 
favorably known son of imp. Spartan Hero and 
imp. Golden Thistle. Ravenswood Hero's dam 
was by Baron Lavender 3d, sire of Lavender Vis- 
count and out of a daughter of imp. Sunbeam. 

One of the bulls now in service is Baron Rams- 
den 509817. The dam of Baron Ramsden is Lady 
Ramsden 4th by Lavender Goods, a son of Bel- 
lows Bros. ' Good Choice. The Gulicks bought at 
the Salter-Robison 1920 sale imp. Roan Marshal, 
vol. 66 E.H.B. He is a yearling of more than 
usual scale with plenty of spread and great 
depth of body. He was bred by Alex Sutherland 
and is by the Durno bred Golden Marshall, a 
son of CoUynie Golden Dream. His dam is by 
Cluny Prince Victor of Lady Cathcart's breed- 
ing. Mr. Gulick's aim is the production of smooth 
cattle of medium size and of the best type to util- 
ize farm feeds and imp. Roan Marshall should 
sire the desired class of stock. 

This herd is not kept in a country noted for 
its great number of Shorthorns, yet the patron- 
age shows an increasing demand for these cattle. 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 523 

NORTON COUNTY 
R. W. Dole, Almena. — ^Although this herd 
dates only from 1917, Mr. Dole was able to hold 
a very successful sale in 1919 and another in 
1920. Several choice additions have recently 
been made and there are now thirty-five females 
in the herd. Some of these cows are of the most 
popular breeding, while all are strong in good 
Scotch blood. Roan King, a grandson of Ru- 
berta's Goods and imp. Rose of Tyne, was one of 
the sires used with success. Another was Clipper 
Goods, a splendidly bred white, out of a daughter 
of Snowf lake, the sire of Ringmaster. At pres- 
ent the leading herd bull is Roan Sultan 668451. 
This bull comes from ancestry of much prestige 
and should give excellent service in the herd. 

OSAGE COUNTY 
A. F. Kitchin, Burlingame. — ^Mr. Kitchin 
comes from an old Kentucky Shorthorn family, 
both his father and his grandfather having been 
breeders of the reds, whites and roans. He has 
built up a herd of thirty females and has all the 
facilities needed for making cattle growing a suc- 
cess. A few years ago he made a very fortunate 
iin^stment in buying the cow, Miss Acorn. She 
was sired by the Prather bred bull, Highlander 
and her dam was Wealthy Acorn 5th, one of the 
best cows in Mr. Gentry's herd and dam of 

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524 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Wooddale Chieftain, used so profitably in the 
Jif3rd of D. A. Ballantyne & Sons. Miss Acorn, 
still very rugged, is a splendid indiyidual. One 
of her daughters is a five-year-old roan of med- 
ium size and much quality and she has three 
choir'o heifers to her credit besides having pro- 
duced a bull calf that sold for $300. 

]; am mentioning these cattle especially, be- 
cause Mr. Kitchin intends to select his breeding 
stock from the descendants of these five females. 
The other cows in the herd are good, in fact not a 
poor or unworthy animal was seen among them. 
Tlio general appearance of all the cattle indi- 
cates efficient management and if all breeders 
would give their herds the same intelligent care 
that Mr. Kitchen is giving, and use high-class 
bulls as he has been using, lectures on care and 
herd bulls would be unnecessary. 

It was here that I found a seven-year-old bull 
of remarkable beefiness, a white son of Prince 
Valentine 4th, the successful show and breeding 
bull used by.Tomsons. I do not recall having 
seen anywhere, in recent years, a much better 
specimen of a beef animal. He is almost abnor- 
mally short-legged with a wonderfully deep, 
thick body, covered with a wealth of smooth 
flesh. Though running out in the pasture with 
a few cows and getting no grain, he might prove 
a troublesome opponent even in a pretty strong 
show. This bull was purchased of C. S. Nevius, 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 525 

his breeder. . His dam is the Bellows bred Keep- 
sake 2d by Good Choice, second dam by Victor- 
allan, third dam by Armour Bearer. Quite a 
number of excellent heifers by him are being re- 
tained. 

The other herd bull is North Americus pur- 
chased at the Gillespie dispersion at Muskogee. 
Aside from his size and quality his claim to dis- 
tinction rests on the fact that he comes from the 
same cow, or from a cow closely related to the 
dam of Americus, the bull that sold for $38000 in 
South America, which was the highest price paid 
for any bull of any breed up to that time. North 
Americus is a smooth, rather large fellow and 
should give proper account of himself on this 
farm. There is material here for a high-class 
herd and Mr. Kitchin is still active and able to 
go ahead and get the results. 

Barrett & Land, Overbrook. — This herd, 
started in 1910, usually numbers about 100 head 
and it is one of the best known establishments in 
east central Kansas. Scotch topped cows of a 
good class are kept and given good farm care, the 
young stock being well grown. Several public 
sales have been held and liberally patronized. 
Cattle have been sent to the Eastern Kansas sale 
at Ottawa and to the Kansas National sale at 
Wichita. 

The herd has had the service of a number of 
excellent bulls. Prince Knight was by Crusader, 

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526 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

one of the best sons of Barmpton Knight and 
his dam was Glenwood Pavonia, a daughter of 
imp. Glendale Pavonia. Hector, a bull used until 
1919, was by Prince Valentine 4th. His dam was 
by Barmpton Knight out of Harmony 6th by 
imp. Thistletop. Hector had three crosses of the 
best of Kansas bulls. 

Sultan's Seal, one of the present herd bulls, 
is a roan by Beaver Creek Sultan, the grandson 
of Whitehall Sultan that for Tomsons sired some 
of the highest priced Shorthorns sold in this ter- 
ritory. His dam came from H. C. Duncan and 
was by his excellent Golden Lavender. The other 
bull is Silver Dale, a big white of outstanding 
quality. Both in ancestry and individuality he 
has everything which should make a desirable 
sire. He is by Master of the Dales by Avondale 
and his dam is the 1800 pound Princess Colimi- 
bia, one of the greatest breeding cows in the 
West. 

Charles Hothan & Son, Scraiiiton. — Fifteen 
cows are kept here under ordinary farm 
conditions and good calves are being raised from 
them. The herd includes some splendidly bred 
ones. Annie Laurie, a red three-year-old, comes 
from Forrest Nave, Lexington, Missouri. Her 
sire is Nonpareil Victor by Victor Orange, one 
of the best of Kansas bulls, prominent in the 
herd of Henry Stunkel. Her dam is also by 
Victor Orange and her grandam came from the 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 597 

coming from Tebo Lawn he descends through an 
elegant line of bulls. His sire and grandsire, 
Imperial Sultan and Intense Sultan, both bred 
by J. H. Miller, were among the best bulls of the 
breed. 

SUMNER COUNTY 

E. L. Stunkel, Peck. — Ever since E. L. Stun- 
kel was a small boy his life has been associated 
with Shorthorns. Those who have read the 
sketch of his father and especially those who 
knew Henry Stunkel will understand that a boy 
raised with an old cattleman such as he was 
would take up the business and follow it success- 
fully. Ed Stunkel is breeding Shorthorns be- 
cause he would feel lost without them. At the 
time the big Stunkel herd was dispersed he 
owned a number of cows and, taking advan- 
tage of his intimate knowledge of the animals in 
the sale and the rather low prices which pre- 
vailed, he bought some of the most desirable fe- 
males sold. These were all daughters or grand- 
daughters of Victor Orange, a bull that, had he 
been given a chance, would have proved one of 
the best sires in the entire Southwest. 

A number of the cows were by Star Goods out 
of Victor Orange dams. Star Goods was own 
brother to Bellows Bros. ' show and breeding bull. 
Diamond Goods. The Stunkel herd as now con- 
stituted descends mainly from cows purchased 

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598 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

by Henry Stunkel from Jos. Duncan of Missouri 
and is largely the result of the use of four good 
bulls. Some of the cows are bred within the 
so-called Scotch lines while others are not, but 
all are from excellent ancestry and of the choicest 
breeding. 

The four bulls referred to, named in the order 
used, are Knight of Meadow Farm 3d, Victor 
Orange, Star Goods and Cumberland Diamond. 
Knight of Meadow Farm 3d was a Forbes- W. A. 
Harris product, his sire, Baron Golddust 3d, 
having been by Baron Gloster and his dam by- 
Lord of Linwood, a son of imp. Baron Victor 
out of imp. Lady of the Meadow, a cow later 
destined to become famous as the dam of Lord 
Mayor. The cows by Knight of Meadow Farm 
3d developed into exceptional breeders. Victor 
Orange was a bull that left the rather unusual 
record of having sired extra good breeding bulls 
and extra good producing cows. These cows 
were not generally of show yard type but every 
one I have seen was a big, rugged, straight lined, 
good bodied cow with feminine head and neck. 
They all produce strong, lusty calves and it be- 
came a recommendation for size and quality for 
any calf to have a Victor Orange dam. Victor 
Orange came by his ability to sire such cattle, 
honestly. His sire was by Victorious and his 
dam by Scarlet Knight, two of the best bulls of 
their day and both sires of outstanding merit. 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 599 

Star Goods was a Bellows Bros, production. 
His sire was Good Choice by Choice Goods out of 
Silene 2d by a son of imp. Burgomaster. His 
dam was by Victorallan, a sire of many of the 
breeding cows in the Bellows herd. He was a 
bull of more finish than Victor Orange and his 
daughters were perhaps more pleasing in ap- 
pearance than were the Victor Orange cows, but 
the general opinion of old breeders seems to 
favor the Victor Orange cows. The Star Goods 
cows out of Victor Orange dams have, however, 
proved good producers and would be valuable 
breeding cows in any herd. 

Cumberland Diamond, the last of the quartette 
of bulls that have made this herd, is a massive 
white. Bred to the herd of nearly all red cows 
he has almost invariably sired nicely colored 
roan calves. His heifers are especially pleasing. 
They are very feminine in appearance, are of 
good size, straight lined, and look like real breed- 
ing prospects and a man starting out with a lot 
of Cumberland Diamond heifers backed by 
Star Goods, Victor Orange and Knight of Mead- 
ow Farm 3d on the dam's side would have some- 
thing of which to be proud. Cumberland Dia- 
mond is by Cumberland Chief, a son of Cumber- 
land 's Last out of Hampton's Lovely by Hamp- 
ton's Best. His dam is also by Cumberland Chief. 
His second dam is by Banker's Victor, one of the 
best breeding bulls ever used in C. C. Norton's 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 601 

herd and the next dam is the Crombie bred imp. 
Diamond 31st. Such a wealth of ancestry should 
make any bull a good sire and Cumberland Dia- 
mond is only transmitting what he has received 
from his sire and dam. 

To use on the Cumberland Diamond heifers 
Mr. Stunkel has secured Villager's Champion, a 
short-legged, thick roan that stood third in class 
at the American Boyal, fifth at the International 
in 1919 and second at Wichita in 1921. He is 
probably the best bull used in the herd since Vic- 
tor Orange and combines some of the most desir- 
able ancestry known to Shorthorn history. His 
sire is Village Perfection, a son of imp. Villager. 
His dam is by Lord Champion, the famous son of 
imp. Lady Douglas used with much success by 
Purdy Bros. 

Mauser & Co., Anson.* — Sixteen years ago 
Wm. and Chas. Meuser bought a Shorthorn cow 
and two years later they bought four heifers. 
They had extreme bull luck for several years and 
increase was slow but during this time the sale 
of bulls paid well for keeping the herd. As the 
later purchases of females were balanced by fe- 
males sold we may fairly say that the present 
herd of nearly 100 cows and heifers comes from 
the small outlay made fourteen years ago. Pedi- 
gree was considered, but not until after the ani- 
mal had been selected on account of its real merit 



Telephone, Conway or Riverdale. 

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602 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

and qualification for handling the ordinary farm 
feed and turning it into salable commodity at the 
maximum of profit. 

This system has been applied to animals for 
retention in the herd and the Meuser Shorthorns 
hold their place on the farm only while they 
pay. No nurse cows are needed here because 
forcing is not practiced but more especially be- 
cause a poor milking cow is worth more for beef 
than for a breeder. Mature cows are of good 
size, 1200 to 1400 pounds being demanded of 
them in breeding condition. As a result of avoid- 
ing either extreme in feeding Mr. Wm. Meuser 
states they have had no complaints from any of 
their numerous bull customers in all these years. 
There is an object lesson here for farmers who 
care to use ordinary business sense in substitut- 
ing pure breds for grades or scrubs. 

The bulls, as in all other herds, have furnished 
the clue to the success of the owners. Pride of 
Orange and Lovel Goods both came from Henry 
Stunkel. The first was by Star Goods and sus- 
tained the reputation of his sire. The second 
was by Star Goods out of a dam by the excellent 
son of St. Valentine, Lord Lovel. Two rather 
extra good bulls are being used. Sycamore 
Chunk is a big son of Mistletoe Archer, one of 
the sons of Sweet Mistletoe, the dam of the 1919 
grand champion. His dam is Snow Secret 2d, a 
cow that is also the dam of Miss Stanley's Secret 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 603 

Robin. This bull is f uU of the blood of the best 
of the breed and it is no surprise to find he is a 
successful sire. Hamlet comes from Tomson 
Bros. He is a well finished son of Maxwalton 
Rosedale out of a dam by Gallant Knight's Heir, 
second dam by Barmpton Knight, breeding to 
satisfy any one. 

The only attempt made at showing was at the 
1918 and 1919 Kansas National at Wichita when 
the Meuser entries demonstrated their worth by 
winning thirteen ribbons, the bull Hamlet, then a 
senior yearling, winning third place in open 
class and the Kansas-Oklahoma Special. The 
real success which the Meusers have attained is 
within reach of any progressive farmer. 

H. O. Peck & Son, Wellington. — Ten years ago 
H. O. Peck & Son bought several cows at the J. 
F. Stodder dispersion and a few more of local 
breeders. The selections were wisely made and 
from these cows they have built up a useful herd. 
The cows range from medium to large and 
are, generally speaking, of good quality, of nice 
straight lines, with fine heads and necks. They 
are the type of cows that prove good breeders and 
sucklers and can be depended upon to show a 
profit. The cows bought were of desirable an- 
cestry and blood lines. In some cases they were 
exceptional and the use of the right kind of bulls 
has made the herd what it is. 

It was at Mr. Peck's that I saw one of the 



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604 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

hopeful signs, not only for the future of the 
breed, but also as indicating what the breeder of 
the future must do if he expects to maintain his 
prestige against competition. It was a lot of 
pure bred steers from eight to eleven months old 
and only one appeared unfit for a fairly good 
bull. Two whites were especially attractive and 
one of them was almost an ideal of the true 
money making Shorthorn type. This indicates 
that the Pecks have a high standard for the bulls 
they sell and sets an example for breeders in gen- 
eral. This lot of steers, as well as some elegant 
heifers, were by the present herd bull, Master 
Marshal. 

There is little need of going into detail as to 
the breeding of the cows since the bulls used in 
the top crosses indicate it. These came from 
such herds as those of Henry Stunkel, C. B. 
Dustin, Williams Bros., T. P. Babst, J. F. Stod- 
der, S. C. Hanna, J. G. Bobbins & Son, N. H. 
Gentry and H. C. Lookabaugh, all herds of na- 
tional reputation and unexcelled as sources of 
supply for bulls. Two worthy bulls used by the 
Pecks were Banff Boy and Butterfly King. 
Banff Boy was by Cherry Grove Banff 49th, a 
son of imp. Lord Banff out of a Choice Goods 
cow. Butterfly King came from J. P. Stodder. 
His sire was Silvermine and his dam was by 
Captain Archer, two crosses not easily surpassed. 

The bull in use. Master Marshal, second prize 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 605 

winner 1919 Kansas National, is a white of most 
pleasing form. I feel sure I could say nothing 
more of this bull than is richly deserved, for he 
is a typical Shorthorn of the highest class. From 
head to tail, and from his back to the ground, he 
is not open to any serious criticism. He has 
plenty of size and what is best of all, his calves, 
although a little young to be used as a positive 
basis of judgment, are altogether promising. 

The disposition of this firm is to produce an 
outstanding herd and they have the enthusiasm, 
as well as the facilities, to carry out their inten- 
tions. 

Just as we go to press we learn that H. O. Peck 
& Son have bought a Bellows bred son of the 
International grand champion Village Supreme 
to follow Master Marshal. 

Thos. Murphy & Sons, Corbin. — This is one of 
the well known Shorthorn breeding firms of the 
county. The foundation stock came from such 
herds as those of Henry Stunkel and Marshall 
Bros, and the bulls were from equally reputable 
sources. One of the Marshall bred cows was by 
Scottish Prince, a son of imp. Lord Cowslip out 
of Mr. Hannahs Red Queen by imp. Scotchman. 
The Stunkel bred cows were either by Victor 
Orange or they were well filled with the good 
Stunkel breeding. 

One of the early herd bulls came from T. J. 
Wornall & Sons. He was by Silver Consul by a 



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son of imp. Consuelo 2d, out of a daughter of 
imp. Magenta. The bull used longest and the 
one that had the most beneficial effect on the 
herd was Orange Goods 370667. He was a 
handsome, finely finished red bred by E. L. 
Stunkel. He was by Star Goods, the popular 
Stunkel sire, a son of Good Choice and own 
brother to the champion. Diamond Goods. His 
dam was a daughter of Victor Orange, regarded 
all over southern Kansas as one of the best breed- 
ing bulls of his day. That Orange Goods, com- 
bining as he did the blood of the noted sires, be- 
came an outstanding breeding bull is not sur- 
prising. The Murphy herd is largely of the 
same blood lines as the Stunkel herd. 

A. M. Reece, Oxford. — This herd of twenty fe- 
males was established in 1912 by the purchase of 
two heifers in calf to Silvermine, the well known 
bull used by J. F. Stodder and later by Marshall 
Bros. The cows are of good type and good 
size. Among the excellent females of the herd 
is Quintella by Silvermine, dam by Captaiu 
Archer. This should insure size and quality as 
well as good production. Silver and Silverine, 
both reds, are by Royal Archer 2d, a son of Aber- 
deen, practically a full brother to Ingle Lad. 
Royal Archer's dam was Syringia, one of the 
best cows of her day in Kansas. Silverside is a 
six-year-old roan daughter of Silvermine out of 
Silverine, mentioned above. 



The two bulls prominent in this herd are Sil- 
vermine and Captain Archer bred directly from 
the best importation of Duthie and Marr bred 
Shorthorns. Other bulls used were Marshall's 
Best by a Hanna bred son of imp. Lord Cowslip ; 
Silver Heel by Silvermine and Diamond Major, 
present herd bull, by Cumberland Diamond. 
The dam of Diamond Major represents the 
Stunkel Star Goods and Victor Orange crosses. 
The lines of sires and dams below this come from 
the most noted breeders of their day and the bull 
is worthy of his ancestry. 

Mr. Reece has shown locally with fine suc- 
cess and is a contributor to the Sumner county 
breeders sales. 

L. E. Wooderson, Caldwell. — ^Mr. Wooderson 
is among the best known breeders in this terri- 
tory. His herd which consists of twenty smooth 
females has not been so well developed in size as 
the best interests of the establishment may have 
demanded but facilities for handling the stock 
have been improved and the younger animals 
have been well grown out. The cows are nearly 
all bred along very popular lines and only choice- 
ly bred bulls have been used so that the Wooder- 
son cattle usually find no objectors on account of 
pedigree. 

Golden Gloster was bred by F. M. Hackler. He 
was a son of imp. Daydreams Pride, the sire of 
numerous herd bulls used in eastern Kansas 



and western Missouri. Golden Gloster's dam 
was by Lord Thistle, an excellent Mastin bred 
son of Baron TJry and Rose of the Thistle 2d. 
Supreme Goods was by Star Goods (see Stunkel 
sketch) out of Supreme, one of the daughters of 
Glendon, that was bought by Henry Stunkel 
from Jos. Duncan. Gloster Cumberland is a 
roan son of Cumberland's Best, son of the great 
show bull and sire, Cumberland's Last and sire 
of the sensational prize winner Cumberland's 
Type. The dam of Gloster Cumberland was 77th 
Duchess of Gloster by See A Cumberland, an- 
other son of Cumberland's Last, giving him a 
concentration of the blood that has made Mr. 
Saunders' herd one of the most famous in 
America. 

Otto B. Wenrich, Oxford. — The first pur- 
chases for this herd were made three years ago. 
Princess Phyllis came from C. S. Nevius and is 
by that splendid sire. Prince Pavonia, out of a 
dam by Gallant Knight followed by Norfolk and 
imp. Scottish Lord, a succession of four great 
bulls. Silverside is a daughter of Silvermine, a 
noted bull in the herds of J. F. Stodder and Mar- 
shall Bros. Her dam is by a son of the outstand- 
ing cow, Syringia by Royal Knight. Valley Daisy 
8th comes from E. L. Stunkel through the fine 
Star Goods- Victor Orange line. A son of 
Matchless Dale, sire of International prize win- 
ners at the Kansas State Agricultural College^ 



A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 609 

has been used. Victorians Emblem, an outstand- 
ing son of imp. British Emblem, is now in ser- 
Tice. 

George D. Vaughn, Wellington. — This herd of 
fifteen females has some animals that attract at- 
tention. Silver Heiress is a six-year-old white 
by Rosewood Dale, the $3000 son of Avondale 
that made his reputation in the herds of Park E. 
Salter and John B. Potter. A number of other 
cows of nice breeding are also found here. The 
bull used until recently was Dale's Signet by 
Dale Clarion, a bull whcse get are now winning 
high honors at the biggest shows. The dam of 
Dale's Signet was from H. G. Carson's herd and 
was by Malaka Banff. The present herd bull is 
a white by Symphony's Last, a son of Sym- 
phony's Best, the sire of the excellent cows in 
the C. A. Scholz herd. 

THOMAS COUNTY 
A. H, Arneal, Colby. — This herd of .twenty- 
five females is composed of choice selections 
from the L. M. Noff singer herd. The beginning 
was made in 1917 and four of the best things on 
the farm are by Fancy Lord, a splendid sire from 
Tomson Bros. Mr. Arneal also has a number of 
heifers by Pleasant Dale Sultan, an American 
Royal prize winner that combines the blood of 
imp. Shenstone Albino, Avondale and Whitehall 
Sultan and breeds true to ancestry. The good 



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610 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

young bull, Secret Dale, is the sire in use. Mr. 
Arneal is in the part of Kansas where Short- 
horns are not numerous and he will be able to 
present an object lesson to the people of his 
community. 

WABAUNSEE COUNTY 
S. D. Mitchell, Allen.* — This is largely a story 
of Col. Carvel, a bull whose monument of great- 
ness as seen in S. D. Mitchell's cows is so im- 
pressive that the visitor, if he be a student of 
Shorthorn history and an admirer of really good 
cattle, will take off his hat to Mr. Mitchell, the 
first man I have found in Kansas, who with ex- 
ceptional judgment, displayed the backbone of 
Amos Cruickshank. 

Going back to the story of Thomas, Jameison 
& Mitchell, the reader will note that Mr. Mitchell 
owned a herd individually at the time of the dis- 
persion. In the former herd were two good sized, 
thick fleshed, smooth, straight lined, red cows. 
They were by the great show and breeding buU, 
Barrister. Bred to White Goods, they produced 
a pair of roan bull calves. Mr. Mitchell did not 
say when he became convinced of the fact that 
these were remarkable calves, but when Andrew 
Pringle, that excellent breeder, came buying 
bulls he priced him his choice at $200 with the 
statement that he would keep the other for his 



Present address, Lexington, Kentucky, Bural Boute 2, 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 611 

own use. He did keep Mm and under the name 
of Col. Carvel he was taken from the pasture and 
without fitting he won third place in a strong 
class at the American Royal. I had the pleasure 
of seeing this bull as a long two-year-old and 
thought him one. of the best individuals I had 
ever seen. 

The Mitchell herd consists of twelve cows of 
outstanding excellence. Six of these are by 
Col. Carvel, four are out of his daughters, and 
one is by White Goods, his sire. It is doubtful 
if in any other herd in this state can be found the 
same number of cows by one bull or out of his 
daughters that are equal in size, elegant appear- 
ance, smoothness, fleshing quality, milking ca- 
pacity and as breeders, to this lot of cows. 

As I saw these cows in the pasture in 1919, all 
except one suckling calves by Jealous Renown 
498758, I could not help thinking what a pity it 
was that so many breeders allow their commer- 
cial instincts to seriously interfere with their 
success as real breeders. Mr. Mitchell did not do 
this and he has the results of his devotion to high 
Shorthorn standards shown in these cows. Becky 
Barrister 8th, the only daughter of White Goods 
left in the herd, is thirteen years old and is suck- 
ling an elegant heifer calf. If this calf fulfills 
its promise, some one will have to take notice 
later. Baron Hampton, a Dustin bred Merry 
Hampton-Baron Cruickshank combination, is 

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the sire of several of the cows out of Barrister, 
White Goods and Col. Carvel cows. When we 
think of imp. Merry Hampton and imp. Baron 
Cmickshank as two of the best bulls ever im- 
ported from Scotland, of White Goods as one of 
the greatest sons of Choice Goods and of Col. 
Carvel as a Shorthorn wonder, we can get an idea 
of the ancestry. Back of all this is Barrister, 
winner of 247 first prizes at leading shows, and 
imp. Craven Knight his sire, frequently referred 
to as the most beautiful and perfect bull of his 
day. As to the herd bull. Jealous Renown is 
three years old. His sire is Maxwalton Renown, 
one of the truly good sons of Avondale. Jealous 
Renown is out of a dam by Avondale, second dam 
by Whitehall Sultan, third dam by Count Arthur 
and fourth dam by Star of Morning. If there is 
anything in being closely descended in every re- 
move from the world's greatest Shorthorns, Jeal- 
ous Renown will be a great sire. If judgment 
may be passed on the appearance of eleven calves 
from ten days to four months old, he is a great 
sire. 

Whatever others may think of Mr. Mitchell's 
course, it seems to me he has achieved a triumph 
in constructive breeding not attained by any 
one else of whom I have knowledge for, 
breaking away from all accepted regulations, he 
mated cows of most admirable breeding with a 
bull of pre-eminent merit, and has reaped 



A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 613 

results fully up to any possible anticipations. 

The article above was written in June 1919. 
Since that time Mr. Mitchell has closed out his 
Kansas holdings and he and Mrs. Mitchell are 
living in the choicest section of Old Kentucky, 
their ancestral home. These elegant Kansas bred 
Shorthorns are on a fine farm near Lexington 
where they will do their share toward restoring 
Kentucky to the pinnacle of Shorthorn glory it 
occupied prior to 1880. 

George J. Appleton & Son, Maple Hill. — This 
herd dates from 1895 and numbers thirty-five 
females. The original purchase was from L. A. 
Knapp, followed by selections from the herds of 
Andrew Pringle, Tomson Bros, and Babst Bros. 
One of the Pringle cows was by Sir Knight by 
Col. Harris' Golden Knight and out of imp. 
Sorrel by Roan Gauntlet. Another Pringle bred 
cow is Kalona by Prime Minister, a son of 
Imp. Prince of Perth out of an own sister 
to the champion, Lavender Viscount. Roan 
Butterfly is a good cow by Modern Scotch- 
man, a son of imp. Magenta. Her dam is 
by a son of Golden Victor Jr. and out of a Lord 
Mayor dam. Lavender Choice was recently 
bought of Tomson Bros. Her sire is Ingle Lad, 
a son of imp. CoUynie, that is regarded highly, 
especially in southeast Kansas. Her dam is 
Lavender of Calstock Farm by the champion. 
Choice Goods, followed down the line by the 



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choicest Cruickshank breeding. A six-year-old 
red, Woodbine Lovely, is another purchase from 
Tomsons. Her sire is Lavender Prince 6th 384- 
932 and her dam is by Pleasant Hill Master, a 
son of the International grand champion, Master 
of the Grove. 

A number of good bulls have been used in the 
herd. The first was a son of Knight Templar 
141953 out of a dam by Major Kichmond 112835, 
The T. P. Babst herd furnished one strong in the 
blood of Lord Mayor. Athenian Coronet 4th by 
imp. Bapton Coronet was probably one of the 
best of the early bulls. He had been used for a 
time by Andrew Pringle and was followed in the 
Appleton herd by a son of Prime Minister (see 
above) out of a daughter of Golden Prince whose 
sire, Prince Gloster, was also the sire of the 
$10000 Prince Imperial. Lavender Chief, now 
in use, comes from Tomsons and combines the 
blood of Barmpton Knight, Gallant Knight and 
imp. Baron Victor. This bull is an outstanding 
breeder. Victor Crown by Beaver Creek Sultan, 
dam by Orange Magnet, second dam by Head- 
light, is a new bull from Tomsons, considered by 
Mr. Appleton a splendid prospect. 

Babst Bros., Auburn. — The name Babst brings 
up visions of a Shorthorn herd that had a wide 
reputation some years ago. It was on the Babst 
farm that Lord Mayor ended his life after thir- 
teen years of great service. When the Babst 



L 



A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 615 

herd was sold to Tomsons it was the intention 
and for a short time the practice to keep a Short- 
horn herd as producers of market cattle but 
the Babsts had been in the pure bred game too 
long to be permanently satisfied with this 
method, and so, quite naturally, they began sell- 
ing breeding stock. 

The present herd consists partly of cows bred 
by A. A. Clark. Good cows from other herds 
were also secured and the Babst herd now num- 
bers about 100 females. Among additions out- 
side the Clark cows was Lawnsdale Duchess 43dj 
bred by Alex Praser and sired by Falsetto. Her 
dam was by Prince Royal 2d. Red Olga 's Victor 
by Golden Victor Jr. out of Red Olga by Scottish 
Emperor was from one of H. M. Hill's best fam- 
ilies of cows. An especially attractive, young 
cow is the Tomson bred Lady Marshal by Vil- 
lage Marshal out of a dam by Lord Mayor, sec- 
ond dam by Vanquish, a well known Harris bred 
son of Galahad. There is also in the herd one by 
Beaver Creek Sultan out of the same dam and 
these two heifers are giving Babst Bros, the 
same class of females as the best of their herd at 
the time of its sale to Tomsons. 

The bulls in use have been good ones. Archer's 
Victor was by Archer, the son of imp. Collynie 
and imp. Circe 3d and out of Elderlawn Victoria 
by Gallant Knight. Ingleside For Me, a white, 
bought to change the herd from red to roan not 

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only did that job well, but lie proved a splendid 
sire. He was by Rosewood, a son of Collynie and 
the Duthie bred imp. Roseleaf by Scottish 
Archer. Prince Marigold was bred by Tomson 
Bros, and sired by Prince Valentine 4th. His 
dam is by Barmpton Knight, second dam by imp. 
Crescent Knight out of imp. Marigold 146th. A 
recent purchase is Victor Beaver, a Tomson bred 
son of Beaver Creek Sultan. He is out of a dam 
by the Duncan bred Orange Magnet and is a 
worthy successor to the bulls that have preceded 
him. 

J. A. Pringle, Eskridge.* — Mr. Pringle is a 
son of Andrew Pringle and has been with 
Shorthorns all his life. His herd of twenty-five 
females will be increased and improved. Roan 
Lady 2d is by Captain Archer, sire of prize win- 
ners at state fairs, the American Royal, and the 
International and an own brother to Sweet Mis- 
tletoe, dam of the 1919 International grand 
champion bull. Filbert is a good cow out of the 
home herd by Athenian Coronet 4th, son of imp. 
Bapton Coronet and Augusta 111th by Scotch 
Fame. Her dam is by Prime Minister, a bull out 
of an own sister to the International champion, 
Lavender Viscount. Loraine 6th is a daughter 
of Royal Violet, a son of Prime Minister (see 
above) out of a daughter of Golden Prince by 
Prince Gloster, sire of the $10000 Prince 



station and telephone, Harveyville. 



A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 617 

Imperial. Her dam is by Sir Knight, grandson of 
Mr. Cruickshank's great Roan Gaimtlet. This 
will suffice to show the blood lines in the Prin- 
gle herd. 

Maxwalton Rosedale, own brother to the grand 
champion, Whitehall Rosedale, originally bought 
by Andrew Pringle and sold to Tomson Bros., che 
sire of much high-class stock, was used for a time 
in this herd. Golden Laddie, now used, is a roan 
by Maxwalton Rosedale and out of Golden Bloom 
by Prime Minister, a big, smooth bull and a cap- 
ital sire. There are few herds better filled than 
this one, with Amos Cruickshank's best blood. 

E. L. Knapp, Maple Hill. — Fifty years ago 
Mr. Knapp was born in the house in which he 
now lives. His father, L. A. Knapp, a well known 
breeder, had just come from Illinois bringing 
some Shorthorns with him. The present herd 
descends in part from these cattle brought to the 
Kansas farm in 1870, making Mr. Knapp 's one 
of the oldest herds in the state. The herd is not 
large, numbering only about ten cows, which are 
used to raise good calves and give milk for the 
family and occasionally some for market. It 
goes without saying that cows kept for this pur- 
130se are heavy milkers. The bull in service 
comes from the Appleton herd. 

C. R. Wyker, Belvue.* — ^Mr. Wyker is begin- 
ning; a herd with three good cows and a bull — a 



Station and telephone, Paxieo. 



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sufficient start for any one. Two of the cows 
came from St. Marys College. Through Baron 
Marr they bring in the blood of Cumberland's 
Last and imp. Lady Marr. The herd bull, a 
white, is by Cumberland's Knight 412231, which 
puts the best blood of the breed among the an- 
cestry into this foundation. Mr. Wyker is located 
in a splendid cattle country and he has plenty of 
blue grass and alfalfa. He is planning to raise 
big Shorthorns. 

R. Scott Buck, Eskridge.* — ^Mr. Buck has 
been in the Shorthorn business for twenty years 
and has a herd of thirty females which are being 
developed as Polled Shorthorns with special at- 
tention to milking quality. The bulls used have, 
in the main, come from the outstanding Polled 
herds. The present herd bull is Emancipator 
459969 bred by W. G. Martin and sired by Dual 
Evergreen 367499. 

WASHINGTON COUNTY 
The Miller Stock Farms, Mahaska. — The 
Miller Stock Farms, Clyde W. Miller, operator, 
is an establishment equipped to produce cattle of 
the highest quality as is seen in its three silos, its 
300 acres of alfalfa and the prize winning blood 
employed in the herd foundation. The pure bred 
Polled Shorthorn herd is well started and will 
in time supersede the grade herd. 



Keene Central telephone. 



A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 619 

Among the cows are daughters of Meadow 
Sultan, a sire of national reputation, whose sons 
and daughters have been good winners at the big 
shows. In these pastures are also found thick 
fleshed daughters of True Sultan, grand cham- 
pion of the breed, and in one instance, reserve 
grand champion with all breeds competing. 

Select Goods x8719-353693, the 2200 pound 
senior herd bull, is an International champion 
and his get have been prominent winners at the 
state fairs and at the International. These great 
bulls of strong Scotch blood were all bred by J. 
H. Miller. The junior herd bull, Sultan's Mar- 
vel, is by True Sultan. His dam is by Matchless 
Dale, the greatest sire of prize winning steers of 
any bull of any breed. Sultan's Marvel has two 
direct crosses to Whitehall Sultan, one of them 
through Avondale. 

The objective is the production of a superior 
herd of breedy, useful cattle. The beefing qual- 
ity is emphasized, but scale and milk producing 
ability are insisted upon. The cattle always 
carry plenty of flesh, though no heavy grain 
ration is allowed the breeding herd. Here is to 
be found true Shorthorn character in all respects 
except the horns. 

M. Z. Duston, Washington. — Mr. Duston has a 
nice herd of cows of fair size, uniform in appear- 
ance and of real Shorthorn character and type. 
They are raising good calves, which indicates 



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620 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

they are good milkers. Such men as C. W. Tay- 
lor, E. T. Scott, G. Y. Johnson, Achenbach Bros., 
P. M. Gifford and E. A. Hess, whose herds give 
a substantial foundation upon which to build, 
furnished the cows. I was impressed with con- 
ditions as I found them here. Mr. Duston is not 
a man who feels he knows it all. He is intelli- 
gent and is a close student of whatever he under- 
takes and he has succeeded in getting together a 
dozen or more cows of just the right kind to make 
money for the farmer. The element of specula- 
tion was wisely left out of consideration. The 
production of real Shorthorns is the aim, which 
I feel sure will be carried out. The foundation 
is well selected and the farm furnishes plenty of 
pasture, alfalfa and good water, the three main 
requisites for success. 

E. A. Ostlund, Clyde. — ^A graduate of the Kan- 
sas State Agricultural College with a natural in- 
clination toward Shorthorns should make the 
little herd on this farm develop well and grow in 
numbers. Mr. Ostlund has the true breeder's in- 
stinct in his desire for improvement and in mak- 
ing any purchases, betterment of the herd will be 
the objective. He has some good females and the 
cows must not only raise their calves but must 
also supply milk and butter for the family, which 
they are doing. The herd bull is Lord Mystic 
617633, an Amcoats bred son of the Tomson bred 
Mystic Victor out of a cow by Lord Marr, 



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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 621 

Gif ford's good son of Lord Mayor. Mr. Ostlund 
is acting wisely in not overlooking milking 
quality in his cows. 

WILSON CO.UNTY 
M. J. Roney, Benedict. — Some years ago in 
one of the Predonia sales H. M. Hill sold an ex- 
cellent lot of roan heifers and he also included 
Ingle Lad, (see H. M. Hill sketch) the sire of 
nearly all his young stock. Mr. Roney was the 
high bidder for the bull and through this pur- 
chase became known as a man with a good bull at 
the head of his herd. The heifers by Ingle Lad 
developed into first-class cows, all good milkers 
and good breeders and those in Mr. Roney 's herd 
are no exception to this rule. One of these cows 
is out of a granddaughter of imp. Craibstone 
Shepherdess, the dam of the weU known Craib- 
stone. Another is out of a cow by Field Marshall 
by Marshall Abbotsburn, a son of Mary Abbots- 
burn 7th, the greatest prize winning cow in 
America and by Young Abbotsburn, probably 
the most wonderful of all American show bulls. 
In common with practically all Wilson county 
herds, Mr. Roney 's cattle have a strong infusion 
of the blood of imp. CoUynie and the Ingle Lad 
cows, as well as the rest of the herd, nicked well 
with the next bull, Golden Hampton, a son of 
Hampton Spray, one of the best bulls ever owned 
in southern Kansas. Golden Hampton was out 

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622 A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

of Golden Queen 3d by imp. CoUynie, second dam 
imp. Golden Queen, one of the choice cows of the 
Hanna importation. Mr. Roney will follow 
Golden Hampton with a bull of such quality as 
to work improvement. 

R. E. Schwartz, Fredonia. — ^Mr. Schwartz has 
a good herd and he has the enthusiasm for the 
work which is a guarantee of success. In 1915 
he bought one cow and two years later he bought 
a few more. A good bull was also secured and 
after two years a better one was bought to suc- 
ceed the first. His have all been sensible and con- 
servative methods of procedure and with nat- 
ural facilities for handling his stock and a pleas- 
ing personality in the man, we can safely fore- 
cast a successful future for the herd. 

Sycamore Rosebud is a roan by Sunblaze, 
a bull used for some time by H. M. Hill. She is 
a granddaughter of two of the best cows of their 
day, Syringia by Royal Knight and Inglemaid 
by imp. Inglewood. Scotch BesSie is by Orange 
Marshall, the Victor Orange bull used so suc- 
cessfully by Stunkels. Sycamore Emma is by 
Master of the Dales, a bull that has a wide repu- 
tation as a sire. Her dam is by Ingle Lad, now 
recognized as one of the best getters of heifers 
ever owned in Kansas. At the Southeast Kansas 
sale in 1920 Proud Archer, junior champion of 
the show, was secured for service in the herd. 
This bull is an outstanding one by Kansas 

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A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 623 

Archer, son of Mistletoe Archer, whose dam 
Sweet Mistletoe was also the dam of the 1919 In- 
ternational grand champion. Mr. Schwartz is 
secretary of the county Shorthorn breeders as- 
sociation and one of the promoters of the calf 
club. 

R. C. Watson & Sons, Altoona. — This is one of 
the promising firms of breeders, for the boys are 
enthusiastic and seem to be developing agri- 
cultural inclinations based on the production of 
Ijure bred stock. The herd is quite good and will 
grow to be better. There are now twenty-five 
females on the farm. Bertha Daybreak 2d is by 
Pride of Eiverdale, a son of Star of the Realm. 
A daughter of this cow by Orange Duke, son of 
the well known Orange Model, is also in the herd. 
April Princess is by Royal Prince by Mr. 
Hanna's Prince Royal out of Princess Airdrie, 
own sister to Ingle Lad. Lassie 2d is another 
daughter of Royal Prince and on her dam's side 
carries the blood of Kinellar, the son of imp. 
Dalmena Mina. 

A bull used until recently was Golden Lad. 
His sire combined the blood of imp. CoUynie, 
Royal Knight and imp. Inglewood and his dam 
was by imp. Master Walton out of a cow by the 
noted bull 47th Duke of Airdrie. The present 
bull is White Goods used by Mr. Hyde for sev- 
eral years with good results. He is a big, strong, 
robust fellow from large ancestry. His sire, 

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0^4 A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 

Prince Violet, was by a son of CoUynie out of a 
daughter of Choice Goods and his dam was by 
Godwin, the well known son of imp. Spartan 
Hero and imp. Golden Thistle. I have seen ex- 
ceptional calves by this bull. 

J. W. Hyde, Altoona. — Mr. Hyde, the oldest 
breeder in Wilson county, was bom and raised 
on a Shorthorn farm (see J. C. Hyde sketch, 
Part I) and his sons and daughters are getting 
into the business. He has been a patron of Mr. 
Hill and Mr. Hanna and as a result has a herd 
strong in Collynie blood. He owns the excellent 
Prince of Collynie cow, Robinita Winsome and 
twenty of his forty females are her descendants. 
Mr. Hyde has consistently used good, well bred 
bulls and has insisted on the bulls being out of 
heavy milking cows. The dual-purpose Short- 
horn is his object and he is succeeding, for his 
herd shows a lot of good sized cows of decided 
milking tendencies. He is now using a bull by 
Master of the Dales. 

Later. — Mr. Hyde has just purchased several 
imported females, including the prize winning 
two-year-old Bright Gem and her bull calf (see 
page 277) of J. C. Robison and the old establish- 
ment is taking on new life. When you count the 
men who have produced the profitable kind of 
cattle in southeast Kansas, J. W. Hyde must be 
named near the top. 

John A. Kepler, Altoona. — ^Mr. Kepler has a 



A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 625 

dozen excellent females and a higli-i^lass bull. 
The first purchase made ?it the Thorn sale was 
followed by judicious selections at the 1919 Inde- 
pendence sale and at Fremont Leidy's sale. 
Three choice females were secured at the Cen- 
tral sale and three at the 1920 sale in Independ- 
ence. The herd is far above the average in qual- 
ity and includes cows of select breeding with 
pedigrees that any one would consider very de- 
sirable. The bull is a large, massive, young fel- 
low bred by Ogden & Son and sired by Diamond 
Baron, a bull that has made a reputation as a 
sire. His dam is not only a good cow, but she is 
also a heav}^ milker, a thing it does not pay to 
overlook. Mr. Kepler has made the right start 
for a real Shorthorn herd. 

Malt Wiltse, Earlton.* — This herd including a 
dozen females from good cows and by good bulls 
is going to be even better. The original pur- 
chases were from George McFadden and J. C. 
Thorn and three more were added at Fremont 
Leidy 's sale. Imported Collynie and Lord Mayor, 
two of the best bulls ever in Kansas, are the sires 
with whose blood the cows are filled. Mr. Wiltse 
is using one of the best young bulls in the state. 
He is by Diamond Baron at the head of Ogden & 
Sons' herd. His dam is from Robert RusselPs 
herd and is by Lily Cup by Scarlet Secret, dam 
by Lord Golden Crest. If this young bull 



station and telephone, Altoona. 



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developes as he should, he will be fit to go 
into any show ring an^ as a breeding prospect he 
is one pf the best I have seen. 

J. F. Campbell, Benedict. — Mr. Campbell is 
among the older breeders of the county and keeps 
only a small herd. He has produced good cattle 
and now has a few heifers that would be a credit 
to the owner of a large herd. He knows the value 
of the right kind of a bull and also knows how to 
feed and develop young stock to grow them into 
first-rate breeders. 

R. R. McDonald, Altoona. — ^Mr. McDonald has 
a splendid farm on which to keep Shorthorns and 
he has some good ones in the herd. One of the at- 
tractive young things is a heifer by Silver Dale 
now at the head of the Barrett & Land herd. 
Fortuna, an excellent short-legged red by the 
Hanna bred Fortune, would be a valuable cow in 
any herd. Mr. McDonald owns a dozen females. 
The sire in use is Funston 694476, by a first-class 
breeding son of Sycamore Secret. (See H. M. 
Hill sketch. Part I.) 

O'Dell Bros., Fredonia. — This firm is making 
rapid progress in building up the right kind of 
a herd. In common with all Shorthorns of this 
section the cows are strong in the blood of imp. 
CoUynie and the valuable stock distributed by 
Mr. Hanna and Mr. Hill. The bull in use repre- 
sents Royal Prince (see Hyde sketch) and his 
dam is by Ingle Lad, a bull now winning much 



A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 627 

fame as a sire of great producing cows. O^Dell 
Bros, should be heard from in the future. 

WOODSON COUNTY 

Henry F. Lauber, Yates Center. — ^Mr. Lauber 
has been a breeder of good Shorthorns since 1909 
and before that time he had been producing 
splendid high grade cattle, always using high- 
class Shorthorn bulls. The foundation cows for 
the present herd were bought at the annual sales 
of the Woodson County Breeders Association 
and at the J. T. Bayer dispersion, the better fe- 
males, only, being retained. The culling out pro- 
cess has been carried on and the results are seen 
in a herd much better than the original pur- 
chases. The care and feed given the herd have 
not been the best, yet have been sufficient to ma- 
ture a very creditable lot of cows that are breed- 
ing well and suckling their calves in nice shape. 
Mr. Lauber has decided, however, to dispose of 
the grades and give his pure bred herd the care 
and consequent development a first-rate Short- 
horn herd should have. 

The cows with which he began business were 
nearly all by good bulls and the two high-class 
bulls used in the herd have added to the quality 
of the cattle until the yoimg animals are in type, 
conformation and in actual blood lines, worthy 
specimens of the breed and the kind that give 
the maximum returns for the feed consumed. 



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The first bull purchased was the red, Ingle- 
yuie, by imp. Collynie out of a Potts Sempstress 
cow by imp. Inglewood. He was a show calf of 
unusual finish that matured into a bull of good 
size and as a breeder was satisfactory. Quite a 
number of the young cows in the herd are by him. 
The bull now in use, Secret Hampton, was bred 
by H. M. Hill. He is a large, big-boned, deep- 
bodied, short-legged fellow, not a show bull but 
what is better, a bull of unusual merit as a sire, 
his calves being big, pleasing, modern Short- 
horns. His sire. Mistletoe Archer, out of Sweet 
Mistletoe, dam of Lespedeza Collynie, 1919 In- 
ternational grand champion, is considered by 
Mr. Hill one of the best bulls he ever owned. 
His dam by Mr. Hannahs great Hampton Spray 
has recently been sold by Mr. Hill for $2000 to 
go to Pennsylvania. 

C. E. Hill & Son, Toronto.— Mr. Hill bought 
six heifers and a bull in 1914 and was able to hold 
a sale of fifty head in 1919. The herd now num- 
bers twenty females. Albion's Missie is by 
Bettie's Albion, a well bred Scotch bull from J. 
R. Whisler's herd. Her dam is Brawith Missie 
by Pride of Avondale the son of Avondale and 
imp. Rosewood 86th. Ravelstone Girl is a big 
roan by Goodline, son of imp. Collynie, dam by 
imp. Lord Cowslip. This cow is proving an un- 
usual breeder. Golden Lavender, a medium 
roan, has in her top crosses a wealth of good 



A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 629 

ancestry, including imp. Daydreams Pride, imp. 
Trout Creek Clan Alpine and the Harris bred 
Vandal. 

A recent purchase included Band Light Mist 
by Hampton Mist, son of Hampton Spray out of 
a CoUynie cow. Her dam is by Bandmaster, son 
of imp. Fashion's Favorite and imp. Augusta 
Bruce. Bettie's Albion, the bull mentioned above, 
was used for several years and in 1918 a new sire 
was secured from Carpenter & Ross. He comes 
from Canada and is of blood lines quite popular 
in that country. His dam is out of Rosewood 
90th by imp. Lord Mistletoe and is a daughter of 
imp. Rosewood 87th. 

Elmer Hill, the junior member of the firm, 
while still a boy, is the making of a Shorthorn 
man of more than ordinary ability. Mrs. Hill 
also takes much interest in the cattle. 

Herbert Laude, Rose. — ^Mr. Laude was a jun- 
ior partner in the firm of G. A. Laude & Sons 
and in 1915 he took over the herd owned by them. 
This was sold in 1918 and the present herd has 
been acquired recently. Ten females of correct 
breeding type are now on the farm and these 
cows and others that may be purchased will be 
kept only as long as they produce excellent 
calves. A few of the best bulls will be sold for 
breeders, the greater number being destined 
for the beef market. Real merit in the animal 
and in its ancestry is the objective. The females 



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include a very choice daughter of Prince Valen- 
tine 4th, several by Matchless Gloster, son of 
Matchless Dale and a splendid heifer by Silk. 
Goods, Mr. Huberts well known son of Choice 
Goods. 

The bull in use is Goldspur, a Hanna bred son 
of Hampton Spray out of Golden Queen 3d by 
imp. Collynie. His grandam is the Duthie bred 
imp. Golden Queen. Not many bulls in Kansas 
or elsewhere have ancestors that combine so 
much beef and milk. Goldspur has proved a sire 
of the best and most profitable class of Short- 
horns and his elegant pedigree would be accept- 
able anywhere. 

J. L. Jackson & Son, Rose. — The herd includes 
only five females but they are from excellent an- 
cestry and lack only better development to make 
them strictly good ones. A four-year-old 
cow by Hampton Primrose, one of the best bred 
bulls of the breed and out of a daughter of imp. 
Mariner is suckling a first-class heifer calf by 
Secret Robin now owned by Miss Stanley of 
Anthony. The Jacksons co-operate with Herbert 
Laude on herd bulls and the bulls are always 
good ones. 



CONCLUSION 

The year 1920 ushered in a readjustment in 
prices brought about by wartime conditions, 
which, coming several years sooner than expected, 
had a marked effect on prices paid for Short- 
horns. It is the general impression that prices 
are more nearly stable than they have been since 
1915 and that but little, if any, reduction from 
present range of values will take place. Good 
Shorthorns are now selling and will continue to 
sell at prices that will make their production 
very profitable. The wide market for cattle of 
this breed insures a steady and healthy demand 
for all the good specimens that can be produced 
end the placing of values on a permanent basis 
will encourage many farmers in making a start 
with the reds, whites and roans. 

Some early summer sales held values well, but 
nearly all later ones witnessed sharply reduced 
prices. In June Col. H. L. Burgess sold forty 
head at Fort Scott, securing $3150 for a bull and 
$1025 for a yearling heifer. The entire sale made 
a good average. The fall sale season was opened 
by A. L. Johnston at Ottawa and followed by the 
Southeast Kansas sale at Independence. Both 
these sales were particularly unfortunate in that 
farmers had been kept out of the fields for sev- 
eral weeks and were just well started sowing 

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632 A HISTORY OF SHORTPIORNS IN KANSAS 

wheat. It was impossible to get out the crowd. 
Mr. Johnston sold a number and stopped the sale. 
The Southeast association sold their entire offer- 
ing to a very small crowd at low prices. On Oc- 
tober 7, A. L. Harris sold thirty-five head at his 
farm near Osage City at an average of about 
$250 and the same day Frank H. Yeager sold in 
Chase county at prices showing a decline of 25 
per cent. The next day the Morris County 
Breeders Association sale at Council Grove sold 
a lot, nearly all in thin condition, that went beg- 
ging for bids much above market value. On the 
9th, Phillips Bros, dispersed their herd at Coun- 
cil Grove at prices steady with 1920 spring sales. 
Chas. Casement sold at Sedan on October 
12, securing prices of a year earlier. The 
sales at Ottawa and Pleasanton were fair and 
the one at Fort Scott was a failure. The Allen 
county association sold fifty head at Humboldt 
at strong prices that showed but little decline. A 
big sale held at Leavenworth on October 28, was 
draggy and 40 per cent lower and the association 
sale at Hiawatha was reported as much as 50 per 
cent off from the high point. The American 
Royal sale was probably 40 per cent below that 
of 1919. North central Kansas sales held up 
better, although there was a lowering tendency 
all over the state. 

Shawnee county breeders made an excellent 
offering December 15, and secured good prices. 

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A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 633 

The Lyon county association sold at Emporia on 
the 22d, the worst day of the winter, with only 
forty persons present. Prices ruled low. The 
big sales at Wichita were quite snappy and the 
prices received, while sharply lower, were very 
satisfactory. Breeders were generally agreed 
that Shorthorn values had suffered a loss of 
from 25 to 50 per cent from the peak. 

A number of counties have forged ahead with- 
in the past eighteen months in a manner worthy 
of special mention. About forty new breeders 
have been started in Leavenworth county and a 
large sale pavilion has been erected. I. N. Chap- 
man, county agent, and Otto H. Wulfekuhler, 
banker, should be given credit for being among 
the foremost pushers. 

Harper county fairly jumped into rank as one 
of the leading Shorthorn counties. There are 
now more than fifty breeders in the county. A 
large sale pavilion has been built and big Short- 
horn shows are being held. While a number of 
persons deserve credit for this, it is conceded that 
a woman did it. Miss Marguerite V. Stanley is 
the leading spirit in the work and secretary of 
the county association. She had the satisfac- 
tion of seeing her herd bull. Secret Robin, made 
grand champion at the 1920 show. 

Sumner county is doing much in an educa- 
tional way for the Shorthorn breeders. It is an 



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old county that is carrying on a revival promis- 
ing lasting results. 

The Kansas National Show held at Wichita in 
1921 was remarkable for the excellent showing 
made by Kansas breeders. Tomson Bros, were 
the leading winners, outclassing both Carpenter 
& Ross and H. C. Lookabaugh. E. L. Stunkel 
succeeded in getting his herd bulls well in the 
money, having received second in the two-year- 
old class and fifth in aged class. E. P. Flan- 
agan ^s herd bull stood immediately below the 
professional showmen in the aged class. Fred 
Abildgaard had several entries of his young 
stock in the money, as did also Fremont Leidy. 
Gaeddert Bros, were, as usual, good winners, re- 
ceiving third on aged bull, with all their entries 
well in the money. J. C. Robison won five 
prizes on his entries of imported cattle and H. 
E. Huber won a good place on his imported bull, 
Imperator. 

All over the state there is a feeling that the 
era of high prices induced speculation that was 
not conducive to herd improvement. Specula- 
tion has now had its day and we may expect the 
breeder to lose some of his commercial spirit and 
to devote more time to producing good stock. 



INDEX 



Abildgaard, Fred, 316, 541. 
Abraham, E. H., 181, 456, 459, 

460, 474. 
Ackley, R. J., 351. 
Adams, A. A., 534. 
Aeschliman, J. C. & Son, 515. 
Airdrie 2478, 60. 
Airdrie Duchess 2d & 3d, 34. 
Airdrie Evergreen, 426. 
Albion, 120. 

Alexander, R. A., 19, 60. 
Alfalfa Leaf Dale, 373. 
Alfalfa Leaf News 10th, 378. 
Alkire, M. J., 26. 
Alkire & Wardell, 25. 
Allen, Geo. & Sons, 419. 
Allen, George W.. 432. 
Allen, Ivy & Sons, 310. 
AUerton Rosebud 4th, Imp., 226. 
Amcoats, S. B., 76, 298, 304, 

543. 
American Woods Shorthorns, 

152. 167. 
Andrew, Adam, 121, 327. 
Anderson, H. C, 460. 
Appleton, Geo. J., 613. 
Anderson, W. G., 55. 
Archer, 579. 
Archers Victor, 615. 
Ardlethen Mystery, Imp., 241, 

386. 
Armour Bearer, 98. 
Ameal, A. H., 609. 
Arnold.. F. B., 401. 
Ashcraft, A. M., 114. 
Ashcraft Bros., 115, 232. 
Asher and Allison, 345. 
Asher, P. P. & Son, 500. 
Associations, County, 180. 
Associations, District, 178. 
Associations, State, 174. 
Athene's Scotchman, 317, 541, 

543. 
Athenian Coronet 4th, 614. 
A True Cumberland, 233. 
Auburn Dale, 538. 
Augustus, 521. 



Austin, A., 520. 

Avery Bros., 50. 

Avery, R. H., 50. 

Aylesbury Duke, Imp., 110. 

Babbitt. C. A., 257. 

Babst Bros.. 614. 

Babst. T. P. & Sons, 90, 95, 

104, 115, 131, 233. 
Baer, W. F., 520. 
Bailey, G. W. K. & Sons, 47. 
Bailey, W. E. W., 47. 
Baird, Chas. M., 320. 
Baker. J. W., 120. 
Ballantyne, David, 123, 321, 

370, 460. 
Ballantyne, T. A., 123, 331. 
Ballechin Rosewood 3d, Imp., 

277. 
Banbury, J. C. & Sons, 552. 
Bancroft, W. C, 58. 
Banker 4th, 133. 
Bapton Corporal, Imp., 224, 262, 

267. 
Bapton Dramatist, Imp., 373, 

374. 
Bapton Mariner, Imp., 355. 
Bapton Pearl, 80. 
Barmpton Knight, 97, 117, 580, 

582, 588. 
Barnes. B. F., 180. 
Baronet of Maine Valley, 132. 
Baron Marr, 129, 327, 356, 357. 
Baron Victor. Imp., 64. 
Barrett & Land, 428, 525. 
Barr. I. & Son, 71. 
Barrister, 111. 
Basil Duke, 49. 
Bates, Thos., 18, 19. 
Bayer, Henry B., 135, 569. 
Bayer, J. H., 134, 200. 
Bayer, J. T., 136. 
Beamon. R. M., 209. 
Beaver Creek Sultan, 240, 570. 
Beeman. C. W., 211. 
Beitler, D. M., 554. 
Bellows Bros., 117, 209, 317. 
Bellows, C. D., 236. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



636 



A HISTORY OP SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



Bellows, F. & Sons, 79. 
Belvedere, 132, 366. 
Bemis, Geo. W., 482. 
Benedict, Sen. S. S., 106, 132. 
Bennington Bros., 429. 
Bennington, C. & Sons, 429. 
Bessie 51st, Imp., Ill, 249. 
Best of Dales, 572. 
Betsy Dailey, 90. 
Betteridge, W. A., 234. 
Betty's Albion, 628. 
Bill & Bumham, 125. 
Bill & Bumham Sale, 71. 
Bill, O. W., 55. 
Bird, C. D., 501. 
Birkenbaugh, J. F., 431. 
Black, John, 346. 
Blake, Mrs. Grace, 500. 
Bluemont Farm, 573. 
Bonnie Emblem, 575. 
Booker, Forrest, 180. 
Booth, Thos., 18. 
Borger, H. & Son, 480. 
Borland, Paul M., 302. 
Bornhorst, H. J., 468. 
Bottom, Tom, 394. 
Bower, M. W., 349. 
Bowman, John, 43. 
Bozeman, W. S., 306. 
Brandsby Augusta 4th, Imp., 

221. 
Brott, E. E., 310. 
Braunsdorf, A. C, 438. 
Brawith Heir, 308. 
Breadalbane 2d, 45. 
Breeders Assn., Blue Valley, 

471. 
Breeders Assn., Labette Co., 

437. 
Breeders Assn., Osage Co., 
. 527. 
Breeders Assn., Wilson Co., 

623. 
Breeder's Gazette, 187. 
Bridesmaid 2d, 451. 
British Emblem, Imp., 462. 
British Lion, 104. 
Brookover, H. G., 181, 285, 359, 

362. 
Hroakover, W, H. & B-, 3G1. 
Brookover. W. J.» 362, '369. 
Brown, E, R., 58, 
Brown, G. W, & Sons, 286, 



Brown, Jas. N. & Sons, 27, 61. 
Brown, T. C. & Bro., 358. 
Buchanan, C. L., 308, 311. 
Buchele, Chas. J., 296. 
Buck, R. Scott, 618. 
BunneU, B. M. & Sons, 233. 
Bureau of Animal Industry, 

137. 
Burgess, Col. H. L., 182. 
Burgess, Col. H. L., Sale 324. 
Burkham, W. S., 54. 
Burtiss Bros., 55. 
Burtiss, C. L., 55. 
Burtis, W. J. & O. B., 569. 
Butterfly Sultan 300788, 381. 
Caldwell, S. C. & Son, 212. 
Calf Club, Johnston Co., 423. 
Calf Club, Wilson Co., 623. 
Campbell, E. A., 559. 
Campbell, F. B., 178, 436. 
Campbell, J. F., 625. 
Cane, Dan O., 472. 
Captain 545855, 510. 
Captain Archer, 110, 120. 
Carpenter & Boss, 145, 221 
Carrier, O. H., 220. 
Carter, Floyd, 358. 
Case, A. & Sons, 563. 
Casement, Chas., 294. 
Caspar, Geo. J., 359. 
Casterline, Armenia, 55. 
Catlin, C. S. & Son, 419. 
Cedar Dale. 283, 285, 286. 
Central Sale, 450. 
Chaffee, N. L., 27, 58. 
Challengers Knight, 326. 
Chamberlin, C. A., 502. 
Chancellor, 230. 
Channon, Geo., 124. 
Chanute Pride, 501. ♦ 
Cheney, S. L., 121, 230. 
Cherry Blossom 6th, 264, 267. 
Cherry Grove Banff 19th, 430. 
Chief Steward, 307. 
Choice Goods. Ill, 165. 
Christmann, Col. D., 437. 
Churchill, H. H., 534, 594. 
aansman, 248, 256. 
Clara 'fl Type, 542, 
Clark Bros., 134. 
aar)i, 0. H., 134. 
Clark, E. L., 31 L 
Oark, Thos. JL, 42. 



A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



637 



Qassical Sultan, 248. 
Clements Ivan, 396. 
Cobb, W. E.. 437. 
Cochel, W. A., 137, 176. 
Cof fman. Boss A. & Son, 535. 
College Emma, 139. 
CoUege Duchess 2d, 177, 572. 
Colling Sale 1810, 18. 
CoUynie, Imp., 84, 85, 107, 110. 
Collynie's Pride. 123. 
Collynie 's Primrose, 292. 
Colman, Willis R., 343. 
Colonel Carvel, 460, 610, 611, 

612. 
Color Bearer, 351. 
Columbia 5th, 449, 450. 
ColweU, F. J., 312. 
Conger, F. H., 135. 
Constance, Imp., 100. 
Cook, Bobert, 53. 

Cornell, H. F., 356. 

Cory, E. A. & Sons, 557. 

Cottrell, Prof. H. M., 73, 74. 

Count Valentine 4th, 573. 

Cowan, B. O., 96, 272, 284. 

Cowan, John G., 253. 

Cowley, Fred, 110, 120. 

Cox, S. D., 378. 

Craig, W. K., 217. 

Crane, Albert, 32, 33, 34. 

Craven Knight, Imp., 72. 

Cream Toast, 140, 142. 

Crespigny & Seiver, 39. 

Crimson's Daughter, 546. 

Cronin, Wm. & Sons, 310, 311. 

Crusader, 582. 

Crystal Maid, 487. 

Cumberland Champion, 592. 

Cumberland Diamond, 599. 

Cimiberland Sultan, 596. 

Cundiff. Dr. W. H., 50. 

Cunningham, B. H., 379. 

Cupbearer, Imp., 102, 121. 

Dale Emblem, 273. 

Dale. E. S., 181, 314. 

Dales Cumberland 240, 257. 
! Dales Signet, 609. 

1 Davis, M. v., 56. 

1 Dawdy, D. L., 234. 

Dawdy, D. L. & Co., 105. 

Dawe. T. J. & Son, 117, 118, 
336, 341, 343. 

Defender, 568. 



DeGeer, V. E., 241. 
Deming Banch, 129. 
Dent, Clyde E., 510. 
Dent, Bobert P., 508. 
Dent, Waldo E., 510. 
Devlin, Mrs. A. G., 398. 
Diamond Emblem, 117, 118, 256, 

o38, 343. 
Diamond Victor, 474. 
Dickie, Geo. L., 349. 
Dickson, W. T. & Son, 532. 
Dimmock, C. O., 180. 
Diver & Potter, 205. 
Doering, H. C, 217. 
Dole, R. W., 523. 
Donham, B. B., 555. 
Donnelly, John J., 567. 
Double Champion, 112, 386. 
Double Dale, 551. 
Double Gloster, Imp., 78, 125. 
Double Ury, 115. 
Downing, L. E., 370. 
Dr. Primrose, 64, 101, 106, 133. 
Drummond, B. A., Sale, 312. 
Duchess Cow, 18. 
Duchess of Independence, 425. 
Duchess of Geneva 8th, 60. 
Duke of Airdrie, Imp., 19, 60. 
Duke of Airdrie 23d, 32. 
Duke of Airdrie 53d, 36. 
Duke of Hazelcote 19th, 39. 
Duke of Jubilee 2d, 32, 70. 
Duke of Shannon Hill, 36. 
Dumbauld, Levi, 56. 
L. M. Dunaway, 433, 436. 
Duncan, H. C, 36. 
Duncan, S. C, 39. 
Dunn Herd, 55. 
Duphorne, Marcel, 382. 
Durham Park Herd, 32. 
Duston, M. Z., 619. 
Duthie. Wm., 164, 280. 
Earl of Aberdeen 2d, 125. 
Earl of Athol, 52. 
Earl of Valley Grove 20th, 133, 

594. 
Eaton, Lanson, 59. 
Edelweiss, Imp., 271, 272. 
Edmonds, Will, 245. 
Edwards, W. C, 132. 
Elbert & Fall, 79. 
Ellis, V. B., 128. 
Elmquist, Luther, 475. 



638 



A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KAl^AS 



Ely, J. R., 461. 
Emblem's Butterfly, 354. 
Emblem's Dale, 595. 
Emblem Jr., 267, 314, 316. 
Emma S., 591. 
Empress of Oxford 3d, 411. 
Empress of Oxford 4th, 409. 
English Woods Shorthorns, 154. 
Estes, H. W., 181. 
Etherington, T. M., 365, 368. 
Evans, Ervin, 180. 
Evans, Joe L., 402. 
Evergreen Sultan, 502. 
Ewing Bros. (Barton Co.), 125. 
Ewing Bros. (Mo.), 283. 
Expansion, A Period of, 31. 
Fads, 166. 

Fair Acres Sultan, 266. 
Fair Acres Sultan 2d, 267. 
Fair Acres Choice, 537. 
Fair Champion, 481. 
Fame's Goods, 430, 481. 
Fancy Dale, 448. 
Fancy Lad 2d, 207, 214. 
Fashioner 4th, 203. 
Fashioner 7th, 438. 
Fasken, J. A. & Son, 321. 
Favorite, 382. 
Fears, W. S., 86. 
Fergus, J. B., 114. 
Fetherngill & Enfield, 212. 
Final Test. The, 137. 
Fiske, E. E., 435. 
Flanagan, E. P., 333. 
Flat Creek Marys, 61. 
- Flinn, D. M., 51. 
Flinn, Simpson, 51. 
Forbes, Mr. and Mrs. H. T., 

105, 586. 
Ford, T. 0., 75, 106. 
Forest Daisy, 96. 
Forest Daisy 2d, 96, 581. 
Forest Knight, 127. 
Foster, J. C, 503. 
Fraser, Alex, 280, 407, 414, 426, 

427. 550. 
Frye, Mr. and Mrs. John, 499. 
Funk, F. N., 120. 
Furneaux, R. 0., 114. 
Furneaux, R. O. & Son, 203. 
Gaddis, H. I., 209, 324, 336, 

472. 
Gaeddert Bros., 545. 



Gainford Lancer, 313. 
Galahad, 130. 
Gallanaugh Bros., 423. 
Gallant Knight, 93, 91. 95. 271, 

579. 
Gallant Knight's Heir, 543. 
Gallant Knight's Star, 424. 
GaUup, A. H., 469. 
Garver, C. M., 124. 
Georgeson, Prof. C. G., 71. 
Gifford and Sons, 76. 
Gifford, F. M., 76, 302, 303. 
Gigstad, K. G., 16, 223, 442. 
GUbert, F. L., 367. 
Gillespie, F. A. & Sons, 414, 

487. 
Gipsy Cumberland 5th, 301. 
Glancys, The, 229. 
Glendale, 290, 291. 
Glendon. 100. 

Click, Geo. W., 29, 34, 49, 105. 
Godwin, 128. 
Golden Crown, 407. 
Golden Drop of Hillhurst, 63, 

121. 129. 
Golden Drops, 164, 165. 
Golden Goods, 224. 
Golden Hampton, 621, 622. 
Golden Knight, 73, 124, 335. 
Golden Lad, 132. 
Golden Laddie, 617. 
Golden Magnet, 459. 
Golden Sharon, 203. 
Goldspur, 630. 
Good Choice, 228. 
Good News, 273. 
Good Scotchman, 254, 256. 
Gowdy, B. W.. 107, 114. 
Grace Young 4th & 5th, 27, 70. 
Gragg, W. W. & Sons, 350. 
Grand Airdrie, 75. 
Grand Duke of Kansas 1st, 26, 

28. 
Grand Duke of Oxford 3d, 26. 
Graner, H. C, 231, 405. 
Graner, Louis F., 236. 
Graner, W. H., 235. 
Grant, George, 40. 
Gray, Thos., 530. 
Green, Col. Ed, 386. 
Greever, Geo. W., 28. 
Gregg, Jas., 130, 131, 519. 
Griffee Bros., 470. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



A HISTORY OF SHORTfiORNS IN KANSAS 



639 



Gross, Col. P. M., 182. 

Guild, Joseph E., 50. 

Gulick, Wm. & Son, 521. 

Gus Villager, 385. 

Gwendoline 79th, 140, 142. 

Haag, H. J., 402. 

Hailey, Mr. and Mrs. B. E., 509. 

Hall Bros., 135, 204. 

HaU, Dr. W. C, 503. 

HaU, O. B., 575. 

Hallwood Lavender, 264. 

Halls Cumberland, 310. 

Hamill, J. M., 296. 

Hamiltons, 61. 

Hamilton Sales, 58, 59. 

Hamlet, 603. 

Hamm, A. & Son, 446, 505. 

Hampton, 293. 

Hampton Primrose, 327, 630. 

Hampton Spray, 86, 266. 

Hanna, S. C, American Cows 

Bought, 79, 120. 
Hanna, S. C, Importations, 80, 

207. 
Hanna, Mrs. S. C, 88. 
Hanna, S. C, 66, 78, 88, 360, 

361. 
Hansen, N. B., 254. 
Harding, F. W., 81, 82, 165. 
Harriman Bros., 112. 
Harrington, Clay & H. M., 122. 
Harrington, J. W., 311. 
Harris, W. A., 36, 46, 52, 62, 

72, 90, 125, 128, 164, 165, 

174, 270, 329. 
Harris, W. A., Dispersion, 69. 
Harris, W. A., Imported Cowb, 

64, 66. 
Hart Bros., 30. 
Hart, C. L., 30. 
Hart, G. F., 469, 520. 
Harkey, Dr. W. C, 420. 
Harper Co., 633 
Hasebrook Herd, 262. 
Haskin, S. B., 425. 
Hasty, Imp., 28. 
Haub, Henry, 405. 
Haury, E. J., 384. 
Hawk, W. B. & M., 130. 
Hayes, Everett, 116. 
Hayes, H. E., 129. 
Hayes, L. D., 244. 
Haynes, H. A., 288. 



Hayes, L. D., 180. 
Heacock, E. E. & Sons, 307. 
Headlight, 445 . 
Heglund, Ed, 236, 444. 
Heimann, H. & Son, 516. 
Helmer, Eoy, 350. 
Hendricks, C. L., 482. 
Herd Bull, Selecting, 279. 

Herds of Minor Importance, 

113. 
Herriff, Col. E. H., 184. 
Higday, H. L., 504. 
Higinbotham, Wm., 78. 
Hill. C. E. & Son, 628. 
Hill, Elmer, 629. 
Hill, H. M., 12, 66, 76, 106, 119, 

120, 134, 176, 436, 484, 564. 
Hill, Mrs. H. M., 108. 
Hoadley & Sigmund, 132. 
Hoadley, Geo. H. & Son, 132. 
Hogan, W. E., 368, 370. 
Holcomb, J. H., 180, 200, 227, 

309. 
Holloran, W. J., 553. 
Holloway, Mr. and Mrs. T. E., 

205. 
Holmes, H. H., 131, 359, 590. 
Holroyd, M. L., 295. 
Holt, E. C, 216. 
Homan, O. A., 180. 
Homan, O. A. & Sons, 386. 
Hoover's Dale, 423. 
Hopley Stock Farm, 234. 
Horville Bros., 206, 212. 
Hothan, Chas. & Son, 526. 
Houghton, F. G., 507. 
Householder, M. A., 102, 121. 
Householder, M. E., 304. 
Hoverson, A. A., 338. 
Howard, C. M. & Sons, 242. 
Huber, H. E., 23, 364, 406, 408. 
Huber, J. M., 23. 
Hull, L. B., 119. 
Hultine, Albert, 145. 
Humphrey, C. P., 398. 
Hunter Bros., 566. 
Hunton, G. E., 53. 
Hyde, Fred, 127. 
Hyde, J. C, 127. 
Hyde, J. W., 127, 142, 625. 
Imperator, Imp., 408. 
Importation, 1817, 18. 



Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



Importation, B. A. Alexander, 

19. 
Importation, Albert Crane, 33. 
Importation, Geo. Grant, 41. 
Importation, 8. C. Hanna, 80, 

207. 
Importation, Leavenworth 's, 39. 
Importation, Ohio Co., 18. 
Importation, J. C. Bobison, 

143. 
Ingle Lad, 108, 367, 532, 621. 
Ingle Maid, 108. 
Ingle Prince, 527. 
Ingleside for Me, 615. 
Ingle's Secret, 501. 
Inglewood, Imp., 85, 108, 360. 

379. 
Ingleynie, 628. 
Inlow, John, 26, 27. 
Jackson, Mr. and Mrs. Jas., 517. 
Jackson, J. L. & Son, 630. 
Jackson, Sam'l, 518. 
Jacob, A .W., 574. 
Jagels, Theo., 323. 
James, Col. Andy J. 184, 412. 
James, Col. and Mrs. Andy J. 

412, 413. 
Jasperson, V. A., 181, 527. 
Jealous Dale, 570, 574. 
Jealous Renown, 611. 
Jennie Rivers, 469. 
Jewell Arden, 313. 
Jewell, J. L., 210. 
Jewell, Wesley, 178, 207, 214. 
Joan of Arc, 33. 
Joe's Lord, 115. 
Johnson Bros., 543. 
Johnson, Carl, 476. 
Jc.hnson, G. Y., 30, 35o. 
Johnson, Herman A., oSS. 
Johnston, A. L., 178, 354. 
Jones, John L. & Sons, 218. 
Justice, Col. H. M., 184. 
Kahl, Samuel, 49. 
Kansas Agricultural College, 

15, 27, 69, 177, 190, 409, 571, 

582. 
Kansas Farmer-Mail & Breeze, 

189. 
Kansas Herds of Today, 194. 
Kansas National Show, 283, 

546, 547, 603, 605, 634. 
Kansas Prince, 496. 



Kansas Shorthorn Breeders As- 
sociation, 174. 

Kansas State Fair, 521, 551. 

Kellerman, D. K. & Son, 97, 
100. 

Kellerman, Geo. F., 98, 209, 
446, 448, 452. 

Kelly, Frank X., 415. 

Kepler & Wiltse, 222. 

Kepler, John A., 624. 

Kerr, Archibald, 42, 43. 

Kerr, W. F., 421. 

Kier Jip, Imp., 371. 

Kimball, C. H., 134. 

King, Joe & Son, 283. 

King, Rex, 515. 

Kingsley, F. C, 133, 593. 

Kinnellar, 107. 

Kinochtry Ensign, Imp., 417. 

Kinzer, R. J., 74, 129. 

Kirk, F. S., 176. 

Kissenger, J. H., 61. 

Kitchin, A. F., 523. 

Kleppe, H. V. & Sons, 255. 

Knapp, E. L., 29, 617. 

Knapp, L. A., 29, 35, 617. 

Knight, J. F., 311. 

Knotts, J. L., 504. 

Knox, S. M., 180, 199, 295, 
466. 

Kraft, John, 58. 

Kramer, John, 86, 489. 

Kupper, Henry, 400. 

Lackey, A. H. and H. H., 56 
335. 

Lady Cumberland, 202. 

Lady Emma, 499. 

Lady Marshall, 255. 

Iiady Sale of Atchison, 36. 

Lady Sale of Brattleboro, 36. 

Lady Supreme, 267. 

I ant Bros., 435. 

Lassman, Fred, 211. 

Lattimer, Walter, 105. 114. 

Lauber Bros., 124 

Lauber, H. F., 627. 

Laude, G. A., 176, 177. 

Laude, Herbert, 629. 

Laude, Martin L., 190. 

Laude Printing Co., 190. 

Laury, J. G., 218. 

Lavender Best, 136. 

Lavender Chief, 614. 



A HISTORY OF SHORTHORNS IN KANSAS 



641 



Lavender Emblem, 249, 250. 
Lavender King, 444. 
Lavender King 4th, 98. 
Lavender Marshal, 479. 
Lavender Search, 474, 562. 
Lavender Stamp, 417, 428. 
Lavender T., 140. 
Lavender Viceroy, 74. 
Lawton Tommy, Imp., 302. 
Leach, Frank, 55. 
Leavenworth Co., 633. 
Leclerc, G. N., 564. 
Leidy, Clarence, 285. 
Leidy, Fremont, 23, 176, 179, 

280. 286, 288. 
Leidy, Mr. and Mrs. Fremont, 

283. 
Leonard, C. E., 61, 226. 
Lewis, W. H., 443. 
Libel, J. F. & Son, 341. 
Liberty Boy, 112. 
Lilac, 84. 

Linwood Lavender 14th, 98. 
Lister, R. H., 352. 
Little, H. R., 123. 
Loch Bros., 397. 
Lodge, C. V. & J. P., 101. 
Lookabaugh, H. C, 101, 145. 
Lopez, 290. 
Lord Abraham, 33. 
Lord Albion, 560. 
Lord Alexander, Imp., 232. 
Lord Archer, 564. 
Lord Banff 2d, 129, 356. 
Lord Cowslip, Imp., 86. 
Lord Mayor, 66, 95, 96, 97, 131, 

614. 
Lord Mayor 3d, 212, 563. 
Lord Mystic, 620. 
Lorimer, Boyd, 427. 
Lorimer, J. A., 422. 
Lorimer, W. D., 422. 
Loudon Duke 6th, 253. 
Loudon Duke 13th, 32. 
Louthian Bros., 240. 
Love, H. W., 424. 
Lovett, Claude, 181, 211, 364. 
Lovett, John J., 59. 
Lowe, M, A., 131. 
Ludwig, E. D., 117. 
Lukert, E. D., 117. 
Lukert, J. F. & Sons, 250. 
Lumley, J. G., 459. 



Lyne, B. M. & Sons, 544. 

Lyons, M. H., 46, 312. 

Maag, R. S., 357. 

Mack, J., 403. 

Maninger, Fred, 382. 

Mantey and Harriman, 454. 

Marcy & Son, 46. 

Marcy, T. M., 45. 

Marauder, 572. 

Maria 30th, Imp., 231. 

Mariner, Imp., 107. 

Markley, A. M. & Sons, 130, 

452. 
Marks, Dr. M. F., 401, 410, 510. 
Marquis Cumberland, 213, 343, 

344, 346. 
Marshall Abbotsburn 3d, 123. 
Marshall Bros., 122. 
Marshall, Geo. S., 181, 444. 
Marshall Lee, 122. 
Marshall's Crown, 396, 585. 
Martin, H. S., 463. 
Martin, J. W., 56. 
Martin, J. T. & Son, 368. 
Massa, G. W., 439. 
Massa, O. O., 370, 494. 
Master of the Dales, 109, 491, 

626. 
Master of the Grove, 120, 614. 
Master Marshal, 604. 
Master Pavonia, 374. 
Masters, H. J., 135. 
Matchless Collynie, 482. 
Matchless Dale, 8, 15, 75, 419, 

572. 
Matchless Queen, 141. 
Maxwalton Mandolin, 273. 
Maxwalton Bosedale, 47, 451, 

582, 617. 
Mayor Alcott, 432. 
McAdams, J. H., 181. 
McAfee, H. W., 104. 
McAfee, J. B., 104. 
McCampbell, Dr. C. W., 139, 

176, 190. 
McClaughey, Dr. G. A., 455. 
McCoy, John & Sons, 251, 252. 
McCuUoch, (Jol. Jas. T., 184. 
McDermaid, John, 120. 
McDonald, R. R., 626. 
McFerrin, C. E., 120, 531. 
McGregor, 16. 
McHardy, F., 56. 



Digitized by 



Google 



Mcintosh, Elmer, 245. 
McLenon, H. A., 225. 
MeaU Bros., 177, 478. 
Meissner, E. C, 219. 
Mellowhide, 231. 
Merriam, C. W., 131. 
Merry Hampton, 81. 
Metzger, M. A., 511. 
Meuser & Co., 601. 
Meyer, Mrs. E. A., 119. 
Meyer, Harrison, 440. 
Meyers, E. 8., 124, 595. 
Millcraie Costly Belle, Imp., 224. 
Milk Production, Breeding for, 

52. 
Miller, J. H., 552. 
Miller, J. L., 115, 237. 
Miller, John, 357. 
Miller, John Q. A., 115, 237. 
MUler, J. R., 428. 
Miller Stock Farms, The, 618. 
Miller, Wm., 53. 
Mina Marigold Lady, 243. 
Mina's Avon Viillager, 324. 
Minister, 27. 
Miss Acorn, 523. 
Missie's Last, 267, 314. 
Miss Snowbird Sultan, 267. 
Mistletoe Archer, 490, 491. 
Mistletoe 15th, Imp., 110. 
Miss Watson, 26. 
Mitchell Bros., 408. 
Mitchell, S. D., 322, 610. 
Modern Scotchman, 399. 
Mohler, Sec. J. C, 178. 
Moody, Joel, 25. 
Moreland, E. L., 458. 
Morris & Becar, 19. 
Morse Bros., 542. 
Morse, O. E. & Sons, 129. 
Mott, H. O., 513. 
Mr. Marshal, 396. 
Mr. Mysie, 454. 
Murdoch Bros., 417. 
Murphy, Thos. & Sons, 605. 
Mussett, J. A., 445. 
Myers, E. A., 342. 
Myers, Mrs. E. A., 342. 
Myreton Seal, Imp., 252. 
Nelson, Jacob, 177, 300. 
Nelson, W. R., 37. 
Nevius. C. S., 112, 214, 284, 

362. 



Neville, A. H., 439. 
Newcom, Col. Boyd, 185. 
New Echo, 430. 
Newman, Dr. J. B., 243. 
Newton Friar, Imp., 262. 
New Year's DeUght, 470, 581. 
New Year's Emblem, 342. 
Nielson, J. M., 180, 471. 
Noffsinger, L. M., 535, 539, 

609. 
Nonpareil 35th, Imp., 31, 249. 
Nonpareil Avondale, 411. 
Nonpareil Star, 272. 
Norris, C. B., 28, 48. 
North Amercius, 525. 
Norton, D. P., 103, 462. 
Norton, J. Clarence, 113. 
Norton's Golden Drop, 65, 66. 
Oakdale King, 514. 
Ode, Henry & Son, 441. 
Odell Bros., 626. 
Odell. Stephen C, 309. 
Ogden & Sons, 624. 
O'Kane, John, 180. 
Oldenettel. F. H., 554. 
Olson, H. & Sons, 528. 
Olson, Theo & Sons, 402, 567. 
O 'Neal, James & Son, 29, 59. 
O'Neill, Owen, 457, 473. 
Ostlund, E. A., 620. 
Otto Bros.. 572. 
Outcrosses in Scotch Pedigrees, 

164. 
Orange Baron, 590. 
Orange Blossom of Oakland, 

121. 
Orange Blossom Perfection, 121. 
Orange Goods, 606. 
Orange Major, 121, 328, 453. 
Oiange Premier, 519. 
Orange Viscount, 111. 
Ozark Sultan, 432. 
Paddock, Ted D. & Sons, 455. 
Parks, J. C, 367. 
Paton, J. E., 318, 319. 
Pavonia, Imp., 100. 
Peck, H. O. & Son, 13, 603. 
Peerless, 565. 

Percherons to Shorthorns, 276. 
Perkins & Alley, 346. 
Peters, T. J., 58. 
Peterson, Anton, 476. 
Peterson Bros., 475| 476. 



646 A HI 

Tipton, S. a, 20. 
Tomson BroB*^ 1'k 
240, 274, M5, :.'. 
554, 576. 
TomBon, James^ 1' 

271. 
Tomson, John, R*, 1 
Tomaon, T. K, & ^ 

96, 128, 210. 
Towne & Boomer. 
TowDBend, A. E,, i 
Treadway, John V 
Trimmell, E. H„ : 
Troopers Model, *» 
Troudner, C. L., 
True Goods, 255, 
True, J. F., 127, 
True Sultan, 366, 

394 . 
Tnmdle, U A,, 4' 
TruBine, Mr, ani 

428. 
Tycoon, 27, 46. 
Types Goods, 2ni» 
Unger, Jolm, 4lj7 
Ury Dale, 482. 
Vail. Geo,, 19, 
Vaile, H. M„ Iin' 
Vail & Scott, 35;' 
Valley Champion, 
Vandal, 105, 330. 
Van Horn G., 44. 
Van Ni(!e. D. C 
Vansell, M. G. 4 
Vaughn, Geo* D.. 
Velvet Type, IE'* 
Victor Areher, ! 
Victor Bearer, »S 
Victor Chief, 64: 
Victor Gloater, 
Victor Marshal. 
Victor Orange, 
Vietor Sultan, 
Victor S win ton, 
Victoria '3 Baru« 
Victoria Colony 
Victorians Eml 
Village AlderniJ 
Village Boy, 2j^ 
Villagfi Champi 
Village Em bleu 
Village Goldfir* 
Village Heir, V, 



D4D A HISTORY OF SHORTPIOlr 

Tipton, 8. a, 20. W 

Tomson Bros., 75, 117, 177, ^ : 

240, 274, 345, 396, 404, 533, \ i 

554. 576. Vi 

Tomson, James, 92, 95, 181, \ 

271. A 

Tomson, John, R., 176, 177, 393. \ 

Tomson, T. K. & Sons, 74, 88, ^ 

96, 128, 210. \ 

Towne & Boomer, 49. ^ 

Townsend, A. E., 438. 
Treadway, John W., 124. 
Trimmell, R. H., 219. 
Troopers Model, 516. 
Troudner, C. L., 533. 
True Goods, 255, 515. 
True, J. F., 127, 128. 
True Sultan, 366, 391, 392, 393, 

394 . 
Trundle, L. A., 405. 
Trusine, Mr. and Mrs. Vint, 

428. 
Tycoon, 27, 46. 
Types Goods, 299, 300. 
linger, John, 467. 
Ury Dale, 482. 
Vail Geo. 19. 

Vaile, H. M., Importation, 489. 
Vail & Scott, 355. 
Valley Champion, 114. 
Vandal, 105, 330. 
Van Horn G., 44. 
Van Nice, D. C, 132. 
Vansell, M. C. & Sons, 239. 
Vaughn, Geo. D., 609. 
Velvet Type, 120. 
Victor Archer, 127. 
Victor Beaver, 616. 
Victor Chief, 545. 
Victor Gloster, 502. 
Victor Marshal, 457. 
Victor Orange, 127, 597, 605. 
Victor Sultan, 530, 531. 
Victor Swinton, 201. 
Victoria's Baron 2d, 557. 
Victoria Colony, 40. 
Victoria's Emblem, 609. 
Village Alderman, 244. 
Village Boy, 2r>B. 
Village Champion, 29 H. 

Village Kniblenij 41^2. 

Villjige Gol<lfindi?r, 452, 

Village Heir, 330, 



I